Lupus: Pain in Neck & Back

  • Medical Author:
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

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Does lupus cause back pain?

In medicine, it is not uncommon for two events to both be true, yet not related. This means that each has a defined cause and that they are occurring together. However, they are in fact independent conditions. Here is an excellent example from a question that I was asked the other day by a viewer that involves illness in a patient with lupus (systemic lupus erythematosus).

The viewer asked, "I heard that the spine is not involved in lupus. Is this true, and if so, why? Does this mean that my neck and back pain are due to something else?"

Here is my response: Lupus is an immune disease that can attack many internal organs and tissues. The classic parts of the skeleton that can be affected by the inflammation of lupus are the peripheral joints - the joints away from the spine, such as the small joints of the hands and feet, the wrists, knees, elbows, ankles, and shoulders.  Lupus commonly causes arthritis in these joints. The spine is generally spared from the inflammation of lupus.

Lupus and other causes of neck and back pain

Lupus can cause neck and back pain, however, because muscles can become inflamed by lupus. Furthermore, the muscle pain syndrome called fibromyalgia that can cause pain in these areas is commonly associated with lupus. Moreover, cortisone medications that are frequently needed for lupus can weaken the bones of the spine, leading to breakage (fractures) of vertebrae. Also, a rare complication of lupus that involves inflammation of the spinal cord (transverse myelitis) can be associated with back pain.

Finally, neck and back pain most frequently result from injury or wear and tear (degenerative change with aging). This is true in the general population and is also true for patients with lupus. However, there are many causes of pains in these areas, ranging from organ disease (such as kidney problems and others) to disc herniations. It is not possible for me to know what the exact cause(s) of your particular neck and back pain are. For this you must consult your doctor.

Medically reviewed by Kirkwood Johnston, MD; American Board of Internal Medicine with subspecialty in Rheumatology

REFERENCE:

"Overview of the clinical manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus in adults"
UpToDate.com


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Reviewed on 1/26/2017

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