High blood pressure can damage the kidneys and is one of the leading causes of kidney failure (end-stage renal kidney disease). Kidney damage, like hypertension, can be unnoticeable and detected only through medical tests. If you have kidney disease, you should control your blood pressure. Other treatment options include prescription medications. Read more: Hypertensive Kidney Disease Article
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Picture of Hypertension
High blood pressure, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg -- a systolic pressure above 140...
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Picture of Abdomen
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Related Disease Conditions
Kidney (Renal) Failure
Kidney failure can occur from an acute event or a chronic condition or disease. Prerenal kidney failure is caused by blood loss, dehydration, or medication. Some of the renal causes of kidney failure include sepsis, medications, rhabdomyolysis, multiple myeloma, and acute glomerulonephritis. Post renal causes of kidney failure include bladder obstruction, prostate problems, tumors, or kidney stones.Treatment options included diet, medications, or dialysis.
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
High blood pressure (hypertension) is a disease in which pressure within the arteries of the body is elevated. About 75 million people in the US have hypertension (1 in 3 adults), and only half of them are able to manage it. Many people do not know that they have high blood pressure because it often has no has no warning signs or symptoms. Systolic and diastolic are the two readings in which blood pressure is measured. The American College of Cardiology released new guidelines for high blood pressure in 2017. The guidelines now state that blood normal blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg. If either one of those numbers is higher, you have high blood pressure. The American Academy of Cardiology defines high blood pressure slightly differently. The AAC considers 130/80 mm Hg. or greater (either number) stage 1 hypertension. Stage 2 hypertension is considered 140/90 mm Hg. or greater. If you have high blood pressure you are at risk of developing life threatening diseases like stroke and heart attack.REFERENCE: CDC. High Blood Pressure. Updated: Nov 13, 2017.
Kidney Pain: Symptoms, Treatment, and Causes
Kidney pain has a variety of causes and symptoms. Infection, injury, trauma, bleeding disorders, kidney stones, and less common conditions may lead to kidney pain. Symptoms associated with kidney pain may include fever, vomiting, nausea, flank pain, and painful urination. Treatment of kidney pain depends on the cause of the pain.
Ascites, the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is most commonly caused by cirrhosis of the liver. Some of the other causes of ascites include portal hypertension, congestive heart failure, blood clots, and pancreatitis. The most common symptoms include increased abdominal girth and size, abdominal bloating, and abdominal pain. Treatment depends on the cause of ascites.
Edema is the swelling of tissues as a result of excess water accumulation. Peripheral edema occurs in the feet and legs. There are two types of edema, non-pitting edema and pitting edema. Causes of pitting edema is caused by systemic diseases (most commonly involving the heart, liver, and kidneys), and medications. Local conditions that cause edema are thrombophlebitis and varicose veins. Edema or swelling of the legs, feet, ankles, and face are common during pregnancy. Idiopathic edema is edema in which the cause is not known. Pitting edema is scored on pitting edema measurement scales. Edema is generally treated with medication.
Pulmonary edema (swelling or fluid in the lungs) can either be caused by cardiogenic causes (congestive heart failure, heart attacks, abnormal heart valves) or noncardiogenic causes such as ARDS, kidney failure, high altitude, pneumothorax, pleural effusion, aspirin overdose, pulmonary embolism, and infections. The treatment of pulmonary edema depends on the cause of the condition.
Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction)
A heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart attack can cause chest pain, heart failure, and electrical instability of the heart.
Hyperkalemia (High Blood Potassium)
Hyperkalemia is an abnormally high level of potassium in the blood. Hyperkalemia symptoms include nausea, fatigue, tingling sensations, or muscle weakness. Hyperkalemia may also cause no symptoms. Hyperkalemia treatment may include a low-potassium diet, medications, and intravenous glucose and insulin. Causes of hyperkalemia include kidney dysfunction, certain medications, adrenal gland diseases, and potassium shifts.
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Hypertension-Related Kidney Disease
Second Source WebMD Medical Reference
How Do I Get Rid of a Cyst on My Kidney?
Learn what medical treatments can help get rid of your kidney cysts and speed up your recovery.
What Is the Difference Between Hemodialysis and Dialysis?
Dialysis is a procedure that helps your blood get filtered by a machine that works like an artificial kidney. Hemodialysis is a procedure where your entire blood is circulated outside your body in a machine placed outside the body known as a dialyzer. Peritoneal dialysis helps filter the blood in the body itself.
How Does Addison's Disease Affect the Skin?
Addison's disease is a rare and serious condition involving the adrenal glands. These glands sit above the kidneys and make hormones like cortisol and sex hormones.
What Is the Difference Between Nephritis and Nephrosis?
What is the difference between nephritis and nephrosis?
Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP or anaphylactoid purpura), a type of blood vessel inflammation, results in rash, arthritis, and occasional abdominal cramping. HSP often resolves on its own. Joint pain may be treated with anti-inflammatory and cortisone medications.
Renal Artery Stenosis
Renal artery stenosis is a narrowing of the diameter of the renal arteries. When the renal arteries narrow, the result is restricted blood flow to the kidneys, which may lead to impaired kidney function and high blood pressure (referred to as renovascular hypertension (RVHT). Renal artery stenosis can occur in one or both kidneys. The primary cause of renal artery stenosis is atherosclerosis. Symptoms of renal artery stenosis include high blood pressure that does not respond to treatment and severe high blood pressure in individuals younger than 30 or greater than 50 years of age. Renal artery stenosis is diagnosed with imaging and functional tests. Treatment for renal artery stenosis include medication or surgery.
What Will Happen if Your Blood Pressure is Too High?
High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, can have negative consequences on your health. Learn what happens if your blood pressure is too high, the causes of high blood pressure, and what you can do to treat it.
Why Are Calcium Levels Low in Renal Failure?
Renal failure usually causes calcium imbalance. During renal failure, the kidneys may no longer filter out extra phosphorus and remove it from the body or from urine. Over time, phosphorus may increase in the blood. Calcium and phosphorous usually keep each other in check.
Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD), ARPKD, and ADPKD
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is characterized by numerous cysts in the kidneys. Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic disorder. There are two major inherited forms of PKD, autosomal dominant PKD, and autosomal recessive PKD. Symptoms include headaches, urinary tract infections, blood in the urine, liver and pancreatic cysts, abnormal heart valves, high blood pressure, kidney stones, aneurysms, and diverticulosis. Diagnosis of PKD is generally with ultrasound, CT or MRI scan. There is no cure for PKD, so treatment of symptoms is usually the general protocol.
Diabetes and Kidney Disease
In the United States diabetes is the most common cause of kidney failure. High blood pressure and high levels of blood glucose increase the risk that a person with diabetes will eventually progress to kidney failure. Kidney disease in people with diabetes develops over the course of many years. albumin and eGFR are two key markers for kidney disease in people with diabetes. Controlling high blood pressure, blood pressure medications, a moderate protein diet, and compliant management of blood glucose can slow the progression of kidney disease. For those patients who's kidneys eventually fail, dialysis or kidney transplantation is the only option.
Kidney Dysplasia: In Infants and Children
Kidney dysplasia is a condition in which one or both of a baby's kidneys do not develop normally. In kidney dysplasia, cysts replace normal kidney tissue. Signs of kidney dysplasia include enlarged kidneys and, rarely, high blood pressure. A child with kidney dysplasia may not have any symptoms. Genes and maternal exposure to certain drugs may cause kidney dysplasia. Regular checkups should include blood pressure measurements, kidney function tests, and urine testing for protein.
What Can I Eat To Lower My Blood Pressure Immediately?
Learn what you can eat to lower your blood pressure to a more healthy level and help you manage hypertension.
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD), or chronic kidney failure, is slow and progressive loss of kidney function over several years. CKD is a long-term condition where the kidneys do not work effectively.
Local ResourcesFind a local Nephrologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Creatinine Blood Test
- Tuberculosis Skin Test (PPD Skin Test)
- Triglycerides (Tests and Lowering Your Triglyceride Levels)
- Erythropoietin (EPO Test)
- Parathyroidectomy Surgery
- Homocysteine (Normal and Elevated Levels Blood Test)
- How Is a CT Urogram Performed?
- What Is a Kidney Ureter Bladder X-Ray Study?
- Hemodialysis (Treatment for Kidney Failure)
Medications & Supplements
- ACE Inhibitors (Side Effects, List of Names, Uses, and Dosage)
- Vasodilators (Drug Class Side Effects, List of Names)
- High Blood Pressure Drugs (Hypertension)
- furosemide (Lasix)
- lisinopril (Zestril, Prinivil, Qbrelis) ACE Inhibitor
- Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs)
- Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs)
- Lasix Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Metoprolol vs. losartan
- Aldactone (spironolactone)
- Lasix (furosemide) vs. hydrochlorothiazide
- Calcium Channel Blockers vs. ACE Inhibitors
- torsemide (Demadex)
- Metoprolol vs. diltiazem
- mannitol (Osmitrol)
- Losartan vs. Valsartan (Differences between Side Effects and Uses)
- Metoprolol vs. labetalol
- Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers vs. Calcium Channel Blockers
- Lasix (furosemide) vs. thiazide diuretics
- mycophenolate mofetil (CellCept)
- captopril (Capoten)
- Metoprolol vs. clonidine
- Lasix (furosemide) vs. Demadex (torsemide)
- Metoprolol vs. atenolol
- Side Effects of Norvasc (amlodipine besylate)
- Side Effects of Diovan (valsartan)
- enalapril (Vasotec, Epaned)
- Side Effects of Minipress (prazosin)
- Side Effects of Cardizem (diltiazem)
- Side Effects of Cozaar (losartan)
- Lasix (furosemide) vs. Zaroxolyn (metolazone)
- Side Effects of Catapres (clonidine)
- Side Effects of Zestoretic (lisinopril and hydrochlorothiazide)
- Side Effects of Aldomet (methyldopa)
- Side Effects of Altace (ramipril)
- Indapamide vs. thiazide diuretics
- Side Effects of Zestril (lisinopril)
- Side Effects of Lotensin (benazepril)
- Side Effects of Trandate (labetalol)
- hydralazine (Apresoline) vs. hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide)
- Lasix (furosemide) vs. Edecrin (ethacrynic acid)
- fosinopril sodium, Monopril
- Side Effects of Tenex (guanfacine)
- Venofer (iron sucrose)
- Side Effects of Micardis (telmisartan)
- Side Effects of Apresoline (hydralazine)
- Side Effects of Calan (verapamil)
- Side Effects of Dyazide (triamterene and hydrochlorothiazide)
- Side Effects of Lotrel (amlodipine and benazepril)
- Side Effects of Demadex (torsemide)
- Metolazone vs. thiazide diuretics
- Side Effects of Coreg (carvedilol)
- Side Effects of Thalitone (chlorthalidone)
- Side Effects of Hyzaar (losartan and hydrochlorothiazide)
- Zebeta (bisoprolol) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Side Effects of Procardia (nifedipine)
- Aldactone (spironolactone) Side Effects, Interactions, and Warnings
- Side Effects of Plendil (felodipine)
- Side Effects of Capoten (captopril)
- Side Effects of Atacand (candesartan)
- Monoferric (ferric derisomaltose)
- Side Effects of Avapro (irbesartan)
- Side Effects of Cardene (nicardipine)
- Gadavist (gadobutrol)
- Side Effects of Accupril (quinapril)
- Side Effects of Prograf (tacrolimus)
- Side Effects of Pletal (cilostazol)
- Side Effects of Microzide (hydrochlorothiazide)
- Ferrlecit (sodium ferric gluconate complex in sucrose)
- Side Effects of Vasotec (enalapril)
- Side Effects of Bumex (bumetanide)
- NephrAmine (essential amino acid)
- Side Effects of Lozol (indapamide)
- Fotivda (tivozanib)
- Auryxia (ferric citrate)
- Azor (amlodipine and olmesartan medoxomil)
- Feraheme (ferumoxytol injection)
- Side Effects of Zaroxolyn (metolazone)
- Side Effects of Rocaltrol (calcitriol)
- Zemplar (paricalcitol)
- Ziac (bisoprolol and hydrochlorothiazide) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Side Effects of Carnitor (levocarnitine)
- Side Effects of Vaseretic (enalapril/hydrochlorothiazide)
- Veltassa (patiromer)
- Letairis (ambrisentan)
- Side Effects of Sectral (acebutolol)
- Prestalia (perindopril arginine and amlodipine)
- Tribenzor (olmesartan medoxomil, amlodipine, hydrochlorothiazide)
- Consensi (amlodipine and celecoxib)
- Conjupri (levamlodipine)
- Side Effects of Capozide (captopril and hydrochlorothiazide/HCTZ)
- Albuminar (albumin) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Jynarque (tolvaptan)
- Diovan HCT (valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Side Effects of Mavik (trandolapril)
- Oxlumo (lumasiran)
- Corlopam (fenoldopam mesylate) Injection
- Side Effects of Sular (nisoldipine)
- Injectafer (ferric carboxymaltose)
- Tekturna HCT (hydrochlorothiazide and aliskiren)
- Phoslyra (calcium acetate)
- Side Effects of Stimate (desmopressin)
Prevention & Wellness
- Innovative Kidney Donor 'Voucher' System Is Saving Lives
- Failing Kidneys Could Bring Higher Dementia Risk
- 1 in 5 Patients on Kidney Dialysis Say No to COVID-19 Vaccine: Study
- COVID May Worsen Kidney Injury, Study Finds
- Workouts Boost Health of People With Kidney Disease
- Study Casts Doubt on 'Early Warning' System for Kidney Patients
- Kidneys Might Affect Mental Status As You Age
- Early Dialysis Doesn't Improve Outcomes With Acute Kidney Failure
- What Happens to Your Kidneys as You Age?
- AHA News: Is Your Child's Blood Pressure Something to Worry About?
- Kidney Failure Often a COVID-19 Complication
- Is There a High Blood Pressure and Coronavirus Link?
- Uninsured Kidney Patients Often End Up in ERs
- Are Doctors Discarding 'Injured' Kidneys That Might Be Used for Transplant?
- Heart Disease May Up Risk of Kidney Failure
- Kidney Injury on the Rise in Women Hospitalized During Pregnancy
- New Tool Predicts Odds of Kidney Disease
- Not All Transplant Centers Use Deceased-Donor Kidneys, Despite Growing Need
- Could Profit Be a Factor in Kidney Transplant Decisions?
- Thousands of Kidneys Thrown Away by U.S. Transplant Centers
- Heat Waves Brought by Climate Change Could Prove Deadly for Kidney Patients
- Heartburn Drugs Again Tied to Fatal Risks
- Itchy Skin Common Alongside Kidney Disease
- For One Man, Too Much Vitamin D Was Disastrous
- Hydrate Right, Your Kidneys Will Thank You
- CPR Not Always Given at Dialysis Clinics When Needed
- Flu May Be a Factor in Many Kidney Failure Deaths
- Kidney Disease Risk Tied to Sugar-Sweetened Drinks
- Kidney Disease More Deadly for Men
- Kidney Disease Claiming More Lives
- Is Kidney Dialysis Always Needed When Septic Shock Strikes?
- Study Sees No Link Between Gout Drug, Kidney Disease
- Ovary Removal Linked to Kidney Disease
- Household Chemicals Tied to Kidney Problems
- Coffee May Have Another Perk for Kidney Patients
- One Reason Why Kidney Transplants Fail
- Too Many Kidney Disease Patients in the Dark About Diet
- Fewer Dialysis Patients Facing Leg Amputations
- 850 Million People Worldwide Have Kidney Disease
- Money Underpins Drop in Kidney Donations Among Men and the Poor
- Learning Problems May Accompany Kidney Disease
- Defibrillators May Not Help Kidney Patients With Bad Hearts
- Health Tip: Avoid Kidney Disease
- Are Good Kidneys Going to Waste?
- Common Heartburn Meds Show Ties to Kidney Trouble
- Coffee May Be Kind to Your Kidneys
- Cutting Salt a Health Boost for Kidney Patients
- For Kids With Kidney Disease, Race May Play Role in Outcomes
- Smoking Harms Black Americans' Kidneys, Study Suggests
- Study Links Climate Change to Kidney Disease
- Medicare Spends Billions on Chronic Kidney Disease, Study Finds
- Poor Leg Circulation Hits Women With Kidney Disease Earlier Than Men
- Poor Sleep Might Harm Kidneys, Study Suggests
- Early Warning Sign for Kidney Disease Identified in Study
- Kidney Patients Without Online Access Face Additional Burden
- Kidney Disease Treatment May Be Improving, Study Suggests
- Popular Southern Fare May Harm Your Kidneys
- Health Tip: Protect Your Kidneys
- Kidney Injury During Surgery Tied to Risk of Heart Problems
- Common Blood Pressure Meds May Cut Risk of Early Death in Kidney Patients: Study
- Kidney Disease Patients Can Benefit From Exercise: Study
- Black Medicaid Recipients Less Likely to Get Living-Donor Kidney: Study
- Overweight While Younger Ups Kidney Risk Later
- More U.S. Kidney Exchanges Would Allow 1,000 Additional Transplants Yearly
- Blacks With Kidney Disease Should Watch for Blood Pressure Shifts: Study
- Daily Dialysis Has Risks, Benefits for Kidney Disease Patients
- Preventing Kidney Disease May Cut Diabetes Deaths, Study Says
- Treating Kidneys With Radio Waves May Ease Tough-to-Control Hypertension
- Eating More Fruits, Veggies May Help Kidney Patients
- Some People OK With Monetary Payments to Boost Kidney Donation: Survey
- Weight-Loss Surgery May Improve Diabetes-Related Kidney Damage
- Kidney Disease May Be as Harmful to Heart as Heart Attack: Study
- Atkins-Type Diets Look Kidney-Friendly: Study
- More Families Seek Kidney Donations on Facebook
- New Guidelines for Kidney Disease Due to Lupus
- Routine Kidney Disease Screening Not Worthwhile, Experts Say
- Role of Screening, Monitoring in Early Kidney Disease Unclear
- Omontys Approved for Anemic People With Kidney Disease
- Age of Live Kidney Donor Makes Little Difference in Organ's Health
- Insulin Resistance May Lead to Kidney Disease in the Elderly: Study
- Altered Stem Cells Limit Transplant Rejection
- Weight-Loss Surgery Seems Safe for Kidney Disease Patients
- Dieting Can Prove Dangerous for Kidney Disease Patients
- Kidney Damage Greatly Raises Diabetics' Risk for Death
- Vitamin D May Not Boost Heart Health in Kidney Patients