Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is joint disease that occurs in children. The condition was formerly referred to as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
Signs and symptoms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis vary according to the specific subtype present in an individual. These can include swollen joints, joint pain, joint warmth, stiff joints, limping, and favoring one limb over another. Some subtypes of juvenile idiopathic arthritis can cause other associated symptoms such as swollen lymph nodes, weight loss, fatigue, irritability, appetite loss, fever, and skin rash.
Cause of a juvenile idiopathic arthritis
The term idiopathic means the cause is not known. There are six different subtypes of juvenile idiopathic arthritis, and the cause is not known. There is a known genetic predisposition to developing the condition.
Other juvenile idiopathic arthritis symptoms and signs
- Appetite Loss
- Joint Pain
- Joint Warmth
- Stiff Joints
- Swollen Joints
- Swollen Lymph Nodes
- Weight Loss
Main Article on Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Symptoms and Signs
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Examples of Medications for Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Symptoms and Signs
- abatacept (Orencia)
- anakinra (Kineret)
- azathioprine (Azasan)
- cyclosporine microemulsion capsule - oral, Gengraf, Neoral
- cyclosporine microemulsion solution - oral, Gengraf, Neoral
- dexamethasone (Decadron, DexPak)
- etanercept (Enbrel)
- grape seed extract
- hydrocortisone injection (Solu-Cortef, A-Hydrocort)
- hydrocortisone sodium succinate - injection, A-Hydrocort, Solu-Cortef
- indomethacin, Indocin, Indocin-SR (Discontinued Brand in U.S.)
- methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall)
- methylprednisolone (Medrol)
- Otezla (apremilast) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- prednisolone (Orapred, Pediapred)
- Side Effects of Celebrex (celecoxib)
- sulfasalazine (Azulfidine)
- tocilizumab (Actemra)
- triamcinolone acetonide 0.1% dental paste (Kenalog Orabase, Oralone)
- Types of Arthritis Medications
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