- What is hydrocortisone-rectal cream, ointment, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for hydrocortisone-rectal cream, ointment?
- Is hydrocortisone-rectal cream, ointment available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for hydrocortisone-rectal cream, ointment?
- What are the uses for hydrocortisone-rectal cream, ointment?
- What are the side effects of hydrocortisone-rectal cream, ointment?
- What is the dosage for hydrocortisone-rectal cream, ointment?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with hydrocortisone-rectal cream, ointment?
- Is hydrocortisone-rectal cream, ointment safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about hydrocortisone-rectal cream, ointment?
What is hydrocortisone-rectal cream, ointment, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Hydrocortisone is a natural corticosteroid produced by the adrenal glands that are located adjacent to the kidneys. Corticosteroids have potent anti-inflammatory properties and are used in a wide variety of inflammatory conditions such as:
- certain skin rashes, and
- allergic or inflammatory conditions of the nose and eyes.
There are numerous preparations of corticosteroids including oral tablets, capsules, liquids, topical creams and gels, inhalers and eye drops, as well as injectable and intravenous solutions. Hydrocortisone that is used for rectal conditions is discussed in this article. The FDA approved hydrocortisone in December 1952.
What brand names are available for hydrocortisone-rectal cream, ointment?
Cortifoam, Anusol-HC, Anucort-HC, Proctocort, Colocort
What are the uses for hydrocortisone-rectal cream, ointment?
What are the side effects of hydrocortisone-rectal cream, ointment?
Common side effects of hydrocortisone when applied to the rectum include:
Other side effects include:
- secondary infections, and
- lightening of skin color (hypopigmentation)
What is the dosage for hydrocortisone-rectal cream, ointment?
- For proctitis the usual dosage is one suppository applied in the morning and night time.
- Severe cases may require application 3 times daily or 2 suppositories twice daily.
- One enema is applied at bedtime for 21 days or until symptoms resolve.
- The dosing for foam is one applicator once daily or every 12 hours for 2-3 weeks, then every other day if necessary.
Which drugs or supplements interact with hydrocortisone-rectal cream, ointment?
: The risk of drug interactions is low when hydrocortisone is administered rectally.
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Is hydrocortisone-rectal cream, ointment safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
: Hydrocortisone has not been adequately evaluated during pregnancy.
Hydrocortisone taken orally can appear in breast milk, and can have adverse effects on the baby. It is not known whether hydrocortisone administered rectally is absorbed in sufficient amounts to appear in breast milk.
What else should I know about hydrocortisone-rectal cream, ointment?
What preparations of hydrocortisone-rectal cream, ointment are available?
Enema: 100 mg/60 ml; Foam: 10% (15 g); Suppository: 25 and 30 mg
How should I keep hydrocortisone-rectal cream, ointment stored?
Hydrocortisone should be store at room temperature, 20 C to 25 C (68 F to 77 F), in a sealed container.
hydrocortisone, rectal suppository, enema, foam (Cortifoam, Anusol-HC, Anucort-HC, Proctocort, Colocort) is a drug used to treat hemorrhoids; and anal itching, burning, and inflammation caused by a variety of conditions that affect the anal area. Side effects; drug interactions; dosage, storage, and pregnancy safety should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.
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Hemorrhoids (piles) are swollen veins in the rectum and anus. Causes include pregnancy, obesity, diarrhea, low-fiber diet, and prolonged sitting on the toilet. Treatment varies depending upon the severity of the hemorrhoids. Some treatment options include over-the-counter creams and suppositories, stool softeners, warm sitz baths, and hemorrhoidectomies.
How to Stop Anal Itching
Anal itching is the irritation of the skin at the exit of the rectum, known as the anus, accompanied by the desire to scratch. Causes include everything from irritating foods we eat, to certain diseases, and infections. Treatment options include over-the-counter medications, using moist pads, and gentle cleaning and drying of the anus.
An anal fissure is a small tear or cut in the skin lining of the anus. Pain and/or rectal bleeding during bowel movements are common symptoms of anal fissures. Treatment includes increasing liquid intake, using stool softeners, prescription medications, and surgery.
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