Most women have menstrual bleeding that lasts about four to five days every month, with around 2 to 3 tablespoons of blood lost per day. Read more: How Heavy Is Too Heavy for a Period? Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
25 Ways to Relieve Menstrual Cramps
Menstrual cramps happen when prostaglandins force the uterus to contract. Dysmenorrhea, or period pain, may be relieved by...
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS): Track and Prevent Symptoms
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) can cause from mood swings, munchies, and more. Learn about the symptoms, causes and treatments of...
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder PMDD Quiz
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) can be serious and debilitating for some women. The good news is that women do not have to...
What Foods Make PMS Worse?
Can foods make premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms worse? Discover the six major foods you need to limit or avoid to ease PMS...
Related Disease Conditions
PMS vs. Pregnancy: Differences and Similarities
Many women have difficulty figuring out if they are pregnant, have PMS, or are about to start their period. The most common signs and symptoms of early pregnancy, PMS, and the start of your period include mood swings, back pain, increased urination, and tender breasts. These three conditions also share other similar signs and symptoms, but there are unique differences between each. Moreover, there are symptoms that only occur if you are pregnant. Early pregnancy symptoms, PMS, and the start of the menstrual period all have common signs and symptoms like mood swings, back pain, and breast pain. Symptoms and signs between the three conditions that may seem similar, but are slightly different include the following: Pelvic or abdominal cramping before or during your menstrual period is normal; however, the cramping of early pregnancy is mild. If you are pregnant, nausea and vomiting, or morning sickness, is common. They are not common symptoms of PMS. Fatigue is common in both, but PMS usually goes away once your period begins. Food cravings or aversions to certain foods are common in both pregnancy and PMS, but if you are pregnant, the cravings or aversions to foods are more specific and intense. You may have spotting or bleeding if you are pregnant or suffering from PMS. When the embryo inserts itself into the uterus (implantation bleeding), you may mistake it as your menstrual period. However, implantation bleeding is much lighter (not enough to soak a pad or tampon) than the heaving bleeding experienced at the beginning of your period. Signs and symptoms that you may have only if you are pregnant include, implantation cramping and bleeding, a white, milky vaginal discharge, and your areolas or nipples darken. The only way to find out if you are pregnant is with a pregnancy test. Home pregnancy test kits are available without a prescription at pharmacies and most grocery stores. Contact a doctor or other health care professional if you think you may be pregnant.
Why Am I Having Menstrual Cramps but No Period?
Menstrual cramps may happen even without a period. Learn more about menstrual cramps without a period, when they can happen, what causes them, and what to watch out for. Menstrual cramps are a type of abdominal pain women get when they have their period. Menstrual cramps may occur after running due to dehydration, gastrointestinal problems, hypothyroidism and pregnancy.
Spotting vs. Period
Menstruation (a female's "period") occurs due to the shedding of the lining of the uterus. Menstrual bleeding lasts about three to five days, and the bleeding is heavy the first couple of days and then it lessens. Spotting is vaginal bleeding between periods.
Why Am I Getting Period Cramps With No Blood?
Why are you getting period cramps but no blood? Learn the causes of period cramps without blood and how to treat it. The menstrual cycle is cyclic changes that occur in a woman"s body every month. During the menstrual cycle, the levels of reproductive hormones change, the egg is released from the ovary, and the uterus is prepared for pregnancy.
Why Am I Getting Brown Discharge Before My Period?
What is brown discharge and why does it sometimes happen before your period? Learn the signs of abnormal vaginal bleeding and what the causes may be.
What Are Signs Your Period Is Coming?
Knowing the signs of a period can help you deal with your menstrual symptoms. Learn how to identify the signs of a period, know when to see a doctor, and find treatment for your period symptoms. Pregnancy is the time when a baby develops in the womb. A period is the time in a woman's monthly cycle in which she bleeds and sheds uterine lining. Early pregnancy symptoms may be confused with period symptoms because they can be similar.
How Can I Stop Prolonged Periods Naturally?
Heavy periods may be a sign of some underlying health condition. Quite often, heavy and prolonged periods may be a result of nutritional deficiencies. There are a few home remedies for a heavy period. Your doctor may use medication or surgery to treat heavy periods.
How Do I Get Rid of Gas Pains During My Period?
Gas pain during your period can be debilitating. Learn what causes gas pain during your period and how you can get rid of it or lower the chances of developing gas pain during your period.
Why Do Your Breasts Get Bigger Before Your Period?
Many women may notice that their breasts become larger just before a week of menses, whereas others may not experience such symptoms. Breast swelling and tenderness occur due to a surge in hormones during the menstrual cycle.
Is It My Period or Implantation Bleeding?
What is the difference between implantation bleeding and your period? What are the differences between early pregnancy and period symptoms?
Can You Get Menstrual Cramps After Exercise Like Running?
Menstrual cramps affect many women. Learn if exercise like running can cause menstrual cramps and how you can treat them.
Menstruation (Menstrual Cycle)
Menstruation (menstrual cycle) is also referred to as a "period." When a woman menstruates, the lining of the uterus is shed. This shedding of the uterine linking is the menstrual blood flow. The average menstrual cycle is 28 days. There can be problems with a woman's period, including heavy bleeding, pain, or skipped periods. Causes of these problems may be amenorrhea (lack of a period), menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea), or abnormal vaginal or uterine bleeding. There are a variety of situations in which a girl or woman should see a doctor about her menstrual cycle.
What Can Spotting Before Your Period Mean?
Spotting before your period can have many causes. Find out what signs to watch for, the causes of spotting between periods, and how it can be treated.
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a combination of physical and emotional disturbances that occur after a woman ovulates and ends with menstruation. Common PMS symptoms include; depression, irritability, crying, oversensitivity, and mood swings. For some women, PMS symptoms can be controlled with natural and home remedies, medications, and lifestyle changes such as exercise, nutrition, and a family and friend support system.
Does the Pill Stop Your Period?
Oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) or birth control pills or the pill is a hormonal pill that is used to prevent pregnancy. Because the pills alter your hormone levels, it is possible to temporarily stop or prevent your period with continuous use of any birth control pill.
What Are the Side Effects of Having Irregular Periods?
Having irregular periods is a common issue that affects many women. Learn the side effects of having irregular periods, the symptoms of irregular periods, what causes irregular periods, how doctors diagnose irregular periods, and what you can do to treat irregular periods.
Second Source WebMD Medical Reference
Menstrual Cramps and PMS (Premenstrual Syndrome) Treatment
Menstrual cramps and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms include abdominal cramping, bloating, a feeling of fullness, abdominal pain, mood swings, anxiety and more. Treatment for menstrual cramps and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms include regular sleep, exercise, smoking cessation, diet changes, and OTC or prescription medication depending on the severity of the condition.
Menstrual cramps (pain in the belly and pelvic area) are experienced by women as a result of menses. Menstrual cramps are not the same as premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Menstrual cramps are common, and may be accompanied by headache, nausea, vomiting, constipation, or diarrhea. Severity of menstrual cramp pain varies from woman to woman. Treatment includes OTC or prescription pain relief medication.
How Late Can Your Period Be Without You Being Pregnant?
A regular period — or menstrual cycle — is an essential part of a woman's reproductive system. If you test negative for pregnancy seven or more days after a missed period, there may be other medical reasons for your skipped period.
What Is the Best Natural Remedy for PMS?
PMS, or premenstrual syndrome, is a variety of physical and mental symptoms that women get during a menstrual cycle. The best natural remedies for PMS are vitex, gingko biloba, calcium, and St. John's wort.
Do Periods Get Heavier as You Age?
A heavy period, called heavy menstrual bleeding, is when you have blood loss during your period that seriously interferes with your life. During your 40s, when you enter perimenopause, your periods can become erratic and heavy.
What Is the Normal Cycle for Menstruation?
Menstruation (menses or period or monthly) is the discharge of blood and tissue from the inner lining of the womb through the woman’s vagina every month. The amount of blood that comes out of a woman’s body is called menstrual flow.
Why Is My Period So Heavy?
Heavy periods (menorrhagia) are most commonly caused by a hormonal imbalance. However, several other factors may play a role in heavy menstrual bleeding.
Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
Prevention & Wellness
- Long or Irregular Periods May Put a Woman's Liver at Risk
- Early Periods Tied to Worse Menopause Symptoms
- Long Periods in Space Alter Astronauts' Brains
- Irregular Periods, Shorter Life Span?
- Health Tip: Reducing PMS Symptoms
- Fewer Periods May Mean Higher Dementia Risk
- Early-Onset Menstruation Linked to Later High Blood Pressure Risk
- Health Tip: Help Relieve Menstrual Pain
- Early Periods May Heighten Obesity Risk Later
- Health Tip: Getting Menstrual Migraines
- Could Smoggy Air Affect a Girl's Periods?
- Early Periods, Higher Heart Risks?
- Later Start, Finish to Menstruation May Extend Women's Lives
- Viagra for Menstrual Cramps?
- Weight-Loss Surgery May Also Help Menstruation, Skin, Hair
- Vitamin D May Ease Painful Periods
- Health Tip: Menstruation Often Affects Mood
- Menstrual Periods: Clues to Ovarian Cancer
- Menstruation: The Other Time of the Month
- PMS and Your Diet: Food Cravings & Weight Loss
- Menstrual Pain: When Your Period Signals a Problem
- Birth Control: The No-Period Pills
- Relief for PMS
- PMS: Winning the War on PMS
- PMS: Signs and Symptoms
- Period Problems: What They Mean and When to See the Doctor
- Menstrual Cramps: Ending Painful Periods
- New Pill, Fewer Periods