During your baby's first year of life, her vision and language abilities are developing rapidly. Stimulate her by talking, singing, and reading to her to help her understand language and sounds. Ensure her safety by putting her to sleep on her back, putting her in a car seat every time she rides in the car, cutting her food into small pieces so she doesn't choke, and getting her the appropriate immunizations. Read more: Infants: Child Development Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Newborn Quiz: Baby Care Facts
Take the Babies Quiz to learn what milestones and developments you can expect from your baby’s first year....
Picture of Infantile Acropustulosis
This cutaneous disorder is characterized by recurrent episodes of intensely pruritic pustules and papulovesicles on the hands and...
Picture of Erythema Toxicum Neonatorum
This very common and completely benign condition usually arises in the first 2 days of life. See a picture of Erythema Toxicum...
Picture of Erythema Toxicum Neonatorum Eruption
The eruption shown was unusual in that it was so widespread and vesiculopustular. See a Erythema Toxicum Neonatorum Eruption and...
Picture of Baby Acne
Pink pimples ("neonatal acne") are often caused by exposure in the womb to maternal hormones. See a picture of Baby Acne and...
Picture of Diaper Rash
Almost every baby will get diaper rash at least once during the first 3 years of life, with the majority of these babies 9-12...
Picture of Jaundice
Often, physiologic jaundice -- the type seen in most newborns -- does not require treatment. See a picture of Jaundice and learn...
Autism Signs in Children: What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder?
What is autism? Learn about the signs, symptoms, and diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder. Get information about the causes of...
Parenting: Learn to Be a Better Parent
Good parenting isn't magical. It takes learning, dedication, and hard work. Learn how to set rules, offer love, and discipline...
Top 10 Parenting Mistakes- Children, Infants, Toddlers, Teens
Parenting a child isn't easy. Explore the top 10 mistakes that new parents make. Discover newborn parenting tips for...
Healthy Eating for Kids - Recipes and Meal Ideas
Teaching healthy eating to kids and toddlers can be tricky. How do you get your kids to eat vegetables? Are your kids eating a...
Top Surprises of Life After Baby Arrives in Pictures
What are surprises new parents when they bring a baby home? Learn about infant sleep, getting help, adult relationships, and...
Quick Tips to Feed a Picky Eater With Pictures
Discover these quick tips for feeding a picky eater. See the problems found with picky eaters and learn parenting strategies to...
Feeding Baby Year 1: Starting Solids With Baby Food in Pictures
These nutritious foods are great for your baby's first year, and include cereal and baby food. Our experts offer tips on starting...
Exercise Tips for Kids and the Whole Family
Exercise is great for kids, and fun activities for the whole family are there if you know how to find them. Learn how to lose...
Related Disease Conditions
Croup is a contagious viral infection that affects children's respiratory system. Symptoms include a barking cough, stridor,...
Thrush (Oral Candidiasis)
Thrush is an infection of the mouth caused by the Candida fungus. Symptoms of Thrush include pain or difficulty swallowing, a...
Roseola is a viral illness that most commonly affects young children. Symptoms and signs include a sudden high fever that lasts...
The common cold (viral upper respiratory tract infection) is a contagious illness that may be caused by various viruses. Symptoms...
Iron is a mineral our bodies need. Iron deficiency is a condition resulting from not enough iron in the body. It is the most...
Gum disease is caused by plaque and may result in tooth loss without proper treatment. Symptoms and signs of gum disease...
Rickets is caused by a deficiency of vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate. Infants and children who are exclusively breastfed, have...
Cystic fibrosis is a disease of the mucus and sweat glands. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease. The outcome of the disease...
Mumps is an acute viral illness caused by the mumps virus. Symptoms of mumps include fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness,...
A diaper rash is a skin irritation that develops in the diaper-covered region. Most diaper rashes are caused by bacterial or...
Whooping Cough (Pertussis)
Whooping cough (pertussis) is highly contagious respiratory infection that is caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis. There...
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
The cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is unknown. The risk of SIDS peaks in infants 2-4 months of age. SIDS is more...
Thrush and Other Yeast Infections in Children
Yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of a type of fungus called Candida. Oral thrush is a yeast infection of the mouth...
Shaken Baby Syndrome (Abusive Head Trauma)
Shaken baby syndrome, or abusive head trauma, is the condition that describes the symptoms and signs that result from the violent...
Listeria is a type of bacteria that can cause food poisoning. Listeriosis symptoms include diarrhea, nausea, and...
Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults)
Autism in children and adults is a developmental disorder, characterized by impaired development in communication, social...
Sleep Disorders (How to Get a Good Night's Sleep)
A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep...
Cryptosporidiosis is an intestinal disease caused by the Cryptosporidium parasite. Symptoms include watery diarrhea, stomach...
A common form of short stature, achondroplasia (dwarfism) is a genetic condition causing a disorder of bone growth. Complications...
Separation anxiety disorder is a common childhood anxiety disorder that has many causes. Infants, children, older kids and adults...
Respiratory Syncytial Virus
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a highly contagious viral infection. Symptoms include fever and nasal congestion and...
Anencephaly is a neural tube defect that prevents abnormal development of the brain and bones of the skull, and are missing large...
Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function and postural tone acquired at an early age (even before birth). Cerebral...
Breastfeeding (and Formula Feeding)
It's important to know whether you will breastfeed or bottle-feed your baby prior to delivery, as the breasts' ability to produce...
Hirschsprung Disease (Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments)
Hirschsprung disease is an inherited condition that is present at birth (congenital) in which the nerves of parts of the large...
Birthmarks and other abnormal skin pigmentation is caused by the body's inability to produce enough melanin. Abnormal skin...
Fast-food consumption and lack of exercise are just a couple of causes of childhood obesity. Health effects of childhood obesity...
Postpartum depression is a form of depression that occurs within a year after delivery. It is thought that rapid hormone changes...
GERD and GER (Acid Reflux) in Infants and Children
GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is the upward movement of stomach content, including acid, into the esophagus and...
Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of...
Colic in Babies
Colic is crying or fussing that begins suddenly, lasting for a total of three hours a day and happening more than three days a...
Trachoma is an infectious disease caused by the Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria. Symptoms and signs include redness and irritation...
Reye's syndrome (RS or Reye syndrome) is a sudden, sometimes fatal, disease of the brain with degeneration of the liver. Reye...
Leigh's Disease (Leigh's Syndrome)
Leigh's disease (Leigh's syndrome) is a rare genetic neurometabolic disorder. The symptoms of Leigh's disease include loss of...
Learn more about cavities including symptoms, treatment, and prevention. See how tooth decay, plaque, and bacteria contribute to...
Cleft Palate and Cleft Lip
Cleft palate and cleft lip are facial and oral defects that occur early in pregnancy. A cleft lip is a split of the two sides of...
Good parenting helps foster empathy, honesty, self-reliance, self-control, kindness, cooperation, and cheerfulness, says...
Pfeiffer syndrome, a rare genetic disorder, is characterized by craniosynostosis and other birth defects. There are three...
Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Children and Teenagers
Sleep needs in children and teenagers depend on the age of the child. Sleep disorders in children such as: sleep apnea,...
Canavan disease is an inherited genetic disorder that typically causes death before 10 years of age. Signs and symptoms of the...
Urine Blockage in Newborns
There are many syndromes and defects that may cause urine blockage in newborns. Defects in the urinary tract that may cause urine...
1p36 Deletion Syndrome
1p36 deletion syndrome is a genetic disorder that causes severe intellectual disability. Characteristics of 1p36 deletion sndrome...
Embryo vs. Fetus (Differences between Stages Week by Week)
The embryonic stage of pregnancy occurs from the moment of conception until the 11th week pregnancy, or first trimester....
Doula vs. Midwife (Differences between Care, Costs, & Duties)
A midwife and doula are not the same thing. A doula's job is to provide non-medical, emotional, and personal support to a...
Breastfeeding: Common Breastfeeding Challenges
Breastfeeding an infant can cause common challenges both for the mother an infant. Some challenges include sore nipples, low milk...
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) FAQs
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are developmental disorders that do not appear to be linked to vaccines. More people than ever...
Local ResourcesFind a local Pediatrician in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- Baby Bonding: Tips for New Moms
- Baby Feeding: Breasts, Bottles, & Beyond
- Baby's First Year: Ask the Pediatrician
- Baby Talk: Communicating with Your Child
- Babies: The Care and Handling of Babies
Prevention & Wellness
- Babies Start Connecting Words Early On
- Health Tip: Infant Medication Advice For New Moms
- Talcum Powder/Ovarian Cancer Lawsuit Award Overturned
- MRI Approved for Young Infants in Intensive Care
- More Babies in Strollers, Cribs Winding Up in ER: Study
- Health Tip: Watch for Constipation in Babies
- Tiny Babies May Face Mental Health Problems Later
- Preemies Bombarded With Noise in First Weeks of Life
- Newborn Screening Tests Approved
- Used Safely, Donor Breast Milk Can Help Preemie Babies
- Teething Tips From Dental Specialists
- Every Day in the Womb Boosts Babies' Brain Development: Study
- Dogs Too Smart to Follow Useless Advice
- Babies' Sleep 'Twitching' May Aid Their Development
- Antibiotics May Blunt Breast-Feeding's Benefits
- Do Big Bottles Kickstart Infant Weight Issues?
- Genetic Insights May Help Kids Battling Developmental Delays
- 5 Tips for New Moms
- Swaddling May Increase Chances of SIDS
- Could Infant Colds, Other Infections Raise Type 1 Diabetes Risk?
- Babies Fed Rice-Based Cereals Have Higher Arsenic Levels, Study Finds
- Music Might Give Babies' Language Skills a Boost
- Scientists Use Stem Cells to Correct Infant Cataracts
- Health Tip: Set up a Safe Changing Table
- Acetaminophen Tops List of Accidental Infant Poisonings
- Infant Delivery and Feeding Methods Can Affect Gut Composition
- Toxic Chemicals May Weaken Infants' Response to TB Vaccine
- Health Tip: Understanding Your Baby's Vision
- Some Babies May Pick Up 2nd Language More Easily
- What's In a Name? For Newborns, Maybe Fewer Medical Errors
- Baby Swings, Car Seats Not Safe for Sleeping
- Surprises Help Babies Learn, Research Finds
- Common Antiseptic Can Prevent Infant Deaths, Study Says
- Naps May Boost Your Baby's Memory
- Health Tip: When Baby Needs a Medical Test
- Infants Remember a Good Time, Study Finds
- Study Shows Benefits of Building Baby's Language Skills Early
- Study: Exposure to Diversity Might Boost Baby's Social Skills
- Mom's Response to Baby's Cry a Matter of Memory
- Babies' Brains Prep for Speech Long Before First Words Come Out
- Study Sheds Light on How Immune System Works in Infants
- Low Birth Weight, Lack of Breast-Feeding Tied to Inflammation Risk in Adulthood
- Despite Media Companies' Claims, Your Baby Can't Learn to Read: Study
- Baby 'Sleep Machines' Could Damage Hearing, Study Suggests
- Premature Babies Benefit From Adult Talk, Study Finds
- Many New Mothers Skip Important 6-Week Checkup, Study Finds
- Steroids for Preemies May Raise ADHD Risk, Study Says
- Health Tip: Help Prevent Clogged Milk Ducts
- Hand Gestures May Help Kids Solve Problems
- Breast-Fed Baby May Become Higher-IQ Child, Study Suggests
- Overnight Separation From Mother Linked to Weaker Infant Bond
- Health Tip: Caring for Baby's Umbilical Cord
- Breast Milk Supply May Be Linked to Insulin Production: Study
- Even Younger Babies 'Prep' Themselves to Be Picked Up
- You Can Boost Your Baby's Vocabulary
- Quicker Infant Growth Tied to Higher IQ Later
- Sleeping on Back to Prevent SIDS Doesn't Appear to Hurt Babies' Ability to Roll
- Low Breast-Feeding Rate Linked to Early Deaths, Illnesses: Study
- U.S. Imports Scarce Nutrition Drugs for Sick Babies
- Health Tip: Pay Attention to Baby's Communication
- Health Tip: Schedule Baby's First Dental Visit
- Bacteria in Baby's Belly May Influence Growth, Study Says
- Reducing Respiratory Virus in Preemies Lessens Wheezing: Study
- Health Tip: Holding Your Infant Skin to Skin
- Health Tip: Manage Visitors After Bringing Home Baby
- Why Carrying Your Baby Calms Him
- Colic May Be Linked to Childhood Migraine, Study Says
- Lullabies Soothe Preemies, Parents Alike
- Four in 10 Babies Given Solid Foods Too Early, Study Finds
- Nursing Shortage May Harm Infants in Intensive Care, Study Says
- Health Tip: Reading to Baby
- Breast-Feeding Still Less Common for Black Babies: CDC
- Let Babies 'Cry It Out,' Study Suggests
- Moms May Use TV to Calm Fussy Infants: Study
- Health Tip: Help Keep Your Baby's Crib Safe
- Health Tip: Calming a Fussy Baby
- Having Babies Sit Up May Help Them Learn
- Could Baby's Crying Give Clues to Autism?
- Bigger Babies Have Bigger Brains as Teens: Study
- Does Eating Fish During Infancy Cut Asthma Risk?
- Flame Retardants in Furniture, Carpets Might Affect Kids' Development
- Many Grandparents Lack Latest Child Safety Info: Study
- Preemies Born to Poor Families May Face Higher Risk for Brain Bleeds
- Parents' Love in Infancy Pays Off Later, Study Finds
- Fresh Blood as Good as Older Blood for Preemie Transfusions: Study
- BPA Exposure Impacts Pregnant Women's Thyroids, Study Suggests
- Health Tip: Kids Need to Stop Sucking Their Thumbs
- Mailed Kits May Prompt Parents to Protect Kids From Sun
- Half of Pregnant Women, Newborns Risk Flu
- FDA to Parents: Don't Give SimplyThick to Infants
- Expandable Water Toys Pose Risk to Children
- U.S. Expands SIDS Prevention Effort
- Pediatricians' Group Urges Flu Shot for Kids Aged 6 Months and Up
- Parents, Rest Easy About Infant 'Sleep Training'
- Kids Develop Sense of Humor by Age 1, Study Finds
- Fish Oil for Infants No Help for Allergies
- More Benefits of Breast Milk Revealed
- How Dog-Savvy Is Your Child?
- Bottle-Feeding May Raise Baby's Risk for Intestinal Trouble
- Baby's Healthy Diet Feeds IQ, Study Finds
- Health Tip: Help Prevent Baby Bottle Tooth Decay
- Few U.S. Kids Using Correct Car Safety Restraints
- Vitamin D Deficiency Common in Sick Kids
- Don't Trust 'Dr. Google' for Help on Infant Sleep Safety
- Scientists ID New Gene Linked to Vision Loss in Infants
- Heart Birth Defects May Have Lasting Effect
- Health Tip: Help Baby Develop Healthy Sleep Habits
- Dad's Early Engagement With Son May Shape Behavior Later
- FDA Bans BPA in Baby Bottles
- Keep Infants Out of Sun and Heat, Experts Warn
- Many Babies Healthier in Homes With Dogs
- Food Allergy Reactions in Kids Undertreated
- Infant Vaccination 'Delays' Triple in Oregon: Study
- Newborn Screening May Miss Adrenal-Gland Disorder
- Health Tip: What to Expect After Childbirth
- Many Moms Don't Meet Their Own Breastfeeding Goals
- Health Tip: Warning Signs of Infant Dehydration
- 'Cooling' Helps Oxygen-Deprived Newborns: Study
- Soy and Cow's Milk-Based Baby Formulas Face Off
- Babies' Vulnerability to Colds Tied to Immune Response at Birth
- Health Tip: Signs That Baby is in Pain
- Health Tip: Eat a Healthy Diet When Nursing
- Infant Head Lag May Signal Autism
- Health Tip: Help Prevent Gas in Babies
- Swaddling Infants Too Tightly May Cause Hip Problems
- Health Tip: When Baby Has a Fever
- Quality Nursing May Protect Very Low Birth Weight Babies
- Background TV May Harm Young Kids' Development
- Health Tip: Touch, Sing and Play With Baby
- Depressed Moms Disrupt Baby's Sleep
- Safe Sleep Can Prevent SIDS Deaths
- Infants' Faces Trigger Caregiving Impulse in Adults' Brains
- Health Tip: Make 'Tummy Time' Fun
- Mother's Voice May Help Premature Babies Breathe Easier
- Overly Strict, Controlling Parents Risk Raising Delinquent Kids
- Health Tip: Never Leave Kids in the Car
- Study Links Colic in Infants to Migraines in Moms
- Health Tip: Is Your Baby Breast-Feeding Enough?
- A Common Organic Sweetener May Boost Arsenic Levels in Foods
- Letting Baby Eat Finger Foods May Spur Healthier Weight
- Breastfeeding OK for Moms With Asthma
- Health Tip: Prepare for Breast-feeding
- Brain Activity May Help Predict Autism Before Age 1: Study
- Testosterone Exposure May Explain Boys' Language Delay
- Hungry Families Admit to 'Formula Stretching'
- Infant Acetaminophen Dosage Change May Cause Confusion
- Infant Formula Investigated in Baby Death
- Are Working Moms Healthier and Happier?
- Accidental Drug Overdoses on the Rise Among Kids
- Some of World's Tiniest ‘Preemies' Are Growing Up Healthy
- Infants May Sleep Better When Vaccinated in Afternoon
- Chickenpox Vaccination of Children Helps Protect Infants, Too
- Consumer Group: Dangerous Toys Are on Store Shelves
- Infants Use Pure Reasoning to Make Sense of the World
- Quick Screening May Help Spot Autism in Babies
- FDA OKs Meningitis Vaccine for Infants
- Antipsychotics in Pregnancy Risky for Newborns
- Despite Warning, Babies Still Get Cough Medicine
- Low Vitamin D in Newborns Linked to Wheezing
- Is Alternative Medicine Risky for Kids?
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