Male breast cancer accounts for 1% of all breast cancers, and most cases are found in men between the ages of 60 and 70. A man's risk of developing breast cancer is one in 1,000. Signs and symptoms include a firm mass located below the nipple and skin changes around the nipple, including puckering, redness or scaling, retraction and ulceration of the nipple. Treatment depends upon staging and the health of the patient. Read more: Male Breast Cancer Article
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Related Disease Conditions
Swollen Lymph Nodes (Glands)
Lymph nodes help the body's immune system fight infections. Causes of swollen lymph nodes (glands) may include infection (viral, bacterial, fungal, parasites). Symptoms of swollen lymph nodes vary greatly, but may include fever, night sweats, toothache, sore throat, or weight loss. Causes of swollen lymph nodes also vary, but may include cancer, the common cold, mono, chickenox, HIV, and herpes. The treatment of swollen lymph nodes depends upon the cause.
Cirrhosis of the liver refers to a disease in which normal liver cells are replaced by scar tissue caused by alcohol and viral hepatitis B and C. This disease leads to abnormalities in the liver's ability to handle toxins and blood flow, causing internal bleeding, kidney failure, mental confusion, coma, body fluid accumulation, and frequent infections. Symptoms include yellowing of the skin (jaundice), itching, and fatigue. The prognosis is good for some people with cirrhosis of the liver, and the survival can be up to 12 years; however the life expectancy is about 6 months to 2 years for people with severe cirrhosis with major complications.
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Breast Lumps (in Women)
Breast lumps in women can have a variety of causes such as breast inflammation, infection, injuries, cancer, and non-cancerous growths. Breast lumps in women are diagnosed with physical exam, mammogram, ultrasound, MRI, and biopsy. Treatment of breast lumps in women depend on the cause.
Gynecomastia (Enlarged Male Breasts)
Gynecomastia, an enlargement of the gland tissue in the male breast is caused by an imbalance of hormones. Certain medical conditions may also lead to gynecomastia such as cirrhosis, malnutrition, disorders of the male sex organs, kidney failure, thyroid disorders, and medications. Gynecomastia is generally treated with medication, and if necessary, surgery.
Cancer Risk Factors
Though it's difficult to say why some people develop cancer while others don't, research shows that certain risk factors increase a person's odds of developing cancer. These risk factors include growing older, family history of cancer, diet, alcohol and tobacco use, and exposure to sunlight, ionizing radiation, certain chemicals, and some viruses and bacteria.
The breast, or mammary gland is made up of lobules, milk producing glands, and a system of ducts to transport milk. Both males and females have breasts. Abnormal enlargement of breasts in men is referred to as gynecomastia. In women, during pregnancy the breasts grow larger and produce milk. Common medical conditions that affect the breasts include breast cancer, breast lumps, fibrocystic changes and cysts, mastitis, and benign tumors (fibroadenomas).
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Breast Cancer Facts
Breast cancer is the most common non-skin cancer of American women, but it can also occur in men. Every year in the U.S., there are over 266,000 new diagnoses of breast cancer. A woman has a risk of one in eight for developing breast cancer at some point during her lifetime.
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Breast Cancer Recurrence
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Paget Disease of the Breast (Paget's Disease of the Nipple)
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Breast Cancer and Lymphedema
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Breast Cancer Prevention
Lifestyle changes, a healthy antioxidant-rich diet, exercise, and weight reduction can help reduce a woman's risk of developing breast cancer. It's important to be aware of how risk factors such as family history, lifestyle factors, breast conditions, radiation therapy, and hormonal factors may influence your chances of developing breast cancer. Mammography and breast self-examinations are crucial steps in breast cancer prevention.
Breast Cancer Treatment by Stage
Treatment of breast cancer depends upon the stage of the cancer at the time of diagnosis. Some of the various treatments include: hormone therapy, radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy, HER2-targeted therapy, neoadjuvant therapy, and adjuvant therapy.
Most often, caregivers take care of other adults who are ill or disabled. Less often, caregivers are grandparents raising their grandchildren. The majority of caregivers are middle-aged women. Caregiving can be very stressful, so it's important to recognize when it's putting to much strain on you and to take steps to prevent/relieve stress.
Cancer fatigue is a lack of energy that is caused by cancer or cancer treatment, including chemotherapy, radiation, biological therapy, or bone marrow transplantation. Strategies to combat cancer fatigue include scheduling rest, pacing oneself, planning ahead and prioritizing work and activities, eating the right foods, exercising, and practicing proper body mechanics.
Certain behavioral, lifestyle, and environmental factors contribute to cancer. Cancer prevention involves modifying these factors to decrease cancer risk. Tobacco use, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, inadequate fruit and vegetable intake, and obesity increase the risk of certain cancers. Vaccines, genetic testing, and cancer screening also play a role in cancer prevention.
Breast Cancer Questions to Ask the Doctor
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Breast Cancer Clinical Trials
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Cancer pain results from the tumor pressing on nerves or invading bones or organs. Cancer treatments like chemotherapy, radiation, or surgery can also cause pain. Over-the-counter pain relievers, prescription medications, radiation, biofeedback, and relaxation techniques are just some treatments for cancer pain.
Breast Cancer and Coping With Stress
Being diagnosed with breast cancer is stressful. Learning relaxation techniques, exercising, eating well, getting adequate sleep, receiving psychotherapy, and maintaining a positive attitude can help you cope. Creating documents, such as an advance directive, living will, and durable power of attorney will outline your wishes in the event that you are no longer able to make decisions regarding your care.
Local ResourcesFind a local Oncologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan)
- Chest X-Ray
- Hormone Therapy
- CT Scan (Computerized Tomography)
- Breast Biopsy
- Radiation Therapy
- Screening Tests for Cancer
- Questions To Ask Before Surgery
- Chemotherapy Treatment for Breast Cancer
- Bone Marrow Transplantation for Breast Cancer
- Radiation Therapy for Breast Cancer
- Breast Cancer Follow-Up Self-Exam
- Inverted Nipple
- Changes in Skin of the Breast
- Swollen Breast
- Breast Discharge (Nipple Discharge)
- Breast Pain
- Peau d'Orange
- Breast Cancer
- Breast Lumps in Women
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Breast Cancer Husband
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- Breast Cancer Treatment Update
- Breast Cancer: The Male View on Survival and Support
- Breast Cancer
- Breast Cancer: Early Diagnosis and Prevention
- Breast Cancer Treatments. Oct. 29, 2002.
- Breast Cancer: Clinical Trials - Today's Cutting Edge
- Breast Cancer, Metastatic: Treatment Goals and Therapy Options -- Harold J. Burstein, MD
Medications & Supplements
- Monoclonal Antibodies
- Dilaudid vs. Fentanyl (Pain Strength Comparison and Side Effects)
- cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan)
- Herceptin (trastuzumab)
- finasteride (Proscar)
- methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall)
- tamoxifen (Soltamox, Nolvadex)
- fluorouracil - injection, Adrucil
- doxorubicin - injection, Adriamycin, Rubex
- Verzenio (abemaciclib)
- pertuzumab (Perjeta)
- Ibrance (palbociclib)
Prevention & Wellness
- Beyonce's Dad Reveals His Breast Cancer Diagnosis
- AHA News: Entertainment Exec Mathew Knowles: I Have Breast Cancer
- At-Risk Men May Also Benefit From Regular Mammograms
- Men Should be Included in Breast Cancer Clinical Trials: FDA
- Could 3-D Mammograms Soon Be the Standard for Breast Cancer Screening?
- Ibrance Approval Expanded to Include Men With Breast Cancer
- Health Tip: What to Expect From a Breast Biopsy
- Four Myths About Breast Cancer Debunked
- Could Diet Affect Breast Cancer Risk?
- At Least 15 Men Near Ground Zero Have Breast Cancer
- Breast Cancer Screenings Still Best for Early Detection
- Male Breast Cancer Is Different
- Men Develop Breast Cancer, Too
- 'Low T' Therapy: Is It for Me?
- Most Men With Breast Cancer Undergo Mastectomy, Study Finds
- Study Links Another Gene Variant to Male Breast Cancer
- Men's Breast Cancer Often More Deadly, Study Suggests