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- What is magnesium citrate-oral, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for magnesium citrate-oral?
- Is magnesium citrate-oral available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for magnesium citrate-oral?
- What are the uses for magnesium citrate-oral?
- What are the side effects of magnesium citrate-oral?
- What is the dosage for magnesium citrate-oral?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with magnesium citrate-oral?
- Is magnesium citrate-oral safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about magnesium citrate-oral?
What is magnesium citrate-oral, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Magnesium citrate is supplied as an oral tablet or liquid saline laxative. Magnesium citrate retains water in the intestines by osmosis. Increasing water in the bowel aids motility, usually producing a bowel movement within one-half to six hours.
What are the uses for magnesium citrate-oral?
Magnesium citrate is used for bowel evacuation (bowel preparation or cleansing), constipation, and bowel irregularity.
What are the side effects of magnesium citrate-oral?
The most common side effects of magnesium citrate are:
Quick Guide19 Constipation Myths and Facts
What is the dosage for magnesium citrate-oral?
- Adults and children 12 years of age and older: Use 195 to 300 ml of magnesium citrate with a full glass of water. It may be taken as a single dose or divided doses or may also be used with 2 to 4 tablets at bedtime.
- Children 6 to under 12 years of age: Use 90 to 210 ml of magnesium citrate with a full glass of water; it may be taken as a single dose or divided doses.
- Children 2 to under 6 years of age: Use 60 to 90 ml of magnesium citrate; it may be taken as a single dose or divided doses with a maximum dose of 90 ml in 24 hours.
Which drugs or supplements interact with magnesium citrate-oral?
Magnesium citrate should not be combined with medications like:
- eltrombopag (Promacta),
- doxycycline (Vibramycin),
- minocycline (Minocin),
- ciprofloxacin (Cipro), and
- levofloxacin (Levaquin).
Magnesium citrate decreases absorption of these antibiotics and leads to decreased therapeutic effect.
Is magnesium citrate-oral safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
There is little risk of harm to the developing fetus.
Magnesium citrate can be safely and effectively used in nursing mothers because of minimal infant risk.
What else should I know about magnesium citrate-oral?
What preparations of magnesium citrate-oral are available?
Liquid: 290 mg/ 5 ml. Tablet: 100 mg
Safe and effective use of magnesium citrate is not established for children under the age of 2.
How should I keep magnesium citrate-oral stored?
Store magnesium citrate between temperatures 8 C and 30 C (46 F and 86 F).
REFERENCE: NIH.gov. magnesium citrate.
Quick Guide19 Constipation Myths and Facts
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