Is Multiple Myeloma the Same as Leukemia?

  • Medical Author:
    John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP

    John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.

Ask the experts

Is multiple myeloma the same as leukemia?

Doctor's response

Multiple myeloma and leukemia are both types of blood cancers but they are not the same disease.

Multiple myeloma is a blood cancer that affects plasma cells, which are a certain type of white blood cell. In multiple myeloma, the body produces too many plasma cells in the bone marrow. These extra cells cause damage to the bone marrow and can become tumors or can destroy the bones themselves.

Symptoms of multiple myeloma include

Leukemia is a different type of cancer of white blood cells. There are four main types of leukemia based on the type of white blood cells affected:

Symptoms of leukemia depend on the type of leukemia, but in general may include:

Read our full medical articles on multiple myeloma and leukemia for more information.


The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society (LLS)

University of Miami Miller School of Medicine Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center.
Definition: Leukemia, Lymphoma and Myeloma. 2

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Reviewed on 2/13/2018