If you get a blister, you better leave it alone, as it will heal on its own in a week or so. If the blister is too painful or if its appearance bothers you, you can try the following remedies:
- Cover the blister: Apply a loose bandage over the blister. This will prevent further chafing due to footwear.
- Use padding: You may use soft padding with a donut shape with a hole in the middle. You can place it around the blister, such that the donut overlies the blister. Cover the blister and padding with a bandage. This will prevent the blister from popping open when you are running or walking.
- Draining the blister: Painful blisters over the sole or underneath the toe may need draining. You must sterilize a small needle using rubbing alcohol. Now rub some alcohol over the blister as well and let it dry. Make a small hole at the edge of the blister and gently squeeze out the fluid with the cotton gauze. Wash the blister again with soap and running water and pat dry. Do not remove the skin over the blister as the intact skin is a natural barrier against the dust or germs entering the blister. Apply an antibiotic ointment and cover the area loosely with sterile gauze. Change the bandage daily and whenever it gets dirty or wet. Till the blister heals completely, you must avoid wearing shoes or doing the activity that caused the blister.
How to prevent a blister?
Preventing chafing of the foot and wearing comfortable footwear in the sun are the best measures to prevent a blister.
- Protect your feet: Always use shoes that fit you well. Buy footwear that has good padding. Use good quality socks with shoes.
- Consider soft bandages: Consider using adhesive moleskin or other soft bandages at the areas of the feet that are prone to blistering. Make sure the bandages are applied securely.
- Apply powder or petroleum jelly to problem areas: This helps in reducing the friction when your skin rubs against the footwear.
- Stop your activity immediately if you experience pain or discomfort or if your skin turns red.
Some blisters must not be self-treated. Contact your doctor in the following cases:
- You have diabetes and get foot blisters
- Blood blister (blister turns red)
- Septic blister (blister fills with pus)
- Blisters due to spill of caustic agents
- Multiple blisters due to an insect bite
- You develop fever
- There is a change in the color of the skin surrounding the blister
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Common Medical Abbreviations & Terms
Doctors, pharmacists, and other health-care professionals use abbreviations, acronyms, and other terminology for instructions and information in regard to a patient's health condition, prescription drugs they are to take, or medical procedures that have been ordered. There is no approved this list of common medical abbreviations, acronyms, and terminology used by doctors and other health- care professionals. You can use this list of medical abbreviations and acronyms written by our doctors the next time you can't understand what is on your prescription package, blood test results, or medical procedure orders. Examples include:
- ANED: Alive no evidence of disease. The patient arrived in the ER alive with no evidence of disease.
- ARF: Acute renal (kidney) failure
- cap: Capsule.
- CPAP: Continuous positive airway pressure. A treatment for sleep apnea.
- DJD: Degenerative joint disease. Another term for osteoarthritis.
- DM: Diabetes mellitus. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes
- HA: Headache
- IBD: Inflammatory bowel disease. A name for two disorders of the gastrointestinal (BI) tract, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis
- JT: Joint
- N/V: Nausea or vomiting.
- p.o.: By mouth. From the Latin terminology per os.
- q.i.d.: Four times daily. As in taking a medicine four times daily.
- RA: Rheumatoid arthritis
- SOB: Shortness of breath.
- T: Temperature. Temperature is recorded as part of the physical examination. It is one of the "vital signs."
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