Heat-related illness include heat rash, cramps, exhaustion, stroke, and sunburn. Treatment of heat related illnesses depend on the condition, but symptoms may include headache, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, fainting, seizures, and coma. Heat stroke is a medical emergency, and may result in death if not treated promptly. Heat exhaustion may lead to heat stroke if not treated properly. Read more: Hyperthermia (Heat-Related Illness) Article
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Related Disease Conditions
Heat rash is a skin irritation caused by excessive sweating. It can occur at any age and it appears as a rash that itches or feels prickly, and looks like a red cluster of pimples or small blisters. Heat rash remedies include OTC creams and sprays. Usually heat rash resolves when the skin is cooled sufficiently. Medical treatment may be necessary if the sweat glands become infected.
The word "rash" means an outbreak of red bumps on the body. The way people use this term, "a rash" can refer to many different skin conditions. The most common of these are scaly patches of skin and red, itchy bumps or patches all over the place.
30 Sunburn Natural and Home Remedies for Severe Sunburns
There are many natural and home remedies that are thought to relieve the symptoms ofa sunburn. Check out our top 30 tips to cool that sunburn, for example drink lots of water, juice, or sports drinks; apply a cool compress containing Burow's solution; coconut oil can be used as a moisturizer after sunburn pain has stopped; apply topical over-the-counter (OTC) 1% hydrocortisone cream; and take OTC pain relievers like NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or naproxen (Aleve).
Muscle spasms are involuntary muscle contractions that come on suddenly and are usually quite painful. Dehydration, doing strenuous exercise in a hot environment, prolonged muscle use, and certain diseases of the nervous system may cause muscle spasms. Symptoms and signs of a muscle spasm include an acute onset of pain and a possible bulge seen or felt beneath the skin where the muscle is located. Gently stretching the muscle usually resolves a muscle spasm.
Muscle cramps are involuntarily and forcibly contracted muscles that do not relax. Extremely common, any muscles that have voluntary control, including some organs, are subject to cramp. Since there is such variety in the types of muscle cramps that can occur, many causes and preventative medications are known. Stretching is the most common way to stop or prevent most muscle cramps.
Fever in Adults and Children
Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37 C), in practice, a person is usually not considered to have a significant fever until the temperature is above 100.4 F (38 C). Fever is part of the body's own disease-fighting arsenal; rising body temperatures apparently are capable of killing off many disease-producing organisms.
Fainting (Syncope) Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and Prevention
Fainting, also referred to as blacking out, syncope, or temporary loss of consciousness has many causes. Often a person will have signs or symptoms prior to the fainting episode. Diagnosis and treatment depends upon the cause of the fainting or syncope episode.
Medical shock is a life-threatening medical condition. There are several types of medical shock, including: septic shock, anaphylactic shock, cardiogenic shock, hypovolemic shock, and neurogenic shock. Causes of shock include: heart attack, heart failure, heavy bleeding (internal and external), infection, anaphylaxis, spinal cord injury, severe burns, chronic vomiting or diarrhea. Low blood pressure is the key sign of sock. Treatment is dependant upon the type of shock.
Heat Exhaustion (First Aid Tips)
Heat exhaustion is a milder form of heat-related illness that can develop after several days of exposure to high temperatures and inadequate or unbalanced replacement fluids. Warning signs of heat exhaustion include heavy sweating, paleness, muscle cramps, tiredness, weakness, dizziness, headache, nausea or vomiting, and fainting. A person suffering from heat exhaustion should stop the activity are doing, move to a cooler environment, and rehydrate with liquids, for example, water or sports drinks. Complications of heat exhaustion are dehydration, muscle weakness, nausea, and vomiting. Heat exhaustion can progress to heat stroke (a medical emergency) if not treated.
Dehydration is the excessive loss of body water. There are a number of causes of dehydration including heat exposure, prolonged vigorous exercise, and some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms of dehydration include headache, lightheadedness, constipation, and bad breath. Treatment for dehydration is to replace lost fluids and electrolytes.
Dizziness is a symptom that often applies to a variety of sensations including lightheadedness and vertigo. Causes of dizziness include low blood pressure, heart problems, anemia, dehydration, and other medical conditions. Treatment of dizziness depends on the cause.
Rhabdomyolysis is a rapid deterioration and destruction of skeletal muscle. Some of the causes of rhabdomyolysis include: severe burns, muscle trauma, coma, seizures, electrolyte imbalance, medications (statins), viruses, and bacteria. Treatment of rhabdomyolysis depends on the cause.
Heat Stroke (A Very Serious Condition)
Heat stroke (heatstroke or sun stroke) is a form of hyperthermia. Heat stroke is a true medical emergency that can be fatal if not promptly and properly treated. Symptoms of heat stroke include high body temperature, absence of sweating, hot red or flushed dry skin, rapid pulse, difficulty breathing, strange behavior, hallucinations, confusion, agitation, disorientation, seizure, and coma. A victim of heat stroke must receive immediate treatment to avoid permanent organ damage.
Sun-Sensitive Drugs (Photosensitivity to Drugs)
Sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) is an inflammation of the skin induced by the combination of medications or substances and sunlight. The effect on the skin is redness, which looks similar to a sunburn. Generally, these reactions are either phototoxic or photoallergic. Phototoxic drugs are more common than photoallergic drugs. Symptoms of phototoxic reactions are a burning and stinging sensation and then redness. Symptoms of photoallergic reactions are itching, redness, swelling, and blisters of the affected area. Treatment generally is discontinuation of the medication and topical application of creams.Treatment generally is discontinuation of the medication and topical application of creams.
Heat cramps usually affect people who sweat a lot during strenuous activity or work in a hot, humid environment. Symptoms of heat cramps are muscle pains or spasms, usually in the abdomen, arms or legs that occur in association with strenuous activity. Heat cramps are part of a group of heat-related illnesses. Heat cramps can sometimes lead to heat exhaustion or, in severe instances, heat stroke, which is a true medical emergency.
Sunburn (Sun Poisoning)
Sunburn is caused by overexposure to UV radiation from the sun. UV rays can also damage the eyes. Repeated overexposure to UV rays also increases the risk for scarring, freckles, wrinkles, and dry skin. Symptoms of sunburn include painful, red, tender, and hot skin.The skin may blister, swell, and peel. Sun poisoning (severe sunburn) include nausea, fever, chills, rapid pulse, dizziness and more. Home remedies can help relieve sunburn pain, blisters, and peeling. Severe sunburns may need medical treatment. Sun protection and sunscreen for an person's skin type is recommended to decrease the chance of a severe sunburn and sun poisoning.
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
The cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is unknown. The risk of SIDS peaks in infants 2-4 months of age. SIDS is more common among male infants, particularly African American and Native American infants, during the winter months. Putting the baby to sleep on his/her back, avoiding fluffy, loose bedding, using a firm mattress, and avoiding co-sleeping may help to prevent SIDS.
First aid is a complicated subject and it is situation-specific. First aid is defined as the help and medical assistance someone a sick or injured person. Preparedness is key to first aid, like having basic medical emergency kits in your home, car, boat, or RV. Many minor injuries may require first aid, including cuts, puncture wounds, sprains, strains, and nosebleeds. Examples of more critical first aid emergencies include heart attacks, strokes, seizures, and heat stroke
Sunscreens are crucial for sun protection. Sun damage to the skin from exposure to ultraviolet rays is a risk factor for skin cancer and melanoma. To avoid sunburn, people should limit sun exposure during the peak hours of 10 a.m. to 3 p.m., wear protective clothing, and use a sunscreen. People with sensitive skin should use a sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or more.
Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of disease. Regular exercise can also reduce the symptoms of stress and anxiety. There are fitness programs that fit any age or lifestyle.
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Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
- Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
- acetaminophen (Tylenol, Tylenol Arthritis Pain, Tylenol Ext, Little Fevers Children's Fever/Pain)
- Acetaminophen vs. Ibuprofen for Pain (Differences in Side Effects and Dosage)
- ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin)
- Ibuprofen (Advil) vs. Naproxen (Aleve): Comparison of Differences
- sodium chloride, potassium chloride, sodium lactate and calcium (Lactated Ringer's Solution)
Prevention & Wellness
- What Is More Deadly in the U.S.: Hot Weather or Cold?
- Will a Heat 'Health Crisis' Hit Your City?
- Expert Tips to Help You Beat the Heat
- Heat Kills More Americans Than Previously Thought
- Don't Be a 'Hot-Head': Study Suggests Head Overheating Impairs Thinking
- Dangerously Hot Days for U.S. Farm Workers Could Double by 2050
- Climate Change's Hotter Days Will Take Toll on Mental Health
- High Heat, Humidity Could Affect More Than 1.2 Billion People by End of Century
- By Mid-Century, Heat Waves Could Cover Far Bigger Areas
- Kids in Hot Cars: How to Prevent Heatstroke Deaths
- For Muslim Pilgrimage, Climate Change Poses Health Risks
- Climate Change Raises Athletes' Risk of Heat Illness
- How to Protect a Loved One With Dementia During a Heat Wave
- August Is Deadliest Month for Young Football Players
- Heat Waves Brought by Climate Change Could Prove Deadly for Kidney Patients
- In Heat Waves, Fans May Do More Harm Than Good
- Scorching Pavement Sends Some to the ER With Burns
- Twins' Deaths in Hot Car Highlight a Preventable Tragedy
- As Heat Bakes the Nation, Expert Offers Tips to Stay Safe
- Health Tip: Recognizing Heat Exhaustion
- Health Tip: Working in Extreme Heat
- AHA News: Summer Heat Brings Special Health Risks for Pregnant Women
- Sour Note: Marching Band Members at Risk When Temperatures Soar
- More Back-to-Back Heat Waves Will Come With Climate Change
- Climate Change Ups Heat Deaths, Especially Among Elderly: Report
- As Earth Warms, Heat-Related Deaths Will Multiply
- Forecast Sees Abnormal Heat Worldwide Through 2022
- Climate Change Means More Deadly Heat Waves: Study
- It's Hot Outside: How to Stay Safe When Thermometers Rise
- Health Tip: Treating Heat-Related Illness
- Heat Waves Can Dull Even Young Minds, Study Says
- A-C-T to Prevent Hot Car Tragedies
- As Temperatures Soar, Study Warns of Fatal Heat Stroke at Work
- Beat the Heat on Your Summer Vacation
- Hot Cars, Drowning: Keep Your Family Safe This Summer
- Climate Change Will Bring Hotter Summers to U.S.
- Do Heat Waves Shave Dollars Off a Baby's Future Earnings?
- Marching Band Members Can Use a Physical Tuneup
- Health Tip: Heat and the Elderly
- Health Tip: At Risk of Heat Illness?
- Health Tip: Take Care of Kids Exercising in Summer Heat
- How to Keep Your Kids Out of the ER This Summer
- Heat Deaths in U.S. Cities Could Jump 10-fold If Climate Change Isn't Slowed
- Extreme Heat in Southwest a Deadly Threat
- Expect More Deadly Heat From Climate Change, Study Suggests
- U.S. Medical Groups Sound the Alarm on Climate Change
- Expect More Record-Breaking Heat in U.S., Scientists Warn
- Heat Waves Hit Seniors Hardest
- Sky-High Temperatures Inside 'Bounce Houses'
- Health Tip: Protect Kids During Summer
- 'Heat Dome' Not Budging Until Week's End
- 'Heat Dome' Heats Up United States
- How to Spot the Warning Signs of Heat Stroke
- Heat Waves Pose Big Health Threats
- 3,300 Heat Deaths a Year Projected for NYC by 2080
- Guidelines Stop Heat Stroke Deaths in High School Athletes
- Keep Safe When Temperatures Soar
- Let Safety Bloom in Your Garden This Season
- Coping Tips for Summer Weather Hazards
- Stay Safe When Temperatures Rise
- Hot Weather Safety Essential for Elderly
- Health Tip: Keep Your Cool During Summer
- Cold Weather a Bigger Killer Than Heat, Study Finds
- Study Refutes Notion That Fans Are Useless in Extreme Heat
- Heat Stroke, Kidney Failure Help Drive Illnesses From Extreme Heat
- Health Tip: Take Care in the Heat
- Extreme Weather Kills 2,000 in U.S. Each Year: CDC
- If You Can't Stand the Heat . . .
- Health Tip: Keep Your Cool
- Climate Change Predicted to Boost Heat-Related Deaths
- Health Tip: Risk Factors for Heat Illness
- Health Tip: Children Are Vulnerable in the Heat
- Experts Urge Caution As Heat, Humidity Blanket Much of U.S.
- Health Tip: Keep Cool in Extreme Heat
- Maintain Heart Health During Summer
- Health Tip: Exercising in the Heat
- Heat-Related Deaths on Rise for High School Football Players
- Extreme Weather Affects Indoor Air Quality