- Side Effects
- Drug Interactions
- Pregnancy & Breastfeeding
Generic Name: magnesium sulfate
Brand and Other Names: MgSO4
Drug Class: Antidysrhythmics, V; Electrolytes
What is magnesium sulfate, and what is it used for?
Magnesium sulfate is a salt of magnesium, a naturally occurring mineral that is important for normal functioning of many systems in the body, particularly nerves and muscles. Magnesium sulfate is administered to prevent and treat convulsions (seizures) from preeclampsia and eclampsia (toxemia) in pregnant women. Toxemia in pregnancy is a condition with high blood pressure and damage to organs such as liver or kidney.
Magnesium sulfate is also used to treat certain heart rhythm disorders, magnesium deficiency, and acute kidney inflammation (nephritis) in children. Magnesium sulfate works in the following ways:
- Prevents convulsions by depressing the central nervous system and blocking the transmission of nerve signals to the muscles to make them contract
- Reduces the release of acetylcholine, a chemical that nerve cells secrete to make muscles contract
- Lowers the heart rate by slowing down the electrical impulse formation in the heart and prolongation of the conduction time
- Improves kidney function by facilitating normal movement of calcium, potassium, and sodium in and out of cells and stabilizing excitable cell membranes
Magnesium sulfate is used in the treatment of following conditions:
- Hypomagnesemia (low magnesium levels in blood)
- Toxemia of pregnancy (preeclampsia and eclampsia)
- Torsades de pointes (a type of life-threatening abnormality in heart rhythm)
- Preterm labor (off-label)
- Acute nephritis
- Bronchospasm (off-label)
- Do not administer magnesium sulfate to patients who:
- Do not administer magnesium sulfate during 2 hours preceding delivery in mothers with toxemia of pregnancy
- In patients with kidney impairment, ensure that renal excretory capacity is not exceeded
- Use with caution in patients treated with digitalis (digoxin), a drug used to treat heart failure and abnormal heart rhythms
- Use with extreme caution in patients with myasthenia gravis or other neuromuscular diseases
- Hypomagnesemia is usually associated with drop in potassium levels (hypokalemia)
- Monitor kidney function, blood pressure, respiratory rate, and deep tendon reflex when magnesium sulfate is administered intravenously (parenterally)
What are the side effects of magnesium sulfate?
Side effects of magnesium sulfate, which are usually the result of magnesium sulfate intoxication, include:
- Flushing (warmth, redness, or tingly feeling)
- Increased sweating
- Low blood pressure (hypotension)
- Depressed/poor reflexes
- Flaccid paralysis
- Low core body temperature (hypothermia)
- Circulatory collapse
- Depressed cardiac function
- Central nervous system (CNS) depression
- Respiratory paralysis
- Excess fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema)
- Extreme drowsiness
- Low blood calcium (hypocalcemia)
- Low blood phosphates (hypophosphatemia)
- Low blood potassium (hyperkalemia)
- Visual changes
- Breathing difficulties
- Muscle tightness or contraction
- Feeling faint
- Cold feeling
This is not a complete list of all side effects or adverse reactions that may occur from the use of this drug. Call your doctor for medical advice about serious side effects or adverse reactions. You may also report side effects or health problems to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What are the dosages of magnesium sulfate?
- Mild: 1 g intramuscularly (IM) every 6 hours for 4 doses
- Severe: 5 g intravenously (IV) over 3 hours
- Maintenance: 30-60 mg/kg/day IV
Toxemia of Pregnancy
- Indicated to prevent seizures associated with pre-eclampsia, and for control of seizures with eclampsia
- 4-5 g (diluted in 250 mL NS/D5W) intravenously (IV) in combination with either (a) up to 10 g (10 mL of undiluted 50% solution) divided and administered intramuscularly (IM) into each buttock or (b) after initial IV dose, 1-3 g/ hour IV
Torsades de Pointes
- With pulse (advanced cardiac life support - ACLS): 1-2 g slow intravenous (IV) (diluted in 50-100 mL D5W) over 5-60 minutes, then 0.5-1 g/ hour IV
- Cardiac arrest (ACLS): 1-2 g slow IV (diluted in 10 mL D5W) over 5-20 minutes
Preterm Labor (Off-label)
- Loading dose: 4-6 g intravenously (IV) over 20 minutes; maintenance: 2-4 g/hour IV for 12-24 hours as tolerated after contractions cease
- Do not exceed 5-7 days of continuous treatment; longer treatment duration may lead to low blood calcium (hypocalcemia) in developing fetuses resulting in neonates with skeletal abnormalities related to osteopenia
- Severe renal impairment: Do not exceed 20 g/48 hours
- 100 mg/kg intramuscularly (IM) every 4-6 hours as needed or 20-40 mg/kg IM as needed
- Severe: 100-200 mg/kg intravenously (IV) as 1-3% solution; administer total dose within 1 hour, one-half within first 15-20 minutes
- Intravenous/intramuscular (IV/IM): 25-50 mg/kg every 4-6 hours for 3-4 doses as needed
- Oral: 100-200 mg/kg every 6 hours
- 25-50 mg/kg intravenously (IV) over 10-20 minutes
- Symptoms of magnesium overdose include a sharp drop in blood pressure and respiratory paralysis
- Onset of magnesium intoxication may be detected by the disappearance of kneecap (patellar) reflex
- Treatment of magnesium overdose often requires artificial ventilation, and intravenous calcium is used to counteract the effects of excess magnesium (hypermagnesemia)
- Hypermagnesemia in the newborn may require resuscitation, assisted ventilation and intravenous calcium
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What drugs interact with magnesium sulfate?
Inform your doctor of all medications you are currently taking, who can advise you on any possible drug interactions. Never begin taking, suddenly discontinue, or change the dosage of any medication without your doctor’s recommendation.
Magnesium sulfate has no known severe interactions with other drugs.
- Serious interactions of magnesium sulfate include:
- Magnesium sulfate has moderate interactions with at least 24 different drugs.
- Magnesium sulfate has mild interactions with at least 43 different drugs.
The drug interactions listed above are not all of the possible interactions or adverse effects. For more information on drug interactions, visit the RxList Drug Interaction Checker.
It is important to always tell your doctor, pharmacist, or health care provider of all prescription and over-the-counter medications you use, as well as the dosage for each, and keep a list of the information. Check with your doctor or health care provider if you have any questions about the medication.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
- Use magnesium sulfate during pregnancy only in life-threatening emergencies when no safer drug is available.
- Magnesium sulfate can cause fetal abnormalities when used for longer than 5-7 days in pregnant women.
- Abnormalities such as fetal skeletal mineral loss, low blood calcium (hypocalcemia), and high blood magnesium (hypermagnesemia) are reported with continuous long-term use (more than 5-7 days) for off-label treatment of preterm labor in pregnant women; the effect on the developing fetus may result in skeletal abnormalities in newborns.
- Magnesium sulfate administered by continuous IV infusion (especially for longer than 24 hours preceding delivery) in toxemic women to control convulsions may cause magnesium toxicity in the newborn.
- The safety and efficacy of use for delaying preterm labor are not established, continuous administration of magnesium sulfate injection to treat preterm labor is not approved.
- Magnesium sulfate is present in milk with use of intravenous (parenteral) magnesium sulfate and should be used with caution in nursing mothers.
Magnesium sulfate is a salt of magnesium, a naturally occurring mineral, used to prevent and treat convulsions (seizures) from preeclampsia and eclampsia (toxemia) in pregnant women. Magnesium sulfate is also used to treat certain heart rhythm disorders, magnesium deficiency, and acute kidney inflammation (nephritis) in children. Side effects include flushing, increased sweating, low blood pressure (hypotension), depressed/poor reflexes, flaccid paralysis, low core body temperature (hypothermia), circulatory collapse, depressed cardiac function, central nervous system (CNS) depression, respiratory paralysis, excess fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema), extreme drowsiness, and others.
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You might find that you're not getting pregnant quickly the second time. This might be secondary infertility.
What Happens When You Get Shingles When Pregnant?
Becoming infected with chickenpox during pregnancy could cause birth defects in your unborn child. Likewise, shingles could also cause problems for your unborn child. If you are pregnant and haven't had chickenpox, avoid exposure to infected people. Zostavax, the shingles vaccine, can reduce the incidence of shingles by half. Women should wait at least three months after receiving the vaccine before trying to get pregnant.
How Do You Get Rid of Gas Pains While Pregnant?
Learn what medical treatments can help ease your gas pains during pregnancy and speed up your recovery.
Heartburn During Pregnancy
Heartburn during pregnancy is quite common. During pregnancy the lower esophageal sphincter muscle becomes weakened , which likely occurs due to the effect of the high levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone during pregnancy. Fortunately, this resolves after pregnancy. Management of heartburn during pregnancy are generally involves lifestyle changes and avoiding foods that promote heartburn, for example, don't smoke, avoid tight clothing, eat small, frequent meals, chew gum, or sip liquids.
What Does Pregnancy Nausea Feel Like?
Nausea felt during pregnancy is known as morning sickness, which may range from mild bloating and indigestion to frank vomiting.
When Do Baby Bumps Start Showing in Pregnancy?
The first 12 weeks of pregnancy are called the first trimester. When a baby bump starts to show is different for everyone, but for most women the baby will fill the whole uterus and can start to protrude by 12 weeks.
How Many Weeks Pregnant Do You Start to Feel Flutters?
When do you start feeling your baby move? Learn about fetal movement and flutters during pregnancy, and when you can expect them.
How Long Does It Take to Get Your Body Back After Pregnancy?
Your body goes through a lot of changes during pregnancy. It takes anywhere from a few weeks to a few months to get your body back after pregnancy and delivery.
Can Pregnancy Cause Herpes to Flare Up?
There's no evidence that pregnancy causes herpes outbreaks, but approximately 75% of pregnant women with herpes will have an outbreak at some point during their pregnancy.
How Is Postpartum Preeclampsia Treated?
Postpartum preeclampsia is a condition that affects mothers after giving birth. Learn what it is and how to identify it so you can get immediate help.
How Do Surrogate Mothers Get Pregnant?
There are two ways a surrogate mother gets pregnant. In the first form, the surrogate mother’s egg cell is used to conceive the child. The sperm is donated by the male of the couple who opts for surrogacy.
When Should You Stop Traveling While Pregnant?
For uncomplicated pregnancies, it can be safe to travel during your pregnancy. However, the recommended time to travel is during your second trimester.
Can You Get Pregnant with MTHFR Gene Mutation?
While women can get pregnant with an MTHFR gene mutation, they may have an increased risk of complications during pregnancy, including preeclampsia, congenital birth defects, and polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD).
How Do Fibroids Affect Pregnancy?
What are fibroids, and how do they affect pregnancy? Learn the signs of fibroids, what causes them, how doctors diagnose them, and what you can do to treat them during your pregnancy.
How Long Is the Surgery for Ectopic Pregnancy?
Ectopic pregnancy surgery can be either laparoscopic (via camera and smaller cuts) or via laparotomy (surgery by opening the belly). If the physician prefers laparoscopic surgery, it will take about 30 minutes to 1 hour. However, if the physician chooses laparotomy, it might take longer to complete. The patient should return to the ward within 1 to 2 hours.
How Much Sleep Should a Pregnant Woman Get in Second Trimester Pregnancy?
On average, you will get seven and a half hours of sleep per night during the second trimester of pregnancy.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and Pregnancy
Multiple sclerosis or MS is a central nervous system disease in which the immune system attacks the myelin sheath (the protective coating around nerves). Symptoms of MS include pain, sexual problems, fatigue, numbness and tingling, emotional changes, and depression.Women who are pregnant and have multiple sclerosis may have more difficulty carrying a pregnancy. Multiple sclerosis does not affect ability to conceive, and does not seem to affect fertility. MS symptoms during pregnancy may stay the same or get better; however, they may worsen after giving birth. Pregnancy decreases the number of relapses, but flares increase in the first 3-6 months after delivery. Pregnant women with MS may carrying a pregnancy more difficult to tell when labor starts, and there is an increased need to use forceps or vacuum to assist with delivery or b7 C-section (Cesarean birth) increases. Some treatment MS drugs may be safe to use during pregnancy; however, some drugs should not be taken, for example, baclofen (Gablofen, Lioresal), fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem), or solifenacin succinate (VESIcare), and most disease-modifying therapies (DMTs). Talk with your healthcare team about vitamins, supplements, and medications that you are taking if you are pregnant and have MS.
How Late Can Your Period Be Without You Being Pregnant?
A regular period — or menstrual cycle — is an essential part of a woman's reproductive system. If you test negative for pregnancy seven or more days after a missed period, there may be other medical reasons for your skipped period.
What Should I Do After an Unwanted Pregnancy?
There are a variety of options that may help you handle your situation. It might help you to visualize each option and decide how you feel about it. Consider reaching out to trained professionals or close friends if you get overwhelmed.
What if I Drank Alcohol Before Knowing I Was Pregnant?
Alcohol use during pregnancy is a significant hazard to your baby. If you drank before you learned you're pregnant, your baby might already be significantly exposed to danger.
Constipation During Pregnancy: Can Not Pooping Hurt the Baby?
Although the pressure buildup from constipation during pregnancy may feel harmful, it is very unlikely to hurt your baby.
Is It Better To Get Breast Implants Before Or After Pregnancy?
What to know about being pregnant and breastfeeding with breast implants. Learn more about the medical reality of breast implants.
When Can You Find Out How Many Weeks Pregnant You Are?
A woman can find out how many weeks pregnant she is at any time during pregnancy. There are several ways to calculate how many weeks pregnant a woman is and the estimated due date or estimated date of delivery (EDD). Some ways are more accurate than others.
Can Dreaming of Being Pregnant Be a Sign?
According to the National Health Foundation, we all have four to six dreams every night. A few dreams we remember, whereas the most we forget. Humans have been studying dreams and their significance since ancient times.
Why Do Pregnant Women Pee So Much?
There are several reasons like hormone changes and uterus growth, why you might begin feeling more need to pee when you are pregnant.
What Are the Signs of Magnesium Deficiency?
Magnesium deficiency is often overlooked because symptoms often appear until your levels are dangerously low. Here are the 4 signs to look out for.
Does Body Shape Change After Pregnancy?
Your body changes a lot when you're pregnant. Many of those changes return to normal, but every woman is different. Some women may find that some changes to their bodies remain.
What Happens If You Eat Raw Foods When You Are Pregnant?
Consuming raw foods during pregnancy could result in certain infections that may lead to miscarriages, premature labor, and birth defects.
What Are the First Signs of Preeclampsia?
The first sign of preeclampsia is typically high blood pressure, which makes monitoring your blood pressure an important part of prenatal care.
Pregnancy Changes and Body Discomforts
Pregnancy can bring challenges like weight gain, stretch marks, varicose veins, heartburn, constipation, hemorrhoids, problems sleeping, and wondering if it is safe to have sex while pregnant. Learn how to manage and move through these challenges during pregnancy.
Does MCV Increase in Pregnancy?
During pregnancy, there is a small increase in MCV or mean corpuscular volume, which measures the size of an average red blood cell.
How Can You Get in Shape While Pregnant?
Staying healthy can make pregnancy more comfortable and make labor and the postpartum period easier. Talk to your doctor about staying in shape while pregnant to design a nutrition and exercise plan.
When Should I Have My First Pregnancy Ultrasound?
The first pregnancy ultrasound is usually done within the first trimester, in the first twelve weeks of pregnancy.
Early Pregnancy Symptoms Before Missed Period
Pregnancy symptoms vary from one woman to another. Women could have none of the symptoms but can still go on to have a perfectly healthy pregnancy. Usually missing a period after conception is considered a sign of pregnancy.
How Many Attempts Does It Take to Get Pregnant?
Experts recommend having sex once a day or every other day 1-2 days before ovulation in order to boost the chances of getting pregnant.
What Are Anemia Symptoms During Pregnancy?
Anemia during pregnancy is a common issue that affects many women. Learn the signs of anemia, what causes anemia, how doctors diagnose anemia, and what you can do to treat anemia in pregnancy.
What Should I Be Feeling at 18 Weeks Pregnant?
The 18th week of pregnancy is a crucial stage in the development of the fetus. The mother is in the second trimester and starts experiencing the important milestones of pregnancy. The mother can feel the baby’s first movement inside her uterus. This is known as quickening.
Are Pregnancy Pillows Good for Back Pain?
A maternity or a pregnancy pillow is a specially designed body pillow to suit and support the changing curves of the body during pregnancy. This long pillow supports the entire body. And yes, they help reduce back pain of pregnancy to a large extent. Try a full-length pregnancy pillow. Sleep with this pillow on a bed keeping the arms wrapped around it.
Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC)
Taking prescription medications or over-the-counter drugs or supplements should be discussed with your doctor. There are some medications that have been found to cause no problems in pregnancy, however, medications such as Accutane for acne, should never be taken during pregnancy.
Can a Person With Epilepsy Live a Normal Life?
Can a person with epilepsy live a normal life? What is epilepsy and what causes it? Learn the signs and symptoms of epilepsy, what causes it, how doctors diagnose it, and what you can do to treat it.
How Does Preeclampsia Turn Into Eclampsia?
What is the difference between preeclampsia and eclampsia? How does preeclampsia turn into eclampsia?
Pain Relief Options for Childbirth
Women experience and tolerate pain differently. For some pregnant women, focused breathing is all they need to get through labor and childbirth; but for others, numbing of the pain is desired. There are a number of different medications a woman can take during labor and childbirth. It is important for you to learn what pain relief options are available. Please discuss the options with your health care professional well before your "birth day" so that when you are in labor you understand the choices.
What Can Cause Amenorrhea Other Than Pregnancy?
Amenorrhea is a common issue that affects some women even when they're not pregnant. Learn the signs of amenorrhea, what causes amenorrhea, how doctors diagnose amenorrhea, and what you can do to address amenorrhea.
Safest Rheumatoid Arthritis Drugs During Pregnancy
None of the drugs used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is completely safe during pregnancy. You must discuss with your physician regarding the decision to use, modify, or stop any medications.
What Should Father to Be Do During Pregnancy?
A father plays a crucial role in his partner’s pregnancy. You may have to change your daily routine to follow a healthy diet, exercise, and get sufficient rest.
How Do You Bond With Your Baby While Pregnant?
You can bond with your baby before birth. Both parents can sing and talk to your baby, and massage your baby bump. By the time it's born, all of its senses will have developed, so it can feel and hear you.
What Can You Take for a Cold While Pregnant?
You may take over-the-counter (OTC) treatment after consulting with the physician because these are generally safe. OTC medications for colds and flus include acetaminophen, guaifenesin syrup and saline nasal drops or spray. You can also use natural remedies to treat a cold during pregnancy.
Is Rituximab Safe During Pregnancy?
Rituxan (Rituximab) may not be completely safe during pregnancy and should be stopped at least 12 months before attempting to conceive.
How Does Pregnancy Affect Mental Health?
Pregnancy can be a time of great joy and happiness. Different women respond to pregnancy differently, but pregnancy can affect some womens' mental health negatively.
What Happens if You Drink Alcohol While Pregnant?
If you are pregnant, drinking alcohol can affect your baby. Drinking alcohol while pregnant affects your mood; damages your heart, liver, pancreas, and immune system; increases the risk of cancer and increases your risk of miscarriage.
What Should I Expect at 6 Weeks Pregnant?
Six weeks is the first trimester of pregnancy. You may or may not be yet aware that you are pregnant, but certain signs will be common. At 6 weeks of pregnancy, your belly will probably look just the same from the outside.
What Causes a Molar Pregnancy?
Molar pregnancy is usually caused by a faulty or abnormal fertilization process. Although some studies have linked molar pregnancy with dietary or genetic factors, the real cause of molar pregnancy is still unknown.
What Causes Melasma During Pregnancy?
What is melasma, and what causes it during pregnancy? Learn the signs of melasma during pregnancy and how to treat the condition.
Preeclampsia (Pregnancy Induced Hypertension)
Preeclampsia is related to increased blood pressure and protein in the mother's urine. Preeclampsia typically begins after the 20th week of pregnancy. When preeclampsia causes seizures, it is termed "eclampsia" and is the second leading cause of maternal death of in the US. Preeclampsia is the leading cause of fetal complications. Risk factors for preeclampsia include high blood pressure, obesity, multiple births, and women with preexisting medical conditions such as diabetes, kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, or scleroderma. Pregnancy planning and lifestyle changes may reduce the risk of preeclampsia during pregnancy.
Is It Normal to Have Swollen Feet During Pregnancy?
Swollen feet affect many pregnant women. Learn the causes of swollen feet and how they can be treated.
What Is the Management of Ectopic Pregnancy?
Ectopic pregnancy is the medical condition in which the implantation of an embryo occurs outside of the uterine cavity (the womb), most commonly in the fallopian tube. Ectopic pregnancy is usually managed through medications, surgery or observation. The type of management depends on the severity of the condition.
How Likely Is It To Get Pregnant with an IUD?
Getting pregnant while you have an IUD is extremely rare. There is one out of a hundred chances that this could happen. However, it has happened before.
Is Sex Safe During Pregnancy?
You should talk to a healthcare provider if you feel like your situation is unique, but the general answer is yes—sex is safe during pregnancy!
How Early Do Pregnancy Symptoms Start?
Some people notice pregnancy symptoms as early as 1 week after pregnancy begins, which occurs about 2-3 weeks after sex.
What Are the Warning Signs of Epilepsy?
The warning signs of epilepsy are different for everyone, however, here are the most commonly reported symptoms of seizure disorder.
How Can I Avoid Stretch Marks on My Stomach During Pregnancy?
Medically known as striae gravidarum, stretch marks on the stomach are a common sign during pregnancy. They may also appear in other regions of the body, such as the thighs, hips, buttocks and chest. Pregnancy stretch marks are reddish or violet streaks that eventually turn grey, white or silvery.
How Can I Improve My Chances of Getting Pregnant?
Delays in getting pregnant may not signal an issue, and can be normal, especially once you are past age 30. You can improve your chances of getting pregnant by understanding your fertility cycle, and having sex on days you are ovulating.
Why Do Pregnant Women Get Morning Sickness?
Morning sickness, though exact cause is unknown, may be related to hormonal shifts and the increase in or presence of certain hormones.
When Should I Take Birthing Classes During Pregnancy?
Birthing classes are generally recommended in the last three months (last trimester) of pregnancy. You may, however, enroll in a birthing class anytime during pregnancy. Some women feel that joining a birthing class early in the pregnancy gives them enough time to learn, adapt, and prepare for the delivery. Early registration also gives the advantage of choosing the dates and time schedules according to individual preferences.
What Happens When You Have Preeclampsia?
What is preeclampsia? Learn about preeclampsia and how it may affect your health during pregnancy.
What Blood Tests Are Done in First Trimester of Pregnancy?
When you are pregnant, your doctor will do blood tests to check complete blood count, blood type, Rh factor, infections, birth defects, and more.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs)
When you are pregnant, many sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can be especially harmful to you and your baby. These STDs include herpes, HIV/AIDS, genital warts (HPV), hepatitis B, chlamydia, syphilis, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis. Symptoms include bumps, sores, warts, swelling, itching, or redness in the genital region. Treatment of STDs while pregnant depends on how far along you are in the pregnancy and the progression of the infection.
Is It OK to Exercise and Workout in the First Trimester of Pregnancy?
You should talk to your doctor to make sure it's safe for you to exercise during pregnancy. However, in most cases, exercising during pregnancy will benefit you and your baby.
What Should I Expect at 5 Weeks Pregnant? 13 Changes
The fifth week of pregnancy is usually the time when you have just discovered that you are pregnant. This is the time when you have missed your periods, and you take a urine pregnancy test that turns out to be positive.
Smoking During Pregnancy
Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, low birth weight, premature birth and more. Secondhand smoke also increases your baby's risk of developing lung cancer, heart diseases, emphysema, asthma, allergies and SIDS.
Can Pregnancy Symptoms Start at 1 Week?
Most women do not experience discernable pregnancy symptoms at week 1, since many early pregnancy symptoms are similar to premenstrual symptoms.
How Do Seizures Differ From Epilepsy and Convulsion?
You can have a seizure without epilepsy, but you can’t have epilepsy without seizures. Convulsions are a type of seizure that causes involuntary shaking.
How Do You Know If You Have Heartburn When Pregnant?
Heartburn is a common issue that affects many pregnant people. Learn the signs of heartburn in pregnancy, what causes it, how doctors diagnose it, and what you can do to treat it.
How Does Anemia Affect Pregnancy?
Anemia is a condition in which your body doesn't make enough red blood cells. The most common type is iron-deficiency anemia which 50% of women develop during pregnancy.
What Should I Be Feeling at 19 Weeks of Pregnancy?
The 19th week of pregnancy or the 5th month of pregnancy is when most of the major organs and organ systems have formed in the fetus. The formed organ system continues to grow and form its respective shapes in the following months. The weight of the fetus increases each month to become a baby that can survive outside of the uterus.
How Do I Deal With Pregnancy in the Summer Heat?
When you’re dealing with a summer pregnancy, it’s important to limit activities that raise your core temperature.
What Happens in the Third Trimester Pregnancy?
In the third trimester, you and your baby undergo many changes. In the third trimester, you may experience acid reflux, trouble breathing, tender breasts, varicose veins, hemorrhoids, edema, low blood pressure and other symptoms.
Does Getting Pregnant Help Endometriosis or Make It Worse?
Endometriosis can affect fertility and cause painful periods. Endometriosis symptoms may subside during pregnancy because your menstrual cycle has stopped, but this isn't always the case.
What Causes a Cleft Palate During Pregnancy?
A cleft palate is a facial defect in babies that occurs when they are developing inside the womb. A baby’s facial features develop in the first 3 months. Their lips form first, followed by the mouth and palate. Clefts occur if the tissues and cells don’t form in the right way.
How Much Weight Should I Gain During My Pregnancy in the First Trimester?
Weight gain during pregnancy supports the developing baby. You should gain less than five pounds during the first trimester of your pregnancy.
How Does Anemia Affect Your Baby During Pregnancy?
Anemia occurs when you don't have enough red blood cells to transport adequate oxygen or iron. Anemia during pregnancy may contribute to early delivery or failure of the baby to grow to a healthy weight.
How Does High Blood Pressure Affect Pregnancy?
High blood pressure during pregnancy can cause serious complications. Learn more about the signs of and risks associated with the condition.
What Is the Surgical Management of Ectopic Pregnancy?
The surgical management of ectopic pregnancy entails operating and removing the pregnancy while you are sedated.
Breast Cancer During Pregnancy
Breast cancer occurs in about 1 in every 1,000 pregnant women. Treatment of breast cancer during pregnancy involves surgery, but it is very difficult to protect the baby from the dangerous effects of radiation and chemotherapy. It can be an agonizing to decide whether or not to undergo breast cancer treatment while one is pregnant.
Can I Get Pregnant With PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) Naturally?
What to know about getting pregnant naturally with PCOS. Learn about the possibilities, risks, and things to consider if you have PCOS.
Epilepsy and Seizures: How to Treat?
A seizure is a sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbance in the brain. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder where brain activities are abnormal, causing more than one or recurrent episodes of seizures. Most cases of seizures can be managed conservatively with medication and supportive treatments.
What Happens in the 2nd Trimester Pregnancy?
The second trimester of pregnancy is often the most comfortable for women. In the second trimester of pregnancy, a woman experiences a growing belly, body pains, melasma, bleeding gums, dizziness, carpel tunnel syndrome, swelling and other changes.
How Can I Increase My Chances of Getting Pregnant?
You and your partner in a good state of health, both mentally and physically, is the first requisite for increasing your chances of getting pregnant. Making healthy choices, such as regular physical activity, healthy diet, and stress relieving activities may increase your chances to get pregnant and have a healthy baby thereafter.
What Vitamins and Supplements Should I Take During Pregnancy?
Even if you eat a variety of nutritious foods, you may need to take pregnancy vitamins and supplements. This is especially true if you have a restricted diet, are pregnant with twins or multiples, have food allergies, or nutrient deficiencies. Talk to your doctor about your needs.
Should You Take the COVID-19 Vaccine if You Are Trying to Get Pregnant?
The COVID-19 vaccine is still being offered to women who are pregnant or are trying to get pregnant. Current information says that there is no reason not to get vaccinated if you are pregnant or are trying to get pregnant.
4 Common Discomforts of Pregnancy
Pregnancy comes with huge hormonal changes that can cause discomfort, including morning sickness, heartburn, constipation and headaches. Learn what causes these symptoms and how you can cope with them.
What Should a Pregnant Woman Do If She Has COVID-19?
COVID-19 is a disease caused by a coronavirus. If you are pregnant and you think you have COVID-19, get professional medical help as soon as possible to reduce the risk of medical complications.
Can You Get the COVID-19 Vaccine If You’re Pregnant?
The answer is 'Yes, you can get the COVID-19 vaccine if you’re pregnant.' But you may want to talk to your doctor before you get the vaccine.
Treatment & Diagnosis
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- Pregnancy: Trying to Conceive: After Birth Control
- Seizure (Epilepsy)
- Ectopic Pregnancy
- Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension
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- Can an Ectopic Pregnancy Affect Fertility?
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