Things to try at home for morning sickness
Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy is often called morning sickness because it sometimes happens earlier in the day. However, it can also happen in the afternoon or evening. Normally, vomiting stops by the 18th week of pregnancy.
Morning sickness, while normal, can be unpleasant and disturb your daily activities. The following remedies for vomiting are safe for pregnant people to try.
Ginger. This root has nausea relieving properties for anyone, including pregnant people. It doesn't seem to curb vomiting once it starts, but it can reduce nausea, preventing vomiting from happening. You can take ginger supplements or just eat foods containing ginger. You can also drink ginger ale or ginger tea.
Acupressure wristband. These products use principles of acupuncture to press on a part of your wrist that can reduce nausea and vomiting.
Diet management. Avoiding spicy and greasy foods can reduce morning sickness. You can also try eating a lot of complex carbohydrates, like breads, pastas, fruits, and leafy greens.
Lifestyle management. Eating several smaller meals, and eating a light snack as soon as you wake up can help to avoid or reduce nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. You can also sip on cool, clear beverages. Carbonated drinks can help as well.
Vitamin B6. You can take this over-the-counter supplement to reduce nausea and vomiting caused by pregnancy.
Doxylamine. This is an ingredient commonly found in over-the-counter sleep aids, like Unisom. It often helps with morning sickness. However, before taking it, be aware the medicine may make you tired.
Manage triggers. Some nausea and vomiting during pregnancy is caused by specific smells, tastes, or even noises. Try to avoid things you know will trigger you. If you do get triggered by something, suck on a mint, sniff a lemon slice.
Medications for vomiting during pregnancy
If your morning sickness is particularly bothersome, you can talk to your doctor. There are some medications that can help.
In severe cases, if you can't keep anything down, you may need to take medications intravenously or by suppository. You may also need to receive nutrition via IV to make sure you and your baby get enough nutrients.
B6 and Doxylamine. Your doctor can prescribe this drug that combines both of these ingredients together.
Anti-vomiting medications. Compazine and Thorazine are two anti-vomiting medications doctors can prescribe for vomiting during pregnancy. There is also another class of medications including Tigan and Zofran that are helpful for vomiting during pregnancy, but may not be safe to use during the first trimester.
Antihistamines. Allergy medications, like Benadryl, may help with your vomiting. They do have side effects like drowsiness so they may be best taken at night, depending on how they affect you.
Reglan. This drug is only prescribed in severe cases of vomiting during pregnancy. It increases pressure on your esophageal sphincter, and helps food move more quickly through your stomach, so you can digest it before nausea occurs.
Medrol. This corticosteroid is also prescribed only in severe cases of morning sickness. However, there may be an increased risk of cleft-palate, and a slight increase of risk of birth defects in general when using this drug while pregnant.
What is severe morning sickness?
Severe morning sickness, or, hyperemesis gravidum, is when you vomit more than once a day, lose weight due to vomiting, and are at risk for dehydration from throwing up.
Like regular morning sickness, it usually only affects you during the first trimester. While it is not usually life threatening, this condition can affect your health and the baby's health.
If left untreated, severe morning sickness can cause organ failure and premature birth of your baby. Treatment can prevent these risks.
So, it's important to seek medical attention if:
- You can't eat or drink for a whole day.
- You can't keep anything down.
- You vomit 3-4 times per day.
- You are pregnant and lose weight.
- You feel faint or dizzy.
- You urinate less frequently.
- You have headaches.
- You feel confused.
- You have a strange, fruity taste in your mouth or body odor.
- You are more tired than usual.
- Your heart rate is elevated.
Severe morning sickness is often treated with IV fluids for rehydration, a short period of not eating followed by a bland diet, and vitamins and supplements. Your doctor may also prescribe some of the medications listed above to help stop the vomiting.
Anyone can get hyperemesis gravidarum but you may be more likely to get it if:
- You had it in a previous pregnancy.
- You are pregnant with multiples (twins, triplets, etc.)
- It is your first pregnancy.
- You have an abnormal growth of cells in the uterus (trophoblastic disease.)
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: "Morning Sickness: Nausea and Vomiting of Pregnancy."
American Family Physician: "Nausea and Vomiting of Pregnancy."
Cleveland Clinic: "Hyperemesis Gravidarum (Severe Nausea & Vomiting During Pregnancy)."
JOGNN: "Effect of Acupressure by Sea-Bands on Nausea and Vomiting of Pregnancy."
Nationwide Children's: "Ease Nausea with Natural Remedies."
Nemours Kids Health: "Severe Morning Sickness (Hyperemesis Gravidarum)."
Top How Can I Stop Vomiting During Pregnancy Related Articles
4 Common Discomforts of PregnancyPregnancy comes with huge hormonal changes that can cause discomfort, including morning sickness, heartburn, constipation and headaches. Learn what causes these symptoms and how you can cope with them.
ammonium chlorideAmmonium chloride is an acidifying agent administered intravenously to treat metabolic alkalosis and low chloride levels (hypochloremia). Do not take ammonium chloride if you have impaired liver or kidney function. Common side effects of ammonium chloride include metabolic acidosis, ammonia toxicity symptoms, rapid breathing (hyperventilation), EEG abnormalities, involuntary muscle contractions due to electrolyte imbalance (calcium-deficient tetany), seizure, mental confusion, drowsiness, injection site reactions, rash, low blood potassium levels (hypokalemia), high blood chloride levels (hyperchloremia), abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Consult your doctor if pregnant or breastfeeding.
dimenhydrinateDimenhydrinate is a medication used to prevent and treat nausea, vomiting, and vertigo associated with motion sickness. Dimenhydrinate is a combination of diphenhydramine, an antihistamine drug, and 8-chlorotheophylline, a stimulant with effects similar to caffeine. Dimenhydrinate has a potential for abuse because of its hallucinogenic and euphoric effects. Common side effects of dimenhydrinate include central nervous system (CNS) depression, paradoxical CNS stimulation, dizziness, drowsiness, sedation, headache, insomnia, lethargy, excitement, nervousness, restlessness, euphoria, delirium, irritability, and others. Consult your doctor if pregnant or breastfeeding.
doxylamineDoxylamine is an over-the-counter sedative medication used as an insomnia sleep aid and an antihistamine drug used for allergies, hay fever, the common cold, and pregnancy nausea and vomiting. Side effects may include rapid heartbeat (tachycardia), palpitations, upper abdominal pain (epigastric pain), diarrhea, constipation, loss of appetite (anorexia), dry mouth (xerostomia), dryness of mucous membranes, painful urination (dysuria), urinary retention, headache, disorientation, drowsiness, dizziness, vertigo, paradoxical central nervous system (CNS) stimulation, blurred vision, and double vision (diplopia). Doxylamine is safe to use when pregnant. Use with caution while breastfeeding.
16 Early Signs & Symptoms of Pregnancy: Could You Be Pregnant?What are the early signs and symptoms of pregnancy? Can you know before your missed period? Read about nausea and vomiting (morning sickness), bloating, tender breasts, and more. Explore first trimester symptoms of pregnancy and learn what week pregnancy symptoms start.
How Do I Regain Strength After Vomiting?Several disorders of the digestive system, nervous system, and balance-related issues can make you throw up. Regain strength after vomiting by replenishing fluids and electrolytes and eating a bland diet while you recover.
How Do You Settle Your Stomach After Vomiting?Vomiting can be a disarming — sometimes even violent — experience. Settle your stomach after vomiting by slowly easing your way into drinking clear fluids and eating mild foods.
magnesium sulfateMagnesium sulfate is a salt of magnesium, a naturally occurring mineral, used to prevent and treat convulsions (seizures) from preeclampsia and eclampsia (toxemia) in pregnant women. Magnesium sulfate is also used to treat certain heart rhythm disorders, magnesium deficiency, and acute kidney inflammation (nephritis) in children. Side effects include flushing, increased sweating, low blood pressure (hypotension), depressed/poor reflexes, flaccid paralysis, low core body temperature (hypothermia), circulatory collapse, depressed cardiac function, central nervous system (CNS) depression, respiratory paralysis, excess fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema), extreme drowsiness, and others.
Nausea and VomitingNausea and vomiting are symptoms of many conditions including motion sickness, pregnancy, emotional stress, gallbladder disease, and other illnesses. Learn about causes, treatment, and when to be concerned.
Nausea and Vomiting and How to Treat ItThere are many over-the-counter medications or prescription medications to treat vomiting. Vomiting linked with surgery, radiation therapy, anticancer drugs, alcohol, and morphine needs another type of drug therapy for its treatment.
How to Get Rid of Nausea and VomitingWhat is nausea? Do you want to know how to get rid of nausea and how to stop vomiting? Learn home remedies for nausea, anti-nausea medication, what causes nausea, and other info crucial to nausea relief. Understand why we vomit, how vomiting can be treated or prevented, and more.
ondansetronOndansetron is an antiemetic medication prescribed to prevent nausea and vomiting caused by cancer treatments (chemotherapy and radiation, and anesthetic medications used during surgeries). It is also used to treat extreme and persistent nausea and vomiting during pregnancy, and itching caused by opioid medications and certain specific conditions. Common side effects of ondansetron include headache, feeling unwell (malaise), fatigue, constipation, low tissue oxygen levels (hypoxia), drowsiness, dizziness, and gynecological disorder. Consult your doctor before taking ondansetron if pregnant or breastfeeding.
phosphoric acid/dextrose/fructosePhosphoric acid/dextrose/fructose is a combination medication used for the relief of nausea and vomiting associated with an upset stomach and morning sickness in pregnancy. Common side effects of phosphoric acid/dextrose/fructose include abdominal pain, gas (flatulence), and diarrhea. Consult your doctor before taking if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or if you have diabetes.
Prenatal VitaminsPrenatal vitamins are recommended by most doctors prior to getting pregnant, throughout your pregnancy, and after you have your baby. The developing embryo and fetus need extra vitamins for healthy development. Prenatal vitamins contain iron, calcium and vitamin D, folic acid (to prevent birth defects), zinc, iodine, and vitamin A. Some prenatal multivitamins also contain other minerals and supplements like vitamin B 12 and omega-3 fatty acids.
Stages of Pregnancy: Week by WeekSee pictures on the various stages of pregnancy. See and learn what changes a woman's body goes through and view fetal images of how her baby grows during the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters.
What Are the 3 Prenatal Tests?Prenatal tests are medical procedures performed during pregnancy to assess the health and development of the fetus and to help identify any potential problems or abnormalities. The three most common prenatal tests include ultrasound, amniocentesis, and chorionic villus sampling (CVS). Other prenatal tests include pregnancy test, first trimester screening, second trimester screening, noninvasive prenatal testing, fetal ultrasound, genetic counseling, biophysical profile, Group B streptococcus (GBS) test, glucose tolerance test, anomaly scan, and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) test.
What Relieves Nausea Fast?Nausea can be relieved with ginger, mint, lemon, acupressure, deep breathing exercises, and other home remedies. Learn about what causes nausea and when to call a doctor.
Why Does Vomiting Occur? Tips and Remedies To Stop ItVomiting is an essential response your body has to poisons and toxins. Stop yourself from vomiting by washing your hands regularly, throwing out old food, and taking preventive medication to avoid seasickness and migraines.