Papules, Scales, Plaques and Eruptions

Picture of Xanthomatosis 1

Picture of Xanthomatosis

Xanthomas are papules or nodules of the skin or mucous membranes that contain lipids. The appearance of xanthomas during childhood should prompt a thorough search for underlying systemic disease. The yellowish papules seen in here are a form of planar xanthoma. These may occur on any part of the body and may be an indicator of a hereditary lipoproteinemia, diabetes mellitus, or liver disease. Multiple myeloma and histiocytosis X are less common etiologies. The patient pictured here has biliary cirrhosis.

Source: Color Atlas of Pediatric Dermatology Samuel Weinberg, Neil S. Prose, Leonard Kristal Copyright 2008, 1998, 1990, 1975, by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.