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Survival rates for any cancer are often reported by stage, the extent of spread when the cancer is identified. For colon and rectum cancer, around 39% are diagnosed at the local stage, before the cancer has spread outside the local area. The five-year survival for these patients with localized colon and rectum cancer is around 90%.
When the cancer has spread to the regional lymph nodes near the site of origin, the five-year survival rate is about 71%. When the cancer has metastasized to distant sites in the body (stage IV cancer), the five-year survival rate lowers to about 14%.
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Imperiale, T.F., D.F. Ransohoff, S.H. Itzkowitz, et al. "Multitarget stool DNA testing for colorectal-cancer screening." N Engl J Med 370.14 (2014): 1987-97.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Colorectal cancer." Dec. 6, 2017. <https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/colorectal/>.
United States. National Cancer Institute. "Cancer Stat Facts: Colorectal Cancer." <https://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/colorect.html>.
United States. National Cancer Institute. "Colorectal cancer." <https://www.cancer.gov/types/colorectal>.