Mania: Symptoms & Signs

  • Medical Author:
    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

Mania refers to an abnormally elevated mood state. It is characterized by such symptoms as inappropriate elation, increased energy, irritability, severe insomnia, rapid or loud speech, disconnected and racing thoughts, impulsivity, markedly increased energy and activity level, increased libido (sexual desire), poor judgment, and inappropriate social behavior. Grandiose thinking (believing that one has special ability or powers) is often associated with mania. Those suffering from mania also may jump from one topic to another in conversation.

Causes of mania

Mania is a characteristic feature of bipolar disorder, sometimes referred to as bipolar depression. A person must have experienced at least one manic episode to be diagnosed with bipolar disorder. Major depressive episodes often alternate with manic episodes in bipolar disorder. The cause of bipolar disorder is not well understood, but both genetic and environmental factors are believed to be important.


United States. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health. "Bipolar Disorder." November 2015. <>.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/12/2017

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