insulin glargine

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jay W. Marks, MD
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

What is INSULIN GLARGINE-INJECTABLE, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?

Insulin glargine is a bioengineered (man-made) injectable form of long-acting insulin that is used to regulate sugar (glucose) levels in type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Individuals with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin on their own; and individuals with type 2 diabetes do not produce enough insulin, or insulin is not as effective due to insulin resistance.

Insulin glargine works the same way as natural human insulin, but it's action lasts longer. It helps diabetic patients regulate glucose or sugar in the body. Insulin glargine works by promoting movement of sugar from blood into body tissues and also stops sugar production in liver. Insulin glargine is man-made insulin that mimics the actions of human insulin.

The FDA approved insulin glargine in April 2000.

What brand names are available for INSULIN GLARGINE-INJECTABLE?


Is INSULIN GLARGINE-INJECTABLE available as a generic drug?


Do I need a prescription for INSULIN GLARGINE-INJECTABLE?


What are the side effects of INSULIN GLARGINE-INJECTABLE?

Common side effects of insulin glargine are:

  • Decreased blood sugar and injection site pain
  • Water retention in the joints and weight gain

Local allergic reactions that may occur at the injection sites are:

Long term use of insulin glargine can lead to thickening of fat tissues at the injection site.

Severe allergic reactions are:

Individuals should contact a healthcare professional if they experience any of the above reactions.


Which drugs or supplements interact with INSULIN GLARGINE-INJECTABLE?

There are many drugs that do not directly interfere with insulin glargine, but they may affect glucose breakdown in the body. This necessitates adjustments of insulin glargine doses.

Pramlintide (Symlin), disopyramide (Norpace), fenofibrate (Tricor), fluoxetine (Prozac), and aspirin can increase blood-sugar-lowering effect of insulin glargine.

Other drugs that can decrease the blood-sugar-lowering effect of insulin glargine are:

Is INSULIN GLARGINE-INJECTABLE safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?

Safe and effective use of insulin glargine is not established for pregnant females.

It is not known whether insulin glargine enters breast milk; therefore, it should be used with caution in females who are breastfeeding.

What else should I know about INSULIN GLARGINE-INJECTABLE?

What preparations of INSULIN GLARGINE-INJECTABLE are available?

Insulin glargine is available as 100 units/ml. Insulin glargine is supplied in 10 ml vials, 3 ml SoloStar injectable pens, and a 3 ml cartridge system. Insulin glargine is given only by subcutaneous injection.


  • Unopened vials, SoloStar pens, and cartridge systems should be refrigerated between 2 C and 8 C (36 F and 46 F).
  • Unopened vials, SoloStar pens, and cartridge systems, if refrigerated, are good until the expiration dates.
  • Unopened vials, SoloStar pens, and cartridge systems, stored at room temperature, are good for 28 days.
  • Opened vials and cartridge systems can be refrigerated or stored at room temperature below 30 C (86 F).
  • Cartridge systems inserted into the insulin delivery device and SoloStar pens should be stored only at room temperature below 30 C (86 F).
  • Opened vials, SoloStar pens, and cartridge systems are good for 28 days.

Quick GuideType 2 Diabetes Diagnosis, Treatment, Medication

Type 2 Diabetes Diagnosis, Treatment, Medication


Insulin glargine (Lantus) is an injectable form of long-lasting insulin that is prescribed to regulate blood sugar levels in individuals with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Side effects, drug interactions, dosing, storage, and pregnancy safety information should be reviewed prior to taking any medication.

Treatment & Diagnosis

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You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

REFERENCE: FDA Prescribing Information.