HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection left untreated causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). Still incurable, AIDS describes immune system collapse that opens the way for opportunistic infections and cancers to kill the patient. Early symptoms and signs of HIV infection include flu-like symptoms and fungal infections, but some people may not show any symptoms for years. Highly active antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the standard treatment for HIV infection. These combination drug regimens have made HIV much less deadly, but a cure or vaccine for the pandemic remains out of reach. HIV is usually transmitted through sexual contact or sharing IV drug needles, but can also infect someone through contact with infected blood. Sexual abstinence, safe sex practices, quitting IV drugs (or at least using clean needles), and proper safety equipment by clinicians and first responders can drastically reduce transmission rates for HIV/AIDS. Read more: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Article
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IMAGESSee pictures of HIV/AIDS conditions and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) See Images
Related Disease Conditions
Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches, and cluster headaches are considered primary headaches. Secondary headaches are caused by disease. Headache symptoms vary with the headache type. Over-the-counter pain relievers provide short-term relief for most headaches.
Swollen Lymph Nodes (Glands)
Lymph nodes help the body's immune system fight infections. Causes of swollen lymph nodes (glands) may include infection (viral, bacterial, fungal, parasites). Symptoms of swollen lymph nodes vary greatly, but may include fever, night sweats, toothache, sore throat, or weight loss. Causes of swollen lymph nodes also vary, but may include cancer, the common cold, mono, chickenox, HIV, and herpes. The treatment of swollen lymph nodes depends upon the cause.
Cellulitis is an acute spreading bacterial infection below the surface of the skin characterized by redness, warmth, inflammation, and pain. The most common cause of cellulitis is the bacteria staph (Staphylococcus aureus).
The word "rash" means an outbreak of red bumps on the body. The way people use this term, "a rash" can refer to many different skin conditions. The most common of these are scaly patches of skin and red, itchy bumps or patches all over the place.
Anemia: Symptoms, Treatment and Causes
Anemia is the condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin in the blood. The oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood is, therefore, decreased. There are several types of anemia such as iron deficiency anemia (the most common type), sickle cell anemia, vitamin B12 anemia, pernicious anemia, and aplastic anemia. Symptoms of anemia may include fatigue, malaise, hair loss, palpitations, menstruation, and medications. Treatment for anemia includes treating the underlying cause for the condition. Iron supplements, vitamin B12 injections, and certain medications may also be necessary.
Thrush (Oral Candidiasis)
Thrush is an infection of the mouth caused by the Candida fungus. Symptoms of thrush include pain or difficulty swallowing, a feeling that food gets stuck in the throat, and fever.
Diarrhea is a change is the frequency and looseness of bowel movements. Symptoms associated with diarrhea are cramping, abdominal pain, and the sensation of rectal urgency. Causes of diarrhea include viral, bacterial, or parasite infection, gastroenteritis, food poisoning, and drugs. Absorbents and anti-motility medications are used to treat diarrhea.
STDs in Men
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections transmitted during sexual contact. They may be caused by viruses, bacteria, or parasites. STDs in men cause no symptoms or symptoms like genital burning, itching, sores, rashes, or discharge. Common infections that are sexually transmitted in men include gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, hepatitis C and B, genital warts, human papillomavirus (HPV), and genital herpes. Some STDs in men are treatable while others are not. STDs are diagnosed with tests that identify proteins or genetic material of the organisms causing the infection. The prognosis of an STD depends on whether the infection is treatable or not. Use of latex condoms can help reduce the risk of contracting an STD but it does not eliminate the risk entirely.
Fever in Adults and Children
Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37 C), in practice, a person is usually not considered to have a significant fever until the temperature is above 100.4 F (38 C). Fever is part of the body's own disease-fighting arsenal; rising body temperatures apparently are capable of killing off many disease-producing organisms.
Pregnancy (Week by Week, Trimesters)
Signs and symptoms of pregnancy vary by stage (trimester). The earliest pregnancy symptom is typically a missed period, but others include breast swelling and tenderness, nausea and sometimes vomiting, fatigue, and bloating. Second trimester symptoms include backache, weight gain, itching, and possible stretch marks. Third trimester symptoms are additional weight gain, heartburn, hemorrhoids, swelling of the ankles, fingers, and face, breast tenderness, and trouble sleeping. Eating a healthy diet, getting a moderate amount of exercise, also are recommended for a healthy pregnancy. Information about the week by week growth of your baby in the womb are provided.
HIV Early Signs and Stages
Human immunodeficiency virus or HIV, destroys important cells that fight disease and infection, which weakens a person's immune system. Some people with HIV don’t have any signs or symptoms. Early signs and symptoms of HIV infection include mononucleosis-like or flu-like symptoms, which include body aches, fever, and headache. Signs and symptoms begin around seven or eight years after HIV infection, which include weight loss, loss of energy and appetite, and swollen lymph nodes. There are 3 stages of HIV.
Drug addiction is a chronic disease that causes drug-seeking behavior and drug use despite negative consequences to the user and those around him. Though the initial decision to use drugs is voluntary, changes in the brain caused by repeated drug abuse can affect a person's self-control and ability to make the right decisions and increase the urge to take drugs. Drug abuse and addiction are preventable.
Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Symptoms and signs include cough, fever, shortness of breath, and chills. Antibiotics treat pneumonia, and the choice of the antibiotic depends upon the cause of the infection.
Sore throat (throat pain) usually is described as pain or discomfort in the throat area. A sore throat may be caused by bacterial infections, viral infections, toxins, irritants, trauma, or injury to the throat area. Common symptoms of a sore throat include a fever, cough, runny nose, hoarseness, earaches, sneezing, and body aches. Home remedies for a sore throat include warm soothing liquids and throat lozenges. OTC remedies for a sore throat include OTC pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. Antibiotics may be necessary for some cases of sore throat.
Gum Disease (Gingivitis)
Gum disease is caused by plaque and may result in tooth loss without proper treatment. Symptoms and signs of gum disease (gingivitis or periodontal disease) include receding gums, bad breath and pocket formation between the teeth and gums. Treatment depends upon the stage of the gum disease, how you responded to earlier treatments, and your overall health.
Enlarged Spleen (Splenomegaly) Symptoms, Signs, Causes,Treatment
An enlarged spleen or splenomegaly, is generally caused by other diseases or conditions such as infections, cancers, blood disorders, or decreased blood flow. Symptoms of an enlarged spleen are often unnoticed. A feeling of fullness after eating a small amount of food and not being able to eat large meals may be a symptom of an enlarged spleen. Treatment for an enlarged spleen depends upon the cause.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs)
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are among the most common infectious diseases in the United States. STDs can be spread through any type of sexual activity involving the sex organs, the anus or mouth, or through contact with blood during sexual activity. Examples of STDs include, chancroid, chlamydia, gonorrhea, granuloma inguinale, lymphogranuloma venereum, syphilis, genital herpes, genital warts, trichomoniasis, pubic lice (crabs), and scabies. Treatment is generally with antibiotics; however, some STDs that go untreated can lead to death.
Nausea and Vomiting
Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often precedes vomiting. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms of many conditions. There are numerous cases of nausea and vomiting. Some causes may not require medical treatment, for example, motion sickness, and other causes may require medical treatment by a doctor, for example, heart attack, lung infections, bronchitis, and pneumonia. Some causes of nausea and vomiting may be life-threatening, for example, heart attack, abdominal obstruction, and cancers. Treatment of nausea and vomiting depends upon the cause.
Prostatitis (Inflammation of the Prostate Gland)
Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland. Signs and symptoms of prostatitis include painful or difficulty urinating; fever; chills; body aches; blood in the urine; pain in the rectum, groin, abdomen, or low back; and painful ejaculation or sexual dysfunction. Causes of prostatitis include STDs, bacteria from urinary tract infections, or E. coli. Treatment for prostatitis depends on if it is a bacterial infection or chronic inflammation of the prostate gland.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a virus that is spread from person to person via spit, semen, vaginal secretions, urine, blood, sexual contact, breastfeeding, blood transfusions, organ transplants, and breast milk. Symptoms of CMV include fatigue, swollen glands, fever, and sore throat. You can take precautions to prevent CMV such as washing hands frequently and thoroughly and using condoms. If you work in a day care center, wash your hands thoroughly after contact with body secretions, and avoid oral contact with objects covered in saliva. Individuals with HIV infection are at most risk of contracting CMV.
Yeast infections vs. STDs in Men and Women
Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental and physical). The causes of fatigue are generally related to a variety of conditions or diseases, for example, anemia, mono, medications, sleep problems, cancer, anxiety, heart disease, and drug abuse.Treatment of fatigue is generally directed toward the condition or disease that is causing the fatigue.
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is cancer of the lymphatic system, a vital part of the body's immune system. Symptoms and signs include swollen lymph nodes, fever, night sweats, coughing, weakness, chest pain, unexplained weight loss, and abdominal pain. Treatment depends on which type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma one has, the stage of the cancer, one's age, how fast the cancer is growing, and whether one has other health problems.
Genital Herpes in Women (Symptoms, Signs, Treatment)
Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Symptoms of genital herpes include painful blisters and often fever, body aches, and swollen lymph nodes for first time infection. Genital herpes is diagnosed with lab tests to test for the presence of the virus. Treatment for genital herpes includes antiviral medications to shorten the duration of the outbreak or reduce the risk of future outbreaks. There is no cure for genital herpes. Condoms may help prevent the spread of genital herpes.
Dementia is defined as a significant loss of intellectual abilities such as memory capacity, severe enough to interfere with social or occupational functioning. There are several different types of dementia, including cortical, subcortical, progressive, primary, and secondary dementias. Other conditions and medication reactions can also cause dementia. Dementia is diagnosed based on a certain set of criteria. Treatment for dementia is generally focused on the symptoms of the disease.
Encephalopathy means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. Causes of encephalopathy are varied and numerous. The main symptom of encephalopathy is an altered mental state. Other symptoms include: lethargy, dementia, seizures, tremors, and coma. Treatment of encephalopathy depends on the type of encephalopathy (anoxia, diabetic, Hashimoto's, hepatic, hyper - hypotensive, infectious, metabolic, infections, uremic, or Wernicke's) are examples of types of encephalopathy.
Cervical Cancer (Cancer of the Cervix)
Cervical cancer is cancer of the entrance to the womb (uterus) caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Regular pelvic exams, Pap testing and screening can detect precancerous changes in the cervix. Cervical cancer can be prevented by a vaccine. The most common signs and symptoms are an increase in vaginal discharge, painful sex, and postmenopausal bleeding. The prognosis and survival rate depends upon the stage at which the cancer was diagnosed.
Peripheral neuropathy is a problem with the functioning of the nerves outside of the spinal cord. Symptoms may include numbness, weakness, burning pain (especially at night), and loss of reflexes. Possible causes may include carpel tunnel syndrome, shingles, vitamin or nutritional deficiencies, and illnesses like diabetes, syphilis, AIDS, and kidney failure. Peripheral neuropathy is diagnosed with exams and tests. Treatment for the condition depends on the cause. Usually, the prognosis for peripheral neuropathy is good if the cause can be successfully treated or prevented.
Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one feels about oneself, and the way one thinks about things. The principal types of depression are major depression, dysthymia, and bipolar disease (also called manic-depressive disease).
Low Testosterone (Low-T)
Low testosterone (low-T) can be caused by conditions such as type 2 diabetes, obesity, liver or kidney disease, hormonal disorders, certain infections, and hypogonadism. Signs and symptoms that a person may have low-T include insomnia, increased body fat, weight gain, reduced muscle, infertility, decreased sex drive, depression, and worsening of congestive heart failure or sleep apnea. Low-T can be treated with testosterone therapy in the form of gels, injections, pellets, or skin patches. Side effects of testosterone treatment include acne, anxiety, hair loss, headache, and change in sex drive (libido).
HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Infection
HPVs or human papillomaviruses are a group of viral infections of the skin and mucous membranes. Certain high-risk types of HPV infection cause certain cancers (cervical, penile, anal, vaginal, and oral). There are no signs or symptoms of HPV infection. HPV infection is an extremely common STD and is highly contagious. People are at higher risk of getting HPV infection if they have multiple sex partners, a weakened immune system, or breaks in the skin. HPV vaccinations prevent HPV infection. Treatment for HPV infection is antiviral medication. There is no cure for HPV infection.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB). Symptoms and signs of TB include bloody sputum, fever, cough, weight loss, and chest pain. Treatment depends upon the type of TB infection.
Cancer Risk Factors and Causes
Though it's difficult to say why some people develop cancer while others don't, research shows that certain risk factors increase a person's odds of developing cancer. These risk factors include growing older, family history of cancer, diet, alcohol and tobacco use, and exposure to sunlight, ionizing radiation, certain chemicals, and some viruses and bacteria.
Pericarditis (Symptoms, ECG, Types, Causes, Treatment)
Pericarditis is the inflammation of the pericardial sac that surrounds the heart. The causes of pericarditis include injury from heart attack, heart surgery, trauma, viral or fungal infection, HIV, tumors, mixed connective tissue disease, metabolic disease, medication reactions, or unknown reasons. Treatment for pericarditis is generally medication, however, sometimes surgery is necessary.
How Long Can You Live with HIV?
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. If someone has HIV it means that they have been diagnosed with the HIV infection. AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome); however, is the most advanced or final stage of the HIV infection. In the case of an untreated HIV infection, the overall mortality rate is more than 90%. The average time from infection to death is eight to ten years.
Cocaine and Crack Addiction
Cocaine is an addictive stimulant that is smoked, snorted, and injected. Crack is cocaine that comes in a rock crystal that is heated to form vapors, which are then smoked. Cocaine has various effects on the body, including dilating pupils, constricting blood vessels, increasing body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure.
Antiphospholipid syndrome (phospholipid antibody syndrome or Hughes syndrome) is an immune system disorder with symptoms that include: excessive blood clotting, miscarriages unexplained fetal death, or premature birth. In antiphospholipid syndrome, these symptoms are accompanied by the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (cardiolipin or lupus anticoagulant antibodies) in the blood. Treatment focuses on preventing clotting by thinning the blood with the use of anticoagulants and aspirin.
Anabolic steroids are synthetic substances that are related to testosterone and promote skeletal muscle growth and the development of male sexual characteristics in both men and women. In the 1930s, it was discovered that anabolic steroids could promote skeletal muscle growth in lab animals, which lead to anabolic steroid abuse by bodybuilders and weight lifters.
What Is the Difference Between HIV-1 and HIV-2?
There are two main types of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 is the most common type of HIV and accounts for 95% of all infections, whereas HIV-2 is relatively uncommon and less infectious. HIV-2 is mainly concentrated in West Africa, is less deadly and progresses more slowly.
Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by the bite of an infected sand fly. The most common types of leishmania infection are cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis. Leishmaniasis is found mainly in the subtropics and tropics. Symptoms and signs of cutaneous leishmaniasis include skin sores with a raised edge and central crater, while those with visceral leishmaniasis usually have fever, weight loss, and an enlarged liver and spleen.
What Are the Four Stages of HIV?
The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) into four stages. Stage 1 (HIV infection): The CD4+ cell count is at least 500 cells per microliter. Stage 2 (HIV infection): The CD4+ cell count is 350 to 499. Stage 3 (advanced HIV disease or AHD): The CD4+ cell count is 200 to 349. Stage 4 (Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome [AIDS]): The CD4+ cell count is less than 200.
Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone. Potential causes include injections around the bone, fractures that puncture the skin, recent surgeries, and bacterial infections that travel from other areas of the body, spreading through the blood to the bone. Symptoms include pain, fever, chills, stiffness, and nausea. Treatment involves antibiotics and pain medications. Surgery is sometimes necessary.
Reactive arthritis is a chronic, systemic rheumatic disease characterized by three conditions, including conjunctivitis, joint inflammation, and genital, urinary, or gastrointestinal system inflammation. Inflammation leads to pain, swelling, warmth, redness, and stiffness of the affected joints. Non-joint areas may experience irritation and pain. Treatment for reactive arthritis depends on which area of the body is affected. Joint inflammation is treated with anti-inflammatory medications.
Pulmonary hypertension is elevated pressure in the pulmonary arteries that carry blood from the lungs to the heart. The most common symptoms are fatigue and difficulty breathing. If the condition goes undiagnosed, more severe symptoms may occur. As pulmonary hypertension worsens, some people with the condition have difficulty performing any activities that require physical exertion. While there is no cure for pulmonary hypertension, it can be managed and treated with medications and supplemental oxygen to increase blood oxygen levels.
HIV and AIDS
Second Source article from WebMD
Fungal meningitis is a rare disease that is not contagious. Symptoms include fever, headache, stiff neck, nausea, and vomiting. Treatment involves administering high doses of antifungal medications.
Hemophilia A and B (Bleeding Disorders)
Hemophilia is defined as one of a group of inherited bleeding disorders. Hemophilia A and hemophilia B are inherited in an X-linked recessive genetic pattern. Symptoms of hemophilia include bleeding into the: joints, muscles, GI or urinary tract, or brain or skull. Hemophilia treatment generally involves the replacement of blood clotting factors.
Optic neuritis is inflammation of the optic nerve, the structure that connects the eye to the brain. The precise cause of optic neuritis is unknown, but it is thought to be a type of autoimmune disorder. Optic neuritis most commonly develops due to an autoimmune disorder that may be triggered by a viral infection.
AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome)
AIDS is the advanced stage of HIV infection. Symptoms and signs of AIDS include pneumonia due to Pneumocystis jiroveci, tuberculosis, toxoplasmosis, seizures, weakness, meningitis, yeast infection of the esophagus, and Kaposi's sarcoma. Anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) is used in the treatment of AIDS.
Is Thrush Contagious?
Thrush is a fungal infection caused by Candida albicans. An infant with thrush can infect his/her mother with thrush during breastfeeding. Treatment typically involves using antifungal lozenges or mouthwash.
Fungal arthritis is inflammation of a joint by a fungus that has invaded the body and is growing in the normally sterile joint. Fungal arthritis symptoms and signs include pain, redness, loss of range of motion, and swelling. Fungal arthritis treatment includes antibiotics, adequate drainage of the joint, and sometimes surgery.
Neuropathic pain is a chronic condition that leads to ongoing pain symptoms. Patients can be predisposed to developing neuropathic pain who have conditions such as diabetes, cancer, stroke, HIV, vitamin deficiencies, shingles, and multiple sclerosis. Patient history and nerve testing are used to diagnose neuropathic pain. Antidepressants, antiseizure medications, and other types of medications are used to treat neuropathic pain. Many people with neuropathic pain are able to attain some level of relief.
Lipodystrophy (Acquired, Generalized, Inherited)
Lipodystrophy is a syndrome in which fat deposits accumulate all over the body, or sometimes just portions of it, like just the upper or lower body, or places on the skin where you give yourself daily allergy or insulin shots). You can be born with the generalized congenital or inherited type, or you can acquire it from HIV treatment drugs, infections, autoimmune diseases, trauma, or from repeated injections in the same place on the skin. The symptoms, treatment, and management depend upon the patient's type of lipodystrophy.
Herpes of the eye occurs due to herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1). Symptoms of herpes of the eye include pain in and around the eye, rash or sores on the eyelids, redness, swelling, and cloudiness of the cornea.
What Could Be Causing My Testicular Pain?
Testicular pain affects thousands of men every year. Learn the signs of testicular pain, different warning signs to look for, how doctors diagnose it, and how it is treated.
Leukoplakia is a white or gray patch that develops on the tongue or inside the cheek. Causes of Leukoplakia may include irritation from rough teeth fillings or crowns, chronic smoking, sun exposure to the lips, or HIV or AIDS.
Alzheimer's disease is a common cause of dementia. Symptoms and warning signs of Alzheimer's disease include memory loss, difficulty performing familiar tasks, disorientation to time and place, misplacing things, and more. The biggest risk factor for Alzheimer's disease is increased age. Treatment for Alzheimer's is often targeted toward decreasing the symptoms and progression of the disease.
What Is Usually the First Sign of HIV?
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) attacks the cells of the immune system, leading to AIDS and death if left untreated. The first signs of the human immunodeficiency virus infection are flu-like symptoms, which mainly start around two to four weeks after getting HIV. This stage is known as acute HIV infection.
Toxoplasmosis (toxo) is a parasitic infection that causes flu-like symptoms, swollen lymph nodes, and muscle aches and pains that may last from a few days to several weeks. Toxoplasmosis can be contracted by touching the hands to the mouth after gardening, cleaning a cat's litter box, or anything that came into contact with cat feces. Toxoplasmosis can also be contracted by eating raw or partly cooked meat, especially pork or lamb, or touching the hands to the mouth after contact with raw or undercooked meat
Teen Drug Abuse
Drugs commonly abused by teens include tobacco products, marijuana, cold medications, inhalants, depressants, stimulants, narcotics, hallucinogens, PCP, ketamine, Ecstasy, and anabolic steroids. Some of the symptoms and warning signs of teen drug abuse include reddened whites of eyes, paranoia, sleepiness, excessive happiness, seizures, memory loss, increased appetite, discolored fingertips, lips or teeth, and irritability. Treatment of drug addiction may involve a combination of medication, individual, and familial interventions.
Antibiotic Resistance (Drug Resistance, Antimicrobial Resistance)
Antibiotics are medications used to kill or slow the growth of bacteria and some fungi. The definition of antibiotic resistance is the ability of bacteria to change (mutate) and grow in the presence of a drug (an antibiotic) that would normally slow its growth or kill it. These antibiotic-resistant bacteria and fungi become harder to treat. Antibiotic-resistant infections can lead to longer hospital stays, higher treatment costs, and more deaths.
Can HIV be Cured Naturally?
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. If someone has HIV it means that they have been diagnosed with the HIV infection. AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome); however, is the most advanced or final stage of the HIV infection. It is important to get tested for HIV in the early stages of infection to minimize the damage to the immune system. Successful treatment aims to reduce HIV load to a level that is harmless to the body.
Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Lung Disease (NTM, Symptoms, Treatment, Side Effects)
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), most commonly, M. avium complex or MAC, is a mycobacteria that causes lung infections and disease. Nontuberculous mycobacteria are commonly found in soil, air, and water. Examples of how NTM lung infection are transmitted include swimming, using a hot tub (NTM bacteria are aerosolized), or playing with or handling soil. The most common symptoms of NTM lung infection are chronic, dry cough, and shortness of breath. Sometimes the cough may have mucous or blood. Other symptoms of NTM lung disease include fatigue, chest pain, malaise, and weakness. As NTM lung disease progresses, fevers, night sweats, and appetite loss may occur. Treatment guidelines for NTM lung disease depend upon the type and extent of the infection, and the person's health.
What Causes SIADH?
SIADH is the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion. Several conditions can trigger abnormal ADH production, including infections, brain inflammation, hereditary factors, certain medications, asthma and other factors.
Dry eyes are caused by an imbalance in the tear-flow system of the eye, but also can be caused by the drying out of the tear film. This can be due to dry air created by air conditioning, heat, or other environmental conditions. Treatment may involve self-care measures, medications, or rarely, surgery.
Cryptococcosis is an infection caused by the Cryptococcus fungus. Cryptococcus is spread through inhalation of airborne fungi. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache, altered mental status, coughing, and shortness of breath. Treatment depends upon the severity of infection and the health status of the patient.
Cryptosporidiosis is an intestinal disease caused by the Cryptosporidium parasite. Symptoms include watery diarrhea, stomach cramps, nausea and vomiting, fever, weight loss, dehydration, and weight loss. Antibiotics are used in the treatment of cyptosporidiosis.
Hepatitis C Cure (Symptoms, Transmission, Treatments, and Cost)
Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver. There are a variety of toxins, diseases, illicit drugs, medications, bacterial and viral infections, and heavy alcohol use can case inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis C viral infection (HCV) is one type of hepatitis. According to the CDC, in 2014 there were an estimated 30,500 cases of acute hepatitis C infections in the US. An estimated 2.7-3.9 million people in the US have chronic hepatitis C. The virus is spread from person-to-person via blood-to-blood contact. Symptoms of HCV infection include joint pain, jaundice, dark urine, nausea, fatigue, fever, loss of appetites, clay colored stool. Hepatitis C can be cured with medications in most people. There is no vaccine against the hepatitis C virus.
Hospice is a service that offers support, resources, and assistance to terminally ill patients and their families. In such late stages of diseases, especially when there is "nothing left to do," hospice can offer help for patients and families. There are many aspects of a patient's well-being that can be addressed. Hospice can play a key role in managing physical symptoms of a disease (palliative care) and supporting patients and families emotionally and spiritually.
HIV vs. AIDS
Human immunodeficiency virus causes HIV infection. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a condition that results after HIV has extensively damaged a person's immune system. Risk factors for HIV and AIDS include use of contaminated needles or syringes, unprotected sex, STDs, receiving a blood transfusion prior to 1985 in the United States, having many sex partners, and transmission from a mother to her child.
How Do You Feel When You Have HIV?
About four weeks after contracting HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), you may experience flu-like symptoms including fever, rash, sore throat, nausea, swollen glands and achy joints. You may remain symptomless for some time, however. That doesn't mean you don't need treatment; HIV can quickly progress into AIDS, in which the immune system collapses and you die of a secondary cancer or infection.
Hodgkin's disease is a cancer of the lymphatic system with symptoms that include unexplained, recurring fevers, unexplained weight loss, itchy skin, and painless swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, underarm, and groin. Treatment for adult Hodgkin's disease depends on the staging of the disease, the size of the lymph nodes, and the health of the patient.
Valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) is a disease caused by the inhalation of the Coccidioides immitis or C. posadasii fungus. Symptoms are flu-like and resolve over two to six weeks. Infection typically requires no treatment, though there are many antifungal drugs to treat valley fever.
HIV/AIDS Testing: Diagnosis and Monitoring
HIV/AIDS diagnosis and monitoring have come a long way from the days when a diagnosis was a death sentence. Crucial parts of the effective treatment regimens developed in the last 40 years are consistent monitoring of the viral load (the amount of virus in the blood), and the immune cell count, which function as biological markers of the disease’s progression. Doctors also must test for drug resistance.
Castleman disease is a group of related conditions. It is a rare disease with an unknown prevalence. Castleman disease is caused by an abnormal growth of lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. There are two types of Castleman disease; 1) unicentric, and 2) multicentric. Castleman disease is diagnosed by biopsy of the suspected lymph nodes. Castleman disease is treated with medications (for example, corticosteroids, chemotherapy drugs, immunodilating drugs, interferon-alfa, and antiviral medications), surgery, and radiation therapy. The life expectancy for a person with Castleman disease is difficult to determine because the condition is rare and takes different forms.
HIV/AIDS Infection Transmission and Prevention
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is spread through contact with genital fluids or blood of an infected person. The spread of HIV can occur when these secretions come in contact with tissues such as those lining the vagina, anal area, mouth, eyes (the mucus membranes), or with a break in the skin, such as from a cut or puncture by a needle.
HIV/AIDS Facts: What Is HIV?
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is the precursor infection to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). HIV is transmitted through blood and genital secretions; most people get it through sexual contact or sharing needles for illegal IV drug use. HIV can be controlled by a strict drug regimen, but left unchecked, it leads to AIDS. In AIDS, the immune system collapses and the body falls prey to secondary, opportunistic infections and cancers that typically kill the person.
HIV Medications List and Drug Charts
The ultimate goal of HIV treatment is getting the viral load down below detectable levels. As long as those viral load and antibody levels are below a proscribed range, people with HIV can stave off AIDS and other serious symptoms. Antiviral treatment options usually include combinations of two NRTIs, often referred to as "nucs," and a third drug, typically being a boosted protease inhibitor, a NNRTI, often called "non-nucs," and integrase strand transfer inhibitors.
When should you start HIV medication?
Nearly everyone who is infected with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) should start antiviral medication therapy as soon as they are diagnosed. Older guidelines recommended delaying treatment to help reduce the potential for drug side effects and viral resistance to treatment. Current thinking theorizes that early treatment may preserve more of the body's immune function.
Most often, caregivers take care of other adults who are ill or disabled. Less often, caregivers are grandparents raising their grandchildren. The majority of caregivers are middle-aged women. Caregiving can be very stressful, so it's important to recognize when it's putting to much strain on you and to take steps to prevent/relieve stress.
What Are the Side Effects of HIV Medications?
It’s important to know the potential side effects of all the drugs you take to control your HIV infection, as well as potential drug interactions. All of the NNRTIs (nonnucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors), for example, are associated with important drug-drug interactions so they must be used with caution in patients on other medications. Learn more about the side effects of the drugs in standard treatment regimens.
Sexual health information including birth control, impotence, herpes, sexually transmitted diseases, staying healthy, women's sexual health concerns, and men's sexual health concerns. Learn about the most common sexual conditions affecting men and women.
Reproductive health encompasses the beginning of menstruation for women, choosing the right birth control method for you and your partner, preventing contracting sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and for women, ending with the menopausal transition.
What Causes Kaposi Sarcoma?
Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is a form of cancer caused by herpesvirus infection. This virus is known as Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) or human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8). Causes of Kaposi sarcoma include immune suppression, HIV infection and certain socioeconomic factors.
Treating the Flu in People with Health Risks
Certain portions of the population are at an increased risk of suffering serious complications from the flu. Some of these indviduals at risk include: those with asthma, COPD, heart disease, liver or kidney disease, HIV, AIDs, elderly, women who are pregnant, and children under the age of two. Contact your physician if you have the flu immediately so that you receive the proper care to prevent serious complications.
Disease Prevention in Men
Disease prevention in men includes routine screening tests that are part of basic prevention medicine. Take an active role in your own health care and discuss screening tests with your doctor early in life. Age of screening and timing of screening depends upon the condition being assessed.
Disease Prevention in Women
Disease prevention in women includes screening tests that are a basic part of prevention medicine. All screening tests are commonly available through your general doctor. Some specialized tests may be available elsewhere.
Pain Management: Neuropathic Pain
Neuropathic pain is chronic pain resulting from injury to the nervous system. The injury can be to the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) or the peripheral nervous system (nerves outside the brain and spinal cord).
Local ResourcesFind a local Infectious Disease Specialist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Tingling in Hands and Feet
- Weight Loss
- Hand and Finger Numbness
- Joint Pain
- Fatigue, Tiredness, and Lethargy
- Mouth Sores
- Swollen Lymph Nodes (Lymphadenopathy)
- Altered Mental Status
- Painful Gums
- Catatonia (Catatonic Behavior)
- Enlarged Heart
- Excessive Sweating (Hyperhidrosis)
- Unusual Behavior
- Memory Loss
- HIV Infection
- Bleeding Easily
- Bleeding Gums
- Proteinuria (Protein in the Urine)
- Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)
- Blood in Semen
- Inability to Regulate Emotions
- Decreased Appetite
- Peripheral Neuropathy
- Low Testosterone (Low T)
- Hairy Tongue
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- Advance Medical Directives
- Questions To Ask Your Doctor - HIV
- STD FAQs
- HIV-AIDS FAQs
- HIV Treatment, Medications, and Prevention
- HIV Urine Test Approved
- HIV: Two Patients Face The Diagnosis
- Antiretroviral Therapy - Guidelines
- HIV Treatment - To Interrupt or Not
- Circumcise Or Not? - The Matter of AIDS
- Unprotected Sex Between HIV-Infected Partners: What's the Harm?
- HIV Transmission and Progression to AIDS Continues
- Physical and Biochemical Changes in HIV Disease
- TB Vaccine Goes on Trial
- Babies On The Breast Of HIV Moms
- Generic AIDS Drug Effective - And Now?
- HIV / AIDS Conference Update 2005 - Index
- Retrovirus & Opportunistic Infections Part II
- Retrovirus & Opportunistic Infections
- Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections Conf. 2/2006
- The Broad Spectrum of Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) Disease
- What Is a Hospitalist?
- What Are the Side Effects of Taking Antibiotics Long-Term?
- Does Circumcision Prevent HIV and AIDS?
- Can HIV Cause Kaposi's Sarcoma?
- Do You Need Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV with No Symptoms?
- Does HIV Cause Colorectal Cancer?
- Does Anti-Retroviral Therapy for HIV Cause Diabetes?
- How Long Should You Wait to Get an HIV Test?
- What Liver Problems Does HIV Cause?
- HIV Infection Facts, History, Causes, and Risk Factors
- Grapefruit Juice and Drug Interactions
- HIV Tests, Symptoms, Signs, and Stages of Infection
- What Is Norwegian Scabies?
- Things You Should Know About the Penis
- Cat Scratch: What Is Cat Scratch Disease?
- Baby "Cured" of HIV Infection
- Annual Physical Exam
- Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections Part II
- HIV/AIDS Conference Highlights July 27 2005
- HIV/AIDS Conference Highlights July 26 2005
- HIV/AIDS Conference Highlights July 25 2005
Medications & Supplements
- sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim (Bactrim)
- zidovudine (azt) - oral, Retrovir
- saquinavir - oral, Invirase
- sildenafil (erectile dysfunction) - oral, Viagra
- abacavir/lamivudine/zidovudine - oral, Trizivir
- ritonavir - oral, Norvir
- lamivudine/zidovudine - oral, Combivir
- ritonavir solution - oral, Norvir
- delavirdine 100 mg dispersible tablet - oral, Rescriptor
- didanosine delayed-release - oral, Videx EC
- valacyclovir - oral, Valtrex
- didanosine (ddi) solution - oral, Videx
- nelfinavir - oral, Viracept
- lopinavir/ritonavir solution - oral, Kaletra
- nelfinavir powder - oral, Viracept
- lopinavir/ritonavir - oral
- atazanavir - oral, Reyataz
- stavudine capsule - oral, Zerit
- erythromycin base gel - topical, A/T/S, Emgel, Erygel
- stavudine solution - oral, Zerit
- nevirapine - oral, Viramune
- lamivudine solution - oral, Epivir
- abacavir - oral, Ziagen
- delavirdine 200 mg tablet - oral, Rescriptor
- lamivudine - oral, Epivir
- tadalafil (erectile dysfunction) - oral, Cialis
- indinavir capsule - oral, Crixivan
- efavirenz - oral, Sustiva
- vardenafil - oral, Levitra
- Interferon: Potential COVID-19 Treatment
- Anabolic Steroids (Oral Androgens)
- dronabinol (Marinol, THC)
- megestrol (Megace, Megace ES)
- How Effective Is ART for HIV Infection?
- What Are NNRTIs In Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV Infection?
- Protease Inhibitors (PI Drug Class)
- atovaquone suspension - oral, Mepron
- dapsone - oral
- lopinavir and ritonavir (Kaletra): Potential COVID-19 Drug
- azelastine drops - ophthalmic, Optivar
- What Are NRTIs in Antiretroviral Therapy For HIV Infection?
- abacavir/lamivudine - oral, Epzicom
- ganciclovir - injection, Cytovene
- abacavir, Ziagen
- ritonavir (Norvir)
- cidofovir - injection, Vistide
- Retrovir (zidovudine, ZDV, formerly called AZT)
- atazanavir (Reyataz)
- How Do Protease Inhibitors Work in Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV Infection?
- tenofovir - oral, Viread
- emtricitabine/tenofovir - oral, Truvada
- indinavir, Crixivan
- lamivudine (3tc) (Epivir; Epivir HBV)
- Genvoya (elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide)
- rifabutin - oral, Mycobutin
- What ART Drugs Prevent HIV Entry into the Human Immune Cell?
- How Do Integrase Strand-Transfer Inhibitors Work in Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV Infection?
- Ziagen (abacavir) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- raltegravir (Isentress)
- saquinavir (Invirase, Fortovase - discontinued)
- amprenavir, Agenerase
- Biktarvy (bictegravir, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide)
- didanosine (Videx, Videx EC)
- zalcitabine, Hivid - discontinued
- efavirenz (Sustiva)
- abacavir, lamivudine, zidovudine (Trizivir)
- nelfinavir, Viracept
- stavudine (Zerit)
- foscarnet sodium - injection, Foscavir
- Combivir (lamivudine and zidovudine)
- What Are the Single-Tablet ART Regimens for HIV Infection?
- nevirapine (Viramune, Viramune XR)
- emtricitabine - oral, Emtriva
- Temixys (lamivudine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate)
- Side Effects of Retrovir (zidovudine [ZDV])
- Enfuvirtide (Fuzeon)
- Tipranavir (Aptivus)
- Etravirine (Intelence)
- darunavir, TMC-114; Prezista
- maraviroc, Selzentry
- Side Effects of Combivir (lamivudine and zidovudine)
- enfuvirtide - injection, Fuzeon
- fosamprenavir - oral, Lexiva
- delavirdine (Rescriptor)
- Agenerase (amprenavir) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Side Effects of Norvir (ritonavir)
- Side Effects of Zerit (stavudine)
- Side Effects of Aptivus (tipranavir)
- Tybost (cobicistat)
- Trizivir (abacavir, lamivudine, zidovudine) Side Effects, Warnings, and Interactions
- Megace ES
- Kaletra Capsules
- Kaletra Tablets
- Retrovir IV
- Videx EC
- Viramune XR
- Intron A Rebetol
- Intron A
Prevention & Wellness
- Immunocompromised? Why the COVID-19 Vaccine Might Still Protect You
- Living With HIV Raises Odds for Sudden Cardiac Death
- An HIV Drug You Only Take Twice a Year?
- Despite Medical Advances, People With HIV Still Live Shorter, Sicker Lives
- HIV Can Travel From the Brain, Animal Study Suggests
- Monkey Trials Offer New Hope for HIV Vaccine
- Researchers Move Toward Once-Yearly Treatment for HIV
- What the HIV Epidemic Can Teach Us About the COVID-19 Pandemic
- After 2nd Patient Cured of HIV, Hope Revives for an End to AIDS
- Don't Use Pricey New HIV PrEP Drug When Generics Available: Study
- Drinking Takes Toll on Bones of People With HIV: Study
- Another HIV Hazard: Higher Risk for COPD
- Age Makes the Difference in Sticking With HIV Meds
- Few Teen Boys at Risk for HIV Get Tested
- HIV Drug Costs Soaring, Jeopardizing Effort to End Epidemic
- HIV-Infected Newborns Can Wait Awhile for Treatment: Study
- HIV Triggers Immune System 'Amnesia' to Smallpox: Study
- Facebook Asked to Remove 'Factually Inaccurate' Ads About HIV Prevention Drug
- New Federal Program Provides Free HIV Prevention Drugs to Uninsured
- HIV Testing, Treatment Not Reaching Many Americans
- An HIV Med Is Tied to Too-Small Heads in Newborns
- AHA News: HIV Could Increase Risk of Death From Heart Failure
- Needle Exchange Programs Guard Against HIV
- HIV Could Speed Menopause Onset
- New Strain of HIV Discovered
- 'Hey, What Is This?': Social Media, Not Docs, Increasingly Diagnosing STDs
- New HIV Prevention Drug Not Approved for Women
- Kidney Transplants Between People With HIV Are Successful
- Having HIV May Heighten Stroke Risk
- For Kids Born With HIV, Taking Needed Meds Gets Harder With Age: Study
- HIV Lurking in Spinal Fluid Linked to Thinking Problems
- In a First, Scientists Eliminate HIV From an Animal's Genome
- Most Americans Have Never Had an HIV Test: CDC
- U.S. Expert Panel Supports HIV-Prevention Pill for People at High Risk
- How Chinese Gene-Editing Could Backfire: Babies Might Have Shorter Lives
- HIV Patients More Likely to Have Heart Troubles, But Less Access to Care
- For Women With HIV, Daily Life Can Impede Fight Against Virus
- Generic Version of HIV Prevention Drug Available in U.S. By Sept. 2020
- HIV Meds Cut Transmission Risk to Zero, Even Without Condoms: Study
- Vampire Facials at New Mexico Spa Linked to HIV Infections
- Weekly Infusion May Be Effective, Easier HIV Therapy
- Depression Plus HIV Can Turn Deadly
- How HIV Might Influence HPV Vaccination Rates
- Surgeons Perform First HIV-Positive Kidney Transplant From Living Donor
- CDC Cites Urgent Need to Expand HIV Testing, Treatment
- Monthly Shots Control HIV as Well as Daily Pills: Studies
- Second HIV Patient May Be Cured After Transplant
- Second Man HIV-Free After Stem Cell Transplant
- Has America's Fight Against HIV Stalled?
- Cervical 'Microbiome' Could Help Predict Cancer Risk
- Worldwide, More Die After Surgery Than From HIV, Malaria: Study
- Trump's Goal of No New HIV Cases by 2030 Is Possible, Health Officials Say
- President Trump Unveils Plan to Stop U.S. HIV Transmissions by 2030
- Prescription Opioids May Raise Pneumonia Risk
- Claim About World's First Gene-Edited Babies Triggers Questions, Condemnation
- Influential U.S. Panel Backs PrEP HIV-Prevention Pills
- When Meds Suppress HIV, Odds of Sexual Transmission Near Zero: Review
- Vaginal Ring That Targets Pregnancy, HIV Seems Safe: Study
- Antiviral Med Fuels Rapid Decline in New HIV Infections in Gay Men: Study
- New Therapy May Control HIV Without Daily Pills
- New Mexico Patrons of 'Vampire Facial' Spa May Have Been Exposed to HIV
- Poor Health Care Linked to 5 Million Deaths Worldwide a Year
- Newer HIV Therapies Yield Big Gains But Racial Gaps Persist
- New Drug of Last Resort Tackles Resistant HIV
- HIV Doubles Heart Disease Risk
- New Coalition to Fight HIV/AIDS Announced by Elton John
- Many Gay Men Suffer Domestic Abuse: Study
- Experimental HIV Vaccine Shows Promise in Early Trial
- If Opioid Addicts Survive OD, Other Hazards Lie Ahead: Study
- Sex, Drugs Hold Less Allure for Today's High Schoolers
- Antiviral Treatments Reduce Cancer Risk for HIV Patients
- Stigma of Safe Needle Exchanges Lingers Despite Opioid Epidemic
- Human Trials Set for Experimental HIV Vaccine
- Hit Hard by Opioid Crisis, Appalachian States Expand Clean-Needle Programs
- HIV Drug Appears Safe During Pregnancy
- U.S. Deaths From Infectious Diseases Decline, But Not Everywhere
- ABC TV Reporter Reveals HIV-Positive Diagnosis
- New Medication Approved for Drug-Resistant HIV
- New Studies Target Gene Therapy Against AIDS
- Scientists Zero in on Better Saliva-Based HIV Test
- U.S. Efforts to Help Fight Global HIV Are Paying Off
- Coming Soon: A Once-Weekly Pill to Fight HIV?
- Could Gene Therapy Someday Eliminate HIV?
- Risky Teen Behavior May Up Odds for HIV in Adulthood
- Trump Fires Obama-Era HIV/AIDS Council Members
- HIV Is Gaining Resistance to Lifesaving Drugs
- Lung Cancer Drug Targets 'Hidden' HIV in French Patient
- U.S.-Funded HIV Prevention Effort Reaps Rewards in Uganda
- HIV Diagnoses Occurring More Quickly, CDC Says
- Pot May Alter Brain Function of Some With HIV
- Almost 21 Million Worldwide Now Have Access to HIV Meds
- Are HIV and AIDS Poised for a Comeback?
- California Reduces Penalty for Intentional Exposure to HIV
- Fighting HIV on Multiple Fronts Might Lead to Vaccine
- HIV and Smoking a Lethal Combo for the Lungs
- Drug Helped Protect Gay Teen Males From HIV
- Insurer Aetna's Envelopes Revealed Customers' HIV Status
- Bacteria May Explain Why Uncircumcised Face Higher HIV Risk
- HIV Treatment Protects Uninfected Partner From the Virus
- African Boy Achieves HIV Remission Without Drugs
- Meds by Monthly Injection Might Revolutionize HIV Care
- Could a Monetary Perk Help Keep HIV Patients on Their Meds?
- 6 Experts Resign from President's HIV/AIDS Advisory Panel in Protest
- Americans With HIV Staying on Lifesaving Meds Longer
- Charlie Sheen's 2015 HIV Disclosure Spiked Use of Home Test Kits
- Life Expectancy With HIV Nears Normal With Treatment
- 'Cancer Profile' Is Changing for Americans With HIV
- Health Risks Grow as Young People Born With HIV Age
- U.S. Sees Big Drop in Number of Babies Born With HIV
- 'Immunotherapy' in Monkeys Shows Promise as Long-Term HIV Treatment
- Large Decrease in HIV Infections in U.S.
- Gay Men Less Likely to Have Safe Sex Now: Survey
- Black Americans Still Undertreated for HIV
- Gay Man Infected With HIV Despite Using Preventive Drugs
- Diabetes Risk May Be Higher for HIV-Positive Adults
- Many With Mental Illness Miss Out on HIV Tests
- Can HIV Drugs Boost Syphilis Risk?
- HIV May Double Odds of Heart Attack
- Doctors Seeing More HIV Patients With Multidrug Resistance
- Students Make Martin Shkreli's Drug for $2 a Pill
- Drug Combo Shows Early Promise for Remission of HIV
- Antibodies May Hold Key to HIV Suppression
- Experimental Medicine Might Rescue People With Drug-Resistant HIV
- Study Discounts Myth of 'Patient Zero' in U.S. AIDS Crisis
- HIV May Hide in Tissues, Even After Treatment
- Monkey Study Hints at Drug-Free Suppression of HIV
- Doctors May Not Be Telling High-Risk Patients About HIV Prevention Drug
- Serious Infections Tied to Suicide Risk
- Opioids by Injection May Drive HIV Outbreaks
- Monthly Vaginal Ring May Help Protect Against HIV
- Mixed Progress in Worldwide Fight Against HIV/AIDS
- Cash Rewards Won't Change Outcomes for HIV-Infected Drug Addicts: Study
- How Safe Is Condomless Sex When Partner With HIV Takes Meds?
- Do More to Fight HIV in Africa: Study
- Stigma Prolongs Global HIV Epidemic Among Gays
- Stem Cell Transplant Can Help HIV Patients Battling Lymphoma: Study
- HIV Infection Seems to Affect Nervous System
- High HIV Rates for Gay Men in Some Southern Cities
- HIV Patients Less Likely to Get Treatment for Cancer: Study
- HIV Decline Falls Short of U.S. 5-Year Goal
- Antibody Shot Protects Monkeys From HIV-Like Infection
- People With HIV May Age Faster, Study Suggests
- HIV Patients Now Living Long Enough to Develop Alzheimer's
- Doctors Report Groundbreaking HIV-to-HIV Organ Transplants
- Work With Monkeys May Benefit HIV Babies
- In Monkeys, Therapy Flushes HIV-Like Virus From Its Hiding Places
- Prenatal Use of HIV Drug May Slow Child's Development Slightly
- Half of Gay Black Men May Become Infected With HIV, CDC Says
- Charlie Sheen's HIV Announcement Sparked Interest in Disease: Study
- Vaginal Ring Offers Some Protection Against HIV, Study Says
- Alcohol More Harmful for People With HIV, Study Suggests
- CDC: Black Americans With HIV Still Less Likely to Get Ongoing Medical Care
- Scientists Piggyback Experimental HIV Vaccine on Cold Viruses
- Resistance to HIV Drug Growing, Study Finds
- HIV Can Persist in Body Despite Drug Therapy
- New Approach Might Boost HIV Testing Rates
- HIV Testing Rates Still Low Among Teens, Young Adults: CDC
- Three Moves Could Cut New HIV Cases Dramatically: Study
- New HIV Treatment Shows Promise in Early Research
- Not Enough Needle Exchange Programs Outside Cities: Study
- CDC: Too Few Schools Teach Prevention of HIV, STDs, Pregnancy
- HIV Rates Fall, But Not All Groups Benefit, U.S. Study Finds
- Risky Sexual Behaviors Put Many Young Gay Men at Risk of HIV: Study
- Screen All Kids for Cholesterol, Depression and HIV, Pediatricians' Group Says
- HIV Prevention Pill May Not Need to Be Taken Daily
- More Could Benefit from HIV Prevention Pill Truvada
- Charlie Sheen: I'm HIV-Positive
- Churches a Good Place for HIV Testing, Treatment in Africa
- HIV Therapy May Also Lower Risk for Hepatitis B, Study Says
- Low-Income HIV Patients May Be Doing Better on Obamacare
- As HIV Patients Live Longer, Certain Cancer Risks Rise: Study
- Almost Half of American Adults With HIV Don't Take Meds: Report
- More Evidence Daily Pill Can Prevent HIV Transmission
- Needle-Exchange Program Curbed HIV Spread, Study Finds
- Only 1 in 5 Gay Teen Boys Get HIV Test
- HIV Cells Keep Duplicating Even When Treatments Are Working: Study
- Test to Differentiate HIV Viruses Approved
- Genes May Be Key to a Better HIV Vaccine, Study Says
- Many U.S. AIDS Patients Still Die When 'Opportunistic' Infections Strike
- Sequence of Shots May Lead to Effective HIV Vaccine, Mouse Study Finds
- 1 in 5 Younger Americans Tested for HIV
- Global Trial Finds HIV Drugs Should Be Taken Right After Diagnosis
- Hundreds With HIV Could Donate Organs to Others With HIV: Study
- Drug-Related HIV Outbreak Spurs Nationwide Alert
- Antibody Holds Promise as Weapon Against HIV
- HIV-Infected People Often Do Well After Kidney Transplant
- HIV Can Damage Brain Early On, Study Says
- HIV Patients May Fare as Well as Others With Kidney Transplants
- Herpes Drug Might Help Control Spread of HIV, Too
- Half of Known Strains of HIV Originated in Gorillas
- Taking Pill Before, After Sex Cuts HIV Infection for Gay Men: Study
- Most HIV Infections Come From Undiagnosed or Untreated People: Study
- Some HIV Strains Cause Early Damage to Immune System, Study Finds
- Doctors Pinpoint Why Child Who Appeared Free of HIV Suffered Relapse
- Kidneys From HIV Donors May Be OK for HIV Patients, Study Finds
- Blacks Account for More Than Half of New HIV Diagnoses: CDC
- Smartphone Device Detects HIV, Syphilis
- Depo-Provera Linked to Higher HIV Risk, Researchers Find
- Health Tip: Have Your Child's Eyes Checked
- HIV Tied to Worse Hearing in Older Adults
- Hepatitis C Infection Isn't Related to HIV Brain Woes: Study
- Is HIV Becoming Less Contagious?
- Most Americans With HIV Don't Have Virus Under Control, CDC Says
- Peers Best at Convincing High-Risk Individuals to Get HIV Test: Study
- Common Childhood Vaccine Cuts 'Superbug' Infection: Study
- U.S. Troops Arrive in Ebola-Ravaged Liberia
- Less Than Half of HIV-Positive U.S. Hispanics Are Getting Proper Care
- HIV May Have Emerged in Congo in 1920s: Study
- 2nd Baby 'Cured' of HIV Suffers Relapse
- Half of HIV-Positive Gay Men in U.S. Aren't Getting Proper Treatment
- California Trees Harbor Fungus Deadly to People With HIV
- People With HIV May Be at Lower Risk for Multiple Sclerosis
- Bacteria in Semen May Affect HIV Transmission, Levels: Study
- HIV Meds May Also Help Control Hepatitis C, Study Finds
- New HIV Guidelines Released by WHO
- Animal Experiments Shed Light on HIV's Ability to Hide
- Scientists Snipped HIV Out of Human DNA
- HIV Diagnoses Down in U.S., Except for Young Gay Males: CDC
- Those With HIV Living Longer, International Study Finds
- Many Sexually Active U.S. Teens Not Tested for HIV: CDC
- AIDS Epidemic May Be Subsiding: Report
- Mississippi Girl Thought Cured of HIV Shows Signs of Infection
- Study: Common HIV Drug May Boost Suicide Risk
- HIV Prevention Drug Truvada Might Lower Genital Herpes Risk, Too
- Many Unaware of Their HIV Status Until It's Advanced
- Kids More Likely Than Adults To Be Resistant to HIV Meds: Study
- CDC Urges Anti-HIV Pill for People at High Risk of Infection
- Alcohol Fuels Liver Disease in Those With HIV and Hepatitis C
- Slightly Higher Risk of Birth Defects Seen in Pregnant Women on HIV Drugs
- Driving Ability May Falter With Age in HIV-Positive Adults
- HIV-Positive Inmates Benefit From Drug Treatment, Study Says
- Study Adds to Signs Linking HIV to Heart Trouble
- Hepatitis C Patients With HIV May Face Higher Risk of Liver Disease
- HIV Transmission Between Women Rare, But Possible: CDC
- Vaginal Gel Might Prevent HIV Hours After Exposure
- Doctors Cautiously Optimistic About 'Cure' for HIV-Infected Babies
- Gene Therapy for Controlling HIV Shows Early Promise
- Long-Acting HIV Drug May Offer Better Protection Against Infection
- Kids Born With HIV May Face Heart Risks Later, Study Suggests
- Higher HIV Infection Rates Seen in Mental Health Patients: Study
- Only 1 in 3 HIV-Infected Black Americans Gets Effective Treatment: Study
- Many Young Americans With HIV Delay Treatment: Study
- Mother-Daughter Team Preaches the Gospel of HIV Prevention
- Taking Drug to Prevent HIV Doesn't Seem to Encourage Risk-Taking
- New HIV Strain May Move to AIDS More Quickly: Study
- New Clues to How Long-Term Drug Therapy Keeps HIV at Bay
- Talking Openly With Partner Linked to HIV Testing in Teens
- Multivitamins May Help Fight HIV Progression, Study Suggests
- Bisexual Men Aren't at Greater HIV Risk: Review
- HIV Resistance Mapped by Gene Researchers
- Early HIV Treatment a Win-Win, Researchers Report
- Child 'Cured' of HIV Remains Free of Virus, Doctors Report
- Counseling With HIV Testing May Not Help Prevent Future STDs
- Scientists Uncover Breast Milk's Potential Secret Weapon Against HIV
- Immune Protein Found to Block HIV Spread in Some People
- Meds That Prevent HIV Infection Don't Spur Risky Behavior: Study
- Nail Fungus Drug Might Help Against HIV, Study Suggests
- For Uninfected Partner, Antiretroviral Drugs May Shield Against HIV
- Early Course of HIV Therapy May Give Infants a Break From Drugs
- HIV Patients Get a Mental Lift From Exercise, Study Finds
- New Drug Approved to Treat HIV-1
- Rapid Test Detects HIV-1 and HIV-2 Antibodies and HIV-1 Antigen
- Survival Picture No Better for Patients With HIV-Related Lymphoma: Study
- Scientists Use HIV to 'Cure' 2 Rare Genetic Diseases
- Women With HIV May Suffer More From Hot Flashes
- No Trace of HIV After Stem-Cell Transplants, Researchers Say
- Many Young Americans Unaware They're Infected With HIV
- Medicine Might Help Shield Injection Drug Abusers From HIV
- HIV No Barrier to Getting Liver Transplant, Study Finds
- HIV 'Cure' Looks 'Promising,' Danish Scientists Contend
- New Guidelines Suggest HIV Screening for All Adults
- HIV Drugs May Help Protect Young Patients' Hearts: Study
- Study May Explain How Circumcision Reduces HIV Risk
- 'Sharps' Injuries Pose Serious Hazard for Surgeons, O.R. Staff
- Could Self-Testing Help Overcome HIV/AIDS Epidemic?
- CDC: 1 in 50 Poor, Straight Urban Americans Infected With HIV
- HIV May Raise Risk of Heart Attack
- Researchers Describe 1st 'Functional Cure' of HIV in Baby
- U.S. AIDS-Relief Plan a Success, Report Finds
- Certain Skin Cancers More Common in HIV-Positive People
- HIV-Like Virus Arose in Primates Millions of Years Ago, Scientists Say
- Docs' 'Cultural Competence' May Boost HIV Care
- Study Pinpoints Optimal Treatment Window for HIV
- Stem Cell Technology May Help Rejuvenate Immune Cells
- Fulyzaq Approved for Diarrhea in People With HIV/AIDS
- Rate of New HIV Infections Drops for First Time Among Black Women: CDC
- Smoking Deadlier For HIV Patients Than Virus Itself: Study
- Kids With HIV at Risk of Heart Disease, Study Says
- Anti-HIV Drugs May Curb Transmission to Uninfected Partner: Study
- New HIV Infections Highest Among Urban Gay, Bisexual Men: CDC
- Surprise HIV Diagnosis Becomes Life-Changing Moment
- Among Black Americans, HIV Takes a Greater Toll
- U.S. Draws Blueprint for an AIDS-Free Generation
- HIV Drug Combo May Help Prevent Malaria Reinfection
- HIV Hits 1,000 Young Americans Each Month
- AIDS Deaths, New HIV Infections Continue to Drop Worldwide
- U.S. Task Force Backs HIV Screening for All 15 to 65
- Black Women With Both HIV, Hep C Less Likely to Die From Liver Disease
- Less Frequent Pap Tests Safe for Most Women, Ob/Gyn Group Says
- Blood Infections in ICU Cut With Simple Measures: Study
- New Vaccine Strategy May Fight Genital Herpes, Mouse Study Suggests
- Multivitamins Won't Boost Standard HIV Care, Study Finds
- Vaginal Ring Delivers HIV Drug in Animal Study
- HIV Diagnoses Among U.S. Hispanics Vary By Region: CDC
- Despite Huge HIV Treatment Gains, Many Left Out
- Scientists Probe How Some HIV Patients Resist AIDS
- Improved HIV Care Boosts Life Expectancy at Clinic, Study Found
- Declining Funding May Cause U.N. to Fall Short of Health Goals
- Missed Dose? Truvada Still Prevents HIV in Men
- More Americans Get Effective HIV Treatment, Study Says
- Treated Vaginal Ring Prevents HIV in Monkeys
- FDA Approves New Once-a-Day HIV Pill
- New Policy Supports Choice for Male Circumcision
- New Immune-Deficiency Illness Emerging in East Asia
- Breast-Milk Compound May Shield Babies From HIV
- High-Risk Heterosexuals Should Take HIV Prevention Pill, Too
- New Clues to How HIV Infects Body's Cells
- Only 1 in 4 Americans With HIV Has Virus Under Control: CDC
- Cancer Drug May Flush Out 'Hidden' HIV: Study
- Man Cured of AIDS Virus: First U.S. News Conference
- Black American Men Have High Rates of HIV Infection: Study
- HIV Diagnosis Calls for Immediate Treatment
- AIDS Cure Possible, Top Scientists Say
- Mom's HIV Drugs May Pass to Baby in Womb, Breast-Feeding
- Not All HIV Patients in U.S. Show Same Characteristics: Study
- Decisions About Condom Use Among Gay Couples Vary by Race
- Women With HIV May Not Have Higher Cervical Cancer Risk: Study
- Biology Leaves Gay Men Highly Vulnerable to HIV: Study
- Mouse With Human-Like Immune System Could Advance AIDS Research
- Infection With 2 HIV Strains Slows Disease Progression
- Ahead of AIDS Conference, New Reasons for Hope
- FDA Approves First Drug for HIV Prevention
- HIV Drug May Prevent Bone Marrow Transplant Complication
- Studies Show Value of AIDS Drugs as Prevention
- First Over-the-Counter HIV Test Approved
- Wednesday Is National HIV Testing Day
- Bacterial Vaginosis Increases Female-to-Male HIV Transmission Risk
- Surgeons Seek Repeal of Transplant Ban Between HIV-Positive People
- Young Men Taking HIV Meds May Be at Risk for Bone Loss
- HIV Exposure Before Birth May Raise Kids' Risk of Hearing Loss
- Human Breast Milk May Block HIV, Mouse Study Finds
- Study Digs Into Secrets of Keeping HIV in Check
- Taking Anti-HIV Meds Prior to Exposure May Help Prevent Infection
- U.S. Assistance to Africa Cut AIDS-Related Deaths: Study
- People With HIV at Higher Odds of Sudden Cardiac Death
- FDA Panel to Consider At-Home HIV Test
- FDA Seems to Back Pill to Help Prevent HIV
- HIV Drug Tenofovir Safe During Pregnancy, Study Suggests
- Study: Gene Therapy for HIV Safe, But Effectiveness Still Unclear
- Health Highlights: May 1, 2012
- Health Highlights: April 27, 2012
- Children Usually Excluded From Clinical Drug Trials: Study
- HIV Raises Anal Cancer Risk in Women, Study Says
- HIV Prevention Pill Cost-Effective for High-Risk Men: Study
- From a Failed Vaccine, New Insights Into Fighting HIV
- Early, Temporary HIV Treatment Can Postpone Long-Term Therapy
- Health Highlights: March 13, 2012
- Health Highlights: March 12, 2012
- One in Four HIV Patients Has Long Gaps Between Doctor's Visits: Study
- Health Highlights: March 6, 2012
- Hepatitis C Now Kills More Americans Than HIV
- Findings on HIV-Resistant Sex Workers May Help Vaccine Efforts
- Wider Waistlines Linked to Memory Problems in HIV Patients
- HIV Severity, Treatment Unrelated to Kids' Mental Woes: Study
- Many Gay Men Would Support 'Home HIV Test': Study
- Study Looks at Possible HIV Drugs-Birth Defect Link
- Pets Help Women Cope With HIV/AIDS
- New Guidelines Issued for Combining HIV, Seizure Meds
- Drug Users With HIV at Much Higher Overdose Risk
- Experts Urge Limits on Medical Research on Chimpanzees
- Headaches May Plague Many With HIV/AIDS
- Too Much Alcohol Linked to Unsafe Sex, Study Confirms
- Despite Advances, HIV/AIDS Still Takes Heavy Emotional Toll
- Most Americans With HIV Don't Have Infection Under Control
- Higher Cancer Risk in People With HIV
- 2011: Turning Point in World AIDS Pandemic?
- U.S. Man Diagnosed With HIV Develops Leprosy
- Americans Living Longer, Healthier Lives
- Listeria Prompts Romaine Lettuce Recall
- Shark-Derived Drug May Treat Viruses
- Experimental Gene Therapy May Control HIV
- New Study May Aid Search for AIDS Vaccine
- Experts Concerned About Rising HIV Rates Among Poor, Minorities
- FDA Approves Once-Daily HIV Pill Complera
- 50,000 New HIV Infections Each Year in U.S.
- No More Co-pay for Birth Control
- 'Explosion' of Sex-Spread Hepatitis C in HIV-Positive Men
- Panel: Drop Co-Pay for Women's Birth Control
- Antibody Finding Might Help in Search for HIV Vaccine
- CDC Cites Benefits of Expanded HIV Testing Program
- FDA Approves New HIV Drug Edurant
- Decade's Top 10 Public Health Achievements
- Study: Early Treatment Makes HIV Less Infectious
- Elizabeth Taylor Dies of Heart Failure
- HIV Care System Is Getting Swamped
- How to Use Pills to Prevent HIV
- Male Circumcision Cuts Women's Cervical Cancer Risk
- HIV/AIDS Cure? FAQ
- Gardasil HPV Vaccine Stopping Genital Warts
- HPV Vaccine: Cost-effective Way to Prevent Anal Cancer
- CDC: Binge Drinking 'Huge U.S. Health Problem'
- Kids on HIV Drug Cocktail May Need Revaccination
- Many HIV-Infected Kids Could Use Cheaper Treatment Safely
- HIV Virus May Hide in Brain
- HIV in Blood Different Than in Semen, Scientists Say
- HIV-Positive Women Who Want to Conceive Feel Stigma: Survey
- Poverty Driving HIV's Spread Among Urban Heterosexuals: Report
- Vaginal Gel May Prevent HIV
- Many False-Positive HIV Test Results for Those in AIDS Vaccine Trials
- World AIDS Day: HIV Pandemic Surging
- FDA Approves Generic Versions of HIV Drug
- New HIV Therapy Clears Out Hidden Virus
- 4 Things You Didn't Know About Oral Sex
- Happy, Healthy, Valentine!
- Newly Diagnosed with HIV/AIDS
- Safe Sex for Grown-Ups
- Links Between Oral and General Health
- Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV/AIDS) Specific References
- HIV, AIDS, and Older People
- FTC Charges Seasilver with Making False and Deceptive Claims
- Diseases from Animals -- Why Now?
- Drug Design Pioneer...Gertrude Elion
- Women and Body Image
- HIV and Tuberculosis - Facts
- AIDS & HIV...Maybe Forgotten, Not Gone from the USA!
- Flu Vaccine Shortage Alert
- FluMist Nasal Vaccine
- Drug Abuse: How To Tell if Someone is Abusing Drugs
- FDA Approves a Once Daily Protease Inhibitor for HIV Infection
- Salmonella Enteritidis Infection (Egg Associated)
- HIV: The Truth About, New HIV Test
- Rolf Zinkernagel - Who Is He?
- Miroslav Holub- Of Nude Mice and Men
- HIV/AIDS - World Trends
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