Sore throat is a potential symptom of coronavirus or COVID-19 infection. Other symptoms may include:
- Fever of 100 F or higher
- Dry or productive cough
- Body aches
- Muscle or joint pain
- Loss of taste or smell
- Nasal congestion
- Nausea or vomiting
- Skin rashes
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Chest pain or discomfort
- Loss of speech
- Loss of appetite
- Bluish lips or face
- Seizures or loss of consciousness (rare)
- Delirium, brain inflammation, stroke, or nerve damage (rare)
Most patients with COVID-19 experience mild to moderate respiratory infection that resolves without treatment. Serious complications are more likely to occur in the elderly and those with underlying medical conditions, such as diabetes, chronic respiratory illness, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Complications can be fatal in such people.
How is COVID-19 transmitted?
COVID-19 is a virus that spreads through droplets of discharge from the nose or saliva that are inhaled when an infected person coughs or sneezes, often within 6 feet. When a person is exposed to small droplets or aerosols that remain in the air for several minutes or hours, they can become infected with the virus.
COVID-19 can also spread through surface contact. If a person touches a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touches their mouth, nose, or eyes, they can become infected with the virus.
On average, it takes about 5-6 days for symptoms to appear after infection, although this can range between 1-14 days.
What are treatment options for COVID-19?
COVID-19 is treated based on the severity of the disease and lung involvement.
Mild COVID-19 symptoms can be alleviated through rest, hydration, medications, and supplements as prescribed by a doctor. Antibiotics are ineffective because they are used for bacterial infections and not viral infections. For severe cases, supportive care includes oxygen and respiratory support such as ventilation.
Clinical studies are currently ongoing to target specific viral particles. The use of hydroxychloroquine, ivermectin, lopinavir, ritonavir, and interferon in the treatment of COVID-19 has been shown to have little or no effect.
Remdesivir is the only drug approved by the FDA to manage moderate to severe infections. Monoclonal antibodies (bamlanivimab and etesevimab; casirivimab and imdevimab; tixagevimab and cilgavimab) have been shown to be effective in intensive care unit settings on a case-to-case basis.
What are preventive measures for COVID-19?
Vaccination can help people avoid contracting COVID-19 or becoming extremely ill if they do become infected. Even if you have been vaccinated, precautions should still be taken:
- Maintain a distance of 6 feet from other people.
- Stay away from crowded and poorly ventilated areas.
- Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for 20 seconds or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.
- Cough or sneeze into your mask and replace it as soon as possible. If you are not wearing a mask, cough or sneeze into a tissue or your elbow. Throw away the used tissue and wash your hands as soon as possible.
- Avoid touching your nose, mouth, or face.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily.
- If you have been exposed to the virus:
- Quarantine: Quarantine involves residing in a designated facility or at home for 14 days after being exposed to the virus or coming into contact with a person infected with COVID-19.
- Isolation: People who have tested positive for COVID-19 symptoms must remain in isolation. If there is no risk of developing serious illness, symptomatic patients should be kept in isolation for 10 days and another 3 days after symptoms have resolved. Asymptomatic patients should be isolated for 10 days.
- Kids With Autism Face Higher Odds of Vision Issues, But Many Don't Get Screened
- Mental Health Woes Double Women's Odds for Cervical Cancer
- Million-Person Study Finds Genes Common to Many Addiction Disorders
- Too Much Social Media Could Raise Risk for Eating Disorders
- Weaker Bones, Weakening Brain? Study Makes the Connection
- More Health News »
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
World Health Organization. WHO Coronavirus (COVID-19) Dashboard. https://covid19.who.int
Johns Hopkins University and Medicine. COVID-19 Dashboard. https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/map.html
National Institutes of Health. Anti-SARS-CoV-2 Monoclonal Antibodies. https://www.covid19treatmentguidelines.nih.gov/therapies/anti-sars-cov-2-antibody-products/anti-sars-cov-2-monoclonal-antibodies/
Top Is Sore Throat Symptom of Coronavirus Related Articles
Are Migraines a Symptom of COVID-19?Although the main symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, cough, and shortness of breath, migraines are also a common symptom that may persist during or after infection.
Can Congestion Be the Only Symptom of COVID-19?Congestion can be the only symptom of COVID-19 in some cases.
Can Diarrhea Be an Initial Symptom of COVID-19?COVID-19 has become a common illness that affects many people. Learn the signs of COVID-19, what causes it, how doctors diagnose it, and what you can do to treat it.
Coronavirus COVID-19 Prevention: Test Your Medical IQWhat's really the best way to prevent the spread of new coronavirus COVID-19? Should wear a mask or not? Take this quiz to find out!
Coronavirus: How COVID-19 Affects Your BodyBy now, everyone knows about COVID-19. But do you know how it can affect your body?
How Do COVID-19 Vaccines Work?Around 150 vaccines were in various stages of development across the globe as of mid December 2020; many had completed the Phase III clinical trials, a final step leading to approval by governments around the world. Full approval is not necessary to start distributing promising vaccines; the US FDA granted the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine an emergency use authorization (EUA) in December. Bell's palsy, a facial nerve problem, and allergic reaction were rare but possible side effects of the first vaccine, but their connection to the medication was unclear as of late 2020.
How Do I Know If My Sore Throat Is Viral or Bacterial?It's seldom easy to tell the difference between bacterial and viral sore throats. Find out what the differences are and learn some tips for telling them apart. A sore throat is irritation and scratchiness in the throat accompanied by pain that often worsens with swallowing. The most common cause of a sore throat is a viral infection. Rarely, a bacterial infection can cause a sore throat. Antibiotics cannot treat a sore throat if it is caused by a viral infection. Viruses cause about 90% of sore throats; hence, antibiotics should not be used immediately as treatment for a sore throat. A doctor may prescribe antibiotics such as penicillin if a sore throat is caused by a bacterial infection.
How Do the COVID-19 Coronavirus Tests Work?Tests used for detection of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) may use two methods to detect SARS-CoV-2 virus, the cause of COVID-19 disease, a debilitating and potentially deadly viral pneumonia. Genomic or molecular detection confirms the presence of viral DNA. The immunoglobulin or serology tests can tell whether or not you have been exposed to coronavirus, but not whether you are currently infected. Both tests administered in tandem can give you your complete COVID-19 infection status.
Is Fever a Symptom of COVID-19?Fever is a symptom of COVID-19, although not everyone presents with fever. Learn about other COVID-19 symptoms and what to do if you are infected.
Lung and Respiratory: Signs That You May Have Had COVID-19Could you have already had COVID-19 and not know it? Learn some signs that might indicate just that.
What Is the Difference Between a PCR Nasal Swab and a COVID-19 Antigen Test?Both the PCR test and antigen test can be used to determine whether you have been infected with the COVID-19 virus. While it takes longer to get results, a PCR test is usually more accurate than an antigen test.
Veklury (remdesivir)Veklury (remdesivir) is a synthetic molecule in the antiviral class of medications. It is the first approved medication for treatment of the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic disease.
How to Differentiate Between the Signs and Symptoms of COVID-19, Allergies, Cold, and Flu?Coronavirus disease or COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2. Most people with COVID-19 will experience a mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without the need for intensive or special treatment. Serious illness is more likely in elderly people and those with underlying medical conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer.
Sore throat (throat pain) usually is described as pain or discomfort in the throat area. A sore throat may be caused by bacterial infections, viral infections, toxins, irritants, trauma, or injury to the throat area. Common symptoms of a sore throat include a fever, cough, runny nose, hoarseness, earaches, sneezing, and body aches. Home remedies for a sore throat include warm soothing liquids and throat lozenges. OTC remedies for a sore throat include OTC pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. Antibiotics may be necessary for some cases of sore throat.
The Moderna COVID-19 VaccineThe Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine has emergency authorization from the FDA for active immunization to prevent COVID-19 in individuals 18 and older. The vaccine uses a new technology; synthetic mRNA directs the body to create harmless virus proteins to train your body to develop coronavirus antibodies.
What Drugs May Fight COVID-19? Drug Trials, Treatments, VaccinesWhat drugs could help fight coronavirus COVID-19? Clinical studies are ongoing for antiviral drugs like hydroxychloroquine, chloroquine remdesivir, lopinavir and favipiravir, as well as COVID-19 vaccines. Learn why anti-flu respiratory drugs and home remedies may prove useful to treat or prevent serious coronavirus infections.
What Is the COVID-19 Antigen Test?What is the COVID-19 antigen test? Learn what the rapid antigen test is used for, how it works, and what the pros and cons are.