Hormonal acne may be often confused with other types of acne such as fungal acne. Thus, you may need a dermatologist's consultation for a definitive diagnosis. However, if you have irregular periods and hair loss along with acne, it is probably hormonal.
Hormonal acne mainly affects the face, back, chest, and shoulders, causing various types of skin lesions including:
- Whiteheads (closed and clogged pores)
- Blackheads (clogged pores that are open)
- Papules (small red and painful bumps)
- Pimples (pus-filled papules)
- Nodules (big, firm, and painful lumps under the skin)
- Cysts (deep, painful, pus-filled bumps under the skin)
Your dermatologist will examine your skin for sites and various types of acne and check your skin type (dry, oily, or combination skin). Additionally, they may take your detailed history including your menstrual history, and ask about any medications (including birth control pills) you are on, your sleep habits and stress levels, whether you are pregnant and if you use any skincare products or cosmetics. They may order tests to rule out underlying health conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome.
What is hormonal acne?
Hormonal acne, also called adult acne, is a skin condition that causes the breakouts of various bumps, pimples, or zits on the skin, generally affecting adults in the age group of 20 to 50 years old. It is mainly caused by the overproduction of sebum, an oily substance produced by the sebaceous or oil glands present in the skin. These glands open through tiny pores on the surface of the skin. Excessive sebum production can block and consequently cause gland inflammation, leading to the appearance of acne.
Excessive sebum production in hormonal acne is mainly caused by high levels of male hormones (androgens). These hormonal changes lead to increased inflammation in the skin due to various reasons including high sebum formation, skin debris, and increased bacterial growth, leading to acne.
Hormonal acne may be triggered by factors such as stress, lack of sleep, use of oily skin products, and certain medications (such as testosterone treatment in men, birth control pills, or use of steroids). Certain metabolic conditions including polycystic ovary syndrome may trigger hormonal acne.
Can hormonal acne go away?
Yes, hormonal acne can go away with proper treatment. You must consult a dermatologist for safe and effective acne treatments and before using any supplements or “natural” remedies because they may do more harm than good.
Based on your acne severity, your doctor may prescribe any or a combination of the following acne treatment options:
- Topical retinoids (externally applied) such as adapalene and tretinoin
- Topical antibiotic medications that include creams and gels containing antibiotic medications such as erythromycin, clindamycin, sulfacetamide, azelaic acid, and dapsone
- Oral medications
- Light or laser treatments
- Chemical peels
- Topical tea tree oil
Moreover, your dermatologist may recommend certain lifestyle changes such as:
- Get adequate sleep
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Avoid picking or squeezing pimples
- Consume a healthy diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables
- Regular skin cleansing using gentle cleansers
- Avoid greasy or oily skincare products and cosmetics
- Take a shower after exercise or other strenuous activities
- Avoid pressure or friction on the skin
- Drink plenty of water
- Stress management
Top How Do You Know If Acne Is Hormonal Related Articles
AcneAcne is a localized skin inflammation as a result of the overactivity of oil glands at the base of hair follicles. This inflammation, depending on its location, can take the form of a superficial pustule (contains pus), a pimple, a deeper cyst, congested pores, whiteheads, or blackheads. Treatments vary depending on the severity of the acne.
Acne QuizAcne is the most common skin disorder in the world. If you suffer from acne, you are not alone and many treatment options are available. Learn more about pimples, blackheads, and comedones with the Acne Quiz.
Dealing with Adult AcneAdult acne causes include hormones, medications, makeup, and other things. Adult acne is treated with medications, products, face washes, and home remedies. Use a skin care regimen provided by your dermatologist to treat adult acne.
What Are the Best Treatment Options for Acne Rosacea?Learn what medical treatments can help ease your rosacea acne symptoms and speed up your recovery.
Cystic AcneCystic acne is distinguished by painful nodules on the chest, face, neck, and back. This form of acne is known to scar. Treatment may incorporate the use of hormonal therapies, oral antibiotics, and prescription medications.
Cystic Acne PictureCystic acne is a type of abscess that is formed when oil ducts become clogged and infected. See a picture of Cystic Acne and learn more about the health topic.
What Is the Difference Between Acne Blackheads and Whiteheads?Learn the difference between acne whiteheads and blackheads and how to treat each condition.
How Do I Get Rid of a Pimple on My Nose Fast?Learn what medical treatments can help treat a pimple on your nose and help you manage future breakouts. Retinol is a derivative of vitamin A and a common skin care ingredient that may help treat mild to severe acne and improve the appearance of the skin.
How Do You Get Rid of Acne Scars Naturally?Approximately 80% of people between the ages of 11 and 30 years old have acne due to hormonal changes, stress, menses, oil-based cosmetics or birth control pills. A variety of remedies including tea tree oil, coconut oil, honey and other substances may help get rid of acne scars naturally. The dermatologist has prescription treatments and procedures to reduce the appearance of acne scars.
How Do You Get Rid of Acne Scars Overnight?Acne breakouts are common and quite frustrating. Strategies to get rid of acne will take time to work, so you must be regular and diligent in their application. Aloe vera, apple cider vinegar, cocoa butter, honey and cinnamon, green tea, tea tree oil and other substances improve skin's appearance.
How Long Does Cystic Acne Last?What is cystic acne? Learn the signs of cystic acne, what causes cystic acne, how doctors diagnose cystic acne, and what you can do to treat cystic acne.
Acne Cover-upsExplore quick acne cover-ups, dos and don'ts. See solutions on how to best handle pesky pimples and remedies to avoid.
Acne and FoodHow can you get rid of acne breakouts with nutrition? Does this food cause acne? Milk, chocolate, and seaweed are all considered by some to promote acne. Find healthy foods that promote acne treatment. What can diet changes do to improve acne care?
Skin QuizWhat's that all over you? Skin, of course! Test your knowledge of your most amazing organ with the Skin Quiz!
Skin Health: How to Get Clear SkinAcne, pimples, zits and blemishes often appear on the face, back, chest, neck, and shoulders where skin has the most amount of oil glands. Few of us are immune to breakouts, but treatments can minimize outbreaks. Follow these 15 tips for a clear complexion and skin.
What Is Best for Acne Treatment?The best treatment depends upon the cause of acne and associated factors, such as your age and severity of acne. The treatment options for acne include Lifestyle management, topical (externally applied) antibiotic medications, topical retinoids, oral medications, light treatments, chemical peels, and topical tea tree oil.
Why Am I Getting Pimples On My Chin?Many people get acne on their chin. Learn the signs of chin acne, what causes it, and what you can do to treat it. Pimples or acne vulgaris is a common skin condition affecting teens and even some adults. The cause of acne is mainly hormonal. In the case of acne, prevention is the best cure. Hence, maintaining good skin health, avoiding cosmetics, washing face before going to sleep, and checking for hormonal issues are paramount.