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- What is imiquimod-topical, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for imiquimod-topical?
- Is imiquimod-topical available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for imiquimod-topical?
- What are the side effects of imiquimod-topical?
- What is the dosage for imiquimod-topical?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with imiquimod-topical?
- Is imiquimod-topical safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about imiquimod-topical?
What is imiquimod-topical, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Imiquimod is a topical medication that activates the immune system and is used for treating (not curing) genital warts. Although the exact mechanism of action imiquimod is not known, imiquimod is presumed to work by activating immune cells and chemicals that affect the immune the system. The FDA approved brand name imiquimod (Aldara) in February 1997.
What are the side effects of imiquimod-topical?
Side effects of imiquimod are:
Quick GuideRingworm: Treatment, Pictures, Causes, and Symptoms
What is the dosage for imiquimod-topical?
Adults and children of ages 12 and older:
Actinic keratosis: Apply Aldara to specific treatment area two times a week for 16 weeks.
Superficial basal cell carcinoma: Apply to specific treatment area five times a week for 6 weeks.
Safe and effective use of imiquimod is not established for children under the age of 12.
Which drugs or supplements interact with imiquimod-topical?
No drug-drug interactions have been conducted and established with imiquimod.
Is imiquimod-topical safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
There are no adequate studies done on imiquimod to determine safe and effective use in pregnant women.
It is not known whether imiquimod enters breast milk. It is best to be cautious before using it in nursing mothers.
What else should I know about imiquimod-topical?
What preparations of imiquimod-topical are available?
Cream: 2.5%, 3.75%, and 5%
How should I keep imiquimod-topical stored?
Store imiquimod cream between temperatures of 4 C to 25 C (39 F - 77 F).
REFERENCE: FDA Prescribing Information
Quick GuideRingworm: Treatment, Pictures, Causes, and Symptoms
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Actinic KeratosisActinic keratoses are rough, scaly patches of skin that are considered precancerous and are due to sun exposure. Prevention is to cut sun exposure and wear sunscreen.
Genital Warts PicturesA wart in the moist skin of the genitals or around the anus. See a picture of Genital Warts (HPV) and learn more about the health topic.
Genital Warts In Women
Genital warts is an infection caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). It is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STD) in the U.S. Genital warts are spread by sexual contact. Signs and symptoms of genital warts include genital itching, burning, tenderness, and pain. Genital warts can be removed, but there is no cure for HPV infection. There is a vaccine to prevent infection from four common HPV types.
HPV Infection Human Papillomavirus
HPVs or human papillomaviruses are a group of viral infections of the skin and mucous membranes. Certain high-risk types of HPV infection cause certain cancers (cervical, penile, anal, vaginal, and oral). There are no signs or symptoms of HPV infection.
HPV infection is an extremely common STD, and is highly contagious. A person is at a higher risk of getting HPV infection if they
- have a number of different sex partners;
- have a weakened immune system (for example, HIV/AIDS); or
- has breaks in the skin (cuts or abrasions) that come into contact with an infected person or contaminated surface.
HPV vaccinations are available to prevent HPV infection. Treatment for HPV infection are antiviral medications. There is no cure for HPV infection.
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Photodynamic TherapyPhotodynamic therapy (PDT) is a procedure that treats precancerous cells, in addition to other types of cancer cells. The medical treatment does this with the help of a photosensitizing drug and a light source that activates the applied drug, destroying cancer cells. PDT is approved to treat non-small cell lung cancer, esophageal cancer, and Barrett's esophagus. It's used to treat actinic keratosis, as well as acne, rosacea, skin cancer, sun damage, oily skin, wrinkles, warts, psoriasis, and enlarged sebaceous glands.
Skin Cancer OverviewSkin cancers occur when skin cells undergo malignant transformations and grow into tumors. The most common types of skin cancer, basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, are highly curable when they are diagnosed and treated early. Sun exposure, tanning beds, depressed immune system, radiation exposure, and certain viral infections are risk factors for skin cancer. Skin cancers are treated with surgery or radiation. The prognosis of nonmelanoma skin cancers is generally very good.
Skin Cancer SlideshowDiscover the causes, types, and treatments of skin cancer. Learn how to prevent skin cancer and how to check for melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma. Also, find out how to spot the early signs of skin cancer.
Take the STD QuizThere are more sexually transmitted diseases than just the ones you've heard of. Find out what you've been missing with the STD Quiz.
STDs Facts SlideshowLearn about sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including symptoms, signs, diagnosis, and treatment options. Get more information on herpes, genital warts, chlamydia, scabies, HIV/AIDS, and other STDs.
Warts (Common Warts)Common warts are skin growths causes by the human papillomavirus. There are many types of warts, including plantar warts, common hand warts, warts under the nails, mosaic wars, and flat warts. Over-the-counter treatments typically involve the use of salicylic acid products.