An insulin pump is designed to deliver insulin directly to a patient with diabetes. They are about the size of a standard beeper. The pump is attached to under the skin (usually on the abdomen). The amount of insulin required will depend on lifestyle (exercise, sleep patterns, activity level, and diet). Read more: Insulin Pump for Diabetes Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
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Related Disease Conditions
Low Blood Sugar (Hypoglycemia)
Low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia, is a syndrome in which a person's blood sugar is dangerously low. People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes are at risk for this condition. There are other diseases that can cause a person's blood sugar levels to go too low, for example, pancreatitis, Cushing's syndrome, and pancreatic cancer. Symptoms and signs that your blood sugar levels are too low include palpitations, trembling, intense hunger, sweating, nervousness, and weakness. If your blood sugars become too low, use these nearby as a quick treatment table sugar, soda, juice, and glucose tablets.
Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2)
Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 (insulin dependent) and type 2 (non-insulin dependent). Symptoms of diabetes include increased urine output, thirst, hunger, and fatigue. Treatment of diabetes depends on the type.
High Blood Sugar (Hyperglycemia)
Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar is a serious health problem for diabetics. There are two types of hyperglycemia, 1) fasting, and 2)postprandial or after meal hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia can also lead to ketoacidosis or hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome (HHNS). There are a variety of causes of hyperglycemia in people with diabetes. Symptoms of high blood sugar may include increased thirst, headaches, blurred vision, and frequent urination.Treatment can be achieved through lifestyle changes or medications changes. Carefully monitoring blood glucose levels is key to prevention.
Diabetes Treatment: Medication, Diet, and Insulin
The major goal in treating diabetes is controlling elevated blood sugar without causing abnormally low levels of blood sugar. Type 1 diabetes is treated with: insulin, exercise, and a diabetic diet. Type 2 diabetes is first treated with: weight reduction, a diabetic diet, and exercise. When these measures fail to control the elevated blood sugar, oral medications are used. If oral medications are still insufficient, insulin medications are considered.
Type 1 vs. Type 2 Diabetes: Differences
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic condition in which a person's blood sugar (glucose) levels are too high. Over 29.1 million children and adults in the US have diabetes. Of that, 8.1 million people have diabetes and don't even know it. Type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent, juvenile) is caused by a problem with insulin production by the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent) is caused by: Eating a lot of foods and drinking beverages with simple carbohydrates (pizza, white breads, pastas, cereals, pastries, etc.) and simple sugars (donuts, candy, etc.) Consuming too many products with artificial sweeteners (We found out that they are bad for us!) Lack of activity Exercise Stress Genetics While the signs and symptoms of both types of diabetes are the same, which include: Increased urination Increased hunger Increased thirst Unexplained weight loss. However, the treatments are different. Type 1 diabetes is insulin dependent, which means a person with this type of diabetes requires treatment with insulin. People with type 2 diabetes require medication, lifestyle changes like eating a healthy diet, and getting regular exercise.
A diabetic diet, or diabetes diet helps keep blood glucose levels in the target range for patients. Exercise and medication may also help stabilize blood glucose levels. Keeping track of when you take your diabetic medicine, keeping track of food choices, eating the proper amount of fruits, vegetables, carbohydrates, and fats will also help maintain proper blood glucose levels.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that may be reversible with diet and lifestyle changes. Symptoms include excessive thirst, frequent urination, weight loss, fatigue, and an unusual odor to your urine. Most people don't know they have type 2 diabetes until they have a routine blood test. Treatment options include medications, a type 2 diabetes diet, and other lifestyle changes.
Type 1 Diabetes (Symptoms, Causes, Diet, Treatment, Life Expectancy)
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (juvenile) is an auto-immune disease with no known cause at this time, although there are a few risk factors. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes include frequent urination, unintentional weight loss, dry and itchy skin, vision problems, wounds that heal slowly, and excessive thirst. Type 1 diabetes is diagnosed with blood tests. A healthy lifestyle and controlling blood glucose levels can improve life expectancy.
What Is a High Insulin Level?
Insulin is a hormone (a chemical substance that acts as a messenger in the human body) that is secreted by an abdominal organ called the pancreas. High insulin levels are levels of the hormone that are higher than they should be after ingesting glucose.
Types of Diabetes Type 2 Medications
Type 2 diabetes oral medications are prescribed to treat type 2 diabetes in conjuction with lifestyle changes like diet and exercise. There are nine classes of drugs approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Examples of type 2 oral diabetes medications include acarbose (Precose), chlorpropamide (Diabinese), glipizide (Glucotrol, Glucotrol XL), and metformin (Glucophage). Side effects, drug interactions, warnings and precautions, dosage, and breastfeeding and pregnancy safety information should be reviewed prior to taking any medication.
Which is Worse - Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes?
Learn about the similarities and differences between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.
Tips for Managing Type 1 and 2 Diabetes at Home
Managing your diabetes is a full time commitment. The goal of diabetic therapy is to control blood glucose levels and prevent the complications of diabetes. Information about exercise, diet, and medication will help you manage your diabetes better. Blood glucose reagent strips, blood glucose meters, urine glucose tests, tests for urinary ketones, continuous glucose sensors, and Hemoglobin A1C testing information will enable you to mange your diabetes at home successfully.
Can Type 2 Diabetes be Cured?
Type 2 diabetes is a long-term medical condition in which the body is not able to regulate blood sugar (glucose) level because of the inability of the body to properly use insulin. An individual can get type 2 diabetes because of a number of factors that reduce insulin action or quantity in the body. The goals of diabetes management are to eliminate symptoms and prevent the development of complications. Many drugs, both oral and injectable, are available for diabetes management.
What Are the Early Signs of Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by increased blood sugar (glucose) level. Type 2 Diabetes is caused by either insufficient insulin secretion or resistance to that hormone’s action. Insulin is produced by the pancreas and helps process the glucose in the blood. Thus, with inadequate insulin, the bodies can’t burn all the blood sugar for energy in an efficient way. This means the glucose level in the blood rises, causing a variety of symptoms and when severe may even lead to death.
Diabetes: Caring for Your Diabetes at Special Times
Taking care of a disease such as diabetes is a life-long process. Learn how to care for yourself or loved one with diabetes in situations such as illness, work, school, travel, or a natural disaster.
Local ResourcesFind a local Endocrinologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
- Insulin for Diabetes Treatment (Types, Side Effects, and Preparations)
- Metformin vs. Insulin
- Metformin vs. Januvia
- Types of Insulin Medications for Diabetes
- Metformin vs. Janumet
- Metformin (Glucophage) vs. Glipizide (Glucotrol)
- Metformin vs. Victoza
- What Is Intravenous Insulin Therapy?
- How Long Does Insulin Last After Injection?
- Metformin vs. Lantus
- How Do You Give Intravenous Insulin Therapy?
- Jardiance Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Amaryl (glimepiride) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Victoza (liraglutide) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Side Effects of Prandin (repaglinide)
- Side Effects of Januvia (sitagliptin)
- Side Effects of Lantus (insulin glargine)
- Side Effects of GlucaGen (glucagon)
- Side Effects of Farxiga (dapagliflozin)
- Types of Diabetes Type I And II Medications
- Side Effects of Glucotrol (glipizide)
- Side Effects of Glucophage (metformin)
- Side Effects of Invokana (canagliflozin)
- Side Effects of Janumet (metformin and sitagliptin)
- Adlyxin (lixisenatide)
- Side Effects of Precose (acarbose)
- Side Effects of Tradjenta (linagliptin)
- Side Effects of Monopril (fosinopril)
- Side Effects of Starlix (nateglinide)
- Side Effects of Glucovance (glyburide/metformin)
- Side Effects of Xultophy (insulin degludec and liraglutide injection)
- Bydureon Bcise (exenatide)
- Side Effects of Glyset (miglitol)
- Side Effects of Symlin (pramlintide)
- Side Effects of Diabinese (chlorpropamide)
- Baqsimi (glucagon)
- Side Effects of Tolinase (tolazamide)
- Side Effects of Avandia (rosigliatazone)
- Adlyxin (lixisenatide) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
Prevention & Wellness
- Coming Soon: Once-a-Week Insulin Injections?
- Patch Pump Device Could Offer Cheaper Insulin Delivery
- Doctors Describe First Drone Delivery of Diabetes Meds to Patient
- Price Hikes Have Patients Turning to Craigslist for Insulin, Asthma Inhalers
- Medtronic MiniMed 600 Series Insulin Pumps Recalled
- Medicare Could Save Billions If Allowed to Negotiate Insulin Prices
- Big Advances Made Against Diabetes in 2019
- FDA Authorizes Marketing of Automated Insulin Dosing Controller
- 'Diabetes Burnout' Is Real, Here's How to Cope
- As Diabetes Costs Soar, Many Turn to Black Market for Help
- Diabetes Technology Often Priced Out of Reach
- Light-Activated Insulin-Producing Cells May Lead to New Drug-Free Diabetes Treatment
- Why Are Insulin Prices Still So High for U.S. Patients?
- Hurricanes Raise Death Risk for Older Diabetics, Even Years Later
- Could a Pill Replace Insulin Shots?
- Pacemakers, Insulin Pumps Could Be Hacking Targets: FDA
- Affordable Care Act Insured Millions of Uninsured Diabetics
- Medtronic Recalls Some Insulin Pumps as FDA Warns They Could Be Hacked
- Drug May Help Delay Onset of Type 1 Diabetes
- Half-Price Version of Humalog Insulin Now Available
- High Insulin Costs Come Under Fire on Capitol Hill
- Eli Lilly to Sell Cheaper Version of Insulin Drug
- High-Tech Capsule Could One Day Replace Insulin Injections
- Large Insulin Price Hike to Be Investigated by U.S. Congress
- Insulin Price More Than Doubles in U.S.
- High Cost Has Over 1 in 4 Diabetics Cutting Back on Insulin
- Storing Insulin in Home Fridges May Lower Effectiveness
- Access to Diabetes Drugs Improved Under Affordable Care Act: Study
- Insurance Gaps Costly for Those With Type 1 Diabetes
- Will the Future Be Needle-Free for Diabetics?
- Federal Government Must Tackle Rising Insulin Prices: AMA
- Diabetes Pill Might Replace Injection to Control Blood Sugar
- Study Compares Insulin Regimens for Type 1 Diabetes