There are many causes of back pain. Pain in the low back can relate to the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae, ligaments around the spine and discs, spinal cord and nerves, muscles of the low back, internal organs of the pelvis and abdomen, and the skin covering the lumbar area. Read more: Lower Back Pain Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Sciatica Symptoms, Causes, Treatments
Sciatica pain radiates from the lower back toward the feet. Sciatica may feel like a cramp in the leg, burning, tingling, pins...
Low Back Pain: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Relief
Do you suffer from low back pain? Watch this slideshow to see common triggers of lower back pain and what kind of treatments you...
What Is Osteoporosis? Treatment, Symptoms, Medication
Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by low bone mass and density. Osteoporosis causes symptoms of weak, thin, fragile bones....
Sports Injuries: Types, Treatments, and Prevention
Learn about common sports injuries types, treatments, and prevention. Can you heal a pulled muscle in the back, neck, lower back...
Ankylosing Spondylitis: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment
What is Ankylosing spondylitis (AS)? Ankylosing spondylitis is arthritis of the spine. It causes symptoms like stiffness and...
Back Pain Quiz: Test Your Back Pain IQ
There are numerous causes of chronic lower back pain and only one ailment gets more complaints. What is it? Quiz your knowledge...
Back Pain: 16 Back Pain Truths and Myths
Which mattress is best for back pain? Back pain conditions are very common. Learn the causes of upper and lower back pain. Find...
Picture of Fractured Spine
Fractures of the spine (vertebra) can cause severe "band-like" pain that radiates around from the back to the side of the body....
The 18 Most Expensive U.S. Medical Conditions
What are the most expensive medical conditions? Learn about heart conditions, brain disorders, back pain and many more expensive...
Back Pain: Bad Habits for Your Back
You’re more likely to have back pain as you get older. Here’s how to avoid making things worse with bad habits.
What Does It Mean When Your Whole Body Aches?
Body aches are a symptom of the flu, arthritis, autoimmune disease, infections like Lyme disease, and other conditions. Body pain...
What Is Spinal Stenosis? Causes, Symptoms, Treatment
Spinal stenosis causes back pain, leg pain, difficulty walking and clumsiness. Learn the symptoms of lumbar spinal stenosis and...
11 Exercises for Lower Back Pain Relief
One of the best low back pain treatments is exercise. Learn more about low back pain exercises--what works, and what doesn't....
Back Pain: Common Spine Problems
That stack of little bones along the center of your back has a key role to support and control your body. What happens when...
Back Pain: Tips for Traveling When You Have Back Pain
Don't let back or other pain keep you from your travel adventures. Try these tips to minimize discomfort during your next flight...
The Best Sleep Position for Your Health
What is the best sleep position? Learn ways to say good night to back pain, neck pain, snoring, arthritis, and airway...
Related Disease Conditions
Early Pregnancy Symptoms and Signs
Pregnancy symptoms can vary from woman to woman, and not all women experience the same symptoms. When women do experience pregnancy symptoms they may include symptoms include missed menstrual period, mood changes, headaches, lower back pain, fatigue, nausea, breast tenderness, and heartburn. Signs and symptoms in late pregnancy include leg swelling and shortness of breath. Options for relief of pregnancy symptoms include exercise, diet, and other lifestyle changes.
Common Medical Abbreviations List
Doctors, pharmacists, and other health-care professionals use abbreviations, acronyms, and other terminology for instructions and information in regard to a patient's health condition, prescription drugs they are to take, or medical procedures that have been ordered. There is no approved this list of common medical abbreviations, acronyms, and terminology used by doctors and other health- care professionals. You can use this list of medical abbreviations and acronyms written by our doctors the next time you can't understand what is on your prescription package, blood test results, or medical procedure orders. Examples include: ANED: Alive no evidence of disease. The patient arrived in the ER alive with no evidence of disease. ARF: Acute renal (kidney) failure cap: Capsule. CPAP: Continuous positive airway pressure. A treatment for sleep apnea. DJD: Degenerative joint disease. Another term for osteoarthritis. DM: Diabetes mellitus. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes HA: Headache IBD: Inflammatory bowel disease. A name for two disorders of the gastrointestinal (BI) tract, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis JT: Joint N/V: Nausea or vomiting. p.o.: By mouth. From the Latin terminology per os. q.i.d.: Four times daily. As in taking a medicine four times daily. RA: Rheumatoid arthritis SOB: Shortness of breath. T: Temperature. Temperature is recorded as part of the physical examination. It is one of the "vital signs."
Endometriosis implants are most commonly found on the ovaries, the Fallopian tubes, outer surfaces of the uterus or intestines, and on the surface lining of the pelvic cavity. They also can be found in the vagina, cervix, and bladder. Endometriosis may not produce any symptoms, but when it does the most common symptom is pelvic pain that worsens just prior to menstruation and improves at the end of the menstrual period. Other symptoms of endometriosis include pain during sex, pain with pelvic examinations, cramping or pain during bowel movements or urination, and infertility. Treatment of endometriosis can be with medication or surgery.
Coccydynia (Tailbone Pain)
Coccydynia is an inflammation of the bony area (tailbone or coccyx) located between the buttocks. Coccydynia is associated with pain and tenderness at the tip of the tailbone between the buttocks. Pain is often worsened by sitting. There are many causes of tailbone pain that can mimic coccydynia including: fracture, pilonidal cysts, infection, and sciatica. Treatment methods include medication and rest.
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled, sac-like structures within an ovary. Symptoms of an ovarian cysts may be: Pain in the belly or pelvis A feeling for the need to have a bowel movement Urgency to urinate Pain during intercourse. There are a variety of causes and types of ovarian cysts, and treatment depends upon type of cyst.
Kidney Stones (nephrolithiasis)
Kidney stones are solid masses of crystalline material that form in the kidneys. Symptoms of kidney stones can include pain, nausea, vomiting, and even fever and chills. Kidney stones are diagnosed via CT scans and specialized X-rays. Treatment of kidney stones involves drinking lots of fluids and taking over-the-counter pain medications to medical intervention including prescription medications, lithotripsy, and sometimes even surgery.
Pregnancy (Week by Week, Trimesters)
Signs and symptoms of pregnancy vary by stage (trimester). The earliest pregnancy symptom is typically a missed period, but others include breast swelling and tenderness, nausea and sometimes vomiting, fatigue, and bloating. Second trimester symptoms include backache, weight gain, itching, and possible stretch marks. Third trimester symptoms are additional weight gain, heartburn, hemorrhoids, swelling of the ankles, fingers, and face, breast tenderness, and trouble sleeping. Eating a healthy diet, getting a moderate amount of exercise, also are recommended for a healthy pregnancy. Information about the week by week growth of your baby in the womb are provided.
Sciatica pain, caused by irritation of the sciatic nerve, typically radiates from the low back to behind the thigh to below the knee. Disc herniation is usually the cause of sciatica. Medication to alleviate pain, physical therapy, and bed rest are treatments for sciatica.
Shingles, or herpes zoster, is a painful rash caused by the varicella zoster virus. Other shingles symptoms include headache, fever, nausea, and body aches. Treatment focuses on pain management and shortening the duration of the illness with antiviral medications.
Scoliosis causes an abnormal curvature of the spine. When the cause of scoliosis is unknown the disorder is described based on the age when the scoliosis develops (infantile, juvenile, or adolescent idiopathic scoliosis). In functional scoliosis, curvature develops due to a problem somewhere else in the body. With neuromuscular scoliosis, there is a problem when the bones of the spine are formed. Treatment typically involves observation, bracing, and surgery and is dependent upon the severity of the curvature.
Blood in Semen
Blood in semen is also known as hematospermia. Blood in semen can be caused by many conditions affecting the tubes that distribute semen from the testicles (seminal vesicles) or the prostate gland. Symptoms that may accompany blood in semen include blood in the urine, fever, painful urination, pain with ejaculation, tenderness, and swelling in the testes or groin area. Urinalysis, ultrasound, and MRI may be used to diagnose blood in the semen. Treatment depends upon the underlying cause of blood in the semen.
Piriformis syndrome may develop if the piriformis muscle spasms and compresses the sciatic nerve. This causes buttock pain that radiates down the back of the leg along the sciatic nerve. Symptoms include numbness, a pins-and-needles tingling sensation, and low back pain. Treatment of piriformis syndrome depends upon the syndrome's phase: acute, recovery, or maintenance.
Multiple myeloma is a form of cancer that develops in plasma cells, the white blood cells that make antibodies. Symptoms include bone pain, weakness, extreme thirst, nausea, frequent urination, and broken bones. Treatment of multiple myeloma depends upon the staging and symptoms of the disease.
Arthritis (Joint Inflammation)
Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, warmth, swelling, redness and pain. There are over 100 types of arthritis, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, lupus, gout, and pseudogout.
Bone spurs are pointy outgrowths of bone that develop in areas of inflammation or injury. They commonly occur on the heel and spine and may be the result of reactive arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, or diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis. Symptoms include pain, numbness, and tenderness. Treatment focuses on decreasing inflammation and avoiding re-injury.
Uterine Fibroids (Benign Tumors of the Uterus)
Uterine fibroids are benign (non-cancerous) tumors in the womb (uterus). Most uterine fibroids do not cause symptoms; however, if the fibroid is large enough and in the right location, it may cause symptoms of pelvic pain, abnormal vaginal bleeding, and pressure on the bladder or rectum. Uterine fibroids that remain small and do not grow usually do not need treatment; however, surgery to remove the fibroid may be necessary. Uterine fibroids do not cause cancer; however, there is a rare, fast-growing cancerous called leiomyosarcoma.
Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction (SI Joint Pain)
Sacroiliac joint (SI) dysfunction is a general term to reflect pain in the SI joints. Causes of SI joint pain include osteoarthritis, abnormal walking pattern, and disorders that can cause SI joint inflammation including gout, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, and ankylosing spondylitis. Treatment includes oral medications, cortisone injections, and surgery.
Pinched Nerve (Symptoms, Locations, Causes, Treatment, and Prognosis)
A pinched nerve causes pain, numbness, or tingling in the affected area due to pressure on a nerve. Carpal tunnel and sciatica are two examples of conditions caused by a pinched nerve. A pinched nerve is diagnosed by taking a patient history and performing a physical examination. Electromyography may be performed. Treatment for a pinched nerve depends on the underlying cause.
Osteopenia is a bone condition characterized by bone loss that is not as severe as in osteoporosis. Bone fracture is the typical symptom of osteopenia, though the condition may be present without symptoms. Treatment involves lifestyle modifications (quitting smoking, not drinking in excess) and ensuring an adequate intake of vitamin D and calcium.
Pancreatic cancer is a malignant tumor of the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer has been called a "silent" disease because early pancreatic cancer usually does not cause early symptoms. Typically, pancreatic cancer has metastasized (spread to adjacent organs, such as the liver) by the time most people receive a dignosis of pancreatic cancer. Symptoms and signs usually appear later in the course of the disease and include jaundice, back pain, nausea, weight loss, itching, and loss of appetite. Treatment depends upon the type of pancreatic cancer but may include surgery, chemotherapy, and/or radiation therapy.
Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that causes chronic inflammation of the spine. The tendency to develop ankylosing spondylitis is genetically inherited. Treatment incorporates medications, physical therapy, and exercise.
Lumbar lordosis or "swayback," lower back curvature), in children, adults, and women who are pregnant is an abnormal posture with a low back curve. Symptoms of lumbar lordosis in include lower back pain and discomfort, difficulty in moving certain directions due to back pain, and a large gap or arch between the lower back and a flat surface when you lay down. Common causes of lumbar lordosis in children, adults, and during pregnancy include obesity, kyphosis, bad posture, genetics, and other disorders of the spine. Treatment for lumbar lordosis include exercise, weight loss, surgery, and pain medication. Lumbar lordosis can be reversed and cured; however, it depends on how severe the symptoms are. Lumbar lordosis treatments may help reduce pain and other symptoms or Mild lordosis in children may be cured without treatment, while severe lumbar lordosis needs surgery to fix. Lumbar lordosis can be reversed "cured" or go back to normal or near normal.
Angiomyolipomas are noncancerous tumors that are typically found in the kidney, but may occur in the liver, ovary, colon, or Fallopian tube. Symptoms and signs include shock, chronic kidney disease, anemia, vomiting, nausea, and back or flank pain. Treatment may involve taking medication and embolization of the tumor.
Cauda Equina Syndrome
Cauda equina syndrome is a medical emergency condition that is caused by the uncommon compression of the nerves at the end of the spinal cord. Symptoms of cauda equina syndrome include: lower back pain, tingling and/or numbness in the buttocks and lower extremities, bowel or bladder incontinence, and weakness in the legs. Causes of cauda equina syndrome include herniated discs, hematomas, or infection. Treatment is generally prompt surgery.
Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis caused by inflammation, breakdown, and eventual loss of cartilage in the joints. Also known as degenerative arthritis, osteoarthritis can be caused by aging, heredity, and injury from trauma or disease.
Learn about osteoporosis, a condition characterized by the loss of bone density, which leads to an increased risk of bone fracture. Unless one experiences a fracture, a person may have osteoporosis for decades without knowing it. Treatment for osteoporosis may involve medications that stop bone loss and increase bone strength and bone formation, as well as quitting smoking, regular exercise, cutting back on alcohol intake, and eating a calcium- and vitamin D-rich balanced diet.
Fabry disease (Fabry's disease, alpha-galactosidase-A) is a genetic disorder with symptoms such as burning sensations in the hands, small-raised reddish-purplish blemishes on the skin, fever, decreases sweating, and gastrointestinal (GI) difficulties. Fabry disease patients are at increased risk of heart attack, heart disease, kidney failure, and stroke. Symptoms of Fabry disease can be treated with medication.
Pain management and treatment can be simple or complex, according to its cause. There are two basic types of pain, nociceptive pain and neuropathic pain. Some causes of neuropathic pain include: complex regional pain syndrome, interstitial cystitis, and irritable bowel syndrome. There are a variety of methods to treat chronic pain, which are dependant on the type of pain experienced.
A herniated disc may be caused by injury or degeneration from age. Symptoms depend on the location of the herniation and whether nerve tissue is being irritated. An MRI or CT scan is performed to diagnose a herniated disc. Treatment may involve physical therapy, cortisone injection, pain medications, anti-inflammatory medications, muscle relaxants, and surgery.
Sprains and Strains
An injury to a ligament is called a sprain, and an injury to muscle or tendon is called a strain. Sprains and strains may be caused by repetitive movements or a single stressful incident. Symptoms and signs include pain and swelling. Though treatment depends upon the extent and location of the injury, rest, ice, compression, and elevation are key elements of treatment.
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a ballooning or widening of the main artery (the aorta) as it courses down through the abdomen. Most abdominal aortic aneurysms produce no symptoms. Treatment may include observation or surgical repair.
Degenerative Disc Disease & Sciatica
Degenerative disc disease makes the disc more susceptible to herniation (rupture) which can lead to localized or radiating pain. The pain from degenerative disc or joint disease of the spine is usually treated conservatively with intermittent heat, rest, rehabilitative exercises and medications to relieve pain, muscle spasm and inflammation.
Cholera is an infectious disease characterized by intense vomiting and profuse watery diarrhea and that rapidly lease to dehydration and often death. Cholera is caused by infection with the bacteria Vibrio cholerae, which may be transmitted via infected fecal matter, food, or water.
Prostatitis vs. BPH (Enlarged Prostate) Differences and Similarities
Prostatitis and BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia, enlarged prostate gland) are both conditions of the prostate gland. There are four types of prostatitis that can be caused by infections (usually bacterial) or other health conditions or problems, acute bacterial prostatitis (type I), chronic bacterial prostatitis (type II), chronic prostatitis and chronic pelvic pain syndrome (type III), and asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis (type IV). BPH is inflammation of the prostate gland, and most men have the condition by age 50. Doctor's don't know what causes this inflammation, but they theorize that it may be related to hormones. Both of these conditions can cause similar symptoms like low back pain, pain during urination, or difficulty or the inability to urinate. However, prostatitis has many more symptoms and signs than BPH, and they based on the type of prostatitis. Examples include low back pain and/or abdominal pain, painful urination, fever, chills, feeling tired, recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), painful urination intermittently, intermittent obstruction urinary tract symptoms (frequent, painful, or incomplete urination), pelvic pain and/or discomfort, pain with ejaculation, and erectile dysfunction (ED). If you think you have either of these conditions contact your doctor or other health care professional. Bacterial prostatitis can be cured with antibiotics; however, there is no cure for BPH.
Radiculopathy, a condition in which a nerve or nerves along the spine are compressed causing pain, numbness, weakenss, and tingling along the nerve(s). Some causes of radiculopathy include bone spurs, disc hernation, osteoarthritis, tumors, infection, and neuropathy. There are many types of radiculopathy, including cervical radiculopathy, lumbar radiculopathy, and thoracic radiculopathy. Treatment depends on the are of nerve compression. Surgery is generally not required.
Kidney Pain vs. Back Pain
The signs and symptoms of kidney pain and back pain depend upon the underlying cause. Doctors may use blood tests, X-rays, CT, and/or MRI to diagnose kidney pain and back pain. Treatment may include rest, ice, stretching, muscle strengthening, and pain-relieving medications.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms vary from person to person, and can last for days to months without periods of remission. Symptoms of MS include sexual problems and problems with the bowel, bladder, eyes, muscles, speech, swallowing, brain, and nervous system. The early symptoms and signs of multiple sclerosis usually start between age 20 and 40. MS in children, teens, and those over age 40 is rare. Treatment options for multiple sclerosis vary depending on the type and severity of symptoms. Medications may be prescribed to manage MS symptoms.
Kyphosis is defined as an outward curvature of the thoracic spine (upper back). Abnormal kyphosis results in the appearance of a hunchback, which is accompanied by back pain, stiffness, and muscle fatigue in the back. There are three types of abnormal kyphosis: postural, Scheuermann's, and congenital kyphosis. Postural kyphosis is caused by poor posture and a weakening of the back's muscles and ligaments. Scheuermann's kyphosis is caused by a structural deformity of the vertebrae. Congenital kyphosis is caused by an abnormal development of the vertebrae prior to birth. Treatment of kyphosis depends upon the type of kyphosis the patient has.
Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to acute pain that arises suddenly in response to a specific injury and is usually treatable, chronic pain persists over time and is often resistant to medical treatments.
Typhus is a disease caused by Rickettsia bacteria. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and rash. Antibiotics are recommended as the treatment for endemic and epidemic typhus infections.
Psoriatic arthritis is a disease that causes skin and joint inflammation. Symptoms and signs include painful, stiff, and swollen joints, tendinitis, and organ inflammation. Treatment involves anti-inflammatory medications and exercise.
Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone. Potential causes include injections around the bone, fractures that puncture the skin, recent surgeries, and bacterial infections that travel from other areas of the body, spreading through the blood to the bone. Symptoms include pain, fever, chills, stiffness, and nausea. Treatment involves antibiotics and pain medications. Surgery is sometimes necessary.
Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE)
Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infection is the most common type of infection acquired by patients while hospitalized. Patients at risk for VRE are those who are already ill, and hospitalized, including individuals with diabetes, elderly, ICU patients, kidney failure patients, or patients requiring catheters. Enterococci can survive for months in the digestive tract and female genital tract. Other risk factors for acquiring VRE include those how have been previously treated with vancomycin and combinations of other antibiotics. Treatment of VRE is generally with other antibiotics other than vancomycin. Prevention of VRE can be achieved by proper hand hygiene.
Reactive arthritis is a chronic, systemic rheumatic disease characterized by three conditions, including conjunctivitis, joint inflammation, and genital, urinary, or gastrointestinal system inflammation. Inflammation leads to pain, swelling, warmth, redness, and stiffness of the affected joints. Non-joint areas may experience irritation and pain. Treatment for reactive arthritis depends on which area of the body is affected. Joint inflammation is treated with anti-inflammatory medications.
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
Lumbar stenosis can be caused by degenerative arthritis (the most common cause), tumor, infection, or metabolic disorders (Paget's disease of the bone). Symptoms include low back pain, weakness, pain, numbness, and loss of sensation in the legs. Other conditions may cause similar symptoms of lumbar stenosis, including diabetic neuropathy, claudication, and peripheral vascular disease. Lumbar stenosis may be treated with medication or surgery.
The five types of spondylolisthesis include dysplastic, isthmic, degenerative, traumatic, and pathologic. The most common symptom of spondylolisthesis is lower back pain. Treatment depends on the type and severity of spondylolisthesis. Surgery is required in some cases of spondylolisthesis.
Paget's disease is a chronic bone disorder due to irregular breakdown and formation of bone tissue. Symptoms of Paget's disease include bone pain, headaches and hearing loss, pressure on nerves, increased head size, hip pain, and damage to cartilage of joints.
Flatfoot (Pes Planus)
Flatfoot is a disorder in which the foot's entire sole is touching the ground while standing. Symptoms and signs of flatfoot include heel, ankle, knee, hip, and lower back pain and shin splints. Treatment depends upon the type of flatfoot, the symptoms, and the stage of the disorder.
Lassa fever is a viral hemorrhagic fever that causes flu-like symptoms. Ribavirin is the standard treatment for Lassa fever. Hearing loss is a common complication of Lassa fever.
Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis
Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH or Forestier's disease) is a form of degenerative arthritis. It is characterized by calcification along the sides of the vertebrae of the spine. Symptoms include stiffness and pain in the upper and lower back. Anti-inflammatory medications are used to treat DISH.
Cold Agglutinin Disease
Cold agglutinin hemolytic anemia or cold agglutinin hemolytic disease, is rare disorder of the autoimmune system. There are two types of cold agglutinin disease, primary and secondary. Characteristics, symptoms, and signs of in cold agglutinin disease are premature destruction of red blood cells in the body’s natural defense antibodies. The lifespan of red blood cells is approximately 120 before the spleen destroys the antibodies. In cold agglutinin disease, the severity of the condition is determined by how long it takes for the red blood cells to survive, and at the rate that the bone marrow continues to produce more red cells. Immune hemolytic anemias are classified by the optimal temperature when the antibodies try to destroy red blood cells. Cold agglutinin anemia occurs at temperatures between 10 C (50 F) and 37 C (F 98.6) or above while the body warms antibody hemolytic anemia. Usually, cold agglutinin anemia becomes apparent between the ages of 50 to 60. Other symptoms of the disease include fatigue, jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), fingers and/or toes are cold and sweat, an uneven bluish or reddish discoloration of the toes, ankles, and wrists (Raynaud's syndrome), and fingers. Usually, cold agglutinin anemia affects people that are older. The disease is diagnosed by a physical exam, and the Coomb's test. If the red blood cells destruction seem to be slowing on its own, treatment therapies, usually, isn’t needed. Other treatments for cold agglutinin anemia are corticosteroids, and splenectomy (removal of the spleen). There is no cure for cold agglutinin disease.
Rheumatology is the study of rheumatic diseases and conditions. Rheumatologists are internal medicine physicians who treat these illnesses, in particular arthritis.
Spina Bifida (Anencephaly, Neural Tube Defects) in Babies and Adults
Spina bifida is the most common neural tube defect in the United States. There are four types of spina bifida; 1) occulta, 2) closed neural tube defects, 3) meningocele, and 4) myelomeningocele. The cause of spina bifida is not known. Theories include genetic, nutritional, and environmental factors. Lack of folic acid during pregnancy is highly suspected. Symptoms of spina bifida vary from individual to individual. Treatment depends on the type of spanina bifida the person suffers.
Porphyria is a group of disorders that affect the nervous system, skin, or both. Porphyria is often an inherited condition that causes blistering, itching, and swelling of the skin. Treatment of porphyria may include avoiding triggers, receiving heme, taking medication, or having blood drawn to reduce iron levels in the body.
Non-Radiographic Axial Spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA)
Non-radiographic spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA) is an inflammatory arthritis that mainly affects the joints of the spine. Morning stiffness and back pain are the usual symptoms of nr-axSpA. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, exercise, and biologics are treatments for nr-axSpA.
Osteoarthritis vs. Osteoporosis Differences and Similarities
Arthritis is defined as painful inflammation and joint stiffness. Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis and the most common cause of chronic joint pain, affecting over 25 million Americans. Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis that involves the entire joint. Osteoporosis is not a type of arthritis. It is a disease that mainly is caused by a loss of bone tissue that is not limited to the joint areas. It is possible for one person to have both osteoarthritis and osteoporosis. The differences in the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis and osteoporosis include; pain, stiffness, and joint swelling, joint deformity, crackle sounds when the joint is moving, and walking with a limp. Osteoporosis is called the "silent disease" because it can progress for years without signs and symptoms before it is diagnosed, severe back pain, bone fractures, height loss, and difficulty or inability to walk. The differences in the causes of osteoarthritis and osteoporosis are that osteoarthritis usually is caused by wear and tear on the joints. Osteoporosis usually is caused by one or more underlying problems, for example, calcium and vitamin D deficiencies. Treatment for osteoarthritis and osteoporosis are not the same. There is no cure for osteoarthritis or osteoporosis.
Are You Too Sick to Work?
When you're not feeling well, it may be difficult to decide whether to stay home or go to school or work. Conditions that are very painful may prevent you from working effectively. Anyone with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, or dizziness should stay home.
Friedreich's Ataxia Syndrome
Friedreich's ataxia syndrome is a rare inherited (genetic) disease that causes progressive nervous system damage and movement problems. Friedreich's ataxia syndrome usually begins in childhood and leads to impaired muscle coordination (ataxia) that worsens over time. Symptoms of Friedreich's ataxia syndrome include poor balance, slurred and jerky speech, and difficulty with coordination. Genetic testing and other procedures are used to confirm the diagnosis of Friedreich's ataxia syndrome. There is no effective treatment or cure for Friedreich's ataxia syndrome, however; the symptoms of Friedreich's ataxia syndrome can be treated.
Local ResourcesFind a local Orthopedic Surgeon in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Cortisone Injection
- CT Scan vs. MRI
- Cupping Therapy
- MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan)
- Trigger Point Injection
- Epidural Steroid Injection
- Electromyogram (EMG)
- CT Scan (Computerized Tomography)
- Nerve Conduction Velocity Test
- What Is the Recovery Time for a Discectomy?
- Spinal Fusion
- Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation
- Questions To Ask Before Surgery
- What Is a Lumbar Facetectomy?
- Discogram (Discography)
- Bioelectric Therapy
- What Is a Lumbar Discography Procedure?
- How Is a Lumbar Facetectomy Performed?
- What Are the Risks of Vertebroplasty?
- Back Pain FAQs
- Chondroitin Sulfate & Glucosamine: What is it?
- Chondroitin Sulfate & Glucosamine: Effectiveness
- Chondroitin Sulfate & Glucosamine: Indications
- Chondroitin Sulfate & Glucosamine: Success
- Chondroitin Sulfate & Glucosamine: Side Effects
- Chondroitin Sulfate &Glucosamine: Proper Use
- Chondroitin Sulfate & Glucosamine: Other Use
- Chondroitin Sulfate & Glucosamine: Benefits
- Chondroitin & Glucosamine & NSAID's
- Chondroitin Sulfate & Glucosamine: Supervision
- Vertebroplasty Treatment For Spine Fractures
- Pain (Acute and Chronic)
- Back: 10 Health Tips for Autumn Leaves Clean-Up
- Doctors Answer Pain Questions
- Can Costochondritis Swelling Extend to the Neck & Back?
- Can Yeast Infection Cause Low Back Pain?
- Are Pernicious Anemia and Low Back Pain Related?
- 10 Testicular Cancer Symptoms and Signs
- Listeriosis Symptoms, Signs, and Diagnosis
- Broken Bone Causes
- Bladder Cancer Causes, Symptoms, and Signs
- Herniated Disc - Epidural Cortisone Injections
- Ask the Experts - Rheumatology
Medications & Supplements
- Oxycodone vs. Tramadol for Pain
- tramadol (Ultram)
- acetaminophen (Tylenol, Tylenol Arthritis Pain, Tylenol Ext, Little Fevers Children's Fever/Pain)
- ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin)
- Oxycodone vs. Codeine
- Acetaminophen vs. Ibuprofen for Pain (Differences in Side Effects and Dosage)
- Pain Medications (Narcotics)
- Ibuprofen vs. Meloxicam (Mobic) for Pain
- naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, Naprosyn)
- Cox-2 Inhibitors
- codeine (for Pain)
- Oxycodone vs. Hydrocodone
- Ibuprofen (Advil) vs. Naproxen (Aleve): Comparison of Differences
- celecoxib (Celebrex)
- Baclofen vs. Flexeril (Side Effects and Interactions)
- cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril, Amrix, Fexmid)
- Over-the-Counter Products
- ketorolac (Toradol)
- Aleve (naproxen) vs. Celebrex (celecoxib)
- hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin, Norco)
- Oxycodone vs. Vicodin (hydrocodone/acetaminophen) for Pain
- Oxycodone for Pain (OxyContin, Roxicodone, Oxecta, Oxaydo, Xtampza ER, Roxybond)
- Aspirin vs. NSAIDs (Side Effect and Use Differences)
- Ketorolac vs. ibuprofen (Advil)
- Percocet (oxycodone and acetaminophen, Roxicet, Tylox, Oxycet)
- Tramadol (Ultram) Side Effects
- orphenadrine (Norflex)
- hydromorphone (Dilaudid)
- orphenadrine - injection, Norflex
- Ketorolac vs. diclofenac
- flurbiprofen (Ansaid)
- Ketorolac vs. hydrocodone
- Tylenol (acetaminophen) Side Effects, Warnings, and Interactions
- carisoprodol (Soma)
- hydrocodone (Zohydro ER)
- orphenadrine/aspirin/caffeine - oral, Norgesic
- Ketorolac vs. naproxen (Aleve)
- fenoprofen (Nalfon)
- hydrocodone and ibuprofen, Vicoprofen
- diflunisal (Dolobid)
- Ultram (tramadol) Side Effects, Warnings, and Interactions
- Naprelan (naproxen) Side Effects, Warnings, and Interactions
- Ketorolac vs. Ibuprofen
Prevention & Wellness
- In Many Cases, Hip Replacement Also Eases Back Pain
- Muscle Relaxants for Back Pain Are Soaring: Are They Safe?
- Drug Might Relieve Low Back Pain in Whole New Way
- Which Surgery Works Best for Lower Back Pain?
- Back and Neck Pain Top U.S. Health Care Spending
- Shovel That Snow, but Spare Your Back
- Health Tip: Signs of a Herniated Disc
- Health Tip: Six Exercises for Poor Posture
- Health Tip: The 'Wall Test' For Good Posture
- Health Tip: Taking Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
- U.S. Government Urges Caution When Taking Patients Off Opioid Painkillers
- 'Smartphone Slouching' More Serious Than It Sounds
- Health Tip: Preventing Backpack Injuries
- The Alexander Technique: What Could It Do for You?
- Backpacks Shouldn't Be a Back-to-School Burden on Health
- Health Tip: Treating Short-Term Back Pain
- Building a Better Backpack
- Stand Up Straight to Strengthen Abs
- Health Tip: Chiropractors and Back Pain
- 1 in 4 American Workers Struggles With Back Pain
- Health Tip: Understanding Kidney Stones
- Step-by-Step Exercises for a Stronger Back
- Opioid Rxs Decreasing, But Not for All Doctors
- One-Third of U.S. Kids Have Back Pain, Study Says
- Why Do More and More Americans Use Medical Marijuana?
- 'Mindfulness' Might Help Some Conquer Chronic Pain
- Expert Panel Says Two Back Pain Procedures May Be Useless
- 4 Exercises for a Better Back
- Life in Space May Take Toll on Spinal Muscles
- Physical Therapy Can Help You Avoid Opioids When Joint Pain Strikes
- Nagging Low Back Pain? Try Mindfulness
- Next for Disabling Back Pain? New Discs From Patients' Own Cells
- Nerve Zap Might Ease Pain of Herniated Disk
- How to Avoid Suitcase Strain This Holiday Season
- FDA Approves Powerful New Opioid Despite Criticisms
- An Expert's Guide to Avoiding Back Pain
- New Nerve Stimulation Technique Might Relieve Back Pain
- Sit-Stand Desks Good for the Mind. What About the Body?
- Health Tip: Know the Risk Factors for Lower Back Pain
- Three New Genes Linked to Chronic Back Pain
- 1 in 12 Americans Lives With Debilitating Chronic Pain
- Health Tip: Change Poor Posture
- Could a Placebo Pill Help Ease Your Back Pain?
- Chronic Pain May Drive Some to Suicide
- Health Tip: Prevent Back Pain at Work
- Low Back Pain? These Exercises May Help
- Anti-seizure Meds Won't Ease Low Back Pain
- Chiropractic Has Role to Play in Easing Lower Back Pain: Study
- Backbreaking Work May Shorten Men's Lives
- Non-Opioids Often Underused After Back Surgery
- Health Tip: When To Call Your Doctor If You Have Lower Back Pain
- Overcoming Fear of Back Pain May Spur Recovery
- Millions Get Wrong Treatment for Back Pain: Study
- Opioids Not Best Option for Back Pain, Arthritis, Study Finds
- Study Gets to the Core of Back Pain in Runners
- Health Tip: Sit and Stand Up Straight
- Rain May Not Cause Achy Joints After All
- Electrical Pulses May Ease Pain From 'Slipped' Disc
- Take the Back Pain Out of Backpacks
- 'Smart' Underwear May Help Prevent Back Pain
- Lower Back Injuries Plague Many Athletes
- Flip-flops: Fun in the Sun, but Tough on Feet
- JFK's Long, Silent Struggle With Back Pain
- Nerve Zap Unlikely to Ease Low Back Pain
- Health Tip: Are You at Risk for a Herniated Disk?
- Don't Let Summer Strain Your Back
- Depressed Back Pain Patients Often Get Opioids
- Yoga Soothes Back Pain in Study
- Seniors Get Good Results From Herniated Disc Surgery
- Health Tip: Watch for Uterine Fibroids
- 'Mindfulness' Probably Won't Cure Your Back Pain: Study
- Healing Hands: Massage May Ease Chronic Back Pain
- Chiropractors Not Magicians When It Comes to Chronic Back Pain
- Steroid Shots Offer No Long-Term Relief for Low-Back Pain
- Valium May Be Useless for Acute Lower Back Pain
- Lower Back Disk Surgeries May Benefit All Ages
- Try Drug-Free Options First for Low Back Pain, New Guidelines Say
- Low Back Pain? Relax, Breathe and Try Yoga
- Common Painkillers Don't Ease Back Pain, Study Finds
- Low Back Pain Common Among Kids
- Forward-Thinking Tips for Back Pain
- Joints Achy? Don't Blame Mother Nature
- A Benefit of Back Pain Surgery: Better Sex
- New Spine Stimulation Device Provides Pain Relief
- Surgery Not the Answer for Most Back Pain, Sports Doctor Says
- Long Spaceflight Seems to Weaken Spinal Muscles
- Many Take Opioids Reluctantly for Back Pain: Survey
- 'Fake Pills' May Help Ease Back Pain
- Leave Those Raking Injuries Behind
- Study: Yoga as Good as Physical Therapy for Back Pain
- Health Tip: Keep Bedtime Back Pain at Bay
- Health Tip: When a Child Complains of Back Pain
- Seniors: Pump Iron, Live Longer
- Spinal Fusion Not Always Necessary for Back Pain, Studies Say
- Studies Question a Common, Costly Back Surgery
- Meditation May Help Ease Chronic Low Back Pain
- Health Tip: Use Proper Lifting Technique
- Health Tip: Help Prevent Back Pain During Sleep
- 'Mindfulness' Might Help Older Adults With Back Pain
- Nerve Block Technique Might Help Ease Chronic Back Pain
- Health Tip: Are You at Risk for Low Back Pain?
- Exercise Eases Low Back Pain
- Exercise to Boost Spine Muscles Can Ease Back Pain, Study Suggests
- Holiday Luggage Can Be Hazardous to Your Back
- How to Clear Snow Without Getting Hurt
- Electrical Stimulation May Ease Low Back Pain for Some
- Health Tip: Avoid Back Pain While Feeding Baby
- Prescription Naproxen as Good as Narcotic Painkillers for Low Back Pain: Study
- Early Physical Therapy Not a Cure-All for Low Back Pain: Study
- Health Tip: Dealing With Back Pain at Work
- Good Posture: A Stance for Better Health
- Health Tip: Prevent Back Injury When Lifting
- Back Pain Patients Seek Pain Relief First, Mobility Second
- Workday Breaks Help Employees Reboot, Researchers Say
- Steroid Injections Probably Won't Help Your Lower Back Pain
- Don't Let Backpacks Lead to Back Injury
- In Rare Cases, Infection May Be at Root of Back Pain
- Back Pain and Depression Combo Lessens Pain Relief from Narcotic Painkillers
- Health Tip: Risk Factors for Back Pain
- Steroids No Better for Sciatica Pain Than Placebo, Study Finds
- Spinal Stimulation System Relieves Pain Without Tingling
- Physical Therapy Equals Surgery for Certain Lower Back Pain, Study Says
- Study Casts Doubt on Acetaminophen for Low Back Pain, Arthritis
- Obesity, Smoking, Drinking, Depression: All Linked to Low Back Pain
- Early Scans for Back Pain May Do Little to Help Seniors
- Belief in Acupuncture Key to Effect on Back Pain, Study Suggests
- Some Jobs Are a Pain in the Back
- Health Tip: Why Your Child's Back Hurts
- Brain Scans Give New Clues to Chronic Pain
- Health Tip: Take Back Strain Out of Work
- FDA Approves Injectable Device for Back, Leg Pain
- Fatal ODs From Narcotic Painkillers Have Tripled in U.S.
- Stand-Up Advice for Preventing Back Pain
- FDA Panel Says Steroid Shots for Back Pain Can Continue
- Spinal Surgery Varies by Region in U.S.: Study
- Back-Related Leg Pain: Spine Manipulation Helps
- Deaths From Narcotic Painkillers Quadrupled in Past Decade: CDC
- Positions Are Key When Sex Causes Back Pain
- Tough-to-Abuse Formulation of Oxycodone Approved
- FDA Approves Hard-to-Abuse Narcotic Painkiller
- Acetaminophen May Not Help Against Back Pain, Study Contends
- Blood Thinners May Not Be Needed for Kids' Back Surgery
- Don't Blame Bad Weather for Your Aching Back
- Steroid Shots May Not Help Back Pain
- Health Tip: Worried About a Child's Back Pain?
- Health Tip: Help Keep Back Pain at Bay
- Getting in Front of Back Pain
- Health Tip: Keep Your Back Healthy
- Low Back Pain Leading Cause of Disability Worldwide: Study
- Health Tip: You May Need Surgery for Low Back Pain
- Severe Low Back Pain May Foretell Future Woes
- Docs Order Too Many Narcotics, Pricey Scans for Back Pain: Study
- Steroid Injections for Back Pain Linked to Spinal Fracture Risk
- Migraine, Chronic Back Pain Tied to Higher Suicide Risk
- Health Tip: Before You Lift Something Heavy
- Erectile Dysfunction Tied to Long-Term Narcotic Use in Men
- Antibiotics May Relieve Back Pain Symptoms
- Health Tip: Support Your Back While Sitting
- Older Adults' Posture May Predict Future Disability
- Stem Cells to Relieve Low Back Pain?
- Hands-On Therapy May Spell Relief for Low Back Pain
- Spine MRIs Often Show Harmless 'Defects,' Study Finds
- Steroid Shots Disappoint in Back Pain Study
- Health Tip: Dealing With Low Back Pain
- Back Pain May Ease for Smokers Who Quit: Study
- As Doctors Go High-Tech, Staff Injuries May Rise
- Steroid Injections for Back Pain May Lower Bone Mass
- Back Pain? Steroid Shots May Raise Fracture Risk
- Juggling a Hospital Job and Family Can Be Painful
- Study Ties Common Back Ailment to Faulty Gene
- New Guidelines for Doctors Treating Low Back Pain
- Soaring U.S. Spinal Care Spending Due to Specialists: Study
- Health Tip: Packing a Backpack
- Overloaded Backpacks Can Injure Kids: Experts
- Workers Counseled on Back Pain Return to Job Sooner
- Health Tip: When Lugging Luggage
- Health Tip: Signs of a Herniated Disk
- Severely Obese Have More Complications With Spinal Surgery
- Back Pain Therapy Often Yields Early Benefits: Study
- Health Tip: When Gardening Triggers Back Pain
- Health Tip: Work on Good Posture
- Health Tip: Help Prevent Back Pain
- Steroids May Help Some With Sciatica
- Health Tip: Preventing Back Pain Among New Moms
- Study Questions Use of MRI Before Back-Pain Injections
- Experimental Treatment May Help Relieve Back Pain
- Yoga Gets Women With Back Pain Moving: Study
- Yoga, Stretching Classes Outdo Self-Care for Back Pain: Study
- Relieving Back Pain May Help the Brain
- Back Pain May Be Inherited
- Health Tip: Dealing With Lower Back Pain
- Glucosamine Ineffective for Lower Back Pain Linked to Arthritis
- Understanding Back Pain May Improve Management, Study Suggests
- New Immune System Clue to Low Back Pain
- Health Tip: Manage Pregnancy Back Pain
- Negative Outlook Prolongs Back Pain
- Talk Therapy May Treat Low Back Pain
- Bouncing Back From Low Back Pain
- Yoga Can Ease Lower Back Pain
- Low Back Pain: Many Options for Relief
- Study: Acupuncture Eases Low Back Pain
- Acupuncture Eases Lower Back Pain
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