Immunizations can prevent many diseases nowadays. It's important to follow the vaccination guidelines recommended on the CDC's vaccination schedule for adults and adolescents in order to stay informed about new vaccines and to learn how often and when the vaccines should be administered. Read more: Vaccination Schedule for Adults and Adolescents Article
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Picture of Measles
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Related Disease Conditions
Fever in Adults and Children
Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37 C), in practice, a person is usually not considered to have a significant fever until the temperature is above 100.4 F (38 C). Fever is part of the body's own disease-fighting arsenal; rising body temperatures apparently are capable of killing off many disease-producing organisms.
Genital Warts (HPV) Infection in Women
Genital warts is a sexually transmitted infection (STI, STD) caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). It is the most common STD in the US. The warts can appear anywhere on the skin where sexual contact has occurred. The warts look like raised, flesh-colored lumps or bumps that have a cauliflower-like appearance. Signs and symptoms of genital warts in women include vaginal, vulva, or groin pain, itching, and burning where the wart(s) is. Treatment can remove warts or lesions, but it does not prevent spread of the virus, and the warts usually grow back. Removing genital warts does not prevent the infection from spreading elsewhere on the body. There is no cure for genital warts, and there is no vaccine to prevent them; however, there is a vaccine to prevent infection from four common types of HPV. Gardasil vaccine available for female adolescents and teens to prevent HPV infection and cervical cancer.
Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Symptoms and signs include cough, fever, shortness of breath, and chills. Antibiotics treat pneumonia, and the choice of the antibiotic depends upon the cause of the infection.
Shingles, or herpes zoster, is a painful rash caused by the varicella zoster virus. Other shingles symptoms include headache, fever, nausea, and body aches. Treatment focuses on pain management and shortening the duration of the illness with antiviral medications.
Typhoid fever is an illness caused by the Salmonella typhi bacteria. The illness is contracted by ingesting the bacteria in contaminated water or food. Symptoms include headaches, fever, diarrhea, lethargy, aches and pains, and poor appetite. Treatment focuses on killing the Salmonella bacteria with antibiotics.
Chickenpox (chicken pox) is a contagious childhood disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus. Symptoms have an incubation period of 14 to 16 days and include a couple days of mild fever, weakness, and red, raised rash that progresses to blisters that eventually burst and crust over. Complications include bacterial infection of the open sores, scarring, encephalitis, nerve palsies, and Reye's syndrome.
Mercury is a naturally occurring element found in water, soil, and the air. Mercury also is contained in some fish, some of the products we use in the home, school, or dentist. Mercury poisoning can cause cognitive problems, dermatitis, tremor and other symptoms. Information about sources of mercury exposure, potential health effects, symptoms of exposure, fish that may contain mercury, consumer products that contain mercury, and ways to reduce your exposure to mercury is important for the health of you, and your family.
Measles (rubeola) is a highly contagious disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include a rash, high fever, cough, runny nose, and red eyes. Treatment focuses on symptom relief. The disease can be prevented with the measles, mumps, rubella, and chickenpox (varicella) vaccine (MMRV).
Tetanus is an often-fatal disease caused by nerve toxins produced by the common bacteria Clostridium tetani. In a 7-day period after infection, a person experiences muscle spasms, restlessness, headache, irritability, then lockjaw, and the lungs stop functioning. Tetanus is treatable with antibiotics and drainage. Sedation is often give to stop muscle spasms.
Mumps is an acute viral illness caused by the mumps virus. Symptoms and signs of mumps include fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, and loss of appetite, followed by swelling of the salivary glands.
Influenza (flu) is a respiratory illness caused by a virus. Flu symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, headache, fatigue, and muscle aches. The flu may be prevented with an annual influenza vaccination.
A polio infection causes symptoms and signs such as paralysis, limb deformities, and even death. There is no curative treatment for polio. Treatment focuses on pain control, bed rest, and physical therapy.
Meningitis is inflammation of the membranes that cover the spinal cord and brain. Symptoms include fever, headache, and a stiff neck. Treatment of meningitis depends upon the cause of the infection and may include antibiotics or antiviral medications.
Whooping Cough (Pertussis)
Whooping cough (pertussis) is highly contagious respiratory infection that is caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis. There are an estimated 300,000 plus deaths annually from whooping cough (pertussis). Whooping cough commonly affects infants and young children but can be prevented with immunization with the vaccine. First stage whooping cough symptoms are a runny nose, sneezing, low-grade fever, a mild cough with the cough gradually becoming more severe. After one to two weeks, the second stage of whooping cough begins.
Stomach Flu vs. Food Poisoning
The stomach flu (viral gastroenteritis) and food poisoning are not the same infections. However, they do have a few similar symptoms, for example: Nausea Vomiting Diarrhea Fever Abdominal (stomach) pain and cramping. Symptoms and signs of food poisoning show up earlier (2 hours up to a couple of days) in comparison to the stomach flu in which symptoms may take 4 hours up to 48 hours (2 days) before symptoms begin. Medical treatment for the stomach flu and food poisoning generally is not necessary. A bland diet, drinking plenty of fluids, and rest may be the only treatment necessary.
Rabies is a viral disease that is transmitted via the bite of an infected animal. Symptoms include fever, headaches, and weakness. Treatment involves a series of injections: rabies immune globulin and four rabies vaccines administered over 2 weeks.
Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B)
The hepatitis B virus (HBV, hep B) is a unique, coated DNA virus belonging to the Hepadnaviridae family of viruses. The course of the virus is determined primarily by the age at which the infection is acquired and the interaction between the virus and the body's immune system. Successful treatment is associated with a reduction in liver injury and fibrosis (scarring), a decreased likelihood of developing cirrhosis and its complications, including liver cancer, and a prolonged survival.
Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of children's health, including growth and development, illnesses, injuries, behavior, mental illness, family health, and community health.
Hepatitis A and B Vaccinations
Hepatitis A and hepatitis B are the two most commnon viruses that infect the liver. Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B can be prevented and treated with immunizations (vaccinations) such as Havrix, Vaqta, Twinrix, Comvax, Pediarix, and hepatitis b immune globulin (HBIG).
Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A)
Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A) is one type of liver disease caused by a virus. Since hepatitis A is a virus, it can pass from person to person from eating or drinking contaminated food or coming into contact with contaminated materials containing the virus. Symptoms of hepatitis A include stomach pain, diarrhea, dark yellow urine, jaundice, and more. There is a vaccine to prevent contracting hepatitis A.
What Is Bronchiectasis?
Bronchiectasis has three types: cylindrical bronchiectasis, saccular or varicose bronchiectasis, and cystic bronchiectasis. Causes of bronchiectasis include infection, environmental exposure, drug or alcohol abuse, and alpha-1 antitrypsin (congenital). Symptoms of bronchiectasis include shortness of breath, fatigue, chronic cough, bloody sputum, and wheezing. Treatment for bronchiectasis includes antibiotics and possibly surgery.
Meningococcemia (Meningococcal Disease)
Meningococcemia is a bloodstream infection caused by Neisseria meningitides. Meningococcemia symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, and body aches. Meningococcemia is treated with intravenous antibiotics. There is an effective and safe vaccine to protect against most serogroups of meningococcus that cause meningococcemia.
Diphtheria is a disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, enlarged lymph nodes, and swallowing problems. Erythromycin is the primary treatment for diphtheria. Vaccines that prevent diphtheria include the DTaP, Tdap, DT, and Td.
The cornea is the clear outer layer of the eye. If it is damaged by disease, infection, or injury, vision problems may occur. Corneal problems can be detected by having an eye exam. Corneal problems can be prevented by protecting the eyes from injury and avoiding contact with people who have eye infections.
Yellow fever is an infectious disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. Side effects are rare with the yellow fever vaccine. Symptoms include fever, chills, back pain, nausea, vomiting, and headache. Treatment is aimed at relieving symptoms.
Adenovirus infections are common and often have no symptoms. Adenoviruses cause illnesses like bladder infections, diarrhea, pneumonia, bronchitis, pinkeye, colds, encephalitis, sore throat, and meningitis. Signs and symptoms of an adenovirus infection depend on the type of virus causing the infection. Treatment focuses on supportive care. A vaccine against adenovirus type 4 and 7 is available only to U.S. military personnel.
Disease Prevention for Teens
Teenagers recognize that they are developmentally between child and adult. Teen health prevention includes maintaining a healthy diet, exercising regularly, preventing injuries and screening annually for potential health conditions that could adversely affect teenage health.
Travelers should prepare for their trip by visiting their physician to get the proper vaccinations and obtain the necessary medication if they have a medical condition or chronic disease. Diseases that travelers may pick up from contaminated water or food, insect or animal bites, or from other people include: malaria, meningococcal meningitis, yellow fever, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, polio, and cholera.
Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC)
Taking prescription medications or over-the-counter drugs or supplements should be discussed with your doctor. There are some medications that have been found to cause no problems in pregnancy, however, medications such as Accutane for acne, should never be taken during pregnancy.
Asbestos (Exposure Dangers, Testing, Symptoms)
Asbestos is a mineral fiber that is found in soil and rock. Asbestos exposure occurs when asbestos fibers are disturbed and released into the air then and inhaled. Inhaling asbestos fibers causes three lung diseases; asbestosis, lung cancer, and noncancerous lung disease. In asbestosis, the asbestos fibers scar the lungs. Asbestosis and lung cancer have the same symptoms of cough and shortness of breath.Asbestosis progresses slowly, frequently even 20 to 40 years after asbestos exposure. Asbestos exposure include can come from a variety of products, for example, drinking water due to the decay of asbestos cement in water mains and erosion of natural deposits (which increases your risk of developing benign intestinal polyps), insulation, vinyl floor tiles, some paints and patching compounds, oil and coal furnaces and doors, heat-resistant fabrics, and automobiles brakes and clutches. Some uses of asbestos are banned; however, most are not. Examples of products banned from using asbestos are commercial, corrugated, and specialty paper, flooring felt, and artificial fireplace embers that contain asbestos. Examples of products not banned from using asbestos include vinyl flooring, clothing, roof and non-roof coatings, friction materials, and some car components.Cancers of the larynx, throat, kidney, esophagusand gallbladder have been linked to asbestos exposure. Treatment is dependent upon the type of condition related to asbestos exposure.
German Measles (Rubella)
German measles is a disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include rash and fever for two to three days. The MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine prevents this disease.
Acute Flaccid Myelitis (AFM)
Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) is a condition that affects the nervous system, causing weakening of the muscles and reflexes. Adenoviruses, poliovirus, non-polio enteroviruses, and West Nile virus can cause AFM. Symptoms and signs include drooping eyelids, difficulty swallowing and moving the eyes, facial weakness, and slurred speech. There is no treatment for acute flaccid myelitis.
Is Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Contagious?
Whooping cough (pertussis) is a highly contagious respiratory infection caused by Bordetella pertussis. Pertussis is characterized by severe coughing fits and whooping sound produced during inhalation. The bacteria spreads via airborne droplets produced during sneezing or coughing. There is a whooping cough vaccine that is typically administered during childhood vaccinations.
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Rotavirus Vaccination ... Postponed as a Precaution
- Vaccination Coverage of Children Rising
- Flu Vaccine 2000 - Why The Shortage?
- Vaccine Not a Risk for Autism
- Travel Medicine Kit
- Chickenpox Vaccine for My Child?
- Can You Still Get Rotavirus After Being Vaccinated?
- Can the Chicken Pox Vaccine Cause Shingles?
- What Are the Facts on Chicken Pox?
- Should Adults Get a Chicken Pox Vaccine?
- How Do You Treat Whooping Cough in Adults?
- What Is in The Typhoid Vaccine?
- What Is the Rationale for Immunizations?
- Flu Shots - Next Big Influenza Outbreak
- Hospitals: Can Yours Handle Your Emergency?
- 6 Tips if You Need Healthcare When Traveling
- Whooping Cough Symptoms
- Annual Physical Exam
Medications & Supplements
- Biologics (Biologic Drug Class)
- Gardasil (HPV Vaccine)
- pneumococcal vaccine (Pneumovax 23, Pnu-Imune 23)
- MMR Vaccine (measles, mumps, and rubella virus vaccine, live)
- rubella virus vaccine live (Meruvax II)
- Shingles Vaccine (Zoster Shingles Vaccine Live, Zostavax)
- How Can Immunotherapy Be Used in Pediatric Cancer?
Prevention & Wellness
- 'Anti-Vaxx' Movement Shifts Focus to Civil Liberties
- Chief of U.S. Vaccine Initiative Says October Timeline 'Extremely Unlikely'
- What If a COVID-19 Vaccine Arrived and Many Americans Said No?
- AHA News: Here's What Doctors Know About Immunizations Right Now – You Still Need Them
- Are Your Vaccinations Up to Date?
- The Damage of Vaccine Misinformation
- Vaccinations Rose After California Curbed Exemptions
- Special 'Invisible' Dye Could Serve as Skin's Vaccination Record
- Studies Confirm HPV Shot Is Safe
- Many Parents Would Switch Doctors Over Vaccination Policy, Poll Finds
- Traveling Abroad? Make Sure Your Measles Shot Is Up to Date
- Common Infant Vaccine May Also Shield Kids From Type 1 Diabetes
- High Measles Rates Mean Kids, Adults Need Proper Vaccination: CDC
- Anti-Vaxxers a Major Global Health Threat: WHO
- Did Russian Bots, Trolls Try to Sway U.S. Vaccine Debate?
- No Link Between HPV Vaccine, Autoimmune Diseases: Study
- Health Tip: When Your Child Graduates High School
- Vaccines Can Stem Poverty, Not Just Disease, Study Suggests
- 'Anti-Vaxxers' Are Often Conspiracy Theorists, Too
- Tougher State Laws Curb Vaccine Refusers
- Health Tip: Keep Up-to-Date Vaccination Records
- Serious Reactions to Vaccines Rarely Recur: Review
- Vaccination 101: Make Sure Kids Are Up to Date
- Hep B Vaccine Should Be Given Sooner: Pediatricians Group
- Drones Could Deliver Vaccines in Developing Countries
- California Vaccine Refusers Cluster in Rich, White Areas
- One in Five Pediatricians Drops Families Who Refuse Vaccines: Survey
- Vaccines Rarely Cause Life-Threatening Allergic Reactions: CDC
- Vaccine Combo Shows Promise Against Common, Dangerous Infection
- Infectious-Disease Expert Debunks Common Vaccine Myths
- Preteen Whooping Cough Vaccine Loses Strength Over Time, CDC Finds
- More Americans Support Vaccines: HealthDay/Harris Poll
- Doctors Often Yield to Parents' Requests to Delay Kids' Vaccines
- Reminders From States May Boost Timely Vaccination Rates
- Should Vaccination Be a Personal Choice?
- Measles at Disneyland: What You Should Know
- Vaccine Opponents Often Cluster in Communities
- Measles Journey Highlights Risk to Unvaccinated Kids
- Vaccine for Infant Tummy Bug Cuts Hospitalizations: CDC
- Disease Outbreaks May Not Change Minds of Vaccine Opponents
- No-Fridge Nasal Vaccines on the Horizon
- Vaccines Prevent Millions of Infections, Save Billions in Costs: CDC
- On-time Use of Routine Vaccine Keeps Kids Out of Hospital
- Many U.S. Adults Not Getting Key Vaccines: CDC
- Expert Q&A: Childhood Vaccine Safety
- Teen's Death From Chickenpox Highlights Need for Vaccination, CDC Reports
- Too Few Adults Get Recommended Vaccines: CDC
- Whooping Cough Vaccine for Pregnant Women Among New Recommendations
- Study Finds Nearly Half of U.S. Kids Are Under-Vaccinated
- Whooping Cough Vaccine Protection Wanes Fast
- Are Kindergarten Kids Getting Their Vaccines?
- Shots Should Be on College Kids' Back-to-School List
- Is 'Improved' Vaccine Causing Whooping Cough Outbreaks?
- Poor Sleep Hampers Vaccine Effectiveness: Study
- Study: More Pre-Teens Get Vaccines When Middle Schools Require Them
- Too Few American Adults Getting Needed Vaccinations: CDC
- U.S. Sets New Goals for a Healthier Nation
- FDA OKs Meningitis Vaccine for Infants
- H1N1 Swine Flu Still Smoldering in U.S.
- Too Few Adults Get Recommended Vaccinations
- Is the H1N1 Swine Flu Vaccine Safe?
- Mumps Outbreaks
- Seniors: Shots for Safety
- Immunization Recommendations for Emergency Responders: Hurricane
- Immunization: National Immunization Awareness Month
- Whooping Cough Vaccine for Adolescents
- Medicare Pays - Get the Most from It!
- Public Health - Top Ten Achievements Of The Century!
- Chickenpox Facts
- Hepatitis A From Green Onions
- Anthrax or Flu? - What You Need to Know
- One Baby Shot for 5 Diseases
- Smallpox Q and A
- Mumps Facts
- Smallpox & Bioterrorism
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