This condition causes spaces within the spine to narrow. This, in turn, puts pressure on spinal nerves. This results in symptoms like numbness, tingling, weakness, and pain. Some people also experience balance problems. The lower back and neck are the areas most commonly affected by spinal stenosis. Certain inherited conditions, degenerative diseases, tumors, trauma, and bone conditions may cause spinal stenosis. The condition may be treated with over-the-counter pain medications, steroid injections, restricted activity, prescribed exercises, and physical therapy. Surgery may be needed in some cases.
Spinal stenosis may occur when the spine is injured and tissue swelling puts pressure on the nerve roots or spinal cord. An injury to the spine may cause a bulging disc, or herniated disc. This can protrude into the spinal canal. When a herniated disc puts pressure on a nerve root, this is known as a pinched nerve. This results in numbness, tingling, and pain in areas where the nerves travel. Some cases of disc herniation are treated surgically.
Radiculopathy is a condition that happens when a nerve is compressed in the spine. When this occurs in the lower back, or lumbar region of the spine, this is known as lumbar radiculopathy. Lumbar radiculopathy is also known as sciatica. The condition is known as cervical radiculopathy when it occurs in the neck and thoracic radiculopathy when it happens in the middle of the spine.