Black coffee contains no significant amount of carbs, fats or proteins and, hence, has very few calories. While a plain espresso cup contains 5.4 calories, when you add cream, sugar or milk, the calorie content increases.
Non-dairy creamers that contain trans fats and added sugar negate the potential benefits of your coffee. Moreover, the milk content changes the calorie content of the coffee. A cup of whole milk has 150 calories. In comparison, a cup of skimmed milk has 90 calories, whereas a cup of unsweetened almond milk has about 30 to 60 calories.
- A small latte with 220 mL of whole milk and no added sugar has about 120 calories.
- With each teaspoon of sugar, you add about 16 extra calories to your coffee.
- A large latte contains about 100 more calories than a regular cup.
- A piccolo latte has about 45 calories and a macchiato has 13 to 18 calories per cup (without sugar).
- Even if you use honey instead of sugar, you ingest calories equivalent to those in a teaspoon of sugar.
Coffee Drinks Nutritional Value and Calorie Count Compared
|Nutrient||Iced Latte (100 g)||Espresso (100 g)||Cappuccino (100 g)||Brewed (100 g)|
|Protein||1.74 g||0.12 g||1.71 g||0.12 g|
|Fat||1.01 g||0.18 g||0.99 g||0.02 g|
|Carbohydrate||2.82 g||1.67 g||2.76 g||0 g|
|Fiber||0 g||0 g||0 g||0 g|
|Sugars||2.51 g||0 g||2.46 g||0 g|
|Cholesterol||4 mg||0 mg||4 mg||0 mg|
How much coffee can you drink in a day?
Most adults may drink up to 400 milligrams of caffeine per day without any adverse effects. This translates to three or four cups of coffee in a day (each cup of coffee has about 95 to 100 milligrams of caffeine).
Pregnant and breastfeeding women should further limit their caffeine intake to 200 milligrams a day (one or two small cups). Elderly people and those with health issues, such as gastritis, insomnia, poor bone health and senile tremors, should stay away from coffee.
Doctors do not recommend coffee in children and adolescents because it has stimulant properties and may cause behavioral issues, hyperactivity and reduced attention span in kids.
What are the benefits of drinking coffee?
Apart from the fact that it boosts your metabolism and prepares you to face your day’s challenges, numerous studies attest to the multiple health benefits of moderate coffee consumption.
Black coffee contains caffeine and several antioxidants in the form of polyphenols, which have the following effects:
- Coffee causes weight loss, especially a decrease in fat content.
- Studies have shown that people who drank four cups of coffee per day over the span of six months saw a four percent drop in their body fat.
- Coffee protects the liver and reduces the progression of fatty liver.
- It reduces the risk of diseases such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s.
- It may lower the risk of type II diabetes in the long run by reviving some beta-cell function in the pancreas.
- Coffee contains small amounts of some nutrients including potassium, niacin and magnesium.
- It helps prevent strokes, especially in elderly women.
What are the ill effects of coffee?
Caffeine is a drug, so it does have adverse reactions if consumed in excess. People with heartburn and peptic ulcers should stay away from coffee. Additionally, coffee has the potential to cause serious drug interactions with medications, such as acebrophylline (an asthma medicine), doxofylline (an asthma medicine) and stiripentol (anticonvulsant). Moreover, caffeine may interact with thyroid medications, antibiotics, iron supplements and lithium and alter their effectiveness.
Over-brewed coffee, if consumed in large amounts, can increase lipid profile. Consumption of caffeinated beverages during pregnancy increases urine output, blood pressure and heart rate. It may also interfere with sleep and make you feel jittery.
Drinking more than the recommended amount of coffee is associated with caffeine addiction that can cause jitteriness, insomnia, tremors and poor attention span. Additionally, it can affect bone health, making your bones weak.
Drinking coffee loaded with cream, sugar and fancy toppings and syrups, like those purchased from coffee shops and Starbucks, can contribute to weight gain and sugar cravings.
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