Symptoms of kidney cancer include blood in the urine, giving the urine a rusty, pink, or dark red appearance. Persistent pain in the side (flank) is another common symptom, along with an abdominal mass or lump, fever, weight loss, tiredness, and a general feeling of being unwell. However, noncancerous conditions like cysts, benign tumors, or infections are the most common causes of these symptoms. Blood in the urine should always be investigated to determine the cause.
Causes of kidney cancer
The cause of kidney cancer is unknown. There are certain risk factors that make it more likely to develop kidney cancer. These include obesity, smoking, high blood pressure, long-term dialysis, male gender, Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome, and certain occupational exposures (asbestos workers, for example).
Other kidney cancer symptoms and signs
- Abdominal Mass
- Back Pain
- Blood in the Urine
- Dark Urine
- Flank Pain
- Mass or Lump in the Back or Side
- Pink Urine
- Red Urine
- Rusty Urine
- Side Pain
- Weight Loss
Main Article on Kidney Cancer Symptoms and Signs
Pictures, Images, Illustrations & Quizzes
Cancer-Fighting Foods: Resveratrol, Green Tea, and More
Experts have praised certain foods for their ability to reduce cancer risks. Learn which foods and eating strategies may help...
Cancer: Symptoms of Common Cancers in Men
Can men get breast cancer? Cancer symptoms men need to watch out for include skin changes, difficulty swallowing, rapid weight...
Picture of Kidneys
The kidneys are a pair of organs located in the back of the abdomen. See a picture of the Kidneys and learn more about the health...
Signs of Cancer in Women: Symptoms You Can't Ignore
Colon and stomach cancer symptoms can surprise women but can be treated if detected early. Learn about breast cancer signs and...
Understanding Cancer: Metastasis, Stages of Cancer, and More
Learn the basics about cancer including types, causes, how it spreads, symptoms and signs, stages and treatment options. Read...
Examples of Medications for Kidney Cancer Symptoms and Signs
- Auryxia (ferric citrate)
- Ayvakit (avapritinib)
- Bavencio (avelumab)
- bevacizumab - injection, Avastin
- Cabometyx (cabozantinib)
- Feraheme (ferumoxytol injection)
- Fotivda (tivozanib)
- Injectafer (ferric carboxymaltose)
- ipilimumab (Yervoy)
- Jynarque (tolvaptan)
- Lenvima (lenvatinib)
- Monoferric (ferric derisomaltose)
- NephrAmine (essential amino acid)
- Oxlumo (lumasiran)
- Pemazyre (pemigatinib)
- Side Effects of Opdivo (nivolumab)
- Side Effects of Proleukin (aldesleukin)
- Veltassa (patiromer)
- Venofer (iron sucrose)