How Do You Treat Swollen Testicles?

Medically Reviewed on 10/19/2022
Swollen Testicles
Numerous conditions can result in swollen testicles, some of which require medical attention.

Swollen testicles, sometimes referred to as scrotal swelling, are larger than normal testicles and may seem glossy or red. A variety of illnesses, including testicular trauma, cysts, and testicular cancer, can cause enlarged testicles.

If you observe swelling in your scrotum (or testicles), you must contact your healthcare professional, especially if the swelling is not accompanied by any discomfort.

What are the causes of swollen testicles?

Your testicles could swell or develop a lump for a variety of causes.

The most frequent causes include:

  • Swollen scrotal veins or an accumulation of fluid surrounding the testicle
  • Cysts are brought on by a fluid buildup in the epididymis (a coiled tube that lies beside each testicle and stores and carries sperm)
  • Inflammation of the epididymis and testicles, frequently brought on by infection
  • A hernia (fatty tissue or a portion of your bowel protrudes into the groin)
  • Torsion of the testicles (a testicle twisting in the scrotum produces swelling by cutting off the blood supply; if the condition is not treated, it can result in a permanently damaged or dead testicle that must be removed)
  • Testicular cancer

What is the treatment of swollen testicles?

The course of treatment for swollen testicles may vary depending on the initial reason for the swelling. Your healthcare professional will perform a physical exam and ask you questions about the swelling's history to figure out the cause. Based on the causes, some conditions call for the use of painkillers and others may require supportive treatment.

  • Your doctor could suggest using oral antibiotics to alleviate swelling brought on by an infection.
  • When an infection is severe, it can lead to vomiting and a high fever. Hospitalization could be recommended by your doctor to get intravenous antibiotic therapy.
  • If you engage in sexual activity, ensure that all your partners receive treatment as well. You should always engage in protected sex to prevent the spread of illnesses.
  • Take Tylenol (acetaminophen), Advil or Motrin (ibuprofen), or Aleve or Naprosyn (naproxen) to reduce discomfort and swelling. If you have kidney disease or heart failure, you should refrain from using ibuprofen, naproxen, and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • More intrusive treatments could be necessary for more severe causes of testicular swelling. Testicular cancer is treated with chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery to remove the tumors present.
  • Surgery for testicular torsion must be performed right away and is most successful when done within six hours of the discomfort. To avoid a recurrence of torsion, the testicles are afterward typically connected to the scrotum.

Supportive treatment

To reduce discomfort from pain or an enlarged testicle, try the following:

  • Use an ice pack (such as a bag of frozen peas wrapped in a towel) for 20 minutes, four times a day, to reduce swelling.
  • Place a rolled-up towel between your legs and scrotum to raise it.
  • Clean any wound with warm water and cover the area with cling wrap.
  • If there is any bleeding, apply pressure with your fingertips for at least 10 minutes.
  • Avoid using bandages, tourniquets, or adhesive tape to cover the penis or scrotum. Swollen testicles may get some relief while wearing supportive undergarments or athletic support (jock strap).

Natural remedies for swollen testicles

Inflammation nearly always goes hand in hand with swelling. Swelling occurs because of increased blood flow brought on by inflammation. Numerous conditions can result in swollen testicles, some of which need medical attention.

Using the following items will help you naturally reduce inflammation:

  • US Plus Saw Palmetto: The anti-inflammatory properties of this extract's antioxidants help protect the testicles from chronic disease. It is linked to less prostate inflammation. Inflammation that spreads via the urinary canal, prostatitis, and enlarged prostates are frequently associated with swollen testicles.
  • Sunflower lecithin: Fatty acids make up sunflower lecithin, which the body transforms into choline. Choline is crucial for general health and has been associated with decreased inflammation.
  • Carotenoids: Additionally, lutein and beta-carotene (carotenoids) might reduce inflammation. They prevent cytokine synthesis that leads to inflammation by interacting with certain enzymes. To reduce inflammation, consume fresh fruits and vegetables or supplement with carotenoids.

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Medically Reviewed on 10/19/2022
References
Image Source: iStock image

Testicle lumps and swelling. https://www.healthnavigator.org.nz/health-a-z/t/testicle-lumps-and-swelling/

Swollen or painful testicle. https://www.healthdirect.gov.au/swollen-or-painful-testicle

Swollen Testicles: Causes, Treatments, and Long-Term Outlook. https://1md.org/health-guide/men/symptoms/swollen-testicles

Swollen Testicles (Scrotal Swelling). https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/symptoms/22518-swollen-testicles-scrotal-swelling