Insomnia is the perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep because of difficulty falling asleep; waking up frequently during the night with difficulty returning to sleep; waking up too early in the morning; or unrefreshing sleep. Secondary insomnia is the most common type of insomnia. Treatment for insomnia include lifestyle changes, cognitive behavioral therapy, and medication. Read more: Insomnia Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Your Thyroid: Common Thyroid Problems and Diseases Explained
Learn about thyroid problems such as hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyroid cancer, and more. Discover symptoms and treatments...
Sleep Disorders: Insomnia, Sleep Apnea, and More
Learn about the different types of sleep/wake disorders such as insomnia, narcolepsy, and sleep apnea. Explore the symptoms,...
Menopause & Perimenopause: Symptoms, Signs
What is menopause? What are the signs of menopause? What age does menopause start? Learn about menopause and perimenopause...
Hyperthyroidism: Symptoms, Treatment, Medication
What are the symptoms of hyperthyroidism? What causes hyperthyroidism? What happens when you take thyroid medication?...
Learn to Spot Depression: Symptoms, Warning Signs, Medication
Know when you or someone else is depressed. Get information on depression symptoms, signs, tests, and treatments for many types...
The Stages of Dementia: Alzheimer's Disease and Aging Brains
What are the symptoms of dementia? What causes dementia? Dementia includes many disorders, such as Lewy Body dementia,...
What Does It Mean When Your Whole Body Aches?
Body aches are a symptom of the flu, arthritis, autoimmune disease, infections like Lyme disease, and other conditions. Body pain...
What Is Bipolar Disorder? Symptoms, Manic Episodes, Testing
Bipolar disorder (formerly "manic depression") causes extreme mood shifts and manic episodes. Learn about bipolar 1, bipolar 2,...
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS): Tests, Causes, Treatments
What is chronic fatigue syndrome? CFS can occur at any age for men or women. Learn more about the causes of CFS, as well as tests...
Healthy Aging: How to Live a Longer Life
What is the best diet for longevity? What's the secret to living longer? Do vegetarians live longer? How can you live a longer...
Sleep Better, Conquer Insomnia
What is insomnia? Insomnia by definition is trouble falling or staying asleep. Insomnia causes are varied. Learn 10 tips on how...
Sex-Drive Killers: The Causes of Low Libido
Noticing a lack of intimacy with your partner? Here we explore how stress, lack of sleep, weight gain, depression and low T can...
How to Lose Weight Without Dieting: 24 Fast Facts
Get surprising weight loss tips to help you slim down without starving or following a complicated diet. Lose weight without...
Sleep Disorders: Foods That Help Sleep or Keep You Awake
Need more shut-eye? Your late-night cravings could be keeping you from a good night’s sleep. Should you drink green tea before...
Insomnia Quiz: What Is Insomnia?
Insomnia affects all age groups, and is the most common sleep disorder in the world. There also seems to be a link between...
Sleep Quiz: Sleep Hygiene & Sleep Facts
Take our Sleeping Quiz to learn which sleep disorders, causes, and symptoms rule the night. Trouble falling or staying asleep?...
Caffeine Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
If you can't function without your morning cup of java or your afternoon caffeine jolt, this quiz is for you. Learn about your...
20 Tips to Beat Insomnia and Sleep Better
Good sleep hygiene leads to better sleep. Avoid insomnia and sleep better by minimizing stress, exercising, and taking proper...
Restless Legs Syndrome: 16 Natural Remedies and Treatment for RLS
Restless legs syndrome treatment includes natural remedies that you can implement at home. Use exercise, sleep hygiene, and...
Top Reasons Children Can't Sleep in Pictures
From snoring and nightmares to sleep apnea and even you, see the bad habits that are keeping your child up all night.
Physical Symptoms of Depression in Pictures
Depression can cause physical problems such as insomnia, chest pain, fatigue, headaches, and more. Learn the signs of depression...
Jobs That May Ruin Your Sleep
Some jobs can lead to sleep problems like insomnia, especially for graveyard and other shift work. Learn how work can disrupt...
Related Disease Conditions
Early Pregnancy Symptoms and Signs
Pregnancy symptoms can vary from woman to woman, and not all women experience the same symptoms. When women do experience pregnancy symptoms they may include symptoms include missed menstrual period, mood changes, headaches, lower back pain, fatigue, nausea, breast tenderness, and heartburn. Signs and symptoms in late pregnancy include leg swelling and shortness of breath. Options for relief of pregnancy symptoms include exercise, diet, and other lifestyle changes.
Pinworms (Enterobiasis) in Kids and Adults
Pinworm infection is an intestinal infection caused by a pinworm, seatworm, or threadworm. Female pinworms leave the intestine through the ankus and deposit eggs on the skin around the anus while a person is asleep. Pinworm infection is the most common worm infection in the U.S. Symptoms include anal itching or vaginal itching. Pinworm infection is generally spread by inadequate handwashing from infected persons. Treatment is effective after a diagnosis is made with a pinworm test.
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
Congestive heart failure (CHF) refers to a condition in which the heart loses the ability to function properly. Heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, myocarditis, and cardiomyopathies are just a few potential causes of congestive heart failure. Signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure may include fatigue, breathlessness, palpitations, angina, and edema. Physical examination, patient history, blood tests, and imaging tests are used to diagnose congestive heart failure. Treatment of heart failure consists of lifestyle modification and taking medications to decrease fluid in the body and ease the strain on the heart. The prognosis of a patient with congestive heart failure depends on the stage of the heart failure and the overall condition of the individual.
What Happens During Menopause?
Menopause is the time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop, also called the "change of life." Menopause symptoms and signs include hot flashes, night sweats, irregular vaginal bleeding, vaginal dryness, painful intercourse, urinary incontinence, weight gain, and emotional symptoms such as mood swings. Treatment of menopausal symptoms varies, and should be discussed with your physician.
Obesity and Overweight
Obesity is the state of being well above one's normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be obese if they are more than 20% over their ideal weight. That ideal weight must take into account the person's height, age, sex, and build.
GERD (Acid Reflux, Heartburn)
GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is a condition in which the acidified liquid contents of the stomach backs up into the esophagus. The symptoms of uncomplicated GERD are: heartburn, regurgitation, and nausea. Effective treatment is available for most patients with GERD.
Grief: Loss of a Loved One
Grief is the feeling one experiences after a loss (of a friendship, death of loved one, job). Complicated grief refers to grief that lasts for more than a year. Mourning describes the customs and rituals that help bereaved individuals make sense of their loss.
Restless Leg Syndrome
Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a common cause for painful legs that typically eases with motion, and becomes worse and more noticeable at rest. This characteristic nighttime worsening can frequently lead to insomnia. Treatment of the symptoms of restless leg syndrome is generally with medication as well as treating any underlying condition causing restless leg syndrome.
Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental and physical). The causes of fatigue are generally related to a variety of conditions or diseases, for example, anemia, mono, medications, sleep problems, cancer, anxiety, heart disease, and drug abuse.Treatment of fatigue is generally directed toward the condition or disease that is causing the fatigue.
7 Reasons You Are Tired After Surgery
Postsurgical fatigue is normal and is due to a variety of factors. Depression, stress, and anxiety may produce fatigue. Sleep deficits, certain medications, anemia, blood loss, fasting, and loss of electrolytes and minerals associated with surgery can also produce fatigue. Exercise, physical exertion, aging, and the overall health status of patients are additional factors that play a role in making people feel tired after surgery.
Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However, over-stress, can be harmful. There is now speculation, as well as some evidence, that points to the abnormal stress responses as being involved in causing various diseases or conditions.
Migraine headache is a type of headache associated with a sensitivity to light, smells, or sounds, eye pain, severe pounding on one side of the head, and sometimes nausea and vomiting. The exact cause of migraine headaches is not known. Triggers for migraine headaches include certain foods, stress, hormonal changes, strong stimuli (loud noises), and oversleeping. Treatment guidelines for migraines include medicine, pain management, diet changes, avoiding foods that trigger migraines, staying hydrated, getting adequate sleep, and exercising regularly. Prevention of migraine triggers include getting regular exercise, drinking water daily, reducing stress, and avoiding trigger foods.
Hyperthyroidism is an excess of thyroid hormone due to an overactive thyroid gland. Symptoms can include increased heart rate, weight loss, heart palpitations, frequent bowel movements, depression, fatigue, fine or brittle hair, sleep problems, thinning skin, and irregular vaginal bleeding. Graves' disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. Many other health problems or taking excess thyroid hormone medication can cause an overactive thyroid gland. Treatment for the condition is with medication, radioactive iodine, thyroid surgery (rarely), or reducing the dose of thyroid hormone. No diet has been shown to treat hyperthyroidism or its symptoms and signs.
Menstruation (Menstrual Cycle)
Menstruation (menstrual cycle) is also referred to as a "period." When a woman menstruates, the lining of the uterus is shed. This shedding of the uterine linking is the menstrual blood flow. The average menstrual cycle is 28 days. There can be problems with a woman's period, including heavy bleeding, pain, or skipped periods. Causes of these problems may be amenorrhea (lack of a period), menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea), or abnormal vaginal or uterine bleeding. There are a variety of situations in which a girl or woman should see a doctor about her menstrual cycle.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is considered a severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). PMDD has also been referred to as late luteal phase dysphoric disorder. The cause of PMDD is unknown. Some of the common symptoms of PMDD (not an inclusive list) include mood swings, bloating, fatigue, headache, irritability, headache, breast tenderness, acne, and hot flashes. Treatment for PMDD is with medication to treat the symptoms of PMDD.
Parkinson's disease is a slowly progressive neurological disease characterized by a fixed inexpressive face, a tremor at rest, slowing of voluntary movements, a gait with short accelerating steps, peculiar posture and muscle weakness, caused by degeneration of an area of the brain called the basal ganglia, and by low production of the neurotransmitter dopamine. Most patients are over 50, but at least 10 percent are under 40.
How Can I Fall Asleep in 2 Minutes?
Adequate quantity and quality of sleep are important for you to stay healthy, both mentally and physically. While for a blessed few dozing off is an easy affair, going to sleep can be a struggle for many. Falling asleep in a short while, such as in 2 minutes, may be achieved by following certain tips and sleep rituals.
Asthma is a condition in which hyperreactive airways constrict and result in symptoms like wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. Causes of asthma include genetics, environmental factors, personal history of allergies, and other factors. Asthma is diagnosed by a physician based on a patient's family history and results from lung function tests and other exams. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and long-acting bronchodilators (LABAs) are used in the treatment of asthma. Generally, the prognosis for a patient with asthma is good. Exposure to allergens found on farms may protect against asthma symptoms.
Dementia is defined as a significant loss of intellectual abilities such as memory capacity, severe enough to interfere with social or occupational functioning. There are several different types of dementia, including cortical, subcortical, progressive, primary, and secondary dementias. Other conditions and medication reactions can also cause dementia. Dementia is diagnosed based on a certain set of criteria. Treatment for dementia is generally focused on the symptoms of the disease.
Pregnancy Planning (Tips)
Pregnancy planning is an important step in preparation for starting or expanding a family. Planning for a pregnancy includes taking prenatal vitamins, eating healthy for you and your baby, disease prevention (for both parents and baby) to prevent birth defects and infections, avoiding certain medications that may be harmful to your baby, how much weight gain is healthy exercise safety and pregnancy, travel during pregnancy.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition characterized by symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, and tender points. Stress reduction, exercise, and medication are the standard treatments for fibromyalgia.
Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by symptoms such as trouble concentrating, headaches, sleep problems, and irritability. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses that affect approximately 19 million American adults. Treatment for anxiety may incorporate medications and psychotherapy.
Get the latest marijuana statistics and information. Learn its effects and how this drug, also known as pot, affects the brain. Also learn about medical marijuana for cancer patients and its indications.
Tension Headache (Symptoms, Relief, Causes, Treatment)
A tension headache s one of the most common types of headaches, and the exact cause is not known. Factors that may contribute to tension or stress headaches are lack of sleep, increased stress (referred to as a stress headache), skipping meals, dehydration, medical diseases or conditions, anxiety, or changes at home, work, or school. Treatment of tension headaches include prescription and OTC medications, stress management, and treating any underlying illness or condition.
IBS Triggers (Prevention)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disease that can affect the quality of those who suffer from this condition. People with IBS can make lifestyle changes that may modify or control the number and severity of episodes. Certain foods, medications, and hormone levels may trigger IBS episodes, for example fatty foods, dairy products, eating foods in large quantities, foods that contain high levels of sorbitol, foods that produce intestinal gas (broccoli, onions, cabbage, and beans), chocolate, caffeine, physiological stress, some antibiotics, some antidepressants, medicine with sorbitol, and menstrual pain. Exercise, diet, and other lifestyle changes can decrease IBS flares, and prevent the number and severity of IBS episodes of diarrhea and constipation.
Mercury is a naturally occurring element found in water, soil, and the air. Mercury also is contained in some fish, some of the products we use in the home, school, or dentist. Mercury poisoning can cause cognitive problems, dermatitis, tremor and other symptoms. Information about sources of mercury exposure, potential health effects, symptoms of exposure, fish that may contain mercury, consumer products that contain mercury, and ways to reduce your exposure to mercury is important for the health of you, and your family.
Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one feels about oneself, and the way one thinks about things. The principal types of depression are major depression, dysthymia, and bipolar disease (also called manic-depressive disease).
Stress Management Techniques
Stress may be considered as any physical, chemical, or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental unrest and that may be a factor in disease causation. Managing stress in our lives is important. Elimination of stress is unrealistic, since stress is a part of normal life. We can however, learn to manage stress through techniques such as exercise, relaxation, meditation, time management, and support systems so that we have control over our stress and its effects on our physical and mental health.
Jet lag (desynchonosis) is a temporary disorder that results from travel across time zones. Symptoms include anxiety, constipation, headache, nausea, dehydration, diarrhea, confusion, sweating, irritability, and even memory loss.
Sleep apnea is defined as a reduction or cessation of breathing during sleep. The three types of sleep apnea are central apnea, obstructive apnea (OSA), and a mixture of central and obstructive apnea. Central sleep apnea is caused by a failure of the brain to activate the muscles of breathing during sleep. OSA is caused by the collapse of the airway during sleep. OSA is diagnosed and evaluated through patient history, physical examination and polysomnography. There are many complications related to obstructive sleep apnea. Treatments are surgical and non-surgical.
How to Stop Snoring
Snoring, like all other sounds, is caused by vibrations that cause particles in the air to form sound waves. While we are asleep, turbulent air flow can cause the tissues of the nose and throat to vibrate and give rise to snoring. Any person can snore. Snoring is believed to occur in anywhere from 30% of women to over 45% of men. People who snore can have any body type. In general, as people get older and as they gain weight, snoring will worsen. Snoring can be caused by a number of things, including the sleep position, alcohol, medication, anatomical structure of the mouth and throat, stage of sleep, and mouth breathing.
Sleep Disorders (How to Get a Good Night's Sleep)
A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep needs vary from individual to individual and change throughout your life. The National Institutes of Health recommend about 7-9 hours of sleep each night for older, school-aged children, teens, and most average adults; 10-12 for preschool-aged children; and 16-18 hours for newborns. There are two stages of sleep; 1) REM sleep (rapid-eye movement), and 2) NREM sleep (non-rapid-eye movement). The side effects of lack of sleep or insomnia include: Irritability Tiredness Feeling sleepy during the day Concentration or memory problems Lack of sleep and insomnia can be caused by medical conditions or diseases, medications, stress, or pain. The treatment for lack of sleep and insomnia depends upon the cause.
There are many types of urinary incontinence (UI), which is the accidental leakage of urine. These types include stress incontinence, urge incontinence, and overflow incontinence. Urinary incontinence in men may be caused by prostate or nerve problems. Treatment depends upon the type and severity of the UI and the patient's lifestyle.
Medical Marijuana (Medical Cannabis)
Medical marijuana (medical cannabis) is a medicine that is plant based. There are two species of medical marijuana; 1) Cannabis sativa, and 2) Cannabis indica. Medical marijuana is used to treat pain, nausea, anxiety, MS, insomnia, seizures, and muscle spasms. Medical cannabis is legal in a variety of states in the US. A card or licence is required to purchase medical marijuana in states where it is legal; however, medical cannabis is against Federal law. Medical marijuana comes in a variety of products, for example, gummy bears and other candy, muffins, cookies, drinks, salves, ointments, creams, oils, and wax.
Anabolic steroids are synthetic substances that are related to testosterone and promote skeletal muscle growth and the development of male sexual characteristics in both men and women. In the 1930s, it was discovered that anabolic steroids could promote skeletal muscle growth in lab animals, which lead to anabolic steroid abuse by bodybuilders and weight lifters.
Smoking (How to Quit Smoking)
Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or "passive smoke" also harm family members, coworkers, and others around smokers. There are a number of techniques available to assist people who want to quit smoking.
Second Source article from Government
Muscle Pain (Myofascial Pain Syndrome)
Muscle pain (myofascial pain syndrome) is muscle pain in the body's soft tissues due to injury or strain. Symptoms include muscle pain with tender points and fatigue. Treatment usually involves physical therapy, massage therapy, or trigger point injection.
West Nile Virus
West Nile virus (West Nile encephalitis) is a brain infection caused by a virus. People become infected with the virus after they're bitten by a mosquito that has fed off of a bird that's infected with the West Nile virus. Symptoms in humans include fever, headache, rash, body ache, and swollen lymph nodes. Treatment for a West Nile virus infection involves supportive care.
Bipolar disorder (or manic depression) is a mental illness characterized by depression, mania, and severe mood swings. Treatment may incorporate mood-stabilizer medications, antidepressants, and psychotherapy.
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS or SEID)
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID) is a debilitating and complex disorder characterized by profound fatigue that lasts 6 months or longer, is not improved by bed rest, and may be worsened by physical or mental activity.
Suicide is the process of intentionally ending one's own life. Approximately 1 million people worldwide commit suicide each year, and 10 million to 20 million attempt suicide annually.
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a psychiatric condition, can develop after any catastrophic life event. Symptoms include nightmares, flashbacks, sweating, rapid heart rate, detachment, amnesia, sleep problems, irritability, and exaggerated startle response. Treatment may involve psychotherapy, group support, and medication.
Insomnia Treatment (Sleep Aids and Stimulants)
Insomnia is difficulty in falling or staying asleep, the absence of restful sleep, or poor quality of sleep. Insomnia is a symptom and not a disease. The most common causes of insomnia are medications, psychological conditions, environmental changes and stressful events. Treatments may include non-drug treatments, over-the-counter medicines, and/or prescription medications.
Emotional eating can be detrimental to one's efforts at weight loss. Learning to identify the situations and emotions that trigger overeating can help to break the habit and prevent future instances of compulsive eating.
Narcolepsy (Definition, Symptoms, Treatment, Medication)
Causes of narcolepsy, a chronic disease of the central nervous system, have not been fully determined. Some theories include abnormalities in hypocretin neurons in the brain or an autoimmune disorder. Symptoms of narcolepsy include: excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations, sleep paralysis, disturbed nocturnal sleep, and automatic behavior. Diagnosis of narcolepsy is based on a clinical evaluation, specific questionnaires, sleep logs or diaries, and the results of sleep laboratory tests. Treatments of narcolepsy symptoms include medication and lifestyle changes.
Why Do People Sleepwalk (Somnambulism)?
Sleepwalking is a condition in which an individual walks or does other activities while asleep. Factors associated with sleepwalking include genetic, environmental, and physiological. Episodes of sleepwalking may include quiet walking to agitated running. Conditions that may have similar symptoms of sleepwalking, but are not include night terrors, confusional arousals, and nocturnal seizures. Treatment of sleepwalking generally include preventative measures. Medication may be prescribed if necessary.
Depression in Children
Childhood depression can interfere with social activities, interests, schoolwork and family life. Symptoms and signs include anger, social withdrawal, vocal outbursts, fatigue, physical complaints, and thoughts of suicide. Treatment may involve psychotherapy and medication.
Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to acute pain that arises suddenly in response to a specific injury and is usually treatable, chronic pain persists over time and is often resistant to medical treatments.
Lewy Body Dementia (Dementia with Lewy Bodies)
Lewy body dementia (LBD or dementia with Lewy bodies) is one the most common causes of dementia. There are two types of LBD: 1) dementia with Lewy bodies, and 2) Parkinson's disease dementia. Symptoms of LBD are changes in a person's ability to think, movement problems, and sleep disorders. Treatment of LBD includes lifestyle changes, management of symptoms, palliative care, and medications to manage symptoms.
Dysthymia is a less severe form of chronic depression. Symptoms and signs include insomnia, suicidal thoughts, guilt, empty feeling, loss of energy, helplessness, sluggishness, and persistent aches and pains. Treatment may involve psychotherapy, electroconvulsive therapy, and antidepressants.
Pregnancy Changes and Body Discomforts
Pregnancy can bring challenges like weight gain, stretch marks, varicose veins, heartburn, constipation, hemorrhoids, problems sleeping, and wondering if it is safe to have sex while pregnant. Learn how to manage and move through these challenges during pregnancy.
Biologic rhythms, or biorhythms, are how our bodies respond to the regular phases of the sun, moon, and seasons. A medical chronobiologist studies how the "body clock" or biorhythms affect diseases and how the body clock responds to treatment of diseases and conditions at different times of the day.
A concussion is a short-lived loss of brain function that is due to head trauma. There are two types of concussion, simple and complex. Symptoms of a concussion include headache, nausea, dizziness, dazed feeling, irritability, and visual symptoms. Physical signs include poor concentration, emotional changes, slurred speech, and personality changes. Concussion is diagnosed with physical examination and testing. Treatment for a concussion in general includes treatment for control of the symptoms and time.
Head and Neck Cancer
Head and neck cancer is cancer of the oral cavity, salivary glands, paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, or lymph nodes in the upper part of the neck. These cancers account for 3% to 5% of cancers in the U.S. Tobacco and alcohol use are important risk factors. Treatment may involve surgery, radiation therapy, and/or chemotherapy.
Sleep Disorders in Children and Teenagers
Sleep needs in children and teenagers depend on the age of the child. Sleep disorders in children such as: sleep apnea, parasomnias, confusional arousals, night terrors, nightmares, narcolepsy, and sleepwalking which can affect a child's or teen's sleep. Healthy sleep habits and good sleep hygiene can help your infant, toddler, preschooler, tween, or teenager get a good night's sleep.
When sleepiness interferes with daily routines and activities, or reduces the ability to function, it is called "problem sleepiness." A person can have problem sleepiness without realizing it. Symptoms of problem sleepiness include: consistently don't get enough sleep, or poor quality sleep, fall asleep while driving, struggle to stay awake when inactive (like watching TV or reading), have difficulty paying attention or concentrating at work, school, or home, have poor performance problems at work or school, have difficulty remembering things, have slowed responses, have difficulty controlling your emotions, and/or if you have to take naps on most days.
Khat (Abyssinian tea, African salad, oat, kat, chat, and catha) is a flowering evergreen shrub native to East Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. Khat is usually chewed like tobacco, however, it can be smoked or sprinkled on food. Using Khat can cause a variety of health consequences. Khat is illegal in the United States.
Ecstasy (MDMA), Rohypnol, ketamine and GHB are a few of the different types of drugs abused at bars, raves and parties. Rohypnol may produce amnesia, GHB may result in sleep, coma, or death, and ketamine can cause dreamlike states and hallucinations. Treatment of club drug addiction focuses on monitoring and managing withdrawal symptoms.
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
Seasonal affective disorder is a type of depression that tends to occur as the days grow shorter in the fall and winter. Symptoms of seasonal affective disorder include tiredness, fatigue, depression, irritability, body aches, poor sleep, and overeating.
Hypersomnia is a condition where a person has excessive daytime sleepiness and trouble staying awake during the day. Treatment for hypersomnia includes medication, CPAP machines, and lifestyle changes.
Holiday Depression, Anxiety, and Stress
Though the holidays are a fun time for most, for others, they're a sad, lonely and anxiety-filled time. Get tips on how to avoid depression and stress during the holiday season.
Autism: Early Signs and Symptoms
Autism is known as a condition that falls under the category of the "autism spectrum disorders" because there is wide variation in the type and severity of symptoms people experience. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder that affects communication and behavior of an individual. Autism is said to be a "developmental disorder" because the signs and symptoms of the disorder generally appear in the first two years of life. However; toddlers, teens, and adults also can have autism. Early signs and symptoms can vary amongst infants, babies, toddlers, teens, and adults that may include; no eye contact, not responding to his or her name; doesn’t babble or “baby talk”; does not use language correctly; rocking; twirling; and head banging.
Nightmares are dreams that cause high anxiety or terror. Nightmares may be a part of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and they usually occur during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. There are several different treatment options for nightmares, including cognitive-behavioral therapy and medications.
Abuse, Trauma, and Mental Health
Suffering abuse and trauma can put one at higher risk of developing PTSD, anxiety, and depression. Signs and symptoms of abuse or trauma include appetite or mood changes, alcohol and/or drug abuse, difficulty sleeping, and anger. Treatment may incorporate a combination of medication and talk therapy.
How Do You Fall Asleep in 5 Minutes?
Good sleep hygiene means practicing habits that help you get good quality sleep every night. Adequate sleep is essential for your overall mental and physical health. There are no quick fixes to fall asleep within five minutes, but there are strategies to help you fall asleep faster.
Periodic Limb Movement Disorder
Periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD) is a sleep disorder characterized by rhythmic movements of the limbs during sleep. The movements typically involve the legs, but upper extremity movements may also occur. Movements occur periodically throughout the night and can fluctuate in severity from one night to the next. They tend to cluster in episodes that last anywhere from a few minutes to several hours. These movements are very different from the normal spasms, called hypnic myoclonia, that we often experience initially while trying to fall asleep.
Depression in the Elderly
Depression in the elderly is very common. That doesn't mean, though, it's normal. Treatment may involve antidepressants, psychotherapy, or electroconvulsive therapy.
Sleep Related Breathing Disorders
Sleep-related breathing disorders are characterized by disruptions of normal breathing patterns that only occur during sleep. Snoring and sleep apnea are the most common sleep-related breathing disorders.
Local ResourcesFind a local Sleep Specialist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Sleep FAQs
- Caffeine FAQs
- Insomnia FAQs
- Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA): 17 Warning Signs of Serious Complications
- PMS vs. PMDD - Whats' the Difference?
- Prescription Drug Abuse
- Travel Medicine Kit
- Chloral Hydrate Uses and Risks
- 10 Tips to Avoid Insomnia and Get a Good Night's Sleep
- Cognitive Behavior Therapy - Changing the Way We Think and React
- Patient Story: Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment
- Herbs: Toxicities and Drug Interactions
- Sleep Apnea Symptoms
Medications & Supplements
- Benzodiazepines (Benzodiazepine Drug Class)
- Antihistamines (Oral)
- diphenhydramine, Benadryl
- Cox-2 Inhibitors
- lorazepam (Ativan)
- diazepam (Valium, Diastat, Acudial, Diastat Pediatric, Diazepam Intensol)
- Ondansetron (Zofran) vs. promethazine (Phenergan)
- Drug Interactions
- Trazodone (Desyrel)
- Benzodiazepines vs. Ambien
- Klonopin (clonazepam) vs. Ambien (zolpidem)
- amitriptyline (Elavil, Endep)
- Side Effects of Xanax (alprazolam)
- triazolam (Halcion)
- Ativan (lorazepam) vs. Valium (diazepam)
- temazepam (Restoril)
- Klonopin (clonazepam) vs. Restoril (temazepam)
- Valium (diazepam) vs. Ambien (zolpidem)
- doxepin (Sinequan and Adapin are discontinued brand in the US; Silenor)
- Ativan vs. Xanax
- Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis)
- ramelteon (Rozerem)
- Belsomra (suvorexant)
- Dayvigo (lemborexant)
- zolpidem (Ambien)
- eszopiclone (Lunesta)
- zaleplon (Sonata)
- Nembutal (pentobarbital sodium)
- Side Effects of Lunesta (eszopiclone)
- Side Effects of Sonata (zaleplon)
- Side Effects of Rozerem (ramelteon)
- Side Effects of Ambien (zolpidem)
- Belsomra (suvorexant) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Intermezzo (zolpidem)
- Aldactone (spironolactone) Side Effects, Interactions, and Warnings
- Side Effects of Halcion (triazolam)
- Edluar (zolpidem tartrate)
- Side Effects of Intermezzo (zolpidem)
Prevention & Wellness
- Tai Chi May Ease Depression, Insomnia for Stroke Survivors: Study
- Once Begun, Insomnia Is Tough to Shake: Study
- Medical Pot May Help Many Battle Insomnia, Pain and Stress: Study
- Insomnia May Forecast Depression, Thinking Problems in Older People
- COVID-19: Alarming Levels of Anxiety, Depression, Insomnia in Healthcare Workers
- Health Tip: Signs of Nicotine Withdrawal
- Nourianz Approved to Treat 'Off' Episodes in Parkinson Disease
- How Sleep Woes May Strain Your Heart
- More Clues to Mysterious Illness Among Staff at U.S. Embassy in Cuba
- Sleep Troubles Help Drive High U.S. Firefighter Burnout Rate
- AHA News: The Often-Overlooked Connection Between Sleep Troubles and Stroke
- Health Tip: Managing Insomnia
- Sleeping In on Weekends May Not Repay Your Sleep 'Debt'
- Internet Craze Highlighted in Super Bowl Ad
- 'Rock-a-Bye' You, for Better Sleep?
- Pain, Sleeplessness Often Precede MS: Study
- Nitrates in Meat May Be Tied to Mania: Study
- Sound Advice for a Sound Sleep
- Sleepless Nights Haunt 1 in 4 Americans
- Sleepless Nights Show Ties To Alzheimer's Risk
- Poor Sleep May Heighten Alzheimer's Risk
- Health Tip: Risk Factors For Insomnia
- Health Tip: Stress Can Impact Sleep
- When Moms Don't Sleep Well, Neither Do Their Kids
- Sleepless Nights Plague Many Women in Middle Age
- Can a Digital Doctor Help You Sleep?
- Health Tip: Avoid These Beverages to Fight Insomnia
- Meditation's Soothing Effects
- Preterm Birth Risk Spikes in Mothers With Sleep Disorders
- Health Tip: Alzheimer's Affects Sleep
- Did Grandpa's Insomnia Serve an Evolutionary Purpose?
- Living With Purpose May Help Seniors Sleep Soundly
- Opioids a Threat to Seniors With COPD
- Poor Sleep May Worsen Suicidal Thoughts
- Birth Control Pills Recalled Due to Danger of Unintended Pregnancy
- Bed Partner Often Fuels Loved One's Insomnia
- Do You Have 'Social Jet Lag?'
- Sleepless Nights Could Pose Heart Risk Dangers
- Docs May Not Spot Sleep Apnea, Insomnia in Blacks
- Mechanical Heart Valve Noise May Mean Sleepless Nights
- Shift Work May Put Damper on a Man's Sex Life
- Could Tai Chi Ease Insomnia in Breast Cancer Survivors?
- Cervical Cancer May Leave Lasting Imprint on Survivors
- Sleepless Nights, Unhealthy Hearts?
- Health Tip: Slipping Back Into Sleep
- What Guides Docs' Sleeping Pill Picks? 'Same Old Same Old,' Study Says
- 'Off-Label' Antidepressants Common, But Where's the Evidence?
- Health Tip: Get a Massage
- Many Seniors Take Multiple Meds That Can Affect the Brain
- Stress Busters
- Better Sleep Could Mean Better Sex for Older Women
- Sleepless Nights Linked to Asthma Later in Life
- Jury Still Out on Whether to Screen All Adults for Sleep Apnea
- Coping With Sleep Loss During Pregnancy
- Many Misuse OTC Sleep Aids: Survey
- Homeless, And Often Sleepless Too
- Study Finds Genetic Link Between Sleep Problems and Obesity
- Beating Breast Cancer But Still Paying a Price
- 1 in 6 U.S. Adults Takes a Psychiatric Drug: Study
- Study Sees Link Between Insomnia, Asthma
- Web-Based Help for Insomnia Shows Promise
- Trouble Sleeping Tied to Higher Risk for Irregular Heartbeat
- Health Tip: Sleeping When You're Pregnant
- FDA Warns of Dangers From Testosterone Supplements
- Sleep Troubles, Heart Troubles?
- Why Some Women Find Good Sleep Tough to Get
- Mouse Study Suggests Brain Circuit Involved in Sleep-Wake Cycle
- FDA: Opioids Plus Sedatives Pose Fatal OD Risk
- Sleep Is Key to College Success
- Brain Relies on Two Timekeepers for Sleep
- 5 Tips to Help Teens Get Needed School-Year Zzzzzs
- Study Links Sleep Problems to Stroke Risk, Recovery
- Menopause Hastens Aging, Studies Suggest
- Sleep Disorders 6 Times Higher Among Veterans
- Health Tip: Considering a Sleep Study?
- Prince Died From Potent Prescription Painkiller: Autopsy
- Antidepressants Not Just for Depression Any More
- Desperate for Shut-Eye?
- Sleepless Nights Linked to Brain Changes in Study
- Still Tired After Getting Your Zzz's? You Might Have Sleep Apnea
- Smoothing the Transition to Daylight Saving Time
- The High Price of Untreated Insomnia
- Poor Sleep May Not Add to Cholesterol Problems, Study Finds
- Daylight Saving Time Tied to Brief Spike in Stroke Risk
- Poor REM Sleep May Be Linked to Higher Risk for Anxiety, Depression
- Head Injuries May Explain Henry VIII's Erratic Behavior, Study Suggests
- Constant Traffic Noise May Boost Depression Risk
- Interrupted Sleep Not Good for Your Mood, Study Suggests
- Tribal Study Finds Short Sleep Not Just Curse of Modern Living
- Talk Therapy May Help Ease Insomnia, Even With Other Health Woes
- Car Crash Risk Doubles for New Users of Sleeping Pills, Study Finds
- Poor Sleep, Snoring Before Diagnosis Tied to Trouble for Breast Cancer Patients
- Can ‘Talk Therapy' Help You Sleep?
- 'Talk Therapy' May Help Persistent Sleeplessness
- Alzheimer's-Linked Brain Proteins Tied to Poor Sleep in Study
- Insomniacs May Be More Sensitive to Pain
- Study Links Sleep Troubles to Children's Mental Health
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder May Be Linked to Accelerated Aging
- Depression, Insomnia, Fatigue Are the Stuff of Nightmares
- Always Sleepy After the Change to Daylight Saving Time?
- Insomnia Linked to High Blood Pressure in Study
- Vaccine for Deer Against 'Mad Cow'-Like Illness Shows Promise
- Undiagnosed Sleep Problems May Be Common Among Firefighters
- Sleep Woes Common Among Troubled Young Children, Study Says
- Health Tip: Is Stress Keeping You Awake?
- ADHD Can Hamper School Performance as Early as 2nd Grade, Study Says
- Study: Undiagnosed Sleep Disorders Common With Multiple Sclerosis
- A Good Night's Sleep May Mean a Good Day's Work
- Belsomra Approved for Insomnia
- FDA Approves New Kind of Insomnia Drug
- U.S. Hospitals See Big Rise in Drug-Related Suicide Attempts
- Study Links Pot Use With Poor Sleep
- Suicides More Likely After Midnight, Study Finds
- Start Sleep Drug Lunesta at Lower Dose for Safety, FDA Says
- Certain Sedatives Tied to Breathing Problems in Older COPD Patients
- Insomnia May Raise Stroke Risk, Especially for Younger Adults
- Insomniacs' Brains May Work Differently
- Keep Your Toddler's Body Clock in Mind at Bedtime
- What Yoga Can and Can't Do for You
- Insomnia Cure Boosts Success of Depression Treatment, Study Finds
- Your Afternoon Coffee Might Trigger a Bad Night's Sleep
- Deadly Brain Illness Discovered in British Family
- Hormone Therapy May Work Only for Women With Hot Flashes
- Stress-Busting Tips From Experts
- Yoga Fails to Cool Hot Flashes, But May Aid Sleep
- Poor Sleep Habits Linked With Chronic Diseases, Study Says
- With Insomnia, Mind May Also Wander During Day
- Health Highlights: Aug. 29, 2013
- Prescription Sleep Aids a Common Choice for American Insomnia
- One Exercise Session Won't Bring a Good Night's Sleep
- Health Tip: Understanding Excessive Sleepiness
- FDA: Lower Ambien's Dose to Prevent Drowsy Driving
- ER Visits Tied to Ambien on the Rise
- Health Tip: What's Keeping Your Child Awake?
- Is a Better Sleeping Pill on the Way?
- Antipsychotic Meds Not That Helpful for Depression: Study
- 'Violent Behavior' Occurs in Many Adult Sleepwalkers, Study Finds
- Insomnia Might Boost Heart Failure Risk
- Most U.S. Soldiers May Suffer From Sleep Problems
- Alcohol and a Good Night's Sleep Don't Mix
- ER Visits Linked to Energy Drinks Double: Report
- How Do Sleeping Pills Really Work?
- Sedatives May Raise Pneumonia Risk
- Sleep Trumps All-Night Cramming for College Exams
- Health Tip: Is Caffeine Giving You the Jitters?
- New Sleeping Pill May Help Insomnia
- More Deaths, Illness Linked to Energy Drinks
- Sleeping Pill Linked to Hospital Falls, Researchers Say
- 5-Hour Energy Shots Linked to 13 Deaths
- Losing Weight May Improve Sleep Quality
- Insomnia May Raise Risk of Heart Attack, Stroke
- For Many, 'Superstorm' Sandy Could Take Toll on Mental Health
- How Much Caffeine Is in Your Energy Drink?
- 10-Minute 'Tension Tamer' at Bedtime May Help You Sleep: Study
- As Armstrong Case Unfolds, Experts Describe Doping's Harms
- Health Highlights: Oct. 4, 2012
- Study Links Insomnia to $31 Billion in U.S. Workplace Errors
- Melatonin May Improve Sleep for People on Blood-Pressure Meds
- Insomnia, Anxiety Drugs May Raise Dementia Risk
- Health Tip: Don't Combine Medication and Alcohol
- Complementary Medicine May Help Soldiers With PTSD: Study
- Poor Sleep May Make High Blood Pressure Worse
- Psych, Sleep Meds May Affect Driving
- Traffic May Keep City Dwellers Awake, Harming Health
- Postpartum Depression May Lead to Shorter Kids: Study
- Smoking, Pesticides Might Spur Rare 'Sleep-Kicking' Disorder
- 1 in 10 Fibromyalgia Patients Uses Marijuana to Ease Pain
- Violence Takes a Toll on Children's Sleep
- New Sleeping Pill Suvorexant Works in Early Studies
- Fear of the Dark May Trigger Insomnia
- Tinnitus Relief: Therapy Mix Helps Ringing in Ears
- Sleepwalking May Be More Common Than You Think
- Levaquin Approved to Treat or Prevent Plague
- Fatigue Not a Factor in Fibromyalgia Pain, Study Says
- 30% of Workers Get Far Too Little Sleep
- Poor Sleep Heightens 'Ringing Ear' Disease Symptoms: Study
- Aromatherapy: More Than Just a Pleasant Scent?
- Coffee Drinking in Pregnancy Won't Lead to Sleepless Baby: Study
- Health Tip: Dealing With Insomnia
- Menopause May Cost Women Sick Days
- For Sleep Struggles, Women Urged to Alter Routines
- Sleeping Pills Called 'as Risky as Cigarettes'
- Is Grief an Illness? The Debate Heats Up
- Insomnia Can Be Dangerous, But There's Rest for the Weary
- Health Tip: Physical Problems May Cause Insomnia
- Police Officers Often Robbed of Sleep
- Middle-of-Night Sleeping Pill Intermezzo Approved
- Intentional Poisonings in Clubs, Bars May Be on the Rise
- Health Tip: Sleep Soundly During Pregnancy
- Insomnia Might Boost Heart Attack Risk
- Onfi Approved to Treat Severe Seizures
- Health Highlights: Sept. 8, 2011
- Americans Are Flocking to Alternative Therapies
- Hammocks Help You Sleep
- ER Visits for Drug-Related Suicide Attempts Up in Men
- Sleep Deprivation Plus Stress Hurts Blood Pressure
- When Wives Can't Sleep, Marriage May Suffer
- Qnexa Yields Up to Nearly a 10% Weight Loss: Study
- FDA Panel Urges Thorough Review of Mercury-Based Fillings
- Study: Alcohol Does Not Cause Sleep Problems
- Exercise Helps You Sleep
- Brain Waves Show Why Some Sleep Through Noise
- Gout Survey Offers Peek at the Pain
- Caffeine Reduces on-the-Job Mistakes
- Daily Routines Help Seniors Sleep Better