A fractional flow reserve (FFR) is a procedure done during cardiac catheterization to estimate the degree of blockage in the coronary arteries. It is a guide wire-based procedure that determines the ratio between the maximum achievable blood flow in a diseased blood vessel (coronary artery) and normal maximum flow. Complications include coronary vessel perforation (hole in the blood vessels), embolism (diffused blood clots in the blood vessels), infection in the site, spasm of the blood vessel, kidney failure, heart attack, stroke, and serious arrhythmias (irregular heartbeat). Read more: How Is a Fractional Flow Reserve Measured? Article
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Related Disease Conditions
Heart disease (coronary artery disease) occurs when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries, the vessels that supply blood to the heart. Heart disease can lead to heart attack. Risk factors for heart disease include: Smoking High blood pressure High cholesterol Diabetes Family history Obesity Angina, shortness of breath, and sweating are just a few symptoms that may indicate a heart attack. Treatment of heart disease involves control of heart disease risk factors through lifestyle changes, medications, and/or stenting or bypass surgery. Heart disease can be prevented by controlling heart disease risk factors.
Heart Disease: Sudden Cardiac Death
Second Source WebMD Medical Reference
Sudden Cardiac Arrest
Sudden cardiac arrest is an unexpected, sudden death caused by sudden cardiac arrest (loss of heart function). Causes and risk factors of sudden cardiac arrest include (not inclusive): abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias), previous heart attack, coronary artery disease, smoking, high cholesterol, Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome, ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation after a heart attack, congenital heart defects, history of fainting, heart failure, obesity, diabetes, and drug abuse. Treatment of sudden cardiac arrest is an emergency, and action must be taken immediately.
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Echocardiogram (Echocardiography, Diagnostic Cardiac Ultrasound)
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- Implantable Cardiac Defibrillators
- Cardiac Catheterization
- Coronary Heart Disease Screening Tests (CAD)
- How Long Does It Take to Recover from A Transradial Heart Catheterization?
- How Is Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Done?
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- Sudden Cardiac Arrest Death FAQs
- Heart Failure FAQs
- Chest Pain: Heart, Esophagus, or ?
- Heart Disease Risks Reduced With Running
- Heart Disease In Women
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- Any promising measures that may prevent heart attacks?
- Can I Still Get Heart Disease if I Take Blood Pressure Medication?
- Heart Disease Prevention in Women
- Congestive Heart Failure Treatment
- Congestive Heart Failure Symptoms
- Cardiac Arrest Symptoms and Causes