What are Listeria infection symptoms and signs?
If Listeria causes more severe illness, patients may also experience
At-risk patients (such as immune-compromised individuals) may become very ill or even die from a Listeria infection.
How is listeriosis diagnosed?
Listeriosis is diagnosed based on the results of medical tests. These tests may include the following:
- Stool culture: A stool sample is tested in the lab for the presence of the Listeria bacterium. Results from this test may take several days to return.
- Blood tests: These tests may indicate the presence of infection or tell the doctor how sick someone is, but they are not able to pinpoint Listeria as the cause unless blood cultures are done. Blood cultures are used to isolate the specific bacteria that are causing the infection and may show Listeria.
- A "spinal tap” (lumbar puncture): Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is taken from a needle placed in the lower back. Microscopic testing and cultures are done on this fluid and may show the presence of Listeria.
- Cultures of amniotic fluid may be used in at-risk pregnant patients who develop symptoms of listeriosis.
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Gelfand, Michael S. "Treatment, Prognosis, and Prevention of Listeria monocytogenes Infection." UpToDate.com. Nov. 2014. <http://www.uptodate.com/contents/treatment-prognosis-and-prevention-of-listeria-monocytogenes-infection?source=search_result&search=Listeriosis&selectedTitle=2~130>.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Listeria (Listeriosis)." July 31, 2014. <http://www.cdc.gov/listeria/outbreaks/cheese-02-14/index.html>.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Multistate Outbreak of Listeriosis Linked to Whole Cantaloupes from Jensen Farms, Colorado." Aug. 27, 2012. <http://www.cdc.gov/listeria/outbreaks/cantaloupes-jensen-farms/index.html>.
United States. "Listeria." Foodsafety.gov. <http://www.foodsafety.gov/poisoning/causes/bacteriaviruses/listeria/>.