Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber (KTW) syndrome is a condition characterized by:
- port-wine stains or birthmark malformations in the skin,
- soft tissue and bony growths (generally involving a limb), and
- vascular anomalies (varicose veins).
Although these three symptoms are consistently found in patients with Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome, there are other symptoms, which include
- atrophy (a limb that is underdeveloped),
- fingers and toes that are disproportionately large or small,
- digits that are webbed (syndactyly),
- too many digits (polydactyly), or
- too few digits (oligodactyly).
The cause of Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome is not known. However, recently there have been some cases that run in families. There is no significant treatment for Klippel-Trènaunay-Weber syndrome.Read more: Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Picture of Hemangioma 1
A birth irregularity where a localized tissue mass grows rich in small blood vessels. See a picture of Hemangioma and learn more...
Picture of Port Wine Stain
A mark on the skin that resembles port wine (porto) in its rich ruby red color. See a picture of Port Wine Stain and learn more...
Picture of Hemangioma of Infancy (HI)
Formerly known as strawberry, cherry, capillary hemangioma. See a picture of Hemangioma of Infancy (HI) and learn more about the...
Picture of Vascular Malformations on Foot
Vascular malformations are present at birth and grow proportionately with the child. See a picture of Vascular Malformations on...
Picture of Vascular Malformations on Hand
These are congenital malformations that consist of capillary, venous, arterial, or lymphatic abnormalities. See a picture of...
Picture of Hemangioma 2
This left upper eyelid hemangioma, though in its early growth phase, is a lesion that may threaten the child's vision. See a...
Picture of Hemangioma After Laser Treatment
There is a marked lightening and flattening of the hemangioma after multiple pulsed dye laser treatments. See a picture of...
Picture of Port-Wine Stain (Neck)
This is an extensive port-wine stain on the right side of the neck of a young female. See a picture of Port-Wine Stain (Neck) and...
Picture of Port-Wine Stain after Laser Treatment
There is a marked resolution of the port-wine stain after multiple treatments with pulsed dye laser. See a picture of Port-Wine...
Picture of Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome
This is a condition in which vascular malformations, varicosities, and phlebectasia cover an entire limb or other body area. See...
Picture of Angiokeratoma Circumscriptum
This vascular ectasia may be present at birth but has been reported to develop in childhood and even adulthood. See a picture of...
Picture of Cutis Marmorata Telangiectatica Congenita
Vascular lesions resolve with depressed scars. See a Cutis Marmorata Telangiectatica Congenita and learn more about the health...
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Genetic Diseases (Disorder Definition, Types, and Examples)
The definition of a genetic disease is a disorder or condition caused by abnormalities in a person's genome. Some types of genetic inheritance include single inheritance, including cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, Marfan syndrome, and hemochromatosis. Other types of genetic diseases include multifactorial inheritance. Still other types of genetic diseases include chromosome abnormalities (for example, Turner syndrome, and Klinefelter syndrome), and mitochondrial inheritance (for example, epilepsy and dementia).
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Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which the person has seizures. There are two kinds of seizures, focal and generalized. There are many causes of epilepsy. Treatment of epilepsy (seizures) depends upon the cause and type of seizures experienced.
Heart failure (congestive) is caused by many conditions including coronary artery disease, heart attack, cardiomyopathy, and conditions that overwork the heart. Symptoms of heart failure include congested lungs, fluid and water retention, dizziness, fatigue and weakness, and rapid or irregular heartbeats. There are two types of congestive heart failure, systolic or left-sided heart failure; and diastolic or right-sided heart failure. Treatment, prognosis, and life-expectancy for a person with congestive heart failure depends upon the stage of the disease.
Varicose vein: A dilated (widened) tortuous (twisting) vein, usually involving a superficial vein in the leg, often associated with incompetency of the valves in the vein. These visible and bulging veins are often associated with symptoms such as tired, heavy, or aching limbs. Spider veins are a group of widened veins that can be seen through the surface of the skin.
A birthmark is any abnormal mark, spot, or bump that is present in or around the time of birth on the skin of an infant. Types of birthmarks include cafe au lait marks, Mongolian spots, strawberry marks, and others. Depending on the birthmark type, birthmarks can be removed by scalpel surgery, lasers, and rarely radiation.
Birth defects have many causes and currently, are the leading cause of death for infants in the first year of life. Some of the causes of birth defects include genetic or chromosome problems. Exposure of the mother to rubella or German measles during pregnancy, or using drugs or alcohol during pregnancy. The treatment for birth defects depends upon the condition of the effected child.