Although psoriasis is incurable, it responds to topical and systemic treatments. Topical treatments that may be effective to treat mild psoriasis include creams, lotions, and sprays. Moderate-to-severe psoriasis may require treatment with ultraviolet light treatments or medications.
Topical treatments for psoriasis are applied directly on the affected parts without the risk of side effects. They include:
- Reduce inflammation
- Relieve itching
- Block the production of cells that are overproduced in psoriasis
However, there may be few side effects associated with a stronger dose such as follows:
- Burning sensation
- Irritation of the skin
- Thinning of the skin
Coal tar: Coal tar is often the first-line treatment for psoriasis, and it reduces:
- itching and flaking.
- redness, swelling, and scaling.
- rapidly growing cells.
It is available in shampoos, bath solutions, and creams. The major advantage of coal tar is the lack of skin thinning.
Calcipotriene- and Calcitriol-containing topical ointment: It mainly affects calcium metabolism. Combining calcipotriene and a topical steroid may be more effective in treating psoriasis than using calcipotriene alone. Prolonged use of calcipotriene on more than 20% of the skin surface can lead to an abnormal increase in body calcium levels.
Salicylic acid: Salicylic acid cures psoriasis by
- removing and softening the scale.
- reducing swelling.
Salicylic acid is mainly found in products used for treating scalp psoriasis; however, using it beyond the instructions may worsen the symptoms of psoriasis. Other ingredients that are equally effective as salicylic acid include:
- Lactic acid
Moisturizers: Moisturizers relieve dryness and help in skin healing. Applying moisturizer once a day helps to treat psoriasis. Moisturizer should be fragrance-free and should be greasy and oily.
Prescription retinoids: Synthetic form of vitamin A can improve psoriasis. These do not provide a quick response as steroids.
Phototherapy or light therapy may also improve psoriasis. Getting a daily dose of sunlight can help manage psoriasis lesions in many people. Physicians may also use artificial light sources to heal psoriasis. Artificial light sources include PUVA, UVB, and narrow-band UVB. PUVA (a combination of the drug psoralen with ultraviolet A, or UVA, light) is one of the most effective treatments. It has a risk of skin cancer. The physician may prescribe ultraviolet B light and narrow-band UVB therapy as an alternative and effective treatment. Newer therapy such as lasers and photodynamic therapy help in improving psoriasis. Photodynamic therapy utilizes a light-activating medication and a special light source to treat psoriasis.
Natural therapy for psoriasis may be useful when all other therapies fail. The most commonly used natural remedies include:
- Aloe vera: It soothes the symptoms of psoriasis.
- Fish oil: It must be taken through an intravenous (IV) route that may help to improve psoriasis symptoms.
- Cayenne pepper: It contains capsaicin, which may relieve itching and skin lesions.
- Dead sea salts, Epsom salts, oatmeal: They may remove scales and ease itching.
- Mediterranean diet or anti-inflammatory diet: It may help to curb the symptoms of psoriasis.
Oral medications and injections may include:
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Top How to Get Rid of Psoriasis Quickly Related Articles
How Do You Stop Psoriasis From Stress?Psoriasis is an autoimmune skin disease that can be passed down (hereditary) to you from your parents or grandparents. Stress is a common factor that can trigger your psoriasis. Psoriasis has a stronger association with psychiatric disorders than other skin diseases. Stress worsens psoriasis by triggering a complex network of signals between the endocrine (hormones), nervous and immune systems.
Is Psoriasis Contagious?Psoriasis is an incurable skin disease that causes reddish patches of skin topped with a thick layer of dry silvery scales. Psoriasis cannot spread and is not contagious.
PsoriasisPsoriasis is a long-term skin condition that may cause large plaques of red, raised skin, flakes of dry skin, and skin scales. There are several types of psoriasis, including psoriasis vulgaris, guttate psoriasis, inverse psoriasis, and pustular psoriasis. Symptoms vary depending on the type of psoriasis the patient has. Treatment of psoriasis may include creams, lotions, oral medications, injections and infusions of biologics, and light therapy. There is no cure for psoriasis.
Psoriasis Picture 1A reddish, scaly rash often located over the surfaces of the elbows, knees, scalp, and around or in the ears, navel, genitals or buttocks. See a picture of Psoriasis and learn more about the health topic.
Severe Psoriasis PicturesLearn about the common skin condition psoriasis. Explore about the different types of psoriasis such as vulgaris (plaque psoriasis), guttate psoriasis, and scalp psoriasis. Discover different psoriasis treatment options.
Psoriasis Home RemediesDiscover home remedies for psoriasis and help heal irritated skin.
Psoriasis QuizTake the mystery out of psoriasis. Take the Psoriasis Quiz and see what you know about the types, symptoms, treatments and more.
Psoriasis SlideshowWhat is psoriasis? Explore psoriasis treatment options such as topical ointments, phototherapy, natural remedies and more. Learn about psoriasis symptoms, causes and treatment. View psoriasis pictures of different types of nail, plaque, and scalp psoriasis.
Psoriasis Triggers and TreatmentsPsoriasis triggers a red, scaly rash of plaques on the skin typically affecting the elbows, knees, and scalp. Treatment involves managing triggers and controlling symptoms by addressing causes such as stress, allergies, infections, hormones, and more.
Scalp Psoriasis (Psoriasis of the Scalp)Scalp psoriasis causes red, raised, scaly patches that may extend from the scalp to the forehead and the back of the neck and ears. Symptoms and signs include itching, hair loss, flaking, silvery scales, and red plaques. Treatment includes topical medicated shampoos, creams, gels, oils, ointments, and soaps, medications, and light therapy.
What Is the Best Treatment for Psoriasis?
Psoriasis is an incurable chronic autoimmune disorder of the skin that causes patches of thick, flaky, scaly skin, mostly around the scalp, knees, and elbows, though any skin surface may be involved. Some people experience only small patches while others have red, inflamed skin and think scaly patches all over the body. The exact cause of psoriasis is not clear, but it isn’t contagious.
What Is the Main Cause of Psoriasis?Psoriasis is a non-contagious skin disease in which the skin cells grow in numbers faster than normal, producing rashes on the body. Normally, the cells on the surface of the skin are shed as new cells grow beneath. In psoriasis, the swift build-up of skin cells collects on the surface of the skin as scales or plaques. The exact cause of psoriasis is not completely understood. It appears to involve an interplay between a person’s genes, immune system and environment.