Interstitial lung disease is the name for a group of diseases that cause damage to the supporting tissues located between the air sacs in the lung. These conditions lead to scarring and thickening of this tissue (the interstitium). These conditions usually affect all areas of both lungs.
Signs and symptoms of interstitial lung disease include
- a chronic or dry cough,
- fever in some cases,
- an inability to exercise,
- shortness of breath, and
- fast breathing.
Other associated symptoms and signs can include
Causes of interstitial lung disease
A number of different diseases cause interstitial lung disease, including some autoimmune diseases, collagen vascular diseases, asbestos exposure, or long-term toxin exposure or exposure to hazardous materials.
Other interstitial lung disease symptoms and signs
- An Inability to Exercise
- Chronic or Dry Cough
- Deformity of the Nails (Known as Clubbing)
- Fast Breathing
- Fever in Some Cases
- Shortness of Breath
- Weight Loss
Main Article on Interstitial Lung Disease Symptoms and Signs
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Examples of Medications for Interstitial Lung Disease Symptoms and Signs
- azathioprine (Azasan)
- Bronchitol (mannitol)
- cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan)
- Kalydeco (ivacaftor)
- mycophenolate mofetil (CellCept)
- nitric oxide gas
- Ofev (nintedanib)
- Rifadin (rifampin, isoniazid and pyrazinamide)
- Side Effects of Esbriet (pirfenidone)
- Symdeko (tezacaftor/ivacaftor)
- Zavesca (miglustat)