What is a staph infection?

Most staph infections are not serious, but they can occasionally be dangerous.
Most staph infections are not serious, but they can occasionally be dangerous.

A Staphylococcus or staph infection is caused by a germ that may be found in 30% of healthy people’s noses. Most of the time, these bacteria do not cause any health problems. However, in some people, it may cause skin and other organ infections. Staph is highly contagious and sometimes may not respond to antibiotics.

 

How serious is a staph infection?

Most often, staph causes minor skin infections such as a boil. However, if it enters into your bloodstream and other organs, it may turn out to be deadly.

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a bacterium that causes staph infections, which is unresponsive to standard antibiotics.. A staph infection can be dangerous and must be treated with caution.

Staph infections can affect different organs and lead to the following conditions

The infection may have serious complications in people with poor immunity such as individuals with diabetes, cancer and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

What causes a staph infection?

Staph bacteria may pass from person to person through any object and it can survive in dry, extreme temperatures and an acidic environment.

Your risk of staph infections may increase if you

  • Are sharing personal items such as towels, razors, etc.
  • Have uncovered and oozing wounds
  • Are playing high-contact sports or living in crowded places
  • Have recently stayed at the hospital
  • Are addicted to injectable drugs such as opioids
  • Have undergone a surgery
  • Are exposed to a patient carrying a staph infection
  • Have artificial body parts such as a joint, pacemaker, etc.
  • Have trauma or a puncture wound
  • Have poorly-controlled diabetes
  • Are lacking in proper nutrition
  • Have too little iron in the body
  • Are an alcoholic
  • Have intravenous lines (tubes inserted into your body to insert medicine), catheter (to remove urine) or feeding or breathing tubes
  • Have kidney disease and are on dialysis (treatment to filter and purify blood using a machine)
  • Have a weak immune system due to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), chemotherapy or organ transplant
  • Have blood disorders such as leukemia (blood cancer) and lymphoma (cancer of lymph glands)
  • Are on medications that may weaken your immune system such as steroids and retinoids (vitamin A compounds)

How are staph infections diagnosed?

  • Your doctor may examine you, check the body signs and ask about your symptoms.
  • To further confirm the infection, your doctor may scrape the skin or the affected part to take a sample or swab the throat or nasal passages or check a stool sample.
  • Your doctor may order an imaging test depending on the location of the infection to assess the spread.

QUESTION

Bowel regularity means a bowel movement every day. See Answer

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors

Medically Reviewed on 9/15/2020
References
Medscape Medical Reference

CDC


Infectious Disease Society of America


International Society for Infectious Diseases


CONTINUE SCROLLING FOR RELATED SLIDESHOW