Kidney stones are solid masses of crystalline material that form in the kidneys. Symptoms of kidney stones can include pain, nausea, vomiting, and even fever and chills. Kidney stones are diagnosed via CT scans and specialized X-rays. Treatment of kidney stones involves drinking lots of fluids and taking over-the-counter pain medications to medical intervention including prescription medications, lithotripsy, and sometimes even surgery.Read more: Kidney Stones (nephrolithiasis) Article
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Treatment & Diagnosis
- Abdominal Pain
- Lower Back Pain
- Blood in Urine
- Burning Urination (Dysuria)
- Frequent Urination
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Dark Urine
- Cloudy Urine
- Stomach Cramps
- Testicular Pain (Pain in the Testicles)
- Kidney Stone
- Low Urine Output
- Pelvic Pain
- Groin Pain
- Diabetes FAQs
- Kidney Disease FAQs
- Abdominal Pain Causes
- Kidney Stones and Calcium
- What Is a Hospitalist?
- What Is Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy?
- What Is Percutaneous Nephrolithotripsy?
- What Is a Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery (RIRS)?
- Side Effects of Zyloprim (Allopurinol) for Kidney Damage Prevention
- How Are Kidney Stones Diagnosed?
- Kidney Stone Causes
- Abdominal Pain: Questions to Ask Your Doctor
- What Are the Symptoms and Signs of Kidney Stones?
- Kidney Stone Treatment
- Kidney Stones: Symptoms and Prevention Podcast
Medications & Supplements
- allopurinol - oral, Zyloprim
- penicillamine - oral, Cuprimine, Depen
- probenecid, (Benemid - brand no longer available)
- penicillamine, Cuprimine, Depen
- hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide, Hydrodiuril, Ezide, and Hydro-Par have been discontinued)
- ibuprofen (Advil, Children's Advil/Motrin, Medipren, Motrin, Nuprin, PediaCare Fever, and others)
- nifedipine, Adalat (discontinued brand), Procardia, Afeditab, Nifediac
- Over-the-Counter Products
- Flomax (tamsulosin)
- Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs)
- citric acid/potassium-sodium citrates - oral, Cytra-3, Polycitra
- ketorolac - injection, Toradol
- ketorolac (Toradol brand has been discontinued in the US)
- citric acid/sodium citrate (Bicitra, Cytra-2, Oracit, Shohl's)
- potassium/sodium phosphate - oral, K-Phos
- tiopronin - oral, Thiola
- potassium acid phosphate - oral, K-Phos Original
Prevention & Wellness
- Health Tip: Symptoms of Kidney Stones
- Too Many Kidney Disease Patients in the Dark About Diet
- 850 Million People Worldwide Have Kidney Disease
- Antibiotics Tied to Higher Kidney Stone Risk
- Surgeons Safely Transplant Kidneys From Donors With Hep C
- Kidney Stones on the Rise Among Women
- Premature Calcium Deposits May Trigger Premature Births: Study
- Review Says Calcium Supplements Won't Harm the Heart
- Calcium Supplements May Not Be Heart Healthy
- Kidney Stone? Try a Roller Coaster Ride
- Diet Supplement May Help Prevent Kidney Stones: Study
- Rise in Kidney Stones in Teens a Cause for Concern: Study
- Kidney Patients Without Online Access Face Additional Burden
- Calcium Supplements Tied to Kidney Stone Risk in Study
- Drug May Ease Passage When Kidney Stone Strikes
- For Women, No Link Between Kidney Stones, Osteoporosis
- Health Tip: Are You at Risk for Kidney Stones?
- Health Tip: Know the Signs of Kidney Stones
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- Little Risk of Vitamin D Toxicity, Study Says
- Man's Iced Tea Habit May Have Swamped His Kidneys
- Drinking Water Helps Prevent Kidney Stones
- Health Tip: Keeping Kidney Stones at Bay
- Kidney Stones Can Send Patients to Hospital More Than Once
- Some With Kidney Stones Might Have Calcium Buildup in Blood Vessels: Study
- Study Finds Kidney Stones Linked to Weakened Bones
- Will Kidney Stones Recur? New Test Might Tell
- Will a Warmer Climate Mean More Kidney Stones?
- Ultrasound Trumps CT Scan for Diagnosing Kidney Stones in Study
- Complications Common, Costly With Some Kidney Stone Treatments
- Complications Fairly Common, Costly With Some Kidney Stone Treatments
- Diet to Reduce Blood Pressure May Also Stave Off Kidney Stones
- Vitamin D Supplements: FAQ
- Light Exercise Might Reduce Risk of Kidney Stones
- Kidney Stones Tied to Raised Heart Disease Risk in Women
- Sugary Sodas, Fruit Punches May Raise Kidney Stone Risk: Study
- Exercise May Lower Older Women's Risk for Kidney Stones
- Health Tip: Keep Kidney Stones Away
- Complications From Kidney Stone Surgery Rising, Study Finds
- High Doses of Vitamin C May Raise Risk of Kidney Stones
- Could Chemical in Dishware Raise Your Risk for Kidney Stones?
- Millions May Be Taking Vitamin D Unnecessarily, Analysis Suggests
- Calcium May Help Prevent Hormone Disorder
- Kidney Stones May Be Tied to Later Kidney Problems
- Drinking Iced Tea Raises Kidney Stone Risk: Study
- Vitamin D With Calcium May Boost Survival
- Are the Benefits of Vitamin D Overhyped?
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