- Tips to Fast Stress Relief
- Take the Panic Attacks Quiz!
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) Slideshow
- What is lorazepam (Ativan)? How does it work?
- What are the uses for lorazepam?
- What are the side effects of lorazepam?
- What is the dosage for lorazepam?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with lorazepam?
- Is lorazepam safe to take if I am pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about lorazepam?
What is lorazepam (Ativan)? How does it work?
Lorazepam (Ativan) is thought that excessive activity of nerves in the brain may cause anxiety and other psychological disorders. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a neurotransmitter, a chemical that nerves in the brain use to send messages to one another that reduces the activity of nerves in the brain. It is thought that lorazepam and other benzodiazepines may act by enhancing the effects of GABA in the brain to reduce activity. Because lorazepam is removed from the blood more rapidly than many other benzodiazepines, there is less chance that lorazepam concentrations in blood will reach high levels and become toxic. Lorazepam also has fewer interactions with other medications than most of the other benzodiazepines.
The FDA approved lorazepam in March 1999.
What are the uses for lorazepam?
- Ativan (lorazepam) is used for the management of anxiety disorders, the short-term relief of symptoms of anxiety or anxiety associated with depression.
- Ativan is effective for panic attacks, short-term and long-term treatment of insomnia and is used in combination with other medications to prevent nausea and vomiting resulting from chemotherapy.
- Ativan also is administered before anesthesia for sedation and used for prevention and treatment of alcohol withdrawal.
- It also is used for treating seizures (status epilepticus)
What are the side effects of lorazepam?
The most common side effects associated with Ativan are:
Other side effects include:
- A feeling of depression
- Loss of orientation
- Sleep disturbances
- Low blood pressure (hypotension)
- Impotence (erectile dysfunction, ED)
- Changes in appetite
- Sleep apnea
Possible serious side effects include:
- Like all benzodiazepines, Ativan can cause physical dependence. Suddenly stopping therapy after a few months of daily therapy may be associated with a feeling of loss of self-worth, agitation, and insomnia. If Ativan is taken continuously for longer than a few months, stopping therapy suddenly may produce seizures, tremors, muscle cramping, vomiting, and sweating.
What is the dosage for lorazepam?
- The dose of lorazepam is tailored to the patient's needs.
- The usual dose for treating anxiety is 2-6 mg orally every 8 to 12 hours as needed.
- Insomnia is treated with 2-4 mg given at bedtime.
Which drugs or supplements interact with lorazepam?
- Ativan and all benzodiazepines accentuate the effects of other drugs that slow the brain's processes such as alcohol, barbiturates, narcotics, and tranquilizers, and the combination of Ativan and these drugs may lead to excessive sedation. There have been cases of marked sedation when Ativan was given to patients taking the tranquilizer loxapine (Loxitane); it is unclear if there is a drug interaction, but caution should be used if Ativan and loxapine are used together.
Is lorazepam safe to take if I am pregnant or breastfeeding?
Ativan is excreted in human milk and should be avoided during pregnancy.
What else should I know about lorazepam?
Preparations available for lorazepam are:
- Tablets: 0.5, 1, and 2 mg.
- Oral solution: 0.5 mg/5 ml, 2 mg/ml.
- Injection: 1 mg/0.5 ml, 2 mg/ml and 4 mg/ml
How to store lorazepam:
- Tablets should be kept at room temperature 15 C to 30 C (59 F to 86 F).
- Oral solutions should be refrigerated at 2 C to 8 C (36 F to 46 F).
- Injectable solutions should be refrigerated.
Ativan is the brand name available in the US for lorazepam. Loraz, another brand name for lorazepam has been discontinued in the US.
Ativan is avialable in generic form; however you need a prescription from your doctor.
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Lorazepam (Ativan) is a prescription drug used for the management of anxiety disorders, short-term relief of anxiety, or anxiety associated with depression. Ativan is effective for insomnia, panic attacks, and is used for treatment and prevention of alcohol withdrawal.
Side effects include amnesia, loss of orientation, headache, and sleep disturbances.
It is important to be aware of the drug interactions related to lorazepam (Ativan) and the effects on pregnancy and breastfeeding.
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Inner Ear Infection (Symptoms, Signs, Treatments, Home Remedies)
An inner ear infection or otitis interna is caused by viruses or bacteria and can occur in both adults and children. An inner ear infection can cause symptoms and signs, for example, a severe ear, dizziness, vertigo, nausea and vomiting, and vertigo. An inner ear infection also may cause inflammation of the inner ear or labyrinthitis. Inner ear infections are not contagious; however, the bacteria and viruses that cause the infection can be transmitted to other people. Good hygiene practices will help decrease the chances of the infection spreading to others. Inner ear infection symptoms and signs like ear pain and nausea may be relieved with home remedies or over the counter (OTC) medication. Some inner ear infections will need to be treated and cured with antibiotics or prescription pain or antinausea medication.
Inner Ear Infection (Labyrinthitis)
Labyrinthitis is inflammation of the labyrinth (the part of the ear responsible for balance and hearing). Doctors do not know the exact cause of labyrinthitis; however, they often are associated viral infections of the inner ear. Symptoms of labyrinthitis are ear pain or earache, ear discharge, problems with balance and walking, ringing in the ears, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and vertigo. Viral infections associated with labyrinthitis are contagious. Home remedies may help labyrinthitis symptoms and signs. Over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription medication may treat inner ear infections, labyrinthitis symptoms like vertigo and nausea, and help ear pain.
Nausea and Vomiting
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Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
Second Source article from Government
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Brief Psychotic Disorder
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Insomnia Treatment (Sleep Aids and Stimulants)
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Treatment & Diagnosis
- Alcohol Withdrawal
- Catatonia (Catatonic Behavior)
- Inner Ear Infection (Otitis Interna)
- Panic Attack
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder
- Borderline Personality Disorder
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Dislocated Shoulder
- Depression FAQs
- Sleep FAQs
- Alcohol FAQs
- Fibromyalgia FAQs
- Epilepsy and Seizures FAQs
- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder FAQs
- Stress FAQs
- Panic Attacks Disorder FAQs
- Insomnia FAQs
- Drugs: Buying Prescription Drugs Online Safely
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Medications & Supplements
- Benzodiazepines (Benzodiazepine Drug Class)
- clonazepam (Klonopin)
- Anxiolytics (for Anxiety) Drug Class Side Effects
- alprazolam (Xanax)
- diazepam (Valium, Diastat, Acudial, Diastat Pediatric, Diazepam Intensol)
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- Benzodiazepines vs. Narcotics (Opioids)
- Drug Interactions
- temazepam (Restoril)
- triazolam (Halcion)
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Prevention & Wellness
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