Leishmaniasis is a tropical infectious disease. Leishmaniasis can be confined to the skin, known as cutaneous leishmaniasis, or it may affect the internal organs, known as visceral leishmaniasis or kala-azar.
Signs and symptoms vary according to the type of leishmaniasis that is present. Symptoms and signs can include
- weight loss,
- low blood counts (pancytopenia),
- enlargement of the liver and spleen (hepatosplenomegaly),
- distended abdomen,
- fever, and
- skin bumps or sores that resemble acne, warts, or psoriasis.
Affected skin can appear as large, scaly, ulcerated plaques, ulceration, and dry or weeping painless lesions.
Causes of Leishmaniasis
Leishmaniasis spreads to humans through the bite of infected Phlebotomus sand flies. The causative parasites are known as Leishmania. Many types of Leishmania parasites can cause the disease.
Other leishmaniasis symptoms and signs
- Distended Abdomen
- Dry or Weeping Painless Lesions
- Enlargement of the Liver and Spleen (Hepatosplenomegaly)
- Large, Scaly, Ulcerated Plaques
- Low Blood Counts (Pancytopenia)
- Skin Bumps or Sores That Resemble Acne, Warts, or Psoriasis
- Weight Loss
Main Article on Leishmaniasis Symptoms and Signs
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