Kidney stones are solid masses of crystalline material that form in the kidneys. Symptoms of kidney stones can include pain, nausea, vomiting, and even fever and chills. Kidney stones are diagnosed via CT scans and specialized X-rays. Treatment of kidney stones involves drinking lots of fluids and taking over-the-counter pain medications to medical intervention including prescription medications, lithotripsy, and sometimes even surgery.Read more: Kidney Stones (nephrolithiasis) Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Bladder Infections: UTI Causes, Symptoms, Treatments
Urinary tract infections (UTI), including bladder infections, affect women and men, causing UTI symptoms like kidney infection....
Pelvic Pain: What's Causing Your Pelvic Pain?
There are many causes of pelvic pain in women including cysts, PMS, appendicitis, and bladder infections. Pelvic pain has...
Kidney Stones: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment
What causes kidney stones? Learn to recognize the symptoms and signs of kidney stone pain. Explore kidney stone treatment and how...
Dehydration: Causes, Symptoms & Tips to Stay Hydrated
Do you know the signs of dehydration? Dehydration can cause medical complications. Learn the causes, symptoms, treatments, and...
Gout Attack Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and Diet
Gout attacks (gouty arthritis) are caused by crystals of uric acid deposits. Learn about symptoms, causes, treatments and...
Diabetes Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Take the Diabetes Quiz and learn the causes, signs, symptoms, and types of this growing epidemic. What does diabetes have to do...
Kidney Disease Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Kidney disease is common. Take this kidney disease quiz to test your knowledge and learn the symptoms, causes and types of kidney...
Picture of Kidney Stone Crystal
Kidney stones are made of salts and minerals in the urine that stick together, creating small "pebbles" formed within the kidney...
Picture of Kidney Stone Diagnosis
The diagnosis of kidney stones is suspected by the typical pattern of symptoms when other possible causes of the abdominal or...
Picture of Lithotripsy
For kidney stones that do not pass on their own, a procedure called lithotripsy is often used. See a picture of Lithotripsy and...
Picture of Kidney Stone
A stone in the kidney (or lower down in the urinary tract). See a picture of Kidney Stone and learn more about the health topic....
Picture of Kidneys
The kidneys are a pair of organs located in the back of the abdomen. See a picture of the Kidneys and learn more about the health...
Top 7 Ways Water Benefits the Body
Drinking water benefits digestion, metabolism, toxin elimination, and other functions. Water promotes weight loss and helps...
Related Disease Conditions
Kidney Pain (Location, Symptoms, Relief)
Kidney pain has a variety of causes and symptoms. Infection, injury, trauma, bleeding disorders, kidney stones, and less common...
Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment)
Abdominal pain can have many causes that range from mild to severe. Some of these causes include bloating, gas, colitis,...
Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37 C), in practice, a person is usually not...
Lower Back Pain
There are many causes of back pain. Pain in the low back can relate to the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae,...
Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2)
Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are...
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or urethra. E. coli, a type of bacteria that...
Testicular Pain (Men and Boys: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment)
Testicular pain, or pain in the testicle or testicles are caused by a variety of diseases or conditions such as testicular...
Gout (Gouty Arthritis)
Buildup of uric acid crystals in a joint causes gouty arthritis. Symptoms and signs include joint pain, swelling, heat, and...
Polycythemia (High Red Blood Cell Count)
Polycythemia (elevated red blood cell count) is a rare blood disease in which the body produces too many red blood cells....
Blood In Semen
Blood in semen is also known as hematospermia. Blood in semen can be caused by many conditions affecting the tubes that...
Dehydration is the excessive loss of body water. There are a number of causes of dehydration including heat exposure, prolonged...
Internal Bleeding (Symptoms, Signs, Causes, Treatment)
Internal bleeding occurs when an artery or vein is damaged and blood to escapes the circulatory system and collects inside the...
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) Signs, Causes, Diet, and Treatment
High blood pressure (hypertension) is a disease in which pressure within the arteries of the body is elevated. About 75 million...
Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis) Symptoms, Signs, Causes, Treatment
Kidney infection (pyelonephritis) usually is caused from bacteria that have spread from the bladder from a UTI (urinary tract...
Blood in Urine
Blood in the urine is termed hematuria. Hematuria, whether it be gross or microscopic, is abnormal and should be further...
Hydronephrosis describes swelling of the kidney resulting from the inability of urine to drain from the kidney into the bladder....
Nausea and Vomiting (Causes, Natural Remedies, Diet, Medication)
Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often precedes vomiting. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms...
Bladder Infection (Cystitis)
Bladder infection is an infection of the bladder, usually caused by bacteria or, rarely, by Candida. Certain people, including...
Hypercalcemia (Elevated Calcium Levels)
Hypercalcemia is a condition in which calcium levels in the blood are elevated. Hypercalcemia is associated with other conditions...
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Intestinal Problems of IBD)
The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). The intestinal complications of...
Kidney Stones in Adults
Second Source article from Government...
Hyperparathyroidism is a disorder of the parathyroid glands. There are two types of hyperparathyroidism, primary and secondary....
Pelvic Pain (in Women and Men)
Pelvic pain is described as pain, usually in the lower pelvic area. Causes of acute and chronic pelvic pain in women include...
Cystinuria is a common genetic condition that causes excess buildup of the cystine protein in the urine. Cystinuria leads to the...
Local ResourcesFind a local Urologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Burning Urination (Dysuria)
- Abdominal Pain
- Groin Pain
- Cloudy Urine
- Stomach Cramps
- Low Urine Output
- Frequent Urination
- Lower Back Pain
- Dark Urine
- Blood in Urine
- Testicular Pain (Pain in the Testicles)
- Pelvic Pain
- Kidney Stone
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- Diabetes FAQs
- Kidney Disease FAQs
- Abdominal Pain Causes
- What Is a Hospitalist?
- Kidney Stones and Calcium
- What Is Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy?
- What Is Percutaneous Nephrolithotripsy?
- What Is a Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery (RIRS)?
- Side Effects of Zyloprim (Allopurinol) for Kidney Damage Prevention
- How Are Kidney Stones Diagnosed?
- Kidney Stone Causes
- Abdominal Pain: Questions to Ask Your Doctor
- What Are the Symptoms and Signs of Kidney Stones?
- Kidney Stone Treatment
- Kidney Stones: Symptoms and Prevention Podcast
Medications & Supplements
- ibuprofen (Advil, Children's Advil/Motrin, Medipren, Motrin, Nuprin, PediaCare Fever, and others)
- allopurinol - oral, Zyloprim
- penicillamine - oral, Cuprimine, Depen
- ketorolac (Toradol)
- Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs)
- ketorolac - injection, Toradol
- Flomax (tamsulosin)
- nifedipine (Procardia, Adalat, Afeditab)
- hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide, Hydrodiuril)
- Over-the-Counter Products
- citric acid/sodium citrate (Bicitra, Cytra-2, Oracit, Shohl's)
- penicillamine, Cuprimine, Depen
- probenecid, (Benemid - brand no longer available)
- potassium/sodium phosphate - oral, K-Phos
- potassium acid phosphate - oral, K-Phos Original
- citric acid/potassium-sodium citrates - oral, Cytra-3, Polycitra
- tiopronin - oral, Thiola
Prevention & Wellness
- AHA News: Opioid Meds Pose Danger to Kidney Disease Patients
- Health Tip: Symptoms of Kidney Stones
- Too Many Kidney Disease Patients in the Dark About Diet
- 850 Million People Worldwide Have Kidney Disease
- Antibiotics Tied to Higher Kidney Stone Risk
- Surgeons Safely Transplant Kidneys From Donors With Hep C
- Kidney Stones on the Rise Among Women
- Premature Calcium Deposits May Trigger Premature Births: Study
- Review Says Calcium Supplements Won't Harm the Heart
- Calcium Supplements May Not Be Heart Healthy
- Kidney Stone? Try a Roller Coaster Ride
- Diet Supplement May Help Prevent Kidney Stones: Study
- Rise in Kidney Stones in Teens a Cause for Concern: Study
- Kidney Patients Without Online Access Face Additional Burden
- Calcium Supplements Tied to Kidney Stone Risk in Study
- Drug May Ease Passage When Kidney Stone Strikes
- For Women, No Link Between Kidney Stones, Osteoporosis
- Health Tip: Are You at Risk for Kidney Stones?
- Health Tip: Know the Signs of Kidney Stones
- Prompt Treatment of Kidney Stones Keeps Costs Down: Study
- Little Risk of Vitamin D Toxicity, Study Says
- Man's Iced Tea Habit May Have Swamped His Kidneys
- Drinking Water Helps Prevent Kidney Stones
- Health Tip: Keeping Kidney Stones at Bay
- Kidney Stones Can Send Patients to Hospital More Than Once
- Some With Kidney Stones Might Have Calcium Buildup in Blood Vessels: Study
- Study Finds Kidney Stones Linked to Weakened Bones
- Will Kidney Stones Recur? New Test Might Tell
- Will a Warmer Climate Mean More Kidney Stones?
- Ultrasound Trumps CT Scan for Diagnosing Kidney Stones in Study
- Complications Common, Costly With Some Kidney Stone Treatments
- Complications Fairly Common, Costly With Some Kidney Stone Treatments
- Diet to Reduce Blood Pressure May Also Stave Off Kidney Stones
- Vitamin D Supplements: FAQ
- Light Exercise Might Reduce Risk of Kidney Stones
- Kidney Stones Tied to Raised Heart Disease Risk in Women
- Sugary Sodas, Fruit Punches May Raise Kidney Stone Risk: Study
- Exercise May Lower Older Women's Risk for Kidney Stones
- Health Tip: Keep Kidney Stones Away
- Complications From Kidney Stone Surgery Rising, Study Finds
- High Doses of Vitamin C May Raise Risk of Kidney Stones
- Could Chemical in Dishware Raise Your Risk for Kidney Stones?
- Millions May Be Taking Vitamin D Unnecessarily, Analysis Suggests
- Calcium May Help Prevent Hormone Disorder
- Kidney Stones May Be Tied to Later Kidney Problems
- Drinking Iced Tea Raises Kidney Stone Risk: Study
- Vitamin D With Calcium May Boost Survival
- Are the Benefits of Vitamin D Overhyped?
- Group Calls on FDA to Pull Alli, Xenical
- FDA Panel Says 'No' to Weight Loss Drug Qnexa
Subscribe to MedicineNet's General Health Newsletter