What is lupus?
Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system targets and attacks its own tissues and organs. Interestingly, more than 90% of lupus patients are women, and most of them start experiencing symptoms when they are in their childbearing age (15 to 49 years according to WHO).
What causes lupus?
The specific reason for getting lupus is unknown. Researchers understand, however, lupus involves some interaction among various factors including one’s genes, ethnicity, immune system, hormones, and the environment.
In certain vulnerable people, exposure to UV rays, certain infections, and drugs have been found to play a role in promoting lupus.
Several factors make a person more likely to develop lupus:
- Female gender
- Childbearing age
- African American
- Asian American
- Native American
- Pacific Islander
- Having a family member with lupus (genetics)
What is the first sign of lupus?
Lupus is a lifelong disease that can directly or indirectly affect any part of your body. The signs and symptoms of lupus depend on whether you develop the disease as a child or an adult. Most lupus patients visit their doctor with rash or joint pain as initial complaints.
In children, the following symptoms are common:
- Malar rash (a butterfly-shaped rash involving the cheeks and the bridge of the nose)
- Increased tendency for bleeding
- Pale or anemic appearance
- Joint pain
In adults, the following symptoms can also be observed:
- Dry and itchy eyes
- Dry mouth
- Fingers and joints turning pale or bluish on exposure to stress and cold
- Difficulty breathing
- Chest pain
Other symptoms include:
- Rash that worsens on exposure to sun
- Mental changes
- Nausea and vomiting
- Pain abdomen
- Weight loss
- Nerve pain
- Memory impairment
- Frequent spontaneous abortions
The classic triad of lupus is the presence of rash, fever and joint pain in a female of childbearing age.
Is lupus curable?
Lupus does not have a cure. As lupus involves different organs in the body, the treatment aims to provide relief from the symptoms and improve quality of life, along with preventing further damage to the organs. Thus, treating lupus is a lifelong process.
Many drugs are used in treating lupus, namely:
- Antimalarials (hydroxychloroquine)
- Corticosteroids (methylprednisolone, prednisone)
- Nonbiologic DMARDs (disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs):
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS):
- Biologic DMARDs
Is lupus contagious?
No. Lupus does not spread from person to person by touch or any other means. Since it depends on many factors including genes and immunity, you cannot ‘catch’ lupus like flu or other infections.
Latest Chronic Pain News
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Lupus Foundation of America
World Health Organization
Top How Do You Get Lupus Related Articles
Is Lupus Contagious?Systemic lupus erythematosus in an inflammatory disease. Symptoms and signs include joint pain, fever, and rash. Though lupus is incurable, early medical intervention can help to reduce inflammation and protect the affected individual's organs.
Lupus PictureA chronic inflammatory condition caused by an autoimmune disease. See a picture of Lupus Rash and learn more about the health topic.
Lupus SlideshowWhat is Lupus? Learn about lupus symptoms like butterfly rash, joint pain and fatigue. Find causes, diagnosis, and treatments for lupus.
Rheumatoid Arthritis vs. Lupus: Differences and SimilaritiesRheumatoid arthritis (RA) and lupus are two varieties of autoimmune diseases that cause flare-ups. While RA attacks the immune system on the joints, lupus involves many other parts of the body besides the joints. Common RA symptoms involve warm, swollen, and painful joints; morning stiffness in the joints or stiffness after inactivity, joint deformity, fever, fatigue, etc. Lupus symptoms include Malar rash (butterfly-shaped rash involving the cheeks and bridge of the nose), fever, joint pain in the absence of joint deformity, etc.
What Are the 12 Symptoms of Lupus?Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system of the body attacks healthy tissue. It affects joints, skin, brain, lungs, kidneys and blood vessels, leading to inflammation and tissue damage of the affected organs. More than 90% of cases occur in females. Fatigue, weakness, joint pain and rash are some of the most common of the symptoms of lupus.
What Are the Four Types of Lupus?Lupus is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks healthy tissue. It affects joints, skin, brain, lungs, kidneys and blood vessels, leading to inflammation and tissue damage of the affected organs. The four types are lupus dermatitis, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), drug-induced, and neonatal.
What Is Usually the First Sign of Lupus?Fatigue, fever, joint pain and weight changes are usually the first signs of lupus. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system of the body attacks its healthy tissue. It affects joints, skin, brain, lungs, kidneys and blood vessels, leading to inflammation and tissue damage of the affected organs.