The liver is the largest gland and organ in the body. There are a variety of liver diseases caused by liver inflammation, scarring of the liver, infection of the liver, gallstones, cancer, toxins, genetic diseases, and blood flow problems. Symptoms of liver disease generally do not occur until the liver disease is advanced. Some symptoms of liver disease include jaundice, nausea and vomiting, easy bruising, bleeding excessively, fatigue, weakness, weight loss, shortness of breath, leg swelling, impotence, and confusion. Treatment of diseases of the liver depends on the cause. Read more: Liver (Anatomy and Function) Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Alcohol Quiz: Alcoholism & Health Effects
Take the Alcohol (Alcoholism) Quiz to learn how your alcohol is processed by your body and your brain.
Liver Disease Quiz: Fatty Liver Disease, Cirrhosis & Symptoms
What is liver disease? Take the Liver Disease Quiz and test your knowledge about this organ and its function.
Picture of Infectious Mononucleosis
"Mono" and "kissing disease" are popular terms for this very common illness caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). See a picture...
Picture of Infectious Mononucleosis
A specific viral infection (with the Epstein-Barr virus) in which there is an increase of white blood cells that are mononuclear...
Picture of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Legs)
An acute febrile (feverish) disease initially recognized in the Rocky Mountain states, caused by Rickettsia rickettsii...
Picture of Pernicious Anemia
Pernicious anemia is a disease where large, immature, nucleated cells (megaloblasts, which are forerunners of red blood cells)...
Picture of Liver
Front View of the Liver. The liver is a large, meaty organ that sits on the right side of the belly. See a picture of the Liver...
Picture of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Hand)
Early Erythematous and hemorrhagic macules and papules appeared initially on the wrists of a young child. See a picture of Rocky...
Picture of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Ankles)
Early Erythematous and hemorrhagic macules and papules appeared initially on the ankles of an adolescent. See a Rocky Mountain...
Symptoms of Mono: Infectious Mononucleosis Treatment
What is mononucleosis (mono)? Learn about mononucleosis (mono) symptoms, treatment, and diagnosis. Discover how mononucleosis...
Alcohol Abuse: 12 Health Risks of Chronic Heavy Drinking
Read about the health risks of chronic heavy or binge drinking. Anemia, cancer, gout, cardiovascular disease and many more...
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever: See Photos of the Rash
Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a disease carried by ticks that can be fatal if not treated. See pictures of the symptoms of...
Anemia Symptoms and Signs, Types, Treatment and Causes
Anemia is a disease marked by low numbers of red blood cells. Low iron or underlying disease, like cancer, may be to blame....
Hepatitis: Surprising Things That Can Damage Your Liver
Alcohol and acetaminophen are well-known liver dangers, but what else can be harmful? WebMD says some of them may surprise you.
Liver Health: 14 Best and Worst Foods for Your Liver
Get some simple diet tips to keep your liver healthy, including the best veggies to keep disease away and some snacks you'll want...
Related Disease Conditions
Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function and postural tone acquired at an early age (even before birth). Cerebral palsy is generally caused by brain trauma. Types of cerebral palsy include: spastic, dyskinetic (dystonic or choreoathetoid), hypotonic, and mixed types. There is no cure for cerebral palsy, and treatment is generally managing the symptoms of the condition.
Hepatic hemangiomas are referred to as tumors, however, they not malignant and do not become cancerous. Hemangiomas can occur in the liver, however, they can also occur other places in the body. Symptoms are rare, however, they may cause pain, nausea, or enlargement of the liver. CT scan or MRI is generally used to diagnose hepatic hemangiomas Most hepatic hemangiomas do not require treatment.
Alcoholic (Alcoholism) and Alcohol Abuse
Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as losing a job or getting into trouble with the law. It can cause myriad health problems, including cirrhosis of the liver, birth defects, heart disease, stroke, psychological problems, and dementia. Counseling and a few medications can be effective for alcoholism treatment.
Toxoplasmosis (toxo) is a parasitic infection that causes flu-like symptoms, swollen lymph nodes, and muscle aches and pains that may last from a few days to several weeks. Toxoplasmosis can be contracted by touching the hands to the mouth after gardening, cleaning a cat's litter box, or anything that came into contact with cat feces. Toxoplasmosis can also be contracted by eating raw or partly cooked meat, especially pork or lamb, or touching the hands to the mouth after contact with raw or undercooked meat.
Anemia is the condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin in the blood. The oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood is, therefore, decreased. There are several types of anemia such as iron deficiency anemia (the most common type), sickle cell anemia, vitamin B12 anemia, pernicious anemia, and aplastic anemia. Symptoms of anemia may include fatigue, malaise, hair loss, palpitations, menstruation, and medications. Treatment for anemia includes treating the underlying cause for the condition. Iron supplements, vitamin B12 injections, and certain medications may also be necessary.
Pernicious anemia is a blood disorder in which the body does not make enough red blood cells due to a lack of vitamin B12 in the blood. Pernicious anemia can develop from a lack of a protein that helps the body absorb vitamin B12, not getting enough B12 in the diet, and certain intestinal conditions that interfere with the absorption of vitamin B12 such as Crohn's disease, celiac sprue, or ulcerative colitis. There is no cure for pernicious anemia, thus treatment is life-long.
Pulmonary hypertension is elevated pressure in the pulmonary arteries that carry blood from the lungs to the heart. The most common symptoms are fatigue and difficulty breathing. If the condition goes undiagnosed, more severe symptoms may occur. As pulmonary hypertension worsens, some people with the condition have difficulty performing any activities that require physical exertion. While there is no cure for pulmonary hypertension, it can be managed and treated with medications and supplemental oxygen to increase blood oxygen levels.
Fatty Liver (NASH)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease or NASH occurs due to the accumulation of abnormal amounts of fat within the liver. Fatty liver most likely caused by obesity and diabetes. Symptoms of fatty liver disease are primarily the complications of cirrhosis of the liver; and may include mental changes, liver cancer, the accumulation of fluid in the body (ascites, edema), and gastrointestinal bleeding. Treatment for fatty liver includes avoiding certain foods and alcohol. Exercise, weight loss, bariatric surgery, and liver transplantation are treatments for fatty liver disease.
What Causes Abdominal Pain?
Abdominal pain can have many causes that range from mild to severe. Some of these causes include bloating, gas, colitis, endometriosis, food poisoning, GERD, IBS (irritable bowel syndrome), ovarian cysts, abdominal adhesions, diverticulitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, gallbladder disease, liver disease, and cancers. Signs and symptoms of the more serious causes include dehydration, bloody or black tarry stools, severe abdominal pain, pain with no urination or painful urination. Treatment for abdominal pain depends upon the cause.
Jaundice (Hyperbilirubinemia) in Adults
Jaundice (hyperbilirubinemia) in adults may be caused by a variety of medical diseases or conditions. Some cases of jaundice can be managed at home with a doctor's supervision, while other causes of jaundice may be life-threatening. Symptoms of jaundice are yellow skin, yellowing of the whites of the eyes, pale colored stools, dark urine, itchy skin, vomiting, nausea, and rectal bleeding. Treatment of jaundice is focused on the disease or condition that is causing jaundice.
Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C)
Hepatitis C is an inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is usually spread by blood transfusion, hemodialysis, and needle sticks, especially with intravenous drug abuse. Symptoms of chronic hepatitis include fatigue, fever, muscle aches, loss of appetite, and fever. Chronic hepatitis C may be cured in most individuals with drugs that target specific genomes of hepatitis C.
Infectious Mononucleosis (Mono)
Infectious mononucleosis is a virus infection in which there is an increase of white blood cells that are mononuclear (with a single nucleus) "Mono" and "kissing disease" are popular terms for this very common illness caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).
Hepatitis A and B Vaccinations
Hepatitis A and hepatitis B are the two most commnon viruses that infect the liver. Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B can be prevented and treated with immunizations (vaccinations) such as Havrix, Vaqta, Twinrix, Comvax, Pediarix, and hepatitis b immune globulin (HBIG).
Hepatitis (Viral Hepatitis A, B, C, D, E, G)
Hepatitis is most often viral, due to infection with one of the hepatitis viruses (A, B, C, D, E, F (not confirmed), and G) or another virus (such as those that cause infectious mononucleosis, cytomegalovirus disease). The main nonviral causes of hepatitis are alcohol and drugs. Many patients infected with hepatitis A, B, and C have few or no symptoms of illness. For those who do develop symptoms of viral hepatitis, the most common are flu-like symptoms including: loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, fever, weakness, tiredness, and aching in the abdomen. Treatment of viral hepatitis is dependent on the type of hepatitis.
Gallstones are stones that form when substances in the bile harden. Gallstones (formed in the gallbladder) can be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball. There can be just one large stone, hundreds of tiny stones, or any combination. The majority of gallstones do not cause signs or symptoms; however, when they do occur the primary sign is biliary colic. Symptoms of biliary colic are constant pain for 15 minutes to 4-5 hours, and it may vary in intensity; nausea, severe pain that does not worsen with movement; and pain beneath the sternum. Treatment of gallstones depends upon the patient and the clinical situation.
Cirrhosis of the liver refers to a disease in which normal liver cells are replaced by scar tissue caused by alcohol and viral hepatitis B and C. This disease leads to abnormalities in the liver's ability to handle toxins and blood flow, causing internal bleeding, kidney failure, mental confusion, coma, body fluid accumulation, and frequent infections. Symptoms include yellowing of the skin (jaundice), itching, and fatigue. The prognosis is good for some people with cirrhosis of the liver, and the survival can be up to 12 years; however the life expectancy is about 6 months to 2 years for people with severe cirrhosis with major complications.
Cholesterol (Lowering Your Cholesterol)
High cholesterol and triglyceride levels increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Getting your cholesterol and triglyceride levels in an optimal range will help protect your heart and blood vessels. Cholesterol management may include lifestyle interventions (diet and exercise) as well as medications to get your total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, and triglycerides in an optimal range.
Itch (Itching or Pruritus)
Itching can be a common problem. Itches can be localized or generalized. There are many causes of itching to include: infection (jock itch, vaginal itch), disease (hyperthyroidism, liver or kidney), reactions to drugs, and skin infestations (pubic or body lice). Treatment for itching varies depending on the cause of the itch.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a virus that is spread from person to person via spit, semen, vaginal secretions, urine, blood, sexual contact, breastfeeding, blood transfusions, organ transplants, and breast milk. Symptoms of CMV include fatigue, swollen glands, fever, and sore throat. You can take precautions to prevent CMV such as washing hands frequently and thoroughly and using condoms. If you work in a day care center, wash your hands thoroughly after contact with body secretions, and avoid oral contact with objects covered in saliva. Individuals with HIV infection are at most risk of contracting CMV.
Tylenol Liver Damage
Tylenol liver damage (acetaminophen) can occur from accidentally ingesting too much acetaminophen, or intentionally. Signs and symptoms of acetaminophen-induced liver damage may include: nauseau, vomiting, kidney failure, bleeding disorders, coma, and death. Acetaminophen is a drug contained in over 200 OTC and prescription medications from NyQuil to Vicodin. Avoiding unintentional overdoses include reading medication labels, write down the dosages of medications you are taking, do not drink excessive alcohol while taking acetaminophen. In severe cases, a liver transplant may be necessary.
Genetic Diseases (Disorder Definition, Types, and Examples)
The definition of a genetic disease is a disorder or condition caused by abnormalities in a person's genome. Some types of genetic inheritance include single inheritance, including cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, Marfan syndrome, and hemochromatosis. Other types of genetic diseases include multifactorial inheritance. Still other types of genetic diseases include chromosome abnormalities (for example, Turner syndrome, and Klinefelter syndrome), and mitochondrial inheritance (for example, epilepsy and dementia).
Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems
Learn how to recognize early warning signs and symptoms of serious diseases and health problems, for example, chronic cough, headache, chest pain, nausea, stool color or consistency changes, heartburn, skin moles, anxiety, nightmares, suicidal thoughts, hallucinations, delusions, lightheadedness, night sweats, eye problems, confusion, depression, severe pelvic or abdominal pain, unusual vaginal discharge, and nipple changes. The symptoms and signs of serious health problems can be caused by strokes, heart attacks, cancers, reproductive problems in females (for example, cancers, fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, and sexually transmitted diseases or STDs), breast problems (for example, breast cancer and non-cancer related diseases), lung diseases (for example, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD, lung cancer, emphysema, and asthma), stomach or digestive diseases (for example, cancers, gallbladder, liver, and pancreatic diseases, ulcerative colitis, or Crohn's disease), bladder problems (for example, urinary incontinence, and kidney infections), skin cancer, muscle and joint problems, emotional problems or mental illness (for example, postpartum depression, major depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mania, and schizophrenia), and headache disorders (for example, migraines, or "the worst headache of your life), and eating disorders and weight problems (for example, anorexia or bulimia).
Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B)
The hepatitis B virus (HBV, hep B) is a unique, coated DNA virus belonging to the Hepadnaviridae family of viruses. The course of the virus is determined primarily by the age at which the infection is acquired and the interaction between the virus and the body's immune system. Successful treatment is associated with a reduction in liver injury and fibrosis (scarring), a decreased likelihood of developing cirrhosis and its complications, including liver cancer, and a prolonged survival.
Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Treatment (PBC)
Primary biliary sclerosis (PBC) is thought to be an autoimmune disorder that involves the deterioration of the liver's small bile ducts. These ducts are crucial to transport bile to the small intestine, digesting fats and removing wastes. Symptoms of PBC are: Edema Itching Elevated cholesterol Malabsorption of fat Liver cancer Gallstones Urinary tract infections (UTIs) Hypothyroidism Treatments include ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA); colchicine (Colcrys); and immunosuppressive medications, such as corticosteroids; obeticholic acid (Ocaliva); and medications that treat PBC symptoms. For PBC that is associated with cirrhosis of the liver, liver transplantation may be indicated in extreme cases.
Insulin Resistance (Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Reversal))
Insulin resistance is the diminished ability of cells to respond to the action of insulin in transporting glucose (sugar) from the bloodstream into muscle and other tissues. There are no signs or symptoms of insulin resistance. Causes of insulin can include conditions such as stress, obesity, metabolic syndrome, and steroid use. Some of the risk factors for insulin resistance include fatty liver, heart disease, strokes, peripheral vascular disease, high cholesterol, and smoking. Treatment for insulin resistance are lifestyle changes and if necessary, medication.
Liver Cancer (Hepatocellular Cancer) Prevention
Avoiding certain risk factors (such as hepatitis B and C, cirrhosis, and aflatoxin) can lower one's risk of developing liver cancer. Getting the hepatitis B vaccine is a protective factor against liver cancer.
Drug-Induced Liver Disease
Drug-induced liver diseases are diseases of the liver that are caused by: physician-prescribed medications, OTC medications, vitamins, hormones, herbs, illicit (recreational) drugs, and environmental toxins. Read about the signs and symptoms of drug-induced liver disease like hepatitis (inflammation of the liver cells), liver disease treatment, and types.
Alcohol and Teens
Alcohol is the most frequently used drug by American teenagers. Teens that drink are more likely to drive under the influence, have unprotected sex, and use other drugs, like marijuana, cocaine, and heroin. Symptoms of alcohol abuse in teens include lying, breaking curfew, becoming verbally or physically abusive toward others, making excuses, smelling like alcohol, having mood swings, and stealing.
Liver disease can be cause by a variety of things including infection (hepatitis), diseases, for example, gallstones, high cholesterol or triglycerides, blood flow obstruction to the liver, and toxins (medications and chemicals). Symptoms of liver disease depends upon the cause and may include nausea, vomiting, upper right abdominal pain, and jaundice. Treatment depends upon the cause of the liver disease.
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF)
Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a tick-borne disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash, headache, and muscle aches. The antibiotic doxycycline is the standard treatment for Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
Adenovirus 14 (Killer Cold Virus)
Adenovirus infection, particularly Ad14, or the "killer cold virus" has been on the increase in the past two years. Symptoms range from those experienced with colds, sore throat, bronchitis, pneumonia, diarrhea, pinkeye, fever, bladder infection, and neurological conditions. Diagnosis and treatment options need to be discussed with your physician.
Stool Color, Changes in Color, Texture, and Form
Stool color changes can very from green, red, maroon, yellow, white, or black. Causes of changes of stool color can range from foods a person eats, medication, diseases or conditions, pregnancy, cancer, or tumors. Stool can also have texture changes such as greasy or floating stools. Stool that has a uncharacteristically foul odor may be caused by infections such as giardiasis or medical conditions.
Ascites, the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is most commonly caused by cirrhosis of the liver. Some of the other causes of ascites include portal hypertension, congestive heart failure, blood clots, and pancreatitis. The most common symptoms include increased abdominal girth and size, abdominal bloating, and abdominal pain. Treatment depends on the cause of ascites.
Gynecomastia (Enlarged Male Breasts)
Gynecomastia, an enlargement of the gland tissue in the male breast is caused by an imbalance of hormones. Certain medical conditions may also lead to gynecomastia such as cirrhosis, malnutrition, disorders of the male sex organs, kidney failure, thyroid disorders, and medications. Gynecomastia is generally treated with medication, and if necessary, surgery.
Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A)
Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A) is one type of liver disease caused by a virus. Since hepatitis A is a virus, it can pass from person to person from eating or drinking contaminated food or coming into contact with contaminated materials containing the virus. Symptoms of hepatitis A include stomach pain, diarrhea, dark yellow urine, jaundice, and more. There is a vaccine to prevent contracting hepatitis A.
Arsenic comes in two forms, inorganic and organic. Organic arsenic poisoning is usually not poisonous to humans; however, inorganic arsenic in large enough amounts can lead to shock and death. Symptoms of arsenic poisoning include nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, dehydration, dark urine, vertigo, delirium, shock, and death. Treatment for arsenic poisoning includes Hemodialysis and a variety of drugs.
Swollen Ankles and Swollen Feet
Swollen ankles and swollen feet is a symptom of an underlying disease or condition such as edema, medications, pregnancy, injuries, diseases, infections, lymphedema, or blood clots.
Bile Duct Cancer (Cholangiocarcinoma)
Bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma) is a rare type of cancer that arises from cells that line the drainage system from the liver and gallbladder to the intestine. Symptoms of bile duct cancer include jaundice, itching, weight loss, and abdominal pain. Physical examination, specialized blood tests, and imaging tests may be used to diagnose bile duct cancer. Treatment for bile duct cancer may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and photodynamic therapy. Bile duct cancer typically has a poor prognosis. Preventing liver damage may decrease the risk of developing bile duct cancer.
Liver cancer is cancer of the liver cells (hepatocellular carcinoma) or of the ducts in the liver (cholangiocarcinoma). Liver cancer often arises due to liver damage, cirrhosis (scarring) caused by alcohol use/abuse, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C. Liver cancer may not cause any symptoms. Liver cancer is diagnosed with blood tests, imaging tests, and a liver biopsy. Treatment for liver cancer may include surgery, ablation, embolization, radiation, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy.
Bilirubin is a waste product of the normal breakdown of red blood cells in the liver. Normal bilirubin levels vary from lab to lab, and range from around 0.2 to 1.2 mg/dL. High levels of bilirubin can be diagnosed with a bilirubin blood test. Causes of elevated levels of bilirubin in the blood can be caused by infections, viral hepatitis, anemia, genetic diseases, and liver problems. Symptoms of elevated bilirubin levels depend on the cause; however, jaundice is a common sign. Treatment for elevated bilirubin levels depend on the cause.
Common Medical Abbreviations List
Doctors, pharmacists, and other health-care professionals use abbreviations, acronyms, and other terminology for instructions and information in regard to a patient's health condition, prescription drugs they are to take, or medical procedures that have been ordered. There is no approved this list of common medical abbreviations, acronyms, and terminology used by doctors and other health- care professionals. You can use this list of medical abbreviations and acronyms written by our doctors the next time you can't understand what is on your prescription package, blood test results, or medical procedure orders. Examples include: ANED: Alive no evidence of disease. The patient arrived in the ER alive with no evidence of disease. ARF: Acute renal (kidney) failure cap: Capsule. CPAP: Continuous positive airway pressure. A treatment for sleep apnea. DJD: Degenerative joint disease. Another term for osteoarthritis. DM: Diabetes mellitus. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes HA: Headache IBD: Inflammatory bowel disease. A name for two disorders of the gastrointestinal (BI) tract, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis JT: Joint N/V: Nausea or vomiting. p.o.: By mouth. From the Latin terminology per os. q.i.d.: Four times daily. As in taking a medicine four times daily. RA: Rheumatoid arthritis SOB: Shortness of breath. T: Temperature. Temperature is recorded as part of the physical examination. It is one of the "vital signs."
Hepatitis C Cure (Symptoms, Transmission, Treatments, and Cost)
Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver. There are a variety of toxins, diseases, illicit drugs, medications, bacterial and viral infections, and heavy alcohol use can case inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis C viral infection (HCV) is one type of hepatitis. According to the CDC, in 2014 there were an estimated 30,500 cases of acute hepatitis C infections in the US. An estimated 2.7-3.9 million people in the US have chronic hepatitis C. The virus is spread from person-to-person via blood-to-blood contact. Symptoms of HCV infection include joint pain, jaundice, dark urine, nausea, fatigue, fever, loss of appetites, clay colored stool. Hepatitis C can be cured with medications in most people. There is no vaccine against the hepatitis C virus.
Hepatitis E Viral Infection
Hepatitis E (hep E) is a type of hepatitis viral infection that includes hepatitis A, B, C, D, F, which is caused by the hepatitis E virus. Usually, you get (transmitted) hepatitis E from eating or drinking dirty or contaminated water. Hepatitis E can be very serious, especially if a woman is pregnant. Up to ¼ of women who are pregnant with the hep E virus can die from the infection. The signs and symptoms of hepatitis E infection are nausea and vomiting, brown or dark urine, stool changes jaundice (yellow eyes and skin), pain in the right side of the abdomen, dark or brown urine, and light-colored stool. Some people with hep E don’t have any symptoms so they don’t know that they are contagious. It takes about 6 weeks to recover from hep E. A person who has any type of hepatitis, including hepatitis E, should not drink any alcohol. Hep E complications are rare, but when they do occur they include severe (“fulminant”) hepatitis, liver failure, and death. Currently, no specific drugs or treatments are available for hepatitis E. Moreover, the only hepatitis E vaccine currently is available in China. Avoid alcohol, keep hydrated, and getting rest are home remedies for hepatitis E. Talk to your doctor before taking any over-the-counter (medications), especially those containing acetaminophen (Tylenol and others). Usually, the prognosis and life expectancy for hepatitis E after recovery is good. Most people do not have long term liver problems from the infection.
Local ResourcesFind a local Doctor in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Triglycerides (Tests and Lowering Your Triglyceride Levels)
- Liver Blood Tests
- Liver Biopsy
- CT Scan (Computerized Tomography)
- Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) of the Liver
- Liver Resection
- Liver Transplant
- Liver-Related Procedures and Tests
- CT Scan vs. MRI
- What Is a Hepaticojejunostomy?
- What Is the Pringle Maneuver Procedure?
- What Can a Liver Biopsy Diagnose?
- How Does a Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS) Work?
- How Is a Transjugular Liver Biopsy Done?
- What Is Radiofrequency Ablation of Liver Tumors?
- How Long Can You Live With Liver Cancer?
Medications & Supplements
- tacrolimus (Prograf, Astagraf XL, Envarsus XR)
- hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide, Hydrodiuril)
- Aldactone (spironolactone)
- mycophenolate mofetil (CellCept)
- hepatitis A vaccine (Havrix, Vaqta)
- Artemisia absinthium (Wormwood)
- lactulose laxative (Enulose, Generlac)
- hepatitis b vaccine (Recombivax HB)
- torsemide (Demadex)
- albumin human (Albuked, Albuminar)
- sofosbuvir (Sovaldi)
- boceprevir (Victrelis)
- telaprevir (Incivek)
- Harvoni (ledipasvir and sofosbuvir)
- Viekira Pak (ombitasvir, paritaprevir, ritonavir, and dasabuvir)
- Zepatier (elbasvir and grazoprevir)
- daclatasvir (Daklinza)
- Side Effects of Prograf (tacrolimus)
- Cholbam (cholic acid)
- Albuminar (albumin) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
Prevention & Wellness
- New Blood Test May Improve Liver Cancer Screening
- A 'Supercool' Breakthrough for Patients Awaiting Liver Transplant
- For One Woman, Popular Red Yeast Supplement Brought on Liver Damage
- How Transplanted Livers Guard Against Organ Rejection
- Red and Processed Meats Linked to Liver Woes
- Genetic Testing May Help Make Blood Thinner Safer
- Mexican-Americans at Higher Risk for Liver Cancer
- Hepatitis A Outbreak Declared in Los Angeles County
- U.S. Cancer Death Rate Continues to Fall
- San Diego County Declares Emergency Over Hepatitis A Outbreak
- Hep B Vaccine Should Be Given Sooner: Pediatricians Group
- Mavyret Approved for Hepatitis C
- Idhifa Approved for Some With Acute Myeloid Leukemia
- Researchers Grow Functioning Liver Tissue in Mice
- Are Doctors Discarding Donor Kidneys That Could Save Lives?
- Broccoli Extract Shows Promise for Type 2 Diabetes
- Can Coffee, Tea Protect the Liver From 'Western' Diet?
- U.S. Liver Cancer Deaths Have Doubled Since 1980s: Study
- Gene-Targeted Drugs Fight Advanced Lung Cancers
- Cirrhosis Could Raise Stroke Risk
- Wild 'Death Cap' Mushroom Seriously Sickens 14 in California
- Chemo Drug May Buy Time for Those With Bile Duct Cancer
- Too Much Caffeine Caused South Carolina Teen's Death: Coroner
- New Hepatitis C Infections Hit 15-Year High: CDC
- Transplant of Insulin-Producing Cells Offers Hope Against Type 1 Diabetes
- Stivarga Approved for Liver Cancer
- FDA Approves Hep C Drugs for Kids 12 and Older
- CRISPR: Is It Possible to Remove Disease From DNA?
- FDA Approves 1st Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Risk Tests
- Hepatitis Infection May Raise Risk for Parkinson's Disease
- 'Menstrual Cycle in a Dish' Explores Intricacies of Female Body
- Better Efforts Could Help Rid the U.S. of Hepatitis B, C: Report
- Marathon Running May Cause Short-Term Kidney Injury
- More Older Women Hitting the Bottle Hard
- Daily Glass of Beer, Wine Might Do a Heart Good
- TV Ads Help Drive Testosterone Supplement Sales
- New Hepatitis C Drugs Might Eliminate the Disease
- Obesity in Youth Tied to Higher Odds for Liver Cancer in Men
- Spring-Clean Your Medicine Cabinet to Safeguard Your Kids
- Baby Boomers Get an 'F' for Hep C Testing
- Liver Transplant Groundbreaker Dies
- U.S. Vaccine Guidelines for Flu, HPV Updated
- Rates of Early Deaths Rise for Whites, Drop for Blacks
- U.S. Cancer Deaths Decline Over Three Decades
- Even One High-Fat Meal Can Harm Your Liver, Study Finds
- Newer Hepatitis C Drugs May Pose Health Risks: Study
- 'Red Yeast Rice' Statin Alternative Not Harmless Either, Study Says
- Ebola Blood Test May Help Predict Survival Chances
- Many Young Adults With High Cholesterol Not on Statins as Recommended
- Resolve to Reduce Your Cancer Risk This Year
- New Parkinson's Drug May Combat Movement Difficulties
- 'Teen' Finds Minors Can Buy Bodybuilding Supplement at Health Food Stores
- Many Misuse OTC Sleep Aids: Survey
- Where You Live May Determine How You Die
- Alcohol Can Be a Risky Guest at Holiday Parties
- Could White Wine Boost Your Melanoma Risk?
- It's Never Too Late to Stop Smoking
- Fewer in U.S. Smoke, But Smoking's Death Toll Continues
- Too Much Iron Linked to Gestational Diabetes
- Smoking Wreaks Genetic Havoc on Lungs, Study Warns
- Colon Cancer's Location May Determine Patient Survival
- Americans Fed Up With Soaring Drug Prices: HealthDay/Harris Poll
- Women Reaching Equality in Dubious Habit: Drinking
- Elective Surgeries on Fridays Are Safe: Study
- Monkey Study Hints at Drug-Free Suppression of HIV
- More Evidence Linking Obesity to Liver Cancer
- Zika Virus Can Damage Fetal Brain Late in Pregnancy: Study
- How Older People Can Head Off Dangerous Drug Interactions
- Obese Kids Have Different Germs in Their Gut
- Codeine Not Safe for Kids, Pediatricians Warn
- Savor Your Coffee -- and a Bright Smile
- Serious Infections Tied to Suicide Risk
- Roll Up Your Sleeves: Red Cross Says Blood Need 'Urgent'
- What's Lurking in Your Beach's Water?
- Global Team Taps Into DNA Behind Type 2 Diabetes
- Just a Little of Statins' Effect Enough to Help Heart: Study
- Teen Obesity May Mean Liver Disease Later
- MS Stem Cell Therapy Succeeds But Poses Risks
- Ocaliva Approved for Rare Liver Disease
- Exercise May Cut Risk of 13 Cancers, Study Suggests
- Aspirin May Help Protect Against Bile Duct Cancer: Study
- Hepatitis C Now Leading Infectious Disease Killer in U.S.
- Cancer History May Affect Survival After Organ Transplant
- Drug Shows Promise Against Rare, Aggressive Skin Cancer
- Generic Hepatitis C Drugs as Effective as Pricey Brand Names: Study
- Head and Neck Cancers May Be Linked to Hepatitis C
- Hepatitis C-Infected Liver Transplants May Work Well for Those With the Virus
- Hepatitis C Therapy May Reduce Need for Liver Transplants
- More People Surviving Sudden Liver Failure
- Doctors Report Groundbreaking HIV-to-HIV Organ Transplants
- First Treatment Approved for Disease Linked to Stem Cell Transplant
- Gene Variant May Explain Higher Rates of Some Cancers in Black People
- Acetaminophen Won't Help Arthritis Pain, Study Finds
- Should You Stop Drinking?
- Report Suggests Zika's Effect on Fetus May Be Even Deadlier Than Thought
- Many Donor Livers for Sickest Patients Rejected, Study Finds
- Hepatitis C Reported at 19 Dialysis Clinics: CDC
- Cystic Fibrosis Drug Seems OK for Preschoolers: Study
- New IBS Drug Eases Stomach Pain and Diarrhea for Some: Study
- Hemophilia: New Treatments for an Old Disease
- Organ Recipients at Raised Risk of Cancer Death, Study Finds
- Chronic Drinking Plus Binge Drinking Spurs Rapid Liver Damage in Mouse Study
- Metformin May Not Help Obese Teens With Type 1 Diabetes
- Pricey Hepatitis C Drugs Denied to Almost Half of Medicaid Patients: Study
- Women Starting to Match Men's Drinking Habits, Study Finds
- Opdivo Approved for Advanced Kidney Cancer
- Coffee Drinkers May Live Longer
- Gene Study of Liver Tumor Reveals Versatile DNA
- In Rare Cases, Hepatitis C Drug Tied to Slowed Heart Rate: Study
- Too Much TV Linked to Leading Causes of Death
- Genetic Makeup May Help Explain Methadone Overdoses
- Illnesses, Deaths Spur FDA Warning on Hepatitis C Drugs
- Tough Alcohol Policies Linked to Lower Death Rates From Liver Damage
- Heavy Drinking Linked to Greater Risk for Alcohol-Related Cancers
- Liver Damage From Hepatitis C More Widespread Than Thought
- Promacta Approval Expanded to Kids With Rare Blood Disorder
- Weight Loss Fights Liver Condition, No Matter How It's Done
- Jimmy Carter: Melanoma Has Spread to Brain
- Former President Carter's Cancer: FAQ
- Former President Jimmy Carter Has Cancer
- Bodybuilder Supplement Abuse a Growing Concern
- More Hepatitis C Cases Being Seen in Urban ERs
- Cooling Bodies of Brain-Dead Donors May Boost Kidney Function After Transplant
- Patients Have Many Options When Faced With Gallbladder Disease
- Some People Do Age Faster Than Others
- Summer Danger: BBQ Grill Brush Wires Causing Big Health Woes
- Any Added Sugar Is Bad Sugar, Some Experts Contend
- FDA Advisers Recommend Approval of First of 2 New Cholesterol Drugs
- Potential Liver Recipients May Have New Option
- Organ Donor Rates Vary Widely Across America, Study Finds
- Helpful Bacteria May Help Detect Cancers That Have Spread to Liver
- Health Tip: The Effects of Long-Term Alcohol Abuse
- Avelox Approved for Plague
- Americans' Blood Triglyceride Levels Dropping: CDC
- Experimental Drug Combo Shows Promise Against Hepatitis C
- Are Heart Surgery Patients Losing Too Much Blood to Tests?
- Blood Fats Hold Vitamin E Captive, Study Shows
- Live Liver Transplants Seem Safe, Effective for Sudden Liver Failure
- Cholbam Approved for Rare Metabolic Disorders
- FDA Tightens Rules on Endoscopes Tied to 'Superbug' Outbreaks
- Chinese Researchers Report Successful Hepatitis E Vaccine
- U.K. Approves '3-Parent Babies'
- Hispanics May Develop Alcoholic Liver Disease Earlier
- More Americans Surviving Cancer Today Than 20 Years Ago
- New MRI Test May Help Diagnose Liver Condition in Kids
- More Than 2 Million Years of Life Saved With Organ Transplants, Experts Estimate
- Daily Drinking May Raise Risk of Liver Cirrhosis, Study Warns
- Fewer Patients With Advanced Colon Cancer Getting Surgery, Report Finds
- Ebola, Obamacare Top U.S. Health News for 2014
- Medical Products Used With Preemies in Hospitals May Harm Them, Study Suggests
- Drug Regimen Cures Hepatitis C in Most Liver Transplant Patients in Study
- Report: Fewer U.S. Hospitalizations for Hepatitis A
- Virus Present at Birth Causes More Than 10 Percent of Hearing-Loss Cases in Kids
- Metformin Beats Other Type 2 Diabetes Drugs for First Treatment: Study
- Binge Drinking May Boost Blood Pressure in Young Men
- Pricey Hepatitis Drug a Good Bet in U.S. Prisons, Study Says
- If You Do Gain Weight, Polyunsaturated Fats May Prevent Some Damage
- Esbriet, Ofev Approved to Treat Deadly Lung Disease
- Obesity May Speed Aging of the Liver, Study Suggests
- Even Decaf Coffee May Help the Liver
- Hepatitis C Combo Pill May Cure Those Who Can Afford It
- Stress Might Be Even More Unhealthy for the Obese
- Donated Livers Not Harmed by Travel Distances, Study Finds
- Baby Boomers Need Hepatitis C Test, CDC Study Confirms
- More Drugs Show Promise in Fighting Hepatitis C
- FDA Warns of Rare Skin Reactions to Acetaminophen
- Tylenol-Induced Liver Failure Presents Own Set of Problems: Study
- Complications More Likely With Emergency Gallbladder Surgery: Study
- First Organ Grown From Stem Cells Alone: Report
- Liver Disease May Raise Risk of Heart Problems: Study
- Statins Plus Certain Antibiotics May Set Off Toxic Reaction: Study
- Babies May Benefit From Liver Transplant Advances
- Health Tip: What's Behind Bad Breath?
- HIV No Barrier to Getting Liver Transplant, Study Finds
- Too Much Drinking, Weight May Harm Liver
- Almost Half of Americans Would Consider Donating Kidney to Stranger: Poll
- Scarring May Raise Death Risk From Fatty Liver Disease
- Exercise May Blunt Heavy Drinking's Effect on Brain
- Mini-Organ Would Mimic Pancreas to Treat Type 1 Diabetes
- Doubling Up on Cold, Flu Remedies May Harm Liver
- Hepatitis: The Hidden Hazard
- One Man's Harrowing Battle With Hepatitis C
- Breath Test May Detect Colon Cancer
- Aspirin May Reduce Risk of Liver Cancer, Death From Liver Disease
- Colorful Fruits, Vegetables May Be Key to Cancer-Fighting Diet
- U.S. Task Force: Baby Boomers Should Be Tested for Hepatitis C
- Health Tip: Do You Have a Heart Murmur?
- More New Drugs a Bad Fit With Grapefruit, Study Finds
- New Arthritis Drug Xeljanz Gets FDA Approval
- Good Cholesterol Infusion May Help Unclog Arteries
- Blood or Bone Marrow Better for Stem Cell Transplants?
- Multivitamins Won't Boost Standard HIV Care, Study Finds
- Millions of Healthy Years of Life Lost to Cancer Worldwide
- Diet, Exercise May Boost 'Good' Cholesterol, Study Suggests
- As Armstrong Case Unfolds, Experts Describe Doping's Harms
- Study: Blood Tests for Inflammation Could Help Prevent Heart Attack, Stroke
- Stivarga Approved for Advanced Colorectal Cancer
- Health Tip: Don't Combine Medication and Alcohol
- Low-Cost, Speedy Liver Test in Development
- Diets High in Fructose May Harm Liver in Some, Scientists Warn
- After Breast Cancer Diagnosis, Are Other Tests Overdone?
- Swallowed Toothpicks Can Lead to Big Trouble, Experts Warn
- 'Excellent' Survival Seen for Liver Transplant From Live Donor
- Some Screens Miss Spread of Breast Cancer: Study
- Hepatitis A Vaccine for Children Lasts for 10 Years: Study
- Hepatitis C Treatment May Hamper Kids' Growth
- Severely Obese Donors Raise Risks for Kids With Liver Transplant
- Smoking Tied to Risk for Hepatitis Return After Liver Transplant
- The Health Benefits, and Risks, of Alcohol
- Vitamin B12 May Boost Hep C Treatment
- Milk Thistle Doesn't Help Hepatitis C
- Hepatitis C Virus Levels Higher in Certain Injection Drug Users
- Doping With Muscle-Building Drugs: FAQ
- FDA Approves New Overactive Bladder Drug
- 'Atkins'-Type Diets May Raise Risk of Heart Problems: Study
- Surgeons Seek Repeal of Transplant Ban Between HIV-Positive People
- Health Tip: Signs That May Indicate Ulcerative Colitis
- FDA Delays Decision on Blood Thinner Eliquis
- Low Vitamin D Linked to Weight Gain in Older Women
- Many Homeless May Harbor Hepatitis C
- Liver Transplantation No Bar to Successful Pregnancy
- Tylenol Overdose Can Be Deadly for a Child
- Many Americans Taking Too Much Acetaminophen
- Hepatitis B Infection Rates in U.S. Higher Than Thought
- Foods to Avoid if You Want to Avoid Gout Attacks
- Patients May Receive Too Much Acetaminophen in Hospital
- Hepatitis C Causing Liver Damage in Greater Numbers: Study
- U.S. Liver Transplants Declining
- Body Building, Diet Supplements Linked to Liver Damage: Study
- Birth Control Pills, HRT Tied to Digestive Ills
- CDC: All Baby Boomers Should Get Tested for Hepatitis C
- It's Not Just What You Eat, It's When You Eat, Mouse Study Finds
- Diabetes Can Take a Toll on Your Emotions
- Experimental Drug Helps Fight Some Childhood Cancers, Study Finds
- Infection Causes 1 in 6 Cancers Worldwide: Study
- Screening for Other Health Problems May Aid COPD Survival
- Votrient Approved to Treat Cancer That Begins in Soft Tissue
- Levaquin Approved to Treat or Prevent Plague
- Two-Drug Therapy Helped Kids With Type 2 Diabetes
- Codeine After Surgery Could Endanger Certain Kids: Study
- Statin Risks Outweighed by Statin Benefits
- Could a Statin Lower Your Risk for Depression?
- Vitamin A May Help Reduce Melanoma Risk
- New Warnings on Cholesterol-Lowering Statins
- Hepatitis C Now Kills More Americans Than HIV
- Is That ‘New Car Smell' Toxic?
- Low Vitamin D in Pregnancy Linked to Language Problems in Children
- Stem Cells May Further Hepatitis C Research
- Live Liver Donation Safer Than Previously Thought
- IV Acetaminophen Linked to More Child Overdoses
- Researchers Spot Potential Bile Duct Cancer Drug Targets
- Statins May Stave Off Liver Cancer in People With Hepatitis B
- Voraxaze Approved to Treat High Levels of Chemo Drug
- Americans Aren't Getting Any Skinnier
- Researchers Identify Liver Cancer Risk Factors
- Hepatitis B Vaccine Recommended for Adults With Diabetes
- Gene Therapy a Boon for 6 Hemophilia Patients
- Microwave Technique Fights Lung Tumors
- Too Much Acetaminophen Over Time May Damage Liver
- Higher Cancer Risk in People With HIV
- Drugs That Control Genes May Treat Lung Cancer
- Cancer Risk Doubles After Organ Transplant, Study Finds
- Panel Recommends Hepatitis B Vaccine for Diabetes Patients
- Can Supplements Increase a Woman's Risk of Dying?
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