Kidney failure can occur from an acute event or a chronic condition or disease. Prerenal kidney failure is caused by blood loss, dehydration, or medication. Some of the renal causes of kidney failure include sepsis, medications, rhabdomyolysis, multiple myeloma, and acute glomerulonephritis.
Post renal causes of kidney failure include bladder obstruction, prostate problems, tumors, or kidney stones.Treatment options included diet, medications, or dialysis.Read more: Kidney (Renal) Failure Article
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Related Disease Conditions
Second Source article from Government
Amyloidosis is a group of diseases resulting from abnormal deposition of certain proteins (amyloids) in various bodily areas. The amyloid proteins may either be deposited in one particular area of the body (localized amyloidosis) or they may be deposited throughout the body (systemic amyloidosis). There are three types of systemic amyloidosis: primary (AL), secondary (AA), and familial (ATTR). Primary amyloidosis is not associated with any other diseases and is considered a disease entity of its own. Secondary amyloidosis occurs as a result of another illness. Familial Mediterranean Fever is a form of familial (inherited) amyloidosis. Amyloidosis treatment involves treating the underlying illness and correcting organ failure.
Burns (First Aid)
Burn types are based on their severity: first-degree burns, second-degree burns, and third-degree burns. First-degree burns are similar to a painful sunburn. The damage is more severe with second-degree burns, leading to blistering and more intense pain. The skin turns white and loses sensation with third-degree burns. Burn treatment depends upon the burn location, total burn area, and intensity of the burn.
Cirrhosis of the liver refers to a disease in which normal liver cells are replaced by scar tissue caused by alcohol and viral hepatitis B and C. This disease leads to abnormalities in the liver's ability to handle toxins and blood flow, causing internal bleeding, kidney failure, mental confusion, coma, body fluid accumulation, and frequent infections. Symptoms include yellowing of the skin (jaundice), itching, and fatigue. The prognosis is good for some people with cirrhosis of the liver, and the survival can be up to 12 years; however the life expectancy is about 6 months to 2 years for people with severe cirrhosis with major complications.
Dehydration is the excessive loss of body water. There are a number of causes of dehydration including heat exposure, prolonged vigorous exercise, and some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms of dehydration include headache, lightheadedness, constipation, and bad breath. Treatment for dehydration is to replace lost fluids and electrolytes.
Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2)
Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 (insulin dependent) and type 2 (non-insulin dependent). Symptoms of diabetes include increased urine output, thirst, hunger, and fatigue. Treatment of diabetes depends on the type.
Buildup of uric acid crystals in a joint causes gouty arthritis. Symptoms and signs include joint pain, swelling, heat, and redness, typically of a single joint. Gout may be treated with diet and lifestyle changes, as well as medication.
Malaria is a disease that is spread by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Malaria symptoms include fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, and body aches. Treatment involves supportive care and antibiotics.
Multiple myeloma is a form of cancer that develops in plasma cells, the white blood cells that make antibodies. Symptoms include bone pain, weakness, extreme thirst, nausea, frequent urination, and broken bones. Treatment of multiple myeloma depends upon the staging and symptoms of the disease.
Peripheral neuropathy is a problem with the functioning of the nerves outside of the spinal cord. Symptoms may include numbness, weakness, burning pain (especially at night), and loss of reflexes. Possible causes may include carpel tunnel syndrome, shingles, vitamin or nutritional deficiencies, and illnesses like diabetes, syphilis, AIDS, and kidney failure. Peripheral neuropathy is diagnosed with exams and tests. Treatment for the condition depends on the cause. Usually, the prognosis for peripheral neuropathy is good if the cause can be successfully treated or prevented.
Renal osteodystrophy is a bone disease. The kidneys fail to maintain required levels of phosphorous and calcium in the blood. Renal osteodystrophy is common in patients with kidney disease and affects dialysis patients. Diagnosis is performed with a blood sample, and in some cases a bone biopsy. Medication is the general treatment for renal osteodystrophy.
Palpitations are uncomfortable sensations of the heart beating hard, rapidly, or irregularly. Some types of palpitations are benign, while others are more serious. Palpitations are diagnosed by taking the patient history and by performing an EKG or heart monitoring along with blood tests. An electrophysiology study may also be performed. Treatment of palpitations may include lifestyle changes, medication, ablation, or implantation of a pacemaker. The prognosis if palpitations depends on the underlying cause.
Pericarditis (Symptoms, ECG, Types, Causes, Treatment)
Pericarditis is the inflammation of the pericardial sac that surrounds the heart. The causes of pericarditis include injury from heart attack, heart surgery, trauma, viral or fungal infection, HIV, tumors, mixed connective tissue disease, metabolic disease, medication reactions, or unknown reasons. Treatment for pericarditis is generally medication, however, sometimes surgery is necessary.
Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is characterized by numerous cysts in the kidneys. Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic disorder. There are two major inherited forms of PKD, autosomal dominant PKD, and autosomal recessive PKD. Symptoms include headaches, urinary tract infections, blood in the urine, liver and pancreatic cysts, abnormal heart valves, high blood pressure, kidney stones, aneurysms, and diverticulosis. Diagnosis of PKD is generally with ultrasound, CT or MRI scan. There is no cure for PKD, so treatment of symptoms is usually the general protocol.
Scleroderma is an autoimmune disease of the connective tissue. It is characterized by the formation of scar tissue (fibrosis) in the skin and organs of the body, leading to thickness and firmness of involved areas. Scleroderma is also referred to as systemic sclerosis, and the cause is unknown. Treatment of scleroderma is directed toward the individual features that are most troubling to the patient.
Lupus (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus or SLE)
Systemic lupus erythematosus is a condition characterized by chronic inflammation of body tissues caused by autoimmune disease. Lupus can cause disease of the skin, heart, lungs, kidneys, joints, and nervous system. When only the skin is involved, the condition is called discoid lupus. When internal organs are involved, the condition is called systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
Vasculitis (arteritis, angiitis) is a general term for a group of uncommon diseases which feature inflammation of the blood vessels. Each form of vasculitis has its own characteristic pattern of symptoms. The diagnosis of vasculitis is definitively established after a biopsy of involved tissue demonstrates the pattern of blood vessel inflammation. Treatment is directed toward decreasing the inflammation of the arteries and improving the function of affected organs.
Diabetes insipidus is a condition in which the patient has frequent urination. Symptoms of diabetes insipidus include irritable, listless, fever, vomiting, or diarrhea due to the loss of large volumes of urine. There are three types of diabetes insipidus, central, nephrogenic, dipsogenic, and gestational. Treatment depends upon the type of diabetes insipidus.
Hyperparathyroidism is a disorder of the parathyroid glands. There are two types of hyperparathyroidism, primary and secondary. When the parathyroid glands produce too much hormone, hyperparathyroidism is the resulting condition. Most cases of hyperparathyroidism have no evident cause. Signs and symptoms of hyperparathyroidism include fatigue, weakness, depression, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, constipation, or confusion. Increased calcium and phosphorous excretion may cause kidney stones. The main treatment of hyperparathyroidism is surgery (parathyroidectomy).
Pulmonary hypertension is elevated pressure in the pulmonary arteries that carry blood from the lungs to the heart. The most common symptoms are fatigue and difficulty breathing. If the condition goes undiagnosed, more severe symptoms may occur. As pulmonary hypertension worsens, some people with the condition have difficulty performing any activities that require physical exertion. While there is no cure for pulmonary hypertension, it can be managed and treated with medications and supplemental oxygen to increase blood oxygen levels.
Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension)
Low blood pressure, also referred to as hypotension, is blood pressure that is so low that it causes symptoms or signs due to the low flow of blood through the arteries and veins. Some of the symptoms of low blood pressure include light-headedness, dizziness, and fainting if not enough blood is getting to the brain. Diseases and medications can also cause low blood pressure. When the flow of blood is too low to deliver enough oxygen and nutrients to vital organs such as the brain, heart, and kidneys; the organs do not function normally and may be permanently damaged.
Hyperkalemia (High Blood Potassium)
Hyperkalemia is an abnormally high level of potassium in the blood. Hyperkalemia symptoms include nausea, fatigue, tingling sensations, or muscle weakness. Hyperkalemia may also cause no symptoms. Hyperkalemia treatment may include a low-potassium diet, medications, and intravenous glucose and insulin. Causes of hyperkalemia include kidney dysfunction, certain medications, adrenal gland diseases, and potassium shifts.
Fabry disease (Fabry's disease, alpha-galactosidase-A) is a genetic disorder with symptoms such as burning sensations in the hands, small-raised reddish-purplish blemishes on the skin, fever, decreases sweating, and gastrointestinal (GI) difficulties. Fabry disease patients are at increased risk of heart attack, heart disease, kidney failure, and stroke. Symptoms of Fabry disease can be treated with medication.
Restless Leg Syndrome
Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a common cause for painful legs that typically eases with motion, and becomes worse and more noticeable at rest. This characteristic nighttime worsening can frequently lead to insomnia. Treatment of the symptoms of restless leg syndrome is generally with medication as well as treating any underlying condition causing restless leg syndrome.
Essential Mixed Cryoglobulinemia
Essential mixed cryoglobulinemia is a condition caused by abnormal blood proteins called cryoglobulins. Symptoms include joint pain, swelling, skin vasculitis, enlarged spleen, and nerve and kidney disease. Treatment involves medications that reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system.
Hydronephrosis describes swelling of the kidney resulting from the inability of urine to drain from the kidney into the bladder. This may be a normal variant or it may be due to an underlying illness or medical condition. Symptoms of acute hydronephrosis may include: intense flank or back pain radiating to the groin, nausea, vomiting, bloody urine, sweating, and colicky pain, which may cause the person to writhe or roll around or pace in pain.
Anemia is the condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin in the blood. The oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood is, therefore, decreased. There are several types of anemia such as iron deficiency anemia (the most common type), sickle cell anemia, vitamin B12 anemia, pernicious anemia, and aplastic anemia. Symptoms of anemia may include fatigue, malaise, hair loss, palpitations, menstruation, and medications. Treatment for anemia includes treating the underlying cause for the condition. Iron supplements, vitamin B12 injections, and certain medications may also be necessary.
Peripheral Vascular Disease
Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) refers to diseases of the blood vessels (arteries and veins) located outside the heart and brain. While there are many causes of peripheral vascular disease, doctors commonly use the term peripheral vascular disease to refer to peripheral artery disease (peripheral arterial disease, PAD), a condition that develops when the arteries that supply blood to the internal organs, arms, and legs become completely or partially blocked as a result of atherosclerosis. Peripheral artery disease symptoms include intermittent leg pain while walking, leg pain at rest, numbness in the legs or feet, and poor wound healing in the legs or feet. Treatment for peripheral artery disease include lifestyle measures, medication, angioplasty, and surgery.
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a diseases in which blood clots within the capillaries. Causes associated with HUS include: E. coli, birth control pills, pneumonia, medications such as chemotherapy, Ticlid, and quinine. Symptoms of HUS include: gastroenteritis, abdominal cramping, vomiting, and bloody diarrhea. Diagnosis of HUS includes: medical history, physical examination, and medical tests. Treatment includes: rest, fluids, possible hospitalization for blood transfusion or complications due to kidney failure.
E. coli (0157:H7) Infection
There are many types of E. coli (Escherichia coli). E. coli can cause urinary tract and bladder infections, or lead to sepsis. E coli O157:H7 (EHEC) causes bloody diarrhea and colitis. Complications of E. coli infection include hemorrhagic diarrhea, hemolytic-uremic syndrome, and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Symptoms include severe abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea. E coli O157:H7 commonly is due to eating raw or undercooked hamburger or raw milk or dairy products.
Heat Exhaustion (First Aid Tips)
Heat exhaustion is a milder form of heat-related illness that can develop after several days of exposure to high temperatures and inadequate or unbalanced replacement fluids. Warning signs of heat exhaustion include heavy sweating, paleness, muscle cramps, tiredness, weakness, dizziness, headache, nausea or vomiting, and fainting. A person suffering from heat exhaustion should stop the activity are doing, move to a cooler environment, and rehydrate with liquids, for example, water or sports drinks. Complications of heat exhaustion are dehydration, muscle weakness, nausea, and vomiting. Heat exhaustion can progress to heat stroke (a medical emergency) if not treated.
Microsporidiosis is an infection caused by the microsporidia parasite. The disease is uncommon in people with normal immune systems. Symptoms in people with immune deficiency include diarrhea, malabsorption, gallbladder disease, cough, labored breathing, urinary tract infection, bowel perforation and keratoconjunctivitis. Microsporidiosis treatment depends on the site of infection and the species of microsporidia involved.
Edema is the swelling of tissues as a result of excess water accumulation. Peripheral edema occurs in the feet and legs. There are two types of edema, non-pitting edema and pitting edema. Causes of pitting edema is caused by systemic diseases (most commonly involving the heart, liver, and kidneys), and medications. Local conditions that cause edema are thrombophlebitis and varicose veins. Edema or swelling of the legs, feet, ankles, and face are common during pregnancy. Idiopathic edema is edema in which the cause is not known. Pitting edema is scored on pitting edema measurement scales. Edema is generally treated with medication.
Disease Prevention in Men
Disease prevention in men includes routine screening tests that are part of basic prevention medicine. Take an active role in your own health care and discuss screening tests with your doctor early in life. Age of screening and timing of screening depends upon the condition being assessed. Diseases men should take steps to prevent include high blood pressure (hypertension), hypercholesterolemia, type II diabetes mellitus, HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), colon cancer and colon polyps, prostate cancer, glaucoma, melanoma and other skin cancer, and bladder cancer.
Renal Artery Stenosis
Renal artery stenosis is a narrowing of the diameter of the renal arteries. When the renal arteries narrow, the result is restricted blood flow to the kidneys, which may lead to impaired kidney function and high blood pressure (referred to as renovascular hypertension (RVHT). Renal artery stenosis can occur in one or both kidneys. The primary cause of renal artery stenosis is atherosclerosis. Risk factors for renal artery stenosis include: high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, age, cigarette smoking, and diabetes. Symptoms of renal artery stenosis include high blood pressure that does not respond to treatment and severe high blood pressure in individuals younger than 30 or greater than 50 years of age. Renal artery stenosis is diagnosed with imaging and functional tests. Treatment for renal artery stenosis include medication or surgery.
Hypertensive Kidney Disease
High blood pressure can damage the kidneys and is one of the leading causes of kidney failure (end-stage renal kidney disease). Kidney damage, like hypertension, can be unnoticeable and detected only through medical tests. If you have kidney disease, you should control your blood pressure. Other treatment options include prescription medications.
Preeclampsia and Eclampsia
Preeclampsia is a condition in pregnant women marked by high blood pressure and a high level of protein in the urine. Eclampsia occurs when preeclampsia goes untreated. Eclampsia can cause coma and death of the mother and baby. Preeclampsia symptoms include rapid weight gain, abdominal pain, headaches, blood in the urine, dizziness, and excessive vomiting and nausea. The only real cure for preeclampsia and eclampsia is the birth of the baby.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that may be reversible with diet and lifestyle changes. Symptoms include excessive thirst, frequent urination, weight loss, fatigue, and an unusual odor to your urine. Most people don't know they have type 2 diabetes until they have a routine blood test. Treatment options include medications, a type 2 diabetes diet, and other lifestyle changes.
Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems
Learn how to recognize early warning signs and symptoms of serious diseases and health problems, for example, chronic cough, headache, chest pain, nausea, stool color or consistency changes, heartburn, skin moles, anxiety, nightmares, suicidal thoughts, hallucinations, delusions, lightheadedness, night sweats, eye problems, confusion, depression, severe pelvic or abdominal pain, unusual vaginal discharge, and nipple changes. The symptoms and signs of serious health problems can be caused by strokes, heart attacks, cancers, reproductive problems in females (for example, cancers, fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, and sexually transmitted diseases or STDs), breast problems (for example, breast cancer and non-cancer related diseases), lung diseases (for example, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD, lung cancer, emphysema, and asthma), stomach or digestive diseases (for example, cancers, gallbladder, liver, and pancreatic diseases, ulcerative colitis, or Crohn's disease), bladder problems (for example, urinary incontinence, and kidney infections), skin cancer, muscle and joint problems, emotional problems or mental illness (for example, postpartum depression, major depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mania, and schizophrenia), and headache disorders (for example, migraines, or "the worst headache of your life), and eating disorders and weight problems (for example, anorexia or bulimia).
High Blood Pressure Treatment (Natural Home Remedies, Diet, Medications)
High blood pressure (hypertension) means high pressure (tension) in the arteries. Treatment for high blood pressure include lifestyle modifications (alcohol, smoking, coffee, salt, diet, exercise), drugs and medications such as ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, beta blockers, diuretics, calcium channel blockers (CCBs), alpha blockers, clonidine, minoxidil, and Exforge.
Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE)
Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infection is the most common type of infection acquired by patients while hospitalized. Patients at risk for VRE are those who are already ill, and hospitalized, including individuals with diabetes, elderly, ICU patients, kidney failure patients, or patients requiring catheters. Enterococci can survive for months in the digestive tract and female genital tract. Other risk factors for acquiring VRE include those how have been previously treated with vancomycin and combinations of other antibiotics. Treatment of VRE is generally with other antibiotics other than vancomycin. Prevention of VRE can be achieved by proper hand hygiene.
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF)
Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a tick-borne disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash, headache, and muscle aches. The antibiotic doxycycline is the standard treatment for Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
Viral Hemorrhagic Fever
Viral hemorrhagic fever(s), or VHFs are a group of illnesses caused by distinct families of viruses. Many of these viruses are life-threatening, and classified as biosafety level four (BSL-4) pathogens. Viral hemorrhagic fever viruses are caused arenaviruses, filoviruses, bunyaviruses, and flaviviruses. The viruses are carried in rodents and transmitted through urine, fecal, saliva, or other body excretions from the infected rodents. Symptoms of viral hemorrhagic fever include marked fatigue, dizziness, muscle aches, loss of strength, fever, and exhaustion. Severely ill patients may also suffer shock coma, seizures, delirium, kidney failure, or nervous system malfunction. There is no established cure for viral hemorrhagic fever.
Sepsis (blood poisoning) is a potentially deadly infection with signs and symptoms that include elevated heart rate, low or high temperature, rapid breathing and/or a white blood cell count that is too high or too low and has more than 10% band cells. Most cases of sepsis are caused by bacterial infections, and some cases are caused by fungal infections. Treatment requires hospitalization, IV antibiotics, and therapy to treat any organ dysfunction.
Hypercalcemia (Elevated Calcium Levels)
Hypercalcemia is a condition in which calcium levels in the blood are elevated. Hypercalcemia is associated with other conditions such as hyperparathyroidism, lung cancer, breast cancer, kidney failure, and elevated levels of vitamin D. Symptoms of hypercalcemia include constipation, nausea, abdominal pain, and kidney stones. Treatment depends on the cause of hypercalcemia.
Rhabdomyolysis is a rapid deterioration and destruction of skeletal muscle. Some of the causes of rhabdomyolysis include: severe burns, muscle trauma, coma, seizures, electrolyte imbalance, medications (statins), viruses, and bacteria. Treatment of rhabdomyolysis depends on the cause.
Hyponatremia (Low Blood Sodium)
Hyponatremia is a condition in which the levels of sodium in the blood is too low. Some of the symptoms of hyponatremia include headaches, muscle cramps or spasm, seizures, weakness, restlessness, and confusion. Hyponatremia can occur from excess fluid in the body, or a loss of sodium in body fluid. Causes of low levels of sodium in the blood include chronic diseases like kidney or congestive heart failure, adrenal gland problems, hypothyroidism, and liver cirrhosis, and some medications. Diet and other lifestyle changes in addition to treatment with electrolyte replacement with an IV. Other treatments for hyponatremia depend upon the cause.
Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count)
Thrombocytopenia (low platelet count) refers to a decreased number of platelets in the blood. Symptoms of thrombocytopenia include: Increased bruising Spontaneous bleeding Small, purple spots under the skin called purpura There are many causes of thrombocytopenia such as decreased platelet production (viral infections for example rubella, mumps, chickenpox, hepatitis C, and HIV); increased platelet destruction or consumption (for example sulfonamide antibiotics, heparin, blood transfusions, and lupus); or increased splenic sequestration (enlarged spleen due to conditions for example liver disease, blood cancers, and more). Treatment of thrombocytopenia depends on the cause.
Pulmonary edema (swelling or fluid in the lungs) can either be caused by cardiogenic causes (congestive heart failure, heart attacks, abnormal heart valves) or noncardiogenic causes such as: ARDS, kidney failure, high altitude, pneumothorax, pleural effusion, aspirin overdose, pulmonary embolism, and infections. The treatment of pulmonary edema depends on the cause of the condition.
Encephalopathy means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. Causes of encephalopathy are varied and numerous. The main symptom of encephalopathy is an altered mental state. Other symptoms include: lethargy, dementia, seizures, tremors, and coma. Treatment of encephalopathy depends on the type of encephalopathy (anoxia, diabetic, Hashimoto's, hepatic, hyper - hypotensive, infectious, metabolic, infections, uremic, or Wernicke's) are examples of types of encephalopathy.
Diabetes and Kidney Disease
In the United States diabetes is the most common cause of kidney failure. High blood pressure and high levels of blood glucose increase the risk that a person with diabetes will eventually progress to kidney failure. Kidney disease in people with diabetes develops over the course of many years. albumin and eGFR are two key markers for kidney disease in people with diabetes. Controlling high blood pressure, blood pressure medications, a moderate protein diet, and compliant management of blood glucose can slow the progression of kidney disease. For those patients who's kidneys eventually fail, dialysis or kidney transplantation is the only option.
Hiccups are a sudden, involuntary contraction of the diaphragm muscle. In general hiccups are just a temporary condition. Some of the causes of hiccups include certain medications, surgery, eating or drinking too much, spicy foods, diseases or conditions that irritate the nerves controlling the diaphragm, strokes, brain tumors, liver failure, and noxious fumes. There are a variety of home remedies and treatments that can be used to get rid of hiccups.
Ascites, the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is most commonly caused by cirrhosis of the liver. Some of the other causes of ascites include portal hypertension, congestive heart failure, blood clots, and pancreatitis. The most common symptoms include increased abdominal girth and size, abdominal bloating, and abdominal pain. Treatment depends on the cause of ascites.
Gynecomastia (Enlarged Male Breasts)
Gynecomastia, an enlargement of the gland tissue in the male breast is caused by an imbalance of hormones. Certain medical conditions may also lead to gynecomastia such as cirrhosis, malnutrition, disorders of the male sex organs, kidney failure, thyroid disorders, and medications. Gynecomastia is generally treated with medication, and if necessary, surgery.
Lymphedema is a condition in which one or more extremities become swollen as the result of an impaired flow of the lymphatic system. There are two types of lymphedema: primary and secondary. Filariasis is the most common cause of lymphedema worldwide. In the U.S., breast cancer surgery is the most common cause. Symptoms include swelling of one or more limbs, cracked and thickening skin, and secondary bacterial or fungal infections of the skin. There is no cure for lymphedema.
Dry skin (xeroderma) may be caused by external factors, like cold temperatures, low humidity, harsh soaps, and certain medications, or internal factors, such as thyroid disease, diabetes, psoriasis, or Sjogren's syndrome. Symptoms and signs of dry skin include itching and red, cracked or flaky skin. The main treatment for dry skin is frequent, daily lubrication of the skin.
Pleural Effusion (Fluid in the Pleural Space)
Pleural effusion is a buildup of fluid in the chest or on the lungs. There are two types of pleural effusion, transudate and exudate. Causes of transudate pleural effusion include congestive heart failure, kidney failure, and cirrhosis. Exudate pleural effusion can be caused by malignancy (cancer) or lung infection. Typically, transudate pleural effusion is more easily treatable. Symptoms of pleural effusion include chest pain, pain when breathing, difficulty breathing, and cough. Treatment depends on the source or cause of the pleural effusion.
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS)
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a disease transmitted by rodents. Symptoms include fever and muscle pain. HPS can be prevented by sealing up rodent entry holes, trapping rats and mice with an appropriate snap trap, and cleaning up rodent food sources.
Compartment syndrome is a condition in which swelling and an increase in pressure within a limited space presses and compresses blood vessels, nerves, or tendons that run through the compartment. There are two types of compartment syndrome: acute compartment syndrome, which is treated with surgery (fasciotomy), and chronic compartment syndrome, which is treated with rest and modality to the affected limb. Symptoms of compartment syndrome include: pain, change in sensation, change in color, paralysis, or numbness in the affected limb.
Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)
Enterovirulent Escherichia coli (E. coli) are strains of related bacteria that have a strong propensity to cause gastrointestinal tract infections. Examples of strains include: EHEC (enterohemorrhagic E. coli), ETEC (enterotoxigenic E. coli), EPEC (enteropathogenic E. coli), EIEC (enteroinvasive E. coli), EAEC (enteroadherent E. coli), and EAggEC (enteroaggregative E. coli). Symptoms may vary depending on the strain the individual contracts. Infection is spread generally through contaminated food or drink.
Yellow fever is an infectious disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. Side effects are rare with the yellow fever vaccine. Symptoms include fever, chills, back pain, nausea, vomiting, and headache. Treatment is aimed at relieving symptoms.
Arsenic comes in two forms, inorganic and organic. Organic arsenic poisoning is usually not poisonous to humans; however, inorganic arsenic in large enough amounts can lead to shock and death. Symptoms of arsenic poisoning include nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, dehydration, dark urine, vertigo, delirium, shock, and death. Treatment for arsenic poisoning includes Hemodialysis and a variety of drugs.
Kidney Dysplasia: In Infants and Children
Kidney dysplasia is a condition in which one or both of a baby's kidneys do not develop normally. In kidney dysplasia, cysts replace normal kidney tissue. Signs of kidney dysplasia include enlarged kidneys and, rarely, high blood pressure. A child with kidney dysplasia may not have any symptoms. Genes and maternal exposure to certain drugs may cause kidney dysplasia. Regular checkups should include blood pressure measurements, kidney function tests, and urine testing for protein.
Swollen Ankles and Swollen Feet
Swollen ankles and swollen feet is a symptom of an underlying disease or condition such as edema, medications, pregnancy, injuries, diseases, infections, lymphedema, or blood clots.
MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome)
MERS-CoV (Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus) infection can be spread through respiratory secretions. Symptoms include fever, dry cough, and severe shortness of breath. Treatment focuses on supportive care.
Alport syndrome is a genetic condition that causes kidney disease, hearing loss, and vision loss in affected individuals. Mutations in one of three genes that code for a protein called type IV collagen cause Alport syndrome.
Kidney Pain Symptoms, Treatment, and Cure
Kidney pain has a variety of causes and symptoms. Infection, injury, trauma, bleeding disorders, kidney stones, and less common conditions may lead to kidney pain. Symptoms associated with kidney pain may include fever, vomiting, nausea, flank pain, and painful urination. Treatment of kidney pain depends on the cause of the pain.
Is Cholera Contagious?
Cholera is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae. It's typically transmitted via infected fecal matter. Cholera causes frequent bouts of vomiting and watery diarrhea.
Is E. coli Contagious? (Symptoms and Cure)
E. coli is an infection found worldwide. There are several subtypes of the E. coli species. E. coli spreads from person to person via contaminated food or water. Symptoms and signs of E. coli infection include diarrhea, stomach cramps, and sometimes fever. Antibiotics treat E. coli infection.
Burkitt lymphomas are types of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that affect the bone marrow and central nervous system. There are multiple types of Burkitt lymphoma. Gene mutations, malaria, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) may increase the risk of these cancers. Symptoms of Burkitt lymphoma may include nausea, vomiting, headache, fatigue, enlarged lymph nodes, and many other symptoms. Diagnosis involves lab testing, imaging studies, patient history, and cytogenic evaluation. There are multiple staging systems used to stage Burkitt lymphoma. Treatment consists of chemotherapy. The prognosis of the cancer tends to be more favorable in children than in adults.
Peritonitis is a bacterial infection inside of the abdomen. Some doctors choose to group the causes of peritonitis into five categories; 1) primary peritonitis, 2) secondary peritonitis, 3) tertiary peritonitis, 4) chemical (sterile) peritonitis, and 5) peritoneal abscess. Others do not categorize peritonitis, they use a term to describe the disease in front or behind the word peritonitis. Symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Treatment is generally with antibiotics.
Diabetic Ketoacidosis (Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Complications)
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a complication of type 1 diabetes that is life threatening. If a person thinks they may have diabetic ketoacidosis they should seek medical care immediately. Diabetic ketoacidosis happens when a person's insulin levels in the blood become dangerously low. Symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis include dehydration, abdominal pain, confusion, and nausea and vomiting. Diabetic ketoacidosis needs medical treatment. It cannot be treated at home.
Flakka (also known as "bath salts" or a number of other slang names) is a dangerous synthetic or "designer" drug. Users take it to experience euphoria, but it can often lead to dangerous delusions, paranoia, and bizarre behaviors. Dehydration, hyperthermia, and a dangerous condition that affects the kidneys called rhabdomyolysis can occur as a result of using Flakka.
Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC)
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a rare genetic disease caused by defects on two genes. The signs and symptoms of TSC vary depending on which organs and systems are involved. Common symptoms include benign tumors, seizures, behavior problems, skin abnormalities, and cognitive impairment. TSC treatment focuses on alleviating the symptoms with medications, special schooling, surgery, supplemental oxygen therapy, lung transplantation, and occupational therapy.
The bacteria Capnocytophaga canimorsus is common in the mouths of cats, people, and dogs. People with weak immune systems are at risk for contracting Capnocytophaga infections. Antibiotics can kill this bacteria.
COVID-19 (Coronavirus, 2019-nCoV)
Infection with COVID-19 (2019 novel coronavirus, 2019-nCoV) causes respiratory problems in humans. Transmission of COVID-19 occurs mainly through contact with respiratory sections from an infected person, however, fecal contamination may also spread the virus. Symptoms start off flu-like and progress to coughing, fever, shortness of breath, shaking chills, headache, loss of sense of taste and/or smell, muscle pain, and sore throat. Treatment focuses on supportive care and symptom relief.
Why Are Calcium Levels Low in Renal Failure?
Renal failure usually causes calcium imbalance. During renal failure, the kidneys may no longer filter out extra phosphorus and remove it from the body or from urine. Over time, phosphorus may increase in the blood. Calcium and phosphorous usually keep each other in check.
Local ResourcesFind a local Nephrologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Breast Discharge (Nipple Discharge)
- Erectile Dysfunction (Impotence)
- Leg Swelling
- Seizure (Epilepsy)
- Indigestion (Dyspepsia, Upset Stomach)
- Weight Gain
- Fatigue, Tiredness, and Lethargy
- Loss of Appetite
- Restless Leg Syndrome
- Shortness of Breath (Dyspnea)
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Swollen Ankles and/or Swollen Feet
- Cloudy Urine
- Loss of Temperature Sensation
- Altered Mental Status
- Decreased Appetite
- Bad Breath
- Low Urine Output
- Peripheral Neuropathy
- Kidney Failure
- Inability to Exercise (Exercise Intolerance)
- High Blood Pressure FAQs
- Diabetes FAQs
- Kidney Disease FAQs
- Abdominal Pain Causes
- ARBs & ACE Inhibitors...Powerful Blood Pressure Treatment
- ARBs and ACE Inhibitors..Hidden Benefits
- Symptoms of MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome or MERS-CoV) Virus Infection
- Rhabdomyolysis Symptoms and Causes
- Lupus Nephritis Treatment
- Sickle Trait and Sickle Cell Disease
- E. coli Infection Facts
- Pain Relievers and High Blood Pressure
- Low Blood Pressure During Pregnancy
Medications & Supplements
- quinapril (Accupril)
- Aldactone (spironolactone)
- ramipril (Altace)
- captopril (Capoten)
- hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide, Hydrodiuril)
- furosemide (Lasix)
- benazepril (Lotensin HTC)
- fosinopril sodium, Monopril
- enalapril (Vasotec, Epaned)
- lisinopril (Zestril, Prinivil, Qbrelis) ACE Inhibitor
- lisinopril and hydrochlorothiazide (Zestoretic, Prinzide)
- benazepril and hydrochlorothiazide (Lotensin HCT)
- tacrolimus (Prograf, Astagraf XL, Envarsus XR)
- enalapril and hydrochlorothiazide (Vaseretic)
- captopril and hydrochlorothiazide (Capozide)
- trandolapril (Mavik)
- ACE Inhibitors (Side Effects, List of Names, Uses, and Dosage)
- Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs)
- Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs)
- Thiazides (Diuretics)
- paricalcitol - injection, Zemplar
- mannitol (Osmitrol)
- mycophenolate mofetil (CellCept)
- cmv immune globulin - intravenous, Cytogam
- sirolimus - oral, Rapamune
- calcitriol (Rocaltrol)
- darbepoetin alfa - injection, Aranesp
- calcium acetate (PhosLo)
- torsemide (Demadex)
- levocarnitine (Carnitor)
- albumin human (Albuked, Albuminar)
- sirolimus solution - oral, Rapamune
- calcitriol - injection, Calcijex
- Lasix (furosemide) vs. Demadex (torsemide)
- Lasix (furosemide) vs. Edecrin (ethacrynic acid)
- Lasix (furosemide) vs. hydrochlorothiazide
- Lasix (furosemide) vs. Zaroxolyn (metolazone)
- Lasix (furosemide) vs. thiazide diuretics
- Lasix Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Veltassa (patiromer)
- Albuminar (albumin) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Side Effects of Demadex (torsemide)
- Side Effects of Prograf (tacrolimus)
- Side Effects of Osmitrol (mannitol)
- NephrAmine (essential amino acid)
- Feraheme (ferumoxytol injection)
- Monoferric (ferric derisomaltose)
- Injectafer (ferric carboxymaltose)
Prevention & Wellness
- Kidneys Might Affect Mental Status As You Age
- Wildfire Pollution Puts Kidney Patients at Risk
- What Happens to Your Kidneys as You Age?
- Many Kidney Failure Patients Regret Starting Dialysis
- Too Many Sugary Sodas Might Harm Your Kidneys
- Kidney Failure Often a COVID-19 Complication
- Kidney Transplant Patients at High Risk of Fatal COVID-19: Study
- Welcome to the 'Smart Toilet' That Can Spot Disease
- Lessons Learned With Kidney Disease in COVID-19
- Should I Still Do Dialysis With Coronavirus?
- Uninsured Kidney Patients Often End Up in ERs
- Are Doctors Discarding 'Injured' Kidneys That Might Be Used for Transplant?
- Heart Disease May Up Risk of Kidney Failure
- Mediterranean Diet May Help Preserve Kidney Function After Transplant
- New Tool Predicts Odds of Kidney Disease
- Not All Transplant Centers Use Deceased-Donor Kidneys, Despite Growing Need
- Kidney Transplants Between People With HIV Are Successful
- Could Profit Be a Factor in Kidney Transplant Decisions?
- Thousands of Kidneys Thrown Away by U.S. Transplant Centers
- Disinfectants Can't Stop This Dangerous Hospital Germ
- Flesh-Eating Bacteria Claims Life of Florida Woman
- Heartburn Drugs Again Tied to Fatal Risks
- In a World First, Drone Delivers Kidney for Transplant
- Half of Older Dialysis Patients Die Within a Year, Study Finds
- Itchy Skin Common Alongside Kidney Disease
- For One Man, Too Much Vitamin D Was Disastrous
- Surgeons Perform First HIV-Positive Kidney Transplant From Living Donor
- AHA News: Opioid Meds Pose Danger to Kidney Disease Patients
- Kratom-Related Poisonings Are Soaring, Study Finds
- Kidney Failure Patients Face Higher Risk of Cancer Death
- Are Scientists Closer to Growing Made-to-Order Kidneys?
- CPR Not Always Given at Dialysis Clinics When Needed
- Flu May Be a Factor in Many Kidney Failure Deaths
- Connecting the Dots Between Heartburn Drugs and Kidney Damage
- Kidney Disease More Deadly for Men
- Donated Kidneys From Pot Users Seem Safe: Study
- Fewer Late-Stage Kidney Deaths After Obamacare: Study
- Is the U.S. Throwing Away Too Many Donor Kidneys?
- Obese Patients Often Denied Kidney Transplants. Should They Be?
- Is Kidney Dialysis Always Needed When Septic Shock Strikes?
- Study Sees No Link Between Gout Drug, Kidney Disease
- Common Heartburn Drugs Linked to Broken Hips in Dialysis Patients
- Black Patients Have 5 Times the Rate of Blood Pressure Crises
- Health Tip: Maintain a Healthy Heart While on Dialysis
- One Reason Why Kidney Transplants Fail
- Hepatitis-Infected Kidneys a Safe Option for Transplant: Study
- Too Many Kidney Disease Patients in the Dark About Diet
- Fewer Dialysis Patients Facing Leg Amputations
- 850 Million People Worldwide Have Kidney Disease
- Obamacare May Have Boosted Kidney Transplant Outcomes
- Kidney Docs Worry Over No Dialysis for Undocumented Immigrants
- Money Underpins Drop in Kidney Donations Among Men and the Poor
- There May Be a Better IV Fluid Than Saline, Studies Find
- Defibrillators May Not Help Kidney Patients With Bad Hearts
- Kidney Donors Could Face Some Long-Term Health Risks
- State Rules Affect Survival of Immigrants With Kidney Failure
- Are Good Kidneys Going to Waste?
- Kidney Failure Declining Among U.S. Diabetics: CDC
- Kidney Failure Can Isolate Young Patients
- Dirty Air Might Harm Your Kidneys
- Selena Gomez Had a Kidney Transplant Earlier This Year
- Diabetes Threatens Kidneys, Vision of Millions of Americans
- Asthma Drug May Help Kidney Patients Regain Sense of Smell
- Donor Kidneys Rejected by Centers 7 Times on Average
- Thyroid Problems May Make Things Worse for Dialysis Patients
- 1 in 7 Americans Has Kidney Disease: CDC
- Kidneys From Deceased Diabetics Might Ease Organ Shortage: Study
- Kidney Disease a Big Contributor to Heart-Related Deaths: Study
- Weight, Gender Appear to Play Part in Kidney Transplant Success
- Sickle Cell Trait Tied to Higher Kidney Failure Risk for Blacks
- Kidney Transplant Survival Up Among Babies, Kids
- Air Pollution May Raise Risk of Type 2 Diabetes
- Non-English Speakers Less Likely to Be on Kidney Transplant List
- Undocumented Immigrants Often Face Tough Health Care Choices
- Depression Often Untreated in Dialysis Patients
- Native Americans Make Progress Against Diabetes Complication
- For Kids With Kidney Disease, Race May Play Role in Outcomes
- Female Doctors May Have an Edge: Study
- Don't Rule Out Kidneys From Elderly Donors
- Healthy Diet May Mean Longer Life for Kidney Patients
- Normal Blood Pressure in Clinic May Mask Hypertension
- Poor Sleep Linked to Worsening Kidney Disease
- Smoking May Hinder Kidney Disease Drugs
- West Nile's Long-Term Death Toll May Be Higher Than Thought
- Constipation, Kidney Disease May Be Linked, New Research Shows
- Study Counters Notion That Heart Surgery Poses More Kidney Risks to Women
- When Complications Arise, Some Hospitals Get Paid a Lot More
- A Better Diabetes Test?
- Concern About Dialysis Safety Spurs CDC Action
- Zika May Be Passed on Through Tears, Sweat: Report
- Could Prescribed NSAID Painkillers Raise Heart Failure Risk?
- Fruits, Veggies Powerful Rx for Kidney Disease: Study
- Too Much Red Meat Might Harm Kidneys, Study Suggests
- Type of Disease May Dictate End-of-Life Care
- Smoking Harms Black Americans' Kidneys, Study Suggests
- Warfarin Can Be Safe, Effective for People With Irregular Heartbeat
- Common Heartburn Drugs Linked to Kidney Disease in Study
- Weight-Loss Surgery May Help Control Type 2 Diabetes in Long Run
- Medicare Spends Billions on Chronic Kidney Disease, Study Finds
- Do-It-Yourself Blood Pressure Checks May Help Spot Heart, Stroke Risk
- Paying for Kidneys Might Boost Donor Rate, Study Says
- Kidney Dialysis Might Not Extend Survival of Elderly
- Antibiotic Resistance Common in Kids' Urinary Tract Infections
- Blacks More Likely to Have Kidney Failure Than Whites: Study
- Transplant From Incompatible Living Donor Boosts Kidney Patients' Survival
- Study Sees Possible Link Between Antibiotics and Delirium in Patients
- Racial Disparity in Kidney Transplant Outcomes Narrows: Study
- Online Tool Helps Predict Chances of Kidney Failure, Study Finds
- Heartburn Meds Linked to Chronic Kidney Disease
- Diabetic Kidney Damage May Start Earlier Than Thought
- More Support for Lower Blood Pressure Goals
- Celery-Onion Blend Is Cause of E.Coli Outbreak Tied to Costco Chicken Salad: CDC
- Kidney Woes Tied to Raised Cancer Risk, Study Finds
- Kidney Transplant 'Tourism' Comes With Risks: Study
- Kidney Disease Rates Have Stabilized in U.S., Study Finds
- Donor Kidneys More Likely to Be Discarded on Weekends: Study
- Poor Sleep Might Harm Kidneys, Study Suggests
- Early Warning Sign for Kidney Disease Identified in Study
- Kidney Patients Without Online Access Face Additional Burden
- Do Taller Patients Fare Worse on Dialysis?
- A High Salt and Potassium Diet May Accelerate Chronic Kidney Disease
- Doctors Perform First Double Hand Transplant in a Child
- U.S. Dialysis Patients Increasingly Live in Poor Areas
- Abnormal Test Results in Hospital Signal Raised Kidney Injury Risk
- Man's Iced Tea Habit May Have Swamped His Kidneys
- Steer Clear of Raw Milk, Researchers Warn
- Kidney Patients Living Longer on Dialysis, Study Shows
- Kidney Dialysis Increasing for Pregnant Women
- HIV Patients May Fare as Well as Others With Kidney Transplants
- Millions of Kidney Failure Patients Die for Lack of Treatment: Study
- First Device Approved for Dialysis-Related Amyloidosis
- Meat-Heavy, High-Acid Diet Poses Risk for Those With Kidney Disease: Study
- Kidneys From HIV Donors May Be OK for HIV Patients, Study Finds
- Timing of Kidney Transplants Doesn't Affect Pregnancy Chances
- Kidney Disease Treatment May Be Improving, Study Suggests
- Drug to Treat Serious Infections May Harm Kids' Kidneys, Study Says
- Heat Stroke, Kidney Failure Help Drive Illnesses From Extreme Heat
- New U.S. Kidney Transplant Rules Take Effect
- Study Supports Giving Kidney Donors Priority When They Need a Kidney
- Many Dialysis Patients Ill-Prepared for Emergencies, Study Says
- Gene Test May Spot Which Kidney Transplants More Likely to Fail
- Frailty Tied to Lower Survival Rates After Kidney Transplant
- Women Less Likely to Get Kidney Dialysis Than Men, Study Finds
- Common Childhood Vaccine Cuts 'Superbug' Infection: Study
- Aerobic Exercise May Boost Quality of Life for Dialysis Patients
- Certain Antipsychotic Meds Tied to Kidney Problems in Elderly
- Popular Southern Fare May Harm Your Kidneys
- Childhood Urinary Tract Infection May Bring Lasting Harm to Kidneys
- Blood Thinner Doesn't Prevent Miscarriages: Study
- Blood-Thinner Pradaxa: What You Should Know
- Cost of Kidney Donation May Deter the Poor
- Older Adults Can Safely Donate a Kidney, Study Finds
- Younger Blacks on Dialysis Fare Worse in Poor Neighborhoods: Study
- Study Questions Use of Beta Blockers Before Heart Bypass Surgery
- Blacks May Respond Better Than Whites to Diabetes Drug Metformin
- Task Force Recommends Hep B Screening for High-Risk People
- Kidney Transplant Beats Intensive Dialysis, Study Says
- New Dialysis Machine Treats Tiniest of Newborns
- More Americans Hospitalized for Irregular Heartbeat, Study Finds
- Early Sign of Kidney Disease Often Ignored, Study Says
- A Little Wine Might Help Kidneys Stay Healthy
- People With Kidney Disease Show Higher Cancer Risk in Study
- Diabetes Complication Rates Drop Among U.S. Adults
- Preventive Steroids May Not Help Heart Bypass
- Preventive Steroids May Not Improve Heart Bypass Surgery Results
- Depressed Diabetics May Face Higher Risk of Kidney Disease
- Outcomes Improving for Kids With Kidney Transplants
- Warfarin Safe for Kidney Patients With Irregular Heartbeat: Study
- Kidney Donation a Low-Risk Choice, Study Finds
- Could People's Well-Being Affect Likelihood of Kidney Donation?
- Kidney Injury During Surgery Tied to Risk of Heart Problems
- Kids Who Undergo Heart Transplant Living Longer: Study
- Older Patients May Fare Better in Trauma Centers That Treat More of Their Peers
- As Weight Rises in People With Diabetes, So Does Death Risk: Study
- FDA Warns Against Misuse of Laxatives
- Tight Blood Sugar Control Might Not Help All Critically Ill Kids
- Mediterranean Diet Alone May Lower Diabetes Risk
- Doctors Warn Against Raw Milk for Kids, Pregnant Women
- Higher Spending on Poor Leg Circulation May Not Pay Off
- Arthritis Drug Could Benefit Some Kidney Disease Patients
- Sugary Soda Habit May Harm Kidneys, Study Suggests
- Signs of Early Kidney Damage Found in Some 9/11 Responders
- U.S. Malaria Cases Hit 40-Year High
- Lupus More Likely to Affect Young, Black Women, Study Finds
- Many Lupus Patients Forgo Needed Medication, Study Finds
- Don't Routinely Test for Kidney Disease in Those Without Symptoms: Experts
- Nosebleeds Common But Seldom Serious, Study Finds
- Study Sees Link Between Psoriasis, Kidney Problems
- For Dialysis Patients, It Was a Honey of An Idea
- Chronic Kidney Disease on Rise Among U.S. Seniors, Study Shows
- Anemia Might Raise Dementia Risk, Study Suggests
- Young Teens at Raised Risk of Kidney Transplant Failure: Study
- Transplant May Boost Survival in Obese Kidney Failure Patients
- Researchers Spot Mutant Gene Behind Defects That Can Cause Kidney Failure
- Kidney Failure a Possible Risk of Prostate Cancer Hormone Treatment: Study
- CDC Guidelines Could Cut Bloodstream Infections From Dialysis
- Most Americans Should Eat Less Salt: Report
- Death Rate Dropping for Children on Dialysis: Study
- 'Off-the-Shelf' Artificial Blood Vessels Show Promise
- 'Bioengineered' Kidneys Show Promise in Rat Study
- Belly Fat May Be Tied to Kidney Damage
- Overweight While Younger Ups Kidney Risk Later
- Racial Gap Seen in Survival Among Kidney Dialysis Patients
- High-Dose Statins Linked to Acute Kidney Damage
- Ultrasound Allows Early Detection of Fluid in Dialysis Patients' Lungs
- Fraudulent Data May Have Led to Use of Risky Treatment in ICUs
- 16 Cases of Kidney Damage in 6 States From Synthetic Pot: CDC
- Synthetic Marijuana Use Linked to Kidney Damage
- Daily Dialysis Has Risks, Benefits for Kidney Disease Patients
- High Blood Pressure in Kids May Be Less Common Than Thought
- Common Painkillers Tied to Kidney Risks for Children: Study
- Which Hospital Patients Need Drugs to Prevent Gastrointestinal Bleeding?
- Study Finds New SARS-Like Virus Spread Through Bats, Pigs
- Acute Kidney Injuries Up Sharply in U.S.
- Kidney Disease More Severe in Blacks Than Others: Study
- More New Drugs a Bad Fit With Grapefruit, Study Finds
- Reduced Kidney Function Tied to Mental Decline
- Hearing Loss Tied to Diabetes in Study
- Controversial Alternative Heart Treatment Shows Hint of Benefit
- Eating More Fruits, Veggies May Help Kidney Patients
- Adult Kidney Failure Tied to Excess Weight as Teen
- As Armstrong Case Unfolds, Experts Describe Doping's Harms
- Some People OK With Monetary Payments to Boost Kidney Donation: Survey
- New Symptoms Tied to Death Risk in Severe Kidney Disease
- 'Half-Match' Marrow Transplants Help Some With Sickle Cell
- Kidney Stones May Be Tied to Later Kidney Problems
- Not Enough Data to Support Kidney Disease Screening, Task Force Says
- West Nile Virus: Who's at Risk?
- Men Have a Greater Lifetime Risk for Kidney Failure: Study
- No Health Risk When Jehovah's Witnesses Refuse Blood: Study
- Effects of High Blood Pressure Drug May Mimic Celiac Disease
- Weight-Loss Surgery May Improve Diabetes-Related Kidney Damage
- High Rates of Untreated Kidney Failure Seen in Elderly
- Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes Rising Among U.S. Kids and Teens
- Infant Dies in New E. Coli Outbreak
- Atkins-Type Diets Look Kidney-Friendly: Study
- More Families Seek Kidney Donations on Facebook
- Tight Blood-Sugar Control Shows Mixed Results for Health of Kidneys: Study
- High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy May Threaten Kids' Heart Health
- First, Second Kidney Transplants Have Similar Success: Study
- New Guidelines for Kidney Disease Due to Lupus
- Fish Oil Doesn't Cut Failure Rate of Hemodialysis Grafts
- Routine Kidney Disease Screening Not Worthwhile, Experts Say
- Type 2 Diabetes in Kids a Challenge to Control
- Kids' Kidney Transplant Rules May Have Shrunk 'Race Gap'
- Donor Kidney Re-Used in Second Patient After Failing in First
- Cost of Snakebite Therapy May Squeeze Victims' Wallets
- Consumer Group to FDA: Take Victoza off the Market
- Role of Screening, Monitoring in Early Kidney Disease Unclear
- Herbal Remedy Ingredient Tied to Cancer, Kidney Failure
- Women on Dialysis May Experience Sexual Problems: Survey
- Tighter Recommendations Issued for Blood Cell Transfusions
- Omontys Approved for Anemic People With Kidney Disease
- Health Highlights: March 26, 2012
- Age of Live Kidney Donor Makes Little Difference in Organ's Health
- Altered Stem Cells Limit Transplant Rejection
- Weight-Loss Surgery Seems Safe for Kidney Disease Patients
- Dieting Can Prove Dangerous for Kidney Disease Patients
- More Kidney Dialysis Is Better, Research Finds
- Voraxaze Approved to Treat High Levels of Chemo Drug
- Recent E. Coli Outbreak Traced to Lettuce From One Farm: CDC
- Burn-Casualty Soldiers at High Risk for Kidney Injury, Study Finds
- Few With Acute Kidney Injury See Specialists, Study Finds
- Racial Disparities Still Exist for Kidney Recipients, Study Finds
- Restless Legs Syndrome May Raise BP
- Ground Beef Recalled in 14 States
- Soliris Approval Expanded to Include Rare Blood Disorder
- FDA: Osteoporosis Drug Reclast Ups Kidney Failure Risk
- Ground Beef Recalled Due to E. coli
- Painkillers Linked to Heart Rhythm Disorder
- Breast Cancer Plus Other Health Issues Linked to Worse Outcomes
- Metformin: Safer for Heart Than Older Diabetes Drugs?
- Energy Drink-Vodka Combo Nearly Kills Teen
- Ground Beef Recalled in 10 States
- CDC: 26 Million Americans Have Diabetes
- Experts: Exercise Crucial for Patients With Type 2 Diabetes
- E. coli Linked to Heart, Kidney Disease
- Gulf Oil Spill May Leave Emotional Wounds
- FDA OKs New Drug for Advanced Prostate Cancer
- Experts Urge FDA to Mandate Salt Reduction
- Should Healthy People Take Statins?
- FDA Warns of Zocor Risk to Muscles
- Experts: U.S. Is Neglecting Hypertension
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