Hydrocephalus refers to the presence of an elevated amount of fluid within the brain. The fluid is contained within a network of spaces inside the brain called the ventricles. The excess fluid causes the ventricles to widen and exert pressure on other areas of the brain. Hydrocephalus may be present in babies, children, and adults.
The most characteristic sign of hydrocephalus in children and infants is often a rapid increase in head circumference or an unusually large head size. Other associated symptoms and signs can include
- an abnormality with walking,
- problems with coordination,
- stiff muscles,
- memory loss,
- mental confusion,
- blurred vision,
- a bulging soft spot on a baby's head,
- delayed development in infants and children,
- leaking of urine, and
Cause of hydrocephalus
Doctors do not understand the cause of hydrocephalus.
Other hydrocephalus symptoms and signs
- Abnormality With Walking
- Blurred Vision
- Bulging Soft Spot on a Baby's Head
- Delayed Development in Infants and Children
- Memory Loss
- Mental Confusion
- Problems With Coordination
- Stiff Muscles
- Urinary Incontinence
Main Article on Hydrocephalus Symptoms and Signs
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Jameson, J. Larry, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 20th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Education, 2018.