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What Is Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)?
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a term that includes a group of diseases that cause chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal (GI, digestive) tract. The two most common types of inflammatory bowel disease are Crohn's disease (Crohn disease) and ulcerative colitis (UC). In Crohn's disease, the inflammation appears in patches anywhere in the GI tract from the mouth to the anus. In ulcerative colitis, there is chronic inflammation and sores (ulcers) that are continuous along the small intestine and colon.
What Is an Inflammatory Bowel Disease Diet Plan?
There is no special diet that is recommended for treating inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but some people with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis manage symptoms with dietary changes and a low-residue or low-fiber diet that includes:
- Eating smaller and more frequent meals
- Taking vitamins and other nutritional supplements
- Avoiding problem or trigger foods such as fatty and fried foods, meats, spicy foods, diary, and fiber-rich foods because they often trigger symptoms of bloating, diarrhea, and abdominal pain and cramping.
People with Crohn’s disease may have difficulty tolerating dairy products because of intolerance to milk (lactose intolerance). They also are more prone to nutritional deficiencies because of the lack of nutrient absorption in the intestine. If you have IBD, discuss any dietary changes with your doctor, registered dietitian, nutritionist, or other health care professional.
Foods to Avoid in an IBD Diet
Some people with inflammatory bowel disease, for example, Crohn's ulcerative colitis, find that certain foods or products trigger flares, which worsens the disease. Examples of foods to avoid if you have IBD include:
Foods to Include in an IBD Diet
People with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis often find it difficult to get their daily nutritional needs because of their disease. Vitamins and other nutritional supplements can help provide some of the necessary nutritional needs to people with IBD.
A low-residue diet can relieve flare-ups. Include foods that are soft and bland, for example:
- Lean poultry or fish, plain
- Mashed potatoes
- Canned fruit
- White bread
- Diluted juices
- Plain cereals
Talk with a doctor, nutritionist, dietician, or other health care professional about your specific dietary needs if you have inflammatory bowel disease.
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Arnold Wald, MD. "Pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome." UpToDate. Updated: Aug 11, 2016.
Jenifer K Lehrer, MD. "Irritable Bowel Syndrome." Medscape. Updated: Apr 04, 2017.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). 2017. 10 August 2017
Peppercorn, MD, Mark A and Adam S Cheifetz, MD. Definition, epidemiology, and risk factors in inflammatory bowel disease." UpToDate. Updated: Aug 22, 2017.
Womenshealth.gov. " Inflammatory bowel disease." Updated: Apr 18, 2017.
IBD Diet - Experience
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IBD Diet - Foods to Avoid
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IBD Diet - Low-Residue Diet
What foods or diet plans, for example, a low residue or low fiber diet, have been successful in soothing and reducing flare-ups of your disease.Post
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Ulcerative Colitis Diet
An ulcerative colitis diet plan can help a person with the disease avoid foods and drinks that trigger flares. There also are foods that can soothe ulcerative colitis symptoms during a flare. Types of ulcerative colitis plans include
- a high-calorie diet,
- a lactose-free diet,
- a low-fat diet,
- a low-fiber diet (low-residue diet), or
- a low-salt diet.
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