- Side Effects
- Drug Interactions
What is magnesium citrate, and what is it used for?
Magnesium citrate is supplied as an oral tablet or liquid saline laxative. It is an over-the-counter (OTC). Magnesium citrate retains water in the intestines by osmosis. Increasing water in the bowel aids motility, usually producing a bowel movement within one-half to six hours.
Magnesium citrate is used for:
- Bowel evacuation (bowel preparation or cleansing)
- Bowel irregularity
- A nutritional supplement for treating acid indigestion
What is the dosage of magnesium citrate for constipation?
- Adults and children 12 years of age and older:
- Use 195 to 300 ml of magnesium citrate with a full glass of water. It may be taken as a single dose or divided doses or may also be used with 2 to 4 tablets at bedtime.
- Children 6 to under 12 years of age:
- ???????Use 90 to 210 ml of magnesium citrate with a full glass of water; it may be taken as a single dose or divided doses.
- Children 2 to under 6 years of age:
- Use 60 to 90 ml of magnesium citrate; it may be taken as a single dose or divided doses with a maximum dose of 90 ml in 24 hours.
What drugs interact with magnesium citrate?
Magnesium citrate should not be combined with antibiotics like:
- eltrombopag (Promacta)
- doxycycline (Vibramycin)
- demeclocycline (Declomycin)
- dolutegravir (Tivicay)
- minocycline (Minocin)
- ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
- levofloxacin (Levaquin)
Magnesium citrate decreases the absorption of these antibiotics and leads to decreased therapeutic effects.
Is magnesium citrate safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- There is little risk of harm to the developing fetus.
- Magnesium citrate can be safely and effectively used in nursing mothers because of minimal infant risk.
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Magnesium citrate (Citrate of Magnesia, Citroma) is an OTC medicine that retains water in the intestines to relieve constipation. A magnesium citrate supplement is used for treating heartburn. Side effects include abdominal cramps, diarrhea, bloating, and an electrolyte imbalance. Dosage depends whether it is an adult or child being treated. Magnesium citrate interacts with some antibiotics. Magnesium citrate (Citrate of Magnesia, Citroma) is an over-the-counter medicine that helps relieve and treat constipation. Magnesium citrate supplements also are used for treating heartburn.
Side effects of magnesium citrate include nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, bloating, and an electrolyte imbalance.
Dosage of magnesium citrate depends on a person’s age. Magnesium citrate should not be combined with some antibiotics, for example, doxycycline (Vibramycin), tetracycline, minocycline (Minocin), ciprofloxacin (Cipro), and levofloxacin (Levaquin).
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