While there is no cure for psoriasis, treatment options aim to manage symptoms.
No, psoriasis is not contagious. Psoriasis is not transmitted sexually or by physical contact. It is not caused by lifestyle, diet, or bad hygiene.
While the exact cause of psoriasis is unknown, researchers consider environmental, genetic, and immune system factors as playing roles in the establishment of the disease. For example, environmental factors can trigger exacerbations of the disease, including cold weather, trauma, infections, alcohol intake, and some chemicals and/or drugs.
Certain genes are more commonly found in people with psoriasis, and psoriasis commonly runs in families. Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease whereby one's immune system is misdirected to cause inflammation in the skin.
Current treatments often take advantage of this concept by modifying immune responses to improve psoriasis. Moreover, it is also known that, occasionally, after an immunological-related event occurs (for example, recovering from strep throat, after antimalarial drugs, or cessation of steroid therapy) there can be activation of psoriasis.
Psoriasis Symptoms and Signs
Psoriasis appears as red or pink areas of thickened, raised, and scaling skin. It classically affects skin over the elbows, knees, and scalp. Although any area may be involved, it tends to be more common at sites of friction, scratching, or abrasion.
What is psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a chronic skin inflammation. Psoriasis causes areas of the skin to be reddish with thick silvery, dry scales. Psoriasis can be itchy and sometimes painful. Psoriasis is a persistent disease that is caused by a misdirected immune system. Inherited genes and certain environmental conditions may also play a significant role in the development of psoriasis.
How are the different types of psoriasis diagnosed?
Psoriasis is diagnosed by the clinical appearance of reddish skin with silvery, white scales. Of note, there are different types of psoriasis that are diagnosed by their appearance including:
Is Psoriasis Contagious?
See pictures of psoriasis and other skin conditions
Can psoriasis spread?
Psoriasis is not contagious, so it can't spread from one person to another. However, in an individual, it is not unusual to have more than one area of skin involvement. Over time, additional body sites can develop psoriasis lesions. In general, psoriasis lesions develop on the elbows, knees, scalp, ears, low back, and between the buttocks.
Is there a cure for psoriasis?
Unfortunately, there is no cure for psoriasis. However, there are multiple ways to manage the disease. Medications, light therapy, stress reduction, adjunctive therapy sessions, moisturizers with salicylic acid, and sunlight are treatments. Some treatments can be used together. For best results, many clinicians suggest psoriasis be managed by a dermatologist skilled in treating this chronic disease.
When should someone consult a medical caregiver about psoriasis?
Psoriasis is not considered a medical emergency, but once a lesion or two develops on the skin that resembles the description for a psoriatic lesion, the individual should make a consultation with a dermatologist or an appointment with their doctor to consider initiating proper treatment.
Medically Reviewed on 3/16/2023
Habashy, J. "Psoriasis." Medscape. Mar. 27, 2018. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1943419-overview>.
Habashy, J. "Psoriasis Treatment & Management." Medscape. Mar. 27, 2018. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1943419-treatment>.