- 4 Treatment Options
- 4 Natural Remedies
- What Is It?
- 12 Causes & Risk Factors
- 8 Signs & Symptoms
- 7 Complications
High potassium levels can be transient (lasting a few days) or persistent (lasting a long time). Acutely elevated potassium levels may resolve with short-term therapy. Chronic hyperkalemia needs continued therapy. High potassium levels are extremely harmful because they can cause your heart to beat erratically or even stop. Potassium disturbances are more common in cases of renal failure, prolonged drug therapy, and burn victims.
Four emergency treatments to lower potassium quickly start working in minutes by shifting potassium out of the blood and into cells.
4 treatment options to lower potassium quickly
Four treatment options to lower potassium quickly include:
- They bind to potassium in the circulation and help transport it out of the body through bowel movements.
- Calcium, either as calcium gluconate or calcium chloride, is used to reduce the possible effect of hyperkalemia on heart health.
- Dialysis is another useful option for people with chronic renal disease to keep potassium levels under control.
- Dialysis is a procedure that aids in the purification of blood by eliminating excess toxins and waste particles.
- Hemodialysis involves cleaning your blood with special equipment called a dialyzer that acts as an artificial kidney.
- Meanwhile, peritoneal dialysis is a therapy that absorbs waste and fluids from circulation using a solution called dialysate.
4 natural remedies for hyperkalemia
Regular checkups and frequent blood work can assist in monitoring for changes in potassium levels and detecting hyperkalemia early.
If you believe you have excessive potassium levels, see your doctor right away to get your blood levels checked. Your doctor can advise you on whether a few small dietary changes will help normalize potassium levels or whether more severe therapies are required.
Four natural remedies for hyperkalemia include:
- Low-potassium diet:
- A low-potassium diet is frequently the most effective treatment option for hyperkalemia, particularly if you have renal issues that hinder your body's capacity to filter and eliminate potassium properly.
- A low-potassium diet often restricts fruits and vegetables such as bananas, avocados, and spinach.
- Dairy products, potatoes, dried fruit, and nuts are high in potassium.
- Herbal supplements:
- In addition to monitoring your potassium consumption, it is critical to read the ingredient labels of any herbal supplements that you may take.
- Certain herbal preparations, such as milkweed, dandelion, and Siberian ginseng, may contribute to hyperkalemia and aggravate it.
- If you have renal problems, in particular, you must see your doctor before beginning any herbal supplement regimen.
- Salt substitutes:
- If you're attempting to reduce your sodium consumption, salt substitutes may appear to be a terrific way to enhance the flavors of your favorite dishes without adding sodium.
- However, many of them include high levels of potassium, which might be problematic if you have hyperkalemia. Potassium chloride is the main element in these products.
- In place of salt substitutes, start experimenting with seasonings and spices to give your dishes an added dose of flavor.
- Cumin, turmeric, basil, oregano, and pepper are all great examples of healing herbs and spices you may want to consider adding to your diet.
- Baking soda:
- Kidney issues can produce hyperkalemia in rare circumstances. With kidney disease, the body is unable to adequately flush away excess acid, resulting in a buildup of potassium in the circulation.
- Taking an alkalizing substance, such as sodium bicarbonate (baking soda), can assist in balancing the pH and preventing acidosis.
- Baking soda is available in tablet form for convenience, or it can be mixed with a little water and consumed as is to assist alleviate symptoms.
What is hyperkalemia?
Potassium is one of the several electrolytes found in your body. It is present within the cells. Normal potassium levels are essential for the proper functioning of the heart and neurological system. Hyperkalemia is an electrolyte imbalance characterized by a high potassium level in the blood. Normal potassium levels in adults are 3.5 to 5.3 mEq/L.
12 causes of and risk factors for hyperkalemia
Twelve causes of and risk factors for hyperkalemia include:
- Kidney disease or kidney failure
- Addison's disease
- Type I diabetes
- An overabundance of potassium
- Use of potassium supplements
- Certain chemotherapy drugs
- Trauma and bleeding internally
- Certain medications such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and potassium-sparing diuretics
- Endocrine or hormonal problems (such as adrenal insufficiency)
- Salt substitutes (containing potassium) or excessive intake of potassium
8 common signs and symptoms of hyperkalemia
You may not have any symptoms unless your blood potassium levels are significantly elevated.
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7 complications of untreated hyperkalemia
Severe hyperkalemia can be harmful and even fatal if addressed. Fortunately, having frequent checks with your doctor can help detect hyperkalemia early, allowing you to treat it and prevent it from progressing. The recommended intake of potassium to avoid hypokalemia and hyperkalemia may depend on age and sex.
- Toddler girl: 2,300 mg
- Toddler boys: 3,000 mg
- Teens and adults: 3,400 mg
Seven possible complications of untreated hyperkalemia may include:
If you have symptoms of hyperkalemia and suspect your potassium levels are high, see your doctor right away. A blood test can be used to determine your potassium levels. There are numerous treatment options available depending on your potassium levels. A few changes to your food and daily routine, as well as the use of certain drugs prescribed by your doctor, can help regulate potassium levels and treat hyperkalemia.
If the reason is identified, such as an excess of potassium in the diet, the outlook is favorable. High potassium is likely to reoccur in severe instances or in individuals with continuous risk factors.
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Six Steps to Controlling High Potassium: https://www.kidney.org/content/six-steps-control-high-potassium#:
Treatments for High Blood Potassium (Hyperkalemia): https://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/hyperkalemia-treatment-types
Hyperkalemia (High Potassium): https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/15184-hyperkalemia-high-blood-potassium
Top How Can I Lower My Potassium Quickly Related Articles
ammonium chlorideAmmonium chloride is an acidifying agent administered intravenously to treat metabolic alkalosis and low chloride levels (hypochloremia). Do not take ammonium chloride if you have impaired liver or kidney function. Common side effects of ammonium chloride include metabolic acidosis, ammonia toxicity symptoms, rapid breathing (hyperventilation), EEG abnormalities, involuntary muscle contractions due to electrolyte imbalance (calcium-deficient tetany), seizure, mental confusion, drowsiness, injection site reactions, rash, low blood potassium levels (hypokalemia), high blood chloride levels (hyperchloremia), abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Consult your doctor if pregnant or breastfeeding.
Diet and Nutrition: Foods High in PotassiumPotassium keeps all of your cells working right. Learn which foods offer an abundant supply of this essential nutrient.
Why You Need Potassium and How to Get ItPotassium-rich foods like bananas, potatoes, prunes, oranges, tomatoes, lima beans, and sunflower seeds help your nerves, muscles, and bones. Potassium reduces the risk of high blood pressure and stroke. Low potassium (hypokalemia) and high potassium (hyperkalemia) can cause issues.
High Potassium (Hyperkalemia)Hyperkalemia is an abnormally high level of potassium in the blood. Hyperkalemia symptoms include nausea, fatigue, tingling sensations, or muscle weakness. Hyperkalemia may also cause no symptoms. Hyperkalemia treatment may include a low-potassium diet, medications, and intravenous glucose and insulin. Causes of hyperkalemia include kidney dysfunction, certain medications, adrenal gland diseases, and potassium shifts.
Is Coffee High in Potassium?Potassium is an essential micronutrient required for cellular function. It is highly reactive in water and produces positively charged potassium ions.
Low Potassium (Hypokalemia)
Potassium is an essential electrolyte necessary for cell function. Low potassium (hypokalemia) may be caused by diarrhea, vomiting, ileostomy, colon polyps, laxative use, diuretics, elevated corticosteroid levels, renal artery stenosis, and renal tubular acidosis, or other medications. Symptoms of low potassium include weakness, aches, and cramps of the muscles. Treatment is dependent upon the cause of the low potassium (hypokalemia).
potassium bicarbonatePotassium bicarbonate is a medication used as supplemental potassium to treat and prevent low blood potassium levels (hypokalemia). Common side effects of potassium bicarbonate include abdominal discomfort, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, gas (flatulence), and hyperkalemia. Consult your doctor if pregnant or breastfeeding.
potassium citrate (Urocit-K)
Potassium citrate (Urocit-K) is a medication prescribed for the treatment of renal tubular acidosis with calcium stones, hypocitraturic calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis (kidney stones), and uric acid lithiasis with or without calcium stones. Side effects, dosage, drug interactions, and pregnancy safety information should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.
potassium iodidePotassium iodide is used to protect the thyroid from radiation injury. Side effects, drug interactions, dosage, storage, and pregnancy safety information should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.
Vitamins and Calcium SupplementsVitamins are organic substances that are essential for the proper growth and functioning of the body. Calcium is a mineral essential for healthy bones and is also important for muscle contraction, heart action, and normal blood clotting. Check out the center below for more medical references on vitamins and calcium supplements, including multimedia (slideshows, images, and quizzes), related disease conditions, treatment and diagnosis, medications, and prevention or wellness.
What Are the Signs of a Potassium Deficiency?Signs of potassium deficiency include muscle weakness, fatigue, numbness or tingling, nausea, vomiting, constipation, bloating, cramps, dizziness, and more.
What Can Happen if Your Potassium Level Is Too Low?A low blood potassium level is medically known as hypokalemia. A blood test is sufficient to confirm its diagnosis.
What Does Potassium Do for Your Body?Your body needs potassium to help your nerves, heart, and muscles function correctly. But high potassium levels can lead to health problems.
What Drinks Are High in Potassium?Potassium is one of the essential minerals required by your body for its smooth functioning. Like sodium and chloride, potassium is an electrolyte serving several roles including: Aids proper nerve functioning Helps muscle contraction and relaxation
What Foods Are the Highest in Potassium?Potassium is a mineral that controls the amount of fluid inside the cells. Foods highest in potassium include dried fruits, lentils and other legumes, potatoes, spinach, and bananas.
Which Fruits Are High in Potassium?Potassium is an important mineral that plays a vital role in the body. Fruits that are high in potassium include bananas, cantaloupe, oranges, avocados, grapefruit, apricots, honeydew, guava and kiwi.