GENERIC NAME: MA-HUANG (Ephedra sp) - ORAL
WARNING: This drug should not be used in combination with other stimulant products (e.g., caffeine), other cough-and-cold products, or as a dietary supplement for the purpose of weight loss or body building. Doing so may increase your risk of unlikely but potentially fatal side effects including: stroke, heart attack, seizures, or severe mental disorders (see Side Effects section and Precautions section). In addition, dietary supplements containing ephedra should not exceed 8 mg as a single ephedra dose, 24 mg of ephedra per day (24 hours), or be given for longer than 7 days, as recommended by the FDA. Exceeding the recommended ephedra dose increases your risk of the side effects noted above. For detailed information, consult your pharmacist. Check all product labels carefully to see if they contain ephedrine or ephedra/ma huang, which are all very similar; do not combine them.
USES: Ma-huang has been used for breathing problems, asthma, swelling and nasal congestion, and weight loss. Some herbal/diet supplement products have been found to contain possibly harmful impurities/additives. Check with your pharmacist for more details regarding the particular brand you use. The FDA has not reviewed this product for safety or effectiveness. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details.
HOW TO USE: Take this product by mouth as directed. Follow all directions on the product package. If you are uncertain about any of the information, consult your doctor or pharmacist. When used in high doses, ma-huang may cause serious side effects including heart attack, seizure and stroke. This herbal product should not be used for more than 7 days at a time. Use this product exactly as directed. Do not increase the dose, take it more frequently or use for a longer period than directed because this product can be habit-forming. Also, if used for a longer period of time, do not suddenly stop using this product without consulting your doctor or pharmacist. If your condition persists or worsens, or if you think you may have a serious medical problem, seek immediate medical attention.
SIDE EFFECTS: Nausea or headache may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, contact your doctor promptly. Unlikely but report promptly: mental/mood changes, dizziness, trouble sleeping, changes in the appearance of the skin, trouble with urination, restlessness. Very unlikely but report promptly: chest pain, fast/irregular pulse, trouble breathing, seizure, fainting, slurred speech, one-sided weakness. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
PRECAUTIONS: If you have any of the following health problems, consult your doctor before using this product: heart disease (e.g., heart attack, angina, coronary artery disease), stroke, circulation problems, diabetes, high blood pressure, seizures, thyroid problems (hyperthyroid), glaucoma (narrow angle), prostate problems, any allergies. If you experience dizziness, caution is advised when performing tasks requiring alertness (e.g., driving). Liquid preparations of this product may contain sugar and/or alcohol. Caution is advised if you have diabetes, alcohol dependence or liver disease. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about the safe use of this product. Ma-huang is not recommended for use during pregnancy. Consult your doctor before using this product. Because of the potential risk to the infant, breast-feeding while using this product is not recommended. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
DRUG INTERACTIONS: Before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription medications you may use, especially of: heart medications, beta-blockers (e.g., propranolol, metoprolol), MAO inhibitors (e.g., furazolidone, linezolid, moclobemide, phenelzine, procarbazine, selegiline), phenothiazine drugs (e.g., chlorpromazine, thioridazine), medication for blood pressure, adrenaline-like drugs (e.g., epinephrine, norepinephrine, pseudoephedrine), digoxin, caffeine- containing products, theophylline. Check the label of all nonprescription cough, cold or allergy products, as they may contain adrenaline-like drugs such as pseudoephedrine or phenylpropanolamine. Using ma-huang with pseudoephedrine or phenylpropanolamine-containing products may increase the likelihood of serious side effects. Consult your doctor or pharmacist. Ma-huang can interfere with certain lab tests. Make sure that your doctor and lab personnel know that you are using this product.
OVERDOSE: If overdose is suspected, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call the US national poison hotline at 1-800-222-1222. Canadian residents should call their local poison control center directly.
MISSED DOSE: If you miss a dose, use it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.
STORAGE: Refer to storage information printed on the package. If you have any questions about storage, ask your pharmacist.
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Related Disease Conditions
Obesity is the state of being well above one's normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be obese if they are...
Lung Anatomy (Structure and Function)
The lungs are primarily responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the air we breathe and the blood....
Liver disease can be cause by a variety of things including infection (hepatitis), diseases such as: gallstones, high...
Treatment & Diagnosis
Prevention & Wellness
Nutrition and Healthy Eating Resources
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.