Surgery post op recovery
After every surgery comes a period of recovery. Depending on the type of surgery you have, your post op recovery may be a few days to several months.
Surgery is the treatment of deformities, diseases, or injuries by cutting or stitching tissue. It involves many different techniques and procedures. Surgical procedures include:
- Biopsies and other diagnostic surgeries
- Removal of tissues like tumors
- Implanting grafts
- Elective surgeries such as cosmetic surgeries
Experts consider post op recovery complete when you're able to return to normal activities. You also shouldn’t have any symptoms from your medical condition.
Post op recovery factors
How long your recovery will be depends on many factors, such as:
- Your health before surgery
- Your age
- Success of rehabilitation
- What your injuries were like
- How much rest you get
Type of surgery
Your postoperative recovery also depends on what type of surgery you had.
If you have major surgery, one of your major body cavities will be opened. This can involve your abdomen, skull, or chest. These surgeries are usually done under general anesthesia, in which you are put to sleep. Major surgery may put stress on your vital organs.
If you had open-heart surgery you may need to stay in the hospital for a few days or as much as several weeks if there are complications.
After heart surgery, it may take 4 to 6 weeks to start feeling better. Some people may return to work 6 to 12 weeks after surgery.
Your major body cavities are not opened during minor surgery. Minor surgery can be done with local, regional, or general anesthesia. In most cases, you’ll be able to go home on the same day.
Minimally invasive or keyhole surgeries use much smaller incisions than traditional surgery. This method reduces recovery time and blood loss.
For example, traditional open surgery to remove your gallbladder ( cholecystectomy) means a 3-day hospital stay and at least 4 weeks before you can return to work. But a laparoscopic (keyhole) cholecystectomy can be an outpatient surgery. Most people can return to work in 1 to 2 weeks.
After your surgery
When your operation is over, you’ll be taken to a recovery room. Healthcare professionals will watch you closely for 1 to 2 hours while the anesthesia wears off.
Depending on the surgery you had and the type of anesthesia, you may be admitted to the hospital, the intensive care unit, or go home from the recovery room.
If you’re being sent home directly, your care team will make sure you are:
How to speed up your recovery
Before your surgery, you can prepare your body to help you recover faster. This involves lifestyle and physical preparations and is known as prehabilitation or prehab.
Research has shown that surgery post op problems occur more often in smokers than nonsmokers. Necrosis or the death of body tissue was four times more common in smokers than nonsmokers.
Reduce your stress
A study found that doing relaxation exercises and guided imagery for 3 days before and 7 days after surgery helped people heal faster from surgeries.
If you’re in poor physical health, this can affect your recovery. Some research has shown that boosting your health in the weeks before your surgery may help with recovery. Talk to your doctor before you start a new exercise routine.
Check your medications
Talk to your doctor about whether and when to stop taking medications like ibuprofen and aspirin. Let your doctor know what herbal or natural medicines, vitamins, and supplements you’re taking. Some natural medicines may cause extra bleeding.
Healing is a complicated process. A lack of proper nutrition may lead to delayed recovery and increased complications after your surgery. This is more common in older people.
In the weeks before your surgery, you should try to:
- Eat protein-rich foods, whole grains, fruits, and vegetables
- Don’t skip meals
- Add a protein drink if you can’t eat much
- Drink at least six to eight cups of fluid a day
When to get help
Recovery from major surgery can be challenging both physically and mentally. If you’re struggling emotionally with your recovery, talk to your doctor or a therapist. A positive mindset can help your recovery.
Here are some ways that you can help beat the post op blues:
- Know what to expect for recovery. This will help you manage your expectations.
- Celebrate your progress, no matter how small.
- Don’t be afraid to get help from friends, family, or healthcare professionals.
- Start exercising, but do only what your doctor recommends.
American College of Surgeons: "Nutrition before Surgery."
American Heart Association: "Post Surgery Milestones: Managing Your Mood, Expectations and Goals."
Anaesthesia: "Postoperative recovery and outcomes – what are we measuring and for whom?"
The Archives of Surgery: "Wound Healing and Infection in Surgery: The Clinical Impact of Smoking and Smoking Cessation: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis."
Arthritis Foundation: "Pre-hab for Surgery."
BetterHealth Channel: "Surgery - recovery and rehabilitation."
Brain, Behavior, and Immunity: "A brief relaxation intervention reduces stress and improves surgical wound healing response: A randomised trial."
Clinical Medicine: "Prehabilitation."
Merck Manual: "Surgery."
MOJ Surgery: "Nutrition and the elderly surgical patients."
The Ochsner Journal: "Minimally Invasive Abdominal Surgery."
Saint Luke's: "After Open-Heart Surgery: In the Hospital."
The Society of Thoracic Surgeons: "WHAT TO EXPECT AFTER HEART SURGERY."
UCDavis Health: "Robotic-assisted surgery FAQs."
UW Medicine: "Medications to Avoid Before Surgery." ?
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Common Medical Abbreviations & Terms
Doctors, pharmacists, and other health-care professionals use abbreviations, acronyms, and other terminology for instructions and information in regard to a patient's health condition, prescription drugs they are to take, or medical procedures that have been ordered. There is no approved this list of common medical abbreviations, acronyms, and terminology used by doctors and other health- care professionals. You can use this list of medical abbreviations and acronyms written by our doctors the next time you can't understand what is on your prescription package, blood test results, or medical procedure orders. Examples include:
- ANED: Alive no evidence of disease. The patient arrived in the ER alive with no evidence of disease.
- ARF: Acute renal (kidney) failure
- cap: Capsule.
- CPAP: Continuous positive airway pressure. A treatment for sleep apnea.
- DJD: Degenerative joint disease. Another term for osteoarthritis.
- DM: Diabetes mellitus. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes
- HA: Headache
- IBD: Inflammatory bowel disease. A name for two disorders of the gastrointestinal (BI) tract, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis
- JT: Joint
- N/V: Nausea or vomiting.
- p.o.: By mouth. From the Latin terminology per os.
- q.i.d.: Four times daily. As in taking a medicine four times daily.
- RA: Rheumatoid arthritis
- SOB: Shortness of breath.
- T: Temperature. Temperature is recorded as part of the physical examination. It is one of the "vital signs."
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