- What Are They?
- Side Effects
- Drug Interactions
- Safety & Pregnancy
Ibuprofen and Plavix quick overview
- Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used for the management of mild to moderate pain, fever, and inflammation. Ibuprofen also is used to treat pain caused by osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, and menstrual cramps.
- Plavix (clopidogrel bisulfate) is an antiplatelet drug prescribed to prevent heart attacks, strokes, and death in people who have had previous heart attacks, strokes, unstable angina, or peripheral arterial disease (PAD, peripheral vascular disease).
- Ibuprofen and Plavix taken together increases the risk of bleeding.
- Ibuprofen does have some similar anti-platelet activity as Plavix; however, ibuprofen is usually is not used as an anti-platelet medication.
- Side effects of ibuprofen and Plavix that are similar include:
- Side effects of ibuprofen that are different from Plavix include:
- Tinnitus (ringing in the ears)
- Increased bleeding after injury (due to reduction in blood clotting ability)
- Stomach or intestinal ulcers, for example peptic ulcers an ulcerative colitis.
- Side effects of Plavix that are different from ibuprofen include:
- Chest pain
- Muscle aches
- Severe bleeding
- Allergic reactions
- Liver failure
- Ibuprofen is available over-the-counter (OTC), while Plavix is a prescription medication.
- Brand names for ibuprofen include Advil and Motrin. The generic name for Plavix is clopidogrel bisulfate).
What is ibuprofen? What is Plavix?
Ibuprofen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Other NSAIDs include
- naproxen (Aleve),
- indomethacin (Indocin), and
- nabumetone (Relafen).
NSAIDs are used to manage mild to moderate pain, fever, and inflammation.
- Pain, fever, and inflammation are promoted by the release in the body of chemicals called prostaglandins.
- Ibuprofen blocks the enzyme that makes prostaglandins (cyclooxygenase), resulting in lower levels of prostaglandins and reduced levels of inflammation, pain, and fever.
Plavix (clopidogrel bisulfate) is an anti-platelet drug used to prevent blood clots.
Plavix is used
- to reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes,
- particularly in people with a recent history of stroke or heart attack,
- angina, and
- peripheral vascular disease.
Plavix works by irreversibly binding to the P2Y12 receptor on platelets, preventing adenosine diphosphate (ADP) from activating platelets.
- It belongs to a class of drugs called P2Y12 inhibitors. Other P2Y12 inhibitors include
- ticagrelor (Brilinta) and prasugrel (Effient).
- Clopidogrel is similar to ticlopidine (Ticlid) in chemical structure and in the way it works.
What are the uses for ibuprofen vs. Plavix?
Ibuprofen is used for the treatment of mild to moderate pain, inflammation and fever caused by many and diverse diseases. It is used for treating dysmenorrhea (menstrual cramps), osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
Plavix is used for preventing strokes, heart attacks, and death in individuals who have had a previous stroke, unstable angina, heart attack or have peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The combination of Plavix and aspirin is better than aspirin or Plavix alone in preventing another heart attack but the risk of bleeding is higher.
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What are the side effects of ibuprofen vs. Plavix?
Ibuprofen side effects
The most common side effects from ibuprofen are:
- ringing in the ears,
- abdominal pain,
- constipation, and
NSAIDs reduce the ability of blood to clot and therefore increase bleeding after an injury.
Ibuprofen may cause ulceration of the stomach or intestine, and the ulcers may bleed. Sometimes, ulceration can occur without abdominal pain; and due to bleeding, the only signs or symptoms of an ulcer may be black, tarry stools, weakness, and dizziness upon standing (orthostatic hypotension).
Sometimes, ulceration can occur without abdominal pain, due to the bleeding, and the only signs or symptoms of an ulcer are:
- black, tarry stools,
- weakness, and
- dizziness upon standing (orthostatic hypotension).
NSAIDs reduce the flow of blood to the kidneys and impair their function of the kidneys. The impairment is most likely to occur in patients who already have impaired function of kidney or congestive heart failure, and the use of NSAIDs in these patients should be cautious.
People who are allergic to other NSAIDs, including aspirin, should not use ibuprofen. Individuals with asthma are more likely to experience allergic reactions to ibuprofen and other NSAIDs.
Other serious side effects associated with NSAIDs are:
- fluid retention (edema),
- blood clots,
- heart attacks,
- hypertension (high blood pressure), and
- heart failure.
NSAIDs (except low-dose aspirin) may increase the risk of potentially fatal heart attacks, stroke, and related conditions in people with or without heart disease or risk factors for heart disease. The increased risk of heart attack or stroke may occur as early as the first week of use and the risk may increase with longer use and is higher in patients who have underlying risk factors for heart and blood vessel disease. Therefore, NSAIDs should not be used for the treatment of pain resulting from coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.
Plavix side effects
People tolerate clopidogrel in the same way as aspirin.
The more common side effects of clopidogrel are:
- abdominal pain,
- chest pain,
- muscle aches, and
Severe side effects and adverse reactions to Plavix include:
- severe bleeding,
- allergic reactions,
- pancreatitis, and
- liver failure.
Ticlopidine (Ticlid) is an antiplatelet medication quite similar to clopidogrel. It has been associated with a severe reduction in white blood cell count in between 0.8% and 1% of persons. The risk of this dangerous side effect with clopidogrel is about 0.04%, much less than with ticlopidine but twice that of aspirin.
Clopidogrel rarely causes a condition called thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) in one out of every 250,000 people. TTP is a serious condition in which blood clots form throughout the body. Blood platelets, which participate in clotting, are consumed, and the result can be bleeding because enough platelets are no longer left to allow blood to clot normally. For comparison, the related drug, ticlopidine (Ticlid), causes TTP 17-50 times more frequently than clopidogrel.
What are the drug interactions of ibuprofen vs. Plavix?
Ibuprofen drug interactions
Ibuprofen is associated with several suspected or probable interactions that can affect the action of other drugs.
- Ibuprofen may increase the blood levels of lithium (Eskalith, Lithobid) by reducing the excretion of lithium by the kidneys. Increased levels of lithium may lead to lithium toxicity.
- Ibuprofen may reduce the blood pressure-lowering effects of drugs that are given to reduce blood pressure. This may occur because prostaglandins play a role in the regulation of blood pressure.
- When ibuprofen is used in combination with methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall) or aminoglycosides (for example, gentamicin) the blood levels of the methotrexate or aminoglycoside may increase, presumably because their elimination from the body is reduced. This may lead to more methotrexate or aminoglycoside-related side effects.
- Ibuprofen increases the negative effect of cyclosporine on kidney function.
- Individuals taking oral blood thinners or anticoagulants, for example, warfarin (Coumadin), should avoid ibuprofen because ibuprofen also thins the blood, and excessive blood thinning may lead to bleeding.
- If aspirin is taken with ibuprofen there may be an increased risk of developing an ulcer.
- Persons who have more than three alcoholic beverages per day may be at increased risk of developing stomach ulcers when taking ibuprofen or other NSAIDs.
- Combining SSRIs or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (for example, fluoxetine [Prozac], citalopram [Celexa], paroxetine [Paxil, Paxil CR, Pexeva) with NSAIDs may increase the likelihood of upper gastrointestinal bleeding.
Plavix drug interactions
- The combination of clopidogrel with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Nuprin), naproxen (Naprosyn, Aleve), diclofenac (Voltaren), etodolac (Lodine), nabumetone (Relafen), fenoprofen (Nalfon), flurbiprofen (Ansaid), indomethacin (Indocin), ketoprofen (Orudis; Oruvail), oxaprozin (Daypro), piroxicam (Feldene), sulindac (Clinoril), tolmetin (Tolectin), and mefenamic acid (Ponstel) may increase the risk of stomach and intestinal bleeding.
- Combining clopidogrel with warfarin (Coumadin) or other drugs that cause bleeding increases the risk of bleeding.
- Clopidogrel is converted to its active form by enzymes in the liver. Drugs that reduce the activity of these enzymes, for example, omeprazole (Prilosec, Zegerid) or esomeprazole (Nexium) may reduce the activity of clopidogrel and should not be used with clopidogrel. Other drugs that also may react with clopidogrel in a similar fashion include fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem), cimetidine (Tagamet), fluconazole (Diflucan), ketoconazole (Nizoral, Extina, Xolegel, Kuric), voriconazole (Vfend), ethaverine (Ethatab, Ethavex), felbamate (Felbatol), and fluvoxamine (Luvox).
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Are ibuprofen or Plavix safe to take if I am pregnant or breastfeeding?
Ibuprofen and pregnancy safety
- There are no adequate studies on ibuprofen in pregnant women. Therefore, ibuprofen is not recommended during pregnancy. Ibuprofen should be avoided in late pregnancy due to the risk of premature closure of the ductus arteriosus in the fetal heart.
- Ibuprofen is excreted in breast milk but the American Academy of Pediatrics states that ibuprofen is compatible with breastfeeding.
Plavix and pregnancy safety
- There are no adequate studies of clopidogrel in pregnant women.
- Studies in rats have shown that clopidogrel appears in breast milk; however, it is not known whether it also appears in human breast milk. Because of the potential for side effects in the nursing infant, the physician must weigh the potential benefits and possible risks before prescribing clopidogrel to nursing mothers.
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Ibuprofen is an anti-inflammatory medication (NSAID) used for the treatment of mild to moderate pain and fever. Plavix (clopidogrel) is a blood thinner (anti-platelet) drug used for the prevention of strokes, heart attacks, and peripheral artery disease. Ibuprofen also thins the blood. If ibuprofen and Plavix are taken together it creates an interaction that thins the blood even more, which may cause gastrointestinal bleeding from ulcers in the digestive tract.
Common side effects of ibuprofen and Plavix include headaches, dizziness, rash, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. Side effects of ibuprofen that do not occur with Plavix include ringing in the ears, heartburn, drowsiness, nausea, and constipation. Serious side effects of Plavix that do not occur with ibuprofen include pancreatitis, severe bleeding, allergic reactions, and liver failure. Plavix also interacts with many other drugs so check with your doctor or pharmacist before taking over the counter medication or other prescription before taking Plavix.
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How the Heart Works
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14 Warning Signs and Symptoms of a Stroke FAST
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Stroke vs. Mini-Stroke (TIA) Differences
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Stroke vs Aneurysm (Differences and Similarities)
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What Are the Side Effects of Ibuprofen?
Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Genpril, Midol) is a medication that belongs to a class of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs. Side effects of NSAIDs include diarrhea, constipation, dizziness, bloating, gas, ringing in the ears, nausea, anxiety, vomiting, fluid retention, swelling and skin peeling and rashes.
Heart Attack Treatment
A heart attack involves damage or death of part of the heart muscle due to a blood clot. The aim of heart attack treatment is to prevent or stop this damage to the heart muscle. Heart attack treatments included medications, procedures, and surgeries to protect the heart muscle against injury.
Migraine and Stroke
Migraine headache is a type of headache in which the exact cause is not known; however, they may be inherited, and certain foods and environmental factors can trigger and may contribute them. A stroke (brain attack) happens when a blood vessel in the brain leaks, bursts, or becomes blocked, which can be caused by many other health problems. Both migraines and strokes can can cause severe head pain (migraine pain usually is only on one side of the head). Migraine aura symptoms may mimic or feel like a stroke or mini-stroke (transient ischemic attack, TIA) because they have similar symptoms and signs like severe headache, numbness in the legs, feet, arms, hands, or face, nausea, vomiting, and dizziness. Other migraine aura symptoms include vision problems like flashing lights or blind spots in one eye. The main difference between migraine headache and stroke symptoms and signs is that a migraine headaches usually come on gradually while a stroke symptoms come on suddenly and unexpectedly.
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Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.