- Type 2 Diabetes: Learn the Warning Signs
- Diabetes Friendly Dining
- Type 2 Diabetes: Test Your Medical IQ
- What is Jardiance (empagliflozin)?
- What are the uses for Jardiance (empagliflozin)?
- What are the side effects of Jardiance (empagliflozin)?
- What is the dosage for Jardiance (empagliflozin)?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with Jardiance (empagliflozin)?
- Is Jardiance (empagliflozin) safe to use during pregnancy or while breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about Jardiance (empagliflozin)?
What is Jardiance (empagliflozin)?
- Jardiance is an oral medication used to improve glycemia (blood glucose) control in patients with type 2 diabetes. Jardiance is a sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT2) inhibitor. It is similar to canagliflozin (Invokana) and dapagliflozin (Farxiga).
What brand names are available for empagliflozin?
Jardiance is the brand name available for empagliflozin in the US.
Is Jardiance (empagliflozin) available as a generic drug?
Do I need a prescription for Jardiance (empagliflozin)?
What are the uses for Jardiance (empagliflozin)?
What are the side effects of Jardiance (empagliflozin)?
The most common side effects of Jardiance are:
- Urinary tract infections
- Female genital fungal infections
- Upper respiratory tract infection
- Increased cholesterol
- Joint pain
- Increased creatinine
- Increased urination
Other possible side effects of Jardiance include:
Volume depletion and associated conditions, which include:
Serious side effects of Jardiance include:
What is the dosage for Jardiance (empagliflozin)?
- The recommended dose of Jardiance is 10 mg once daily. It should be taken in the morning with or without food. The dose may be increased to 25 mg daily based on patient tolerance and blood glucose levels.
- Patients with volume depletion should be treated for their depletion before receiving Jardiance.
- Jardiance should not be used by patients whose glomerular filtration rate (a measure of kidney function) is 45 mL/min/1.73 m2
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Which drugs or supplements interact with Jardiance (empagliflozin)?
- Combining Jardiance with diuretics increases the frequency of urination and volume of urine produced. This may increase the risk of dehydration.
- Combining Jardiance with insulin or drugs that increase insulin secretion increases the risk for hypoglycemia.
- Jardiance and other SGLT2 inhibitors increase excretion of glucose in urine and will cause positive urine glucose tests. Therefore, monitoring glucose control with urine glucose tests is not recommended in patients taking SGLT2 inhibitors. Alternative tests should be used to monitor glucose control.
Is Jardiance (empagliflozin) safe to use during pregnancy or while breastfeeding?
- Use of Jardiance has not been adequately evaluated in pregnant women. In animal studies, Jardiance affected renal (kidney) development and maturation in rats. Jardiance is not recommended during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy.
- It is not known whether Jardiance is excreted in human breast milk. However, Jardiance is secreted in the milk of lactating rats, and exposure damages the developing kidneys in the rat fetus. Currently, the manufacturer does not recommend use of Jardiance while nursing.
What else should I know about Jardiance (empagliflozin)?
What preparations of Jardiance (empagliflozin) are available?
- Tablets: 10, 25 mg
How should I keep Jardiance (empagliflozin) stored?
- Store empagliflozin at room temperature, between 15 C and 30 C (59 F and 86 F).
How does Jardiance (empagliflozin) work?
- SGLT2 is found in the kidney tubules and is responsible for reabsorbing the majority of glucose filtered out of the blood by the kidneys. By inhibiting SGLT2 empagliflozin reduces the reabsorption of filtered glucose and consequently increases excretion of glucose in the urine. Empagliflozin is not recommended for use in patients with moderate to severe kidney disease.
When was Jardiance (empagliflozin) approved by the FDA?
- Empagliflozin was approved by the US FDA in August 2014.
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Low Blood Sugar (Hypoglycemia)
Low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia, is a syndrome in which a person's blood sugar is dangerously low. People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes are at risk for this condition. There are other diseases that can cause a person's blood sugar levels to go too low, for example, pancreatitis, Cushing's syndrome, and pancreatic cancer. Symptoms and signs that your blood sugar levels are too low include palpitations, trembling, intense hunger, sweating, nervousness, and weakness. If your blood sugars become too low, use these nearby as a quick treatment table sugar, soda, juice, and glucose tablets.
Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2)
Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 (insulin dependent) and type 2 (non-insulin dependent). Symptoms of diabetes include increased urine output, thirst, hunger, and fatigue. Treatment of diabetes depends on the type.
Type 2 Diabetes Diet Plan
A type 2 diabetes diet or a type 2 diabetic diet is important for blood sugar (glucose) control in people with diabetes to prevent complications of diabetes. There are a variety of type 2 diabetes diet eating plans such as the Mediterranean diet, Paleo diet, ADA Diabetes Diet, and vegetarian diets.Learn about low and high glycemic index foods, what foods to eat, and what foods to avoid if you have type 2 diabetes.
High Blood Sugar (Hyperglycemia)
Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar is a serious health problem for diabetics. There are two types of hyperglycemia, 1) fasting, and 2)postprandial or after meal hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia can also lead to ketoacidosis or hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome (HHNS). There are a variety of causes of hyperglycemia in people with diabetes. Symptoms of high blood sugar may include increased thirst, headaches, blurred vision, and frequent urination.Treatment can be achieved through lifestyle changes or medications changes. Carefully monitoring blood glucose levels is key to prevention.
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Type 2 Diabetes
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