- Diet & Lifestyle
- Symptoms & Signs
10 diet and lifestyle tips to reverse fatty liver disease
1. Lose weight.
Losing even 7%-10% of body weight can improve symptoms of fatty liver disease by reducing inflammation and preventing further fat accumulation. Go slow and steady and make healthy food choices while limiting your portions.
2. Stay physically active.
3. Try the Mediterranean diet.
- Fruits such as apples, berries, oranges, melons, figs, and bananas
- Vegetables such as broccoli, carrots, tomatoes, cucumbers, leafy greens, and peppers
- Legumes such as pulses, beans, lentils, and peas
- Seafood and lean proteins such as fish, chicken, and eggs
- Whole grains such as brown rice, oats, quinoa, wheat bread, and pasta
- Good fats such as nuts, olive oil, whole olives, and avocados
4. Eat more antioxidants.
Antioxidants prevent cellular damage, which in turn prevents fat accumulation in the liver. You can get antioxidants from the following:
5. Increase your intake of vitamins and minerals.
- Vitamin D from sunlight exposure and low-fat dairy products
- Potassium from sources such as salmon, sardines, broccoli, sweet potatoes, kiwi, and apricots
- Vitamin E from plant-based oils, nuts, seeds, fruits, and vegetables
6. Avoid added sugars.
Avoid foods containing added sugars such as ice cream, full-fat milk, soft drinks, cakes, candies, and flavored yogurt.
7. Include omega-3 fatty acids in the diet.
8. Limit alcohol intake.
Quitting or limiting the intake of alcohol can prevent further deterioration of the liver.
9. Control medical conditions.
Keeping related medical conditions in check can help improve fatty liver disease:
- Diabetes: Control your sugar levels by eating low-glycemic index foods, exercising regularly, and taking prescribed medications.
- Cholesterol: Limit your intake of saturated and trans fats, salty, oily and processed foods, and white bread and pasta.
- Hypertension: Maintain your blood pressure levels with a plant-based diet and active lifestyle.
10. Avoid taking over-the-counter (OTC) medications.
What causes fatty liver disease?
Fatty liver disease is caused by fat accumulation in the liver. While the exact cause of this is unknown, the condition is often associated with the following:
- Type II diabetes
- Metabolic syndrome (high triglycerides, high blood pressure, high blood glucose, and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol)
- Insulin resistance
- Drugs such as corticosteroids
Some experts speculate that fat accumulation in the liver may the result of
- absorption of excess fat from the intestines;
- excess glucose in the blood, which is turned into fat by the liver; and the
- inability of the liver to change fats into a form that can be eliminated from the body.
What are the signs and symptoms of fatty liver disease?
Most people have no symptoms or signs in the initial stages. However, as the disease progresses, it may cause the following signs and symptoms:
How do medical professionals diagnose fatty liver disease?
Diagnosis of fatty liver disease is made via:
- Medical history: Your doctor will take your medical history to help rule out other conditions.
- Physical examination: Your doctor will check your weight and height to calculate your body mass index, look for signs of jaundice, and palpate to assess whether there is an enlarged liver.
- Blood test for liver enzymes: Elevated liver enzymes are a sign of liver damage.
- Ultrasonography: This helps provide a clear picture of the liver and allows your doctor to evaluate the extent and stage of liver disease.
- Liver biopsy: In some cases, a liver tissue sample may be analyzed to determine the disease progression.
What are complications of fatty liver disease?
Your liver is the largest essential organ of the body with multiple functions including the following:
- Bile production (necessary for proper digestion)
- Absorbing nutrients from food and converting it into energy
- Protein synthesis (necessary for cell structure and function)
- Storage of vitamins and minerals such as iron and copper
- Vitamin K storage (essential in the blood clotting process)
- Filtration of harmful substances from the body
- Drug metabolism
If left untreated, fatty liver disease can lead to the following complications:
Latest Digestion News
Daily Health News
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Fatty Liver Disease. Cleveland Clinic: https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/15831-fatty-liver-disease
Fatty Liver Disease. MedlinePlus: https://medlineplus.gov/fattyliverdisease.html
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) & NASH. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/liver-disease/nafld-nash
Top How Can I Reduce My Fatty Liver Related Articles
Digestive Disorders: Symptoms of Liver ProblemsBy the time a liver disease shows symptoms, it could already be advanced. Here are the signs to look for so you can stop the condition before it leads to liver failure.
Fatty Liver (NASH)Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease or NASH occurs due to the accumulation of abnormal amounts of fat within the liver. Fatty liver most likely caused by obesity and diabetes. Symptoms of fatty liver disease are primarily the complications of cirrhosis of the liver; and may include mental changes, liver cancer, the accumulation of fluid in the body (ascites, edema), and gastrointestinal bleeding. Treatment for fatty liver includes avoiding certain foods and alcohol. Exercise, weight loss, bariatric surgery, and liver transplantation are treatments for fatty liver disease.
Nonalcoholic and Alcoholic Fatty Liver DiseaseYou can treat fatty liver disease with diet and exercise. Learn the signs and symptoms of fatty liver disease, whether it is alcoholic or nonalcoholic in origin. Find out what causes fatty liver disease, along with remedies and prevention tips.
Liver QuizDo you know the symptoms of liver disease? What is hepatitis? Take this quiz to learn about your liver and how to keep it healthy.
14 Best and Worst Foods for Your LiverGet some simple diet tips to keep your liver healthy, including the best veggies to keep disease away and some snacks you'll want to avoid.
Liver Damage CausesAlcohol and acetaminophen are well-known liver dangers, but what else can be harmful? WebMD says some of them may surprise you.
How Do I Make My Liver Healthy Again?Your doctor may suggest lifestyle changes to improve your liver function such as, weight loss, healthy diet, lowering cholesterol, alcohol reduction, exercising regularly, and diabetes management.
How Do You Flush Out Your Liver?Detox or flush is a fancy term that implies making dietary changes that help the liver function better. Many claims are made, wherein certain powders, pills, and enemas can be taken by individuals to clean their system; however, your liver can cleanse itself. It does not require any extra aid; in fact, many times, such detox can cause more harm than any good.
Liver BiopsyLiver biopsy is a procedure used to remove a small piece of liver tissue for examination for signs of disease or damage to the liver. Preparation for liver biopsy includes discontinuing certain medications. The techniques used to perform liver biopsy include percutaneous liver biopsy, transvenous liver biopsy, and laparoscopic liver biopsy. Recovery from liver biopsy are generally one to two days. Certain risks are associated with liver biopsy.
Liver Blood TestsAn initial step in detecting liver damage is a simple blood test to determine the presence of certain liver enzymes in the blood. Under normal circumstances, these enzymes reside within the cells of the liver. But when the liver is injured, these enzymes are spilled into the blood stream, and can lead to diseases like fatty liver, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and hepatitis. Several medications also can increase liver enzyme test results.
Liver DiseaseLiver disease can be cause by a variety of things including infection (hepatitis), diseases, for example, gallstones, high cholesterol or triglycerides, blood flow obstruction to the liver, and toxins (medications and chemicals). Symptoms of liver disease depends upon the cause and may include nausea, vomiting, upper right abdominal pain, and jaundice. Treatment depends upon the cause of the liver disease.
Liver Disease QuizWhat is liver disease? Take the Liver Disease Quiz and test your knowledge about this organ and its function.
Liver PictureFront View of the Liver. The liver is a large, meaty organ that sits on the right side of the belly. See a picture of the Liver and learn more about the health topic.
What Is Fatty Liver Disease?Fatty liver disease occurs when excess fat builds up in the liver, leading to liver damage. Learn about causes, symptoms, types, stages, and treatment.